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下肢動脈與骨骼解剖圖:血管攝影 3D 視圖

Antoine Micheau, MD, Denis Hoa, MD

出版于 星期一, 2008年 八月 25日

部分: 肌肉骨骼解剖圖 (上下肢)

图像和解剖学参考

Anatomy of the arteries and bones of the lower limb based on 3D pictures and angiogram (angiography).

 

Bone and artery of the pelvic girdle : anatomy based on medical imaging (3D images and angiogram adapted from computed tomography)

 

Angiography (angiogram) adapted from angioCT showing all pelvic arteries labeled : internal and external artery, pudendal artery, gluteal artery, femoral artery...

 

Radiography of the skeleton : all anatomical structures (bones and joints) of the pelvic girdle  labeled on a radiographic image (X-Rays)

 

Normal arteriography of the leg : image adapted from MDCT (MIP) showing  popliteal ,fibular, anterior tibial artery and posterior tibial artery

 

Radiography of the hip joint : anatomy of the whole human body based on medical imagin : femur, coxal bone, acetabulum, femoral head, iliac crest...

 

Anteroposterior radiology (X-ray) of the knee : anatomy of the femur, patella, tibia, fibula, lateral and medial condyle, intercondylar tubercle...

 

radiological atlas of the lower limb : radiograph of the knee (lateral view) showing joints (femoropatellar joint, femororibial joint, tibiofibular joint) and bones

 

 

 

Radioanatomy of the ankle : radiology of the ankle (lateral view) with anatomical structures labeled as calcaneus, talus, navicular, talo-crural joint.

 

Superior radiograph of the foot with all anatomical structures labeled (bones, joints)

 

Lateral view of the foot on radiography (X-ray) : metatarsals, phalanx, cuboid, navicular, cuneiform bones...


解剖結構

  • 3D : 下肢 - Membrum inferius
  • 3D : 大腿 - Femur
  • 3D : 小腿 - Crus
  • 3D : 盆骨 - Pelvis - 髋 - Coxa
  • Aorta and branches
  • External iliac artery and branches
  • Internal iliac artery and branches
  • Ossa; Systema skeletale - Ossa; Systema skeletale
  • 三维 - 3D
  • 三维立体血管造影术 - 3D/Angiography
  • 上关节突 - Processus articularis superior
  • 上关节面 - Facies articularis superior
  • 上外侧膝动脉 - Arteria superior lateralis genus
  • 上臀动脉 - Arteria glutea superior
  • 上臀动脉 - Arteria glutea superior (深支 - Ramus profundus - 上支 - Ramus superior )
  • 上臀动脉 - Arteria glutea superior (深支 - Ramus profundus - 下支 - Ramus inferior )
  • 上臀动脉 - Arteria glutea superior (面上支 - Ramus superficialis)
  • 下关节面 - Facies articularis inferior
  • 下外侧膝动脉 - Arteria inferior lateralis genus
  • 下膝内侧动脉 - Arteria inferior medialis genus
  • 中嵴 - Crista medialis
  • 中楔骨 - Os cuneiforme intermedium
  • 中膝动脉 - Arteria media genus
  • 中节指骨 - Phalanx media
  • 中间带 - Linea intermedia
  • 交通动脉 - Ramus communicans (腓动脉 - Arteria fibularis)
  • 交骨 - Articulatio sacrococcygea
  • 会阴动脉 - Arteria perinealis
  • 体 - Corpus ossis ischii
  • 体 - Corpus ossis metatarsi
  • 体 - Corpus tali
  • 关节 - Junctura
  • 关节小面 - Facies articularis malleoli medialis
  • 关节支 - Rami articulares
  • 关节突关节 - Articulationes zygapophysiales
  • 关节面 - Facies articularis
  • 内侧上线 - Linea supracondylaris medialis
  • 内侧上髁 - Epicondylus medialis
  • 内侧楔骨 - Os cuneiforme mediale
  • 内侧突 - Processus medialis tuberis calcanei
  • 内侧缘 - Margo medialis
  • 内侧面 - Facies medialis
  • 内侧髁 - Condylus medialis
  • 内唇 - Labium internum
  • 内踝 - Malleolus medialis
  • 前侧踝动脉 - Arteria malleolaris anterior lateralis
  • 前缘 - Margo anterior
  • 前闭孔结节 - Tuberculum obturatorium anterius
  • 前面 - Facies anterior
  • 前骶孔 - Foramina sacralia anteriora
  • 动脉分叉 - Bifurcatio aortae
  • 区域/模式 - Regions / Modality
  • 后突 - Processus posterior tali
  • 后缘 - Margo posterior
  • 后闭孔结节 - Tuberculum obturatorium posterius
  • 后面 - Facies posterior
  • 后骶孔 - Foramina sacralia posteriora
  • 图表 - Diagrams
  • 坐骨大切迹 - Incisura ischiadica major
  • 坐骨小切迹 - Incisura ischiadica minor
  • 坐骨棘 - Spina ischiadica
  • 坐骨结节 - Tuber ischiadicum
  • 基底 - Basis ossis metatarsi
  • 基底 - Basis ossis sacri
  • 外侧上线 - Linea supracondylaris lateralis
  • 外侧上髁 - Epicondylus lateralis
  • 外侧突 - Processus lateralis tali
  • 外侧突 - Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei
  • 外侧面 - Facies lateralis
  • 外侧骶骨动脉 - Arteriae sacrales laterales
  • 外侧髁 - Condylus lateralis
  • 外唇 - Labium externum
  • 外楔骨 - Os cuneiforme laterale
  • 外踝 - Malleolus lateralis
  • 大腿深动脉 - Arteria profunda femoris
  • 大转子 - Trochanter major
  • 头 - Caput femoris
  • 头 - Caput fibulae
  • 头 - Caput ossis metatarsi
  • 头 - Caput tali
  • 头顶点 - Apex capitis fibulae
  • 射孔动脉 - Arteriae perforantes
  • 射孔支 - Ramus perforans (腓动脉 - Arteria fibularis)
  • 小转子 - Trochanter minor
  • 弓状线 - Linea arcuata
  • 支 - Ramus ossis ischii
  • 收肌结节 - Tuberculum adductorium
  • 放射影像学 - Radiography
  • 旋股内侧动脉 - Arteria circumflexa femoris medialis
  • 旋股外侧动脉 - Arteria circumflexa femoris lateralis (升支 - Ramus ascendens)
  • 旋股外侧动脉 - Arteria circumflexa femoris lateralis (横支 - Ramus transversus)
  • 旋股外侧动脉 - Arteria circumflexa femoris lateralis (降支 - Ramus descendens)
  • 旋髂浅动脉 - Arteria circumflexa ilium superficialis
  • 旋髂深动脉 - Arteria circumflexa ilium profunda
  • 旋髂深动脉 - Arteria circumflexa ilium profunda (升支 - Ramus ascendens)
  • 显示所有骨 - Show all bones
  • 椎间孔 - Foramina intervertebralia
  • 楔舟关节 - Articulatio cuneonavicularis
  • 楔间关节 - Articulationes intercuneiformes
  • 横脊 - Lineae transversae
  • 正中骶骨动脉 - Arteria sacralis mediana
  • 比目鱼肌线 - Linea musculi solei
  • 直肠下动脉 - Arteria rectalis inferior
  • 神经 - Nerves
  • 第七尾椎骨 - Os coccygis; Coccyx vertebrae coccygeae [I-IV]
  • 筋膜 - Fasciae
  • 籽骨 - Ossa sesamoidea
  • 粗线 - Linea aspera (内侧唇 - Labium mediale)
  • 粗线 - Linea aspera (外侧唇 - Labium laterale)
  • 翼 - Ala ossis sacri
  • 耻骨上支 - Ramus superior ossis pubis
  • 耻骨下支 - Ramus inferior ossis pubis
  • 耻骨嵴 - Crista pubica
  • 耻骨梳; 耻骨肌线 - Pecten ossis pubis
  • 耻骨结节 - Tuberculum pubicum
  • 耻骨联合 - Symphysis pubica
  • 耻骨联合面 - Facies symphysialis
  • 耻骨肌线;螺旋线 - Linea pectinea
  • 肌腱 - Tendo
  • 股动脉 - Arteria femoralis
  • 股胫关节 - Femorotibial joint
  • 股膝关节 - Femoropatellar joint
  • 股骨;大腿骨 - Femur; Os femoris
  • 股骨体 - Corpus femoris
  • 胫前侧返动脉 - Arteria recurrens tibialis anterior
  • 胫前动脉 - Arteria tibialis anterior
  • 胫后动脉 - Arteria tibialis posterior
  • 胫腓关节;上胫腓关节 - Articulatio tibiofibularis
  • 胫骨 - Tibia
  • 胫骨结节 - Tuberositas tibiae
  • 脐动脉 - Arteria umbilicalis
  • 脚 - Pes
  • 脚关节 - Articulationes pedis
  • 脚趾间关节 - Articulationes interphalangeae pedis
  • 腓动脉 - Arteria fibularis
  • 腓肠动脉 - Arteriae surales
  • 腓骨 - Fibula
  • 腓骨切迹 - Incisura fibularis
  • 腓骨滑车; 腓滑车; 腓结节 - Trochlea fibularis; Trochlea peronealis
  • 腘动脉 - Arteria poplitea
  • 腘沟 - Sulcus popliteus
  • 腘面 - Facies poplitea
  • 腰动脉 - Arteriae lumbales
  • 腰骶联合 - Articulatio lumbosacralis
  • 腹主动脉 - Aorta abdominalis
  • 腹壁下动脉 - Arteria epigastrica inferior
  • 腹壁浅动脉 - Arteria epigastrica superficialis
  • 膝关节 - Articulatio genus
  • 膝降动脉 - Arteria descendens genus
  • 臀下动脉 - Arteria glutea inferior
  • 臀下线 - Linea glutea inferior
  • 臀前线 - Linea glutea anterior
  • 臀后线 - Linea glutea posterior
  • 臀肌粗隆 - Tuberositas glutea
  • 舟 - Os naviculare
  • 血管造影术 - Angiography
  • 解剖结构 - Anatomical parts
  • 豆状体 - Fabella
  • 足底内侧动脉 - Arteria plantaris medialis
  • 足底外侧动脉 - Arteria plantaris lateralis
  • 足背动脉 - Arteria dorsalis pedis
  • 跖趾关节 - Articulationes metatarsophalangeae
  • 跖跗关节 - Articulationes tarsometatarsales
  • 跖骨[一到五 ] - Ossa metatarsi [I-V]
  • 跖骨间关节 - Articulationes intermetatarsales
  • 跗骨 - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia
  • 跗骨窦 - Sinus tarsi
  • 距下关节; 距跟关节 - Articulatio subtalaris; Articulatio talocalcanea
  • 距跟舟关节 - Articulatio talocalcaneonavicularis (跗横关节 - Articulatio tarsi transversa)
  • 距骨 - Talus
  • 距骨滑车 - Trochlea tali
  • 跟骨 - Calcaneus
  • 跟骨结节 - Tuber calcanei
  • 跟骨载距突; 载距突 - Sustentaculum tali
  • 跟骰关节 - Articulatio calcaneocuboidea (跗横关节 - Articulatio tarsi transversa)
  • 踝关节 - Articulatio talocruralis
  • 踝槽 - Sulcus malleolaris
  • 踝窝 - Fossa malleoli lateralis
  • 转子间嵴 - Crista intertrochanterica
  • 转子间线 - Linea intertrochanterica
  • 转节窝 - Fossa trochanterica
  • 近端指骨 - Phalanx proximalis
  • 远端指骨 - Phalanx distalis
  • 闭孔 - 小孔 - Foramen obturatum
  • 闭孔动脉 - Arteria obturatoria
  • 闭孔嵴 - Crista obturatoria
  • 闭孔沟 - Sulcus obturatorius
  • 阴茎背动脉 - Arteria dorsalis penis male
  • 阴部内动脉 - Arteria pudenda interna
  • 隐支 - Ramus saphenus
  • 隐藏 - Hide
  • 隐藏所有骨 - Hide all bones
  • 韧带 - Ligamenta
  • 韧带头凹 - Fovea capitis femoris
  • 顶点 - Apex ossis sacri; Apex ossis sacralis
  • 颅底 - Basis cranii (小孔 - Foramina)
  • 颅底 - Basis cranii (骨 - Os)
  • 颈 - Collum femoris
  • 颈 - Collum fibulae
  • 颈 - Collum tali
  • 骨间缘 - Margo interosseus
  • 骰骨 - Os cuboideum
  • 骶中间嵴 - Crista sacralis medialis
  • 骶外侧嵴 - Crista sacralis lateralis
  • 骶岬 - Promontorium
  • 骶正中嵴 - Crista sacralis mediana
  • 骶管 - Canalis sacralis
  • 骶结节 - Tuberositas ossis sacri
  • 骶裂孔 - Hiatus sacralis
  • 骶角 - Cornu sacrale
  • 骶骨 - Os sacrum [vertebrae sacrales I - V]
  • 骶髂关节 - Articulatio sacroiliaca
  • 髁间内侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare mediale
  • 髁间前区 - Area intercondylaris anterior
  • 髁间后区 - Area intercondylaris posterior
  • 髁间外侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare laterale
  • 髁间窝 - Fossa intercondylaris
  • 髂内动脉 - Arteria iliaca interna
  • 髂前上棘 - Spina iliaca anterior superior
  • 髂前下棘 - Spina iliaca anterior inferior
  • 髂后上棘 - Spina iliaca posterior superior
  • 髂后下棘 - Spina iliaca posterior inferior
  • 髂外动脉 - Arteria iliaca externa
  • 髂总动脉 - Arteria iliaca communis
  • 髂结节 - Tuberositas iliaca
  • 髂耻支 - Eminentia iliopubica
  • 髂腰动脉 - Arteria iliolumbalis
  • 髂骨 - Crista iliaca
  • 髂骨体 - Corpus ossis ilii
  • 髂骨结节 - Tuberculum iliacum
  • 髂骨翼 - Ala ossis ilii
  • 髋关节 - Articulatio coxofemoralis
  • 髋臼切迹 - Incisura acetabuli
  • 髋臼窝 - Fossa acetabuli
  • 髋臼缘 - Limbus acetabuli; Margo acetabuli
  • 髋骨; 坐骨;骨盆骨 - Os coxae
  • 髋骨; 坐骨;骨盆骨 - Os coxae (髂骨 - Os ilium; Ilium - 坐骨 - Os ischii; Ischium - 耻骨 - Os pubis; Pubis)
  • 髌尖 - Apex patellae
  • 髌底 - Basis patellae
  • 髌骨 - Patella
  • 髌骨面 - Facies patellaris

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