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MRI 影像呈現之上肢解剖圖─人體橫斷面影像圖集

Antoine Micheau, MD, Denis Hoa, MD

出版于 星期天, 2008年 八月 24日

部分: 肌肉骨骼解剖圖 (上下肢)

图像和解剖学参考

Atlas of human anatomy : cross-sectional anatomy of the upper limb - Shoulder, arm, bend, forearm, wrist, hand and fingers.

 

Anatomy of the upper limb : axial slice of the shouler and axillary fossa.

 

Cross sectional anatomy of the upper limb : arm wtih muscles (brachioradialis, brachialis, biceps brachii, triceps brachii), brachial artery, humerus, nerves (ulnar, radial, musulocutaneous nerve)

 

Human anatomy of the bend : bones (capitulum, trochlea, medial and lateral epicondyle, olecranon), common extensor and flexor tendon, nerves (radial, median , ulnar), cephalic and basilic veins...

 

Anatomy of the forearm with cross-sectional anatomical structures labeled as muscles (pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis, brachioradilas, flexor capri ulnaris, supinator) and ulnara and radial arteries.

 

Wrist : cross-sectional anatomy based on axial slices showing tendos, nerves (ulnar, radial and median), arteries (ulnar and radial), bones (radius, ulna) and veins (cephalic, basilic, deep veins)

 

Anatomy of the hand : axial slice of MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) wtith anatomical structures labeled.


解剖結構

  • 三角肌 - Musculus deltoideus
  • 三角肌结节 - Tuberositas deltoidea
  • 三角骨 - Os triquetrum
  • 上髁上内侧 - Crista supraepicondylaris medialis
  • 上髁上外侧 - Crista supraepicondylaris lateralis
  • 中节指骨 - Phalanx media
  • 伸肌总腱 - Common extensor tendon
  • 关节盂 - Cavitas glenoidalis
  • 内上髁 - Epicondylus medialis
  • 内侧头 - Caput mediale
  • 冈上肌 - Musculus supraspinatus
  • 冈上肌 - Musculus supraspinatus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 冈下肌 - Musculus infraspinatus
  • 冈下肌 - Musculus infraspinatus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 冠状突 - Processus coronoideus
  • 前臂 - Antebrachium
  • 前臂内侧皮神经 - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis
  • 前臂前区 - Compartimentum brachii anterius; Compartimentum brachii flexorum
  • 前臂后区 - Compartimentum brachii posterius; Compartimentum brachii extensorum
  • 前臂外侧皮神经 - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii lateralis
  • 动脉 - Arteriae
  • 区 - Regions
  • 后骨间神经 - Nervus interosseus antebrachii posterior
  • 喙突 - Processus coracoideus
  • 喙肱肌 - Musculus coracobrachialis
  • 固有掌指神经 - Nervi digitales palmares proprii
  • 外上髁 - Epicondylus lateralis
  • 外侧; 桡侧 - Pars lateralis; Pars radialis
  • 外侧头 - Caput laterale
  • 外展小趾肌 - Musculus abductor digiti minimi
  • 外展拇短肌 - Musculus abductor pollicis brevis
  • 外展拇长肌 - Musculus abductor pollicis longus
  • 外展拇长肌 - Musculus abductor pollicis longus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 大圆肌 - Musculus teres major
  • 大多角骨 - Os trapezium
  • 大结节 - Tuberculum majus
  • 头 - Caput humeri
  • 头 - Caput radii
  • 头状骨 - Os capitatum
  • 头静脉 - Vena cephalica
  • 小圆肌 - Musculus teres minor
  • 小多角骨 - Os trapezoideum
  • 小头 - Capitulum humeri
  • 小指伸肌 - Musculus extensor digiti minimi
  • 小指伸肌 - Musculus extensor digiti minimi (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 小指对掌肌 - Musculus opponens digiti minimi
  • 小结节 - Tuberculum minus
  • 尺侧伸腕肌 - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris
  • 尺侧伸腕肌 - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 尺侧腕屈肌 - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris
  • 尺侧腕屈肌 - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 尺切迹 - Incisura ulnaris
  • 尺动脉 - Arteria ulnaris
  • 尺神经 - Nervus ulnaris
  • 尺静脉 - Vena Ulnare
  • 尺骨 - Ulna
  • 尺骨结节 - Tuberositas ulnae
  • 尺骨茎突 - Processus styloideus ulnae
  • 尺骨附属韧带 - Ligamentum collaterale ulnare
  • 屈小指短肌 - Musculus flexor digiti minimi brevis
  • 屈拇短肌 - Musculus flexor pollicis brevis
  • 屈拇长肌 - Musculus flexor pollicis longus
  • 屈拇长肌 - Musculus flexor pollicis longus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 屈肌总腱 - Common flexor tendon
  • 屈趾浅肌 - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis
  • 屈趾浅肌 - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 屈趾深肌 - Musculus flexor digitorum profundus
  • 屈趾深肌 - Musculus flexor digitorum profundus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 手 - Manus
  • 手臂 - Brachium
  • 拇短伸肌 - Musculus extensor pollicis brevis
  • 拇短伸肌 - Musculus extensor pollicis brevis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 拇长伸肌 - Musculus extensor pollicis longus
  • 拇长伸肌 - Musculus extensor pollicis longus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 指伸肌 - Musculus extensor digitorum
  • 指伸肌 - Musculus extensor digitorum (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 指掌侧固有动脉 - Arteriae digitales palmares propriae
  • 指背动脉 - Arteriae digitales dorsales
  • 指背神经 - Nervi digitales dorsales
  • 指背静脉 - Dorsal digital vein
  • 指间静脉 - Vena Intercapitulare
  • 掌侧骨间肌 - Musculi interossei palmares
  • 掌指总动脉 - Arteriae digitales palmares communes
  • 掌指静脉 - Vena digitales palmare
  • 掌背静脉 - Vena metacarpales dorsales
  • 掌骨 - Ossa metacarpi [I -V]
  • 斜方肌 - Musculus trapezius
  • 新月形 - Os lunatum
  • 旋前圆肌 - Musculus pronator teres
  • 旋前方肌 - Musculus pronator quadratus
  • 旋后肌 - Musculus supinator
  • 桡侧伸腕桡短肌 - Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis
  • 桡侧伸腕桡短肌 - Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 桡侧伸腕桡长肌 - Musculus extensor carpi radialis longus
  • 桡侧伸腕桡长肌 - Musculus extensor carpi radialis longus (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 桡侧屈腕肌 - Musculus flexor carpi radialis
  • 桡侧屈腕肌 - Musculus flexor carpi radialis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 桡动脉 - Arteria radialis
  • 桡神经 - Nervus radialis
  • 桡静脉 - Vena radiale
  • 桡骨 - Radius
  • 桡骨切迹 - Incisura radialis
  • 桡骨环状韧带 - Ligamentum anulare radii
  • 桡骨粗隆 - Tuberositas radii
  • 桡骨茎突 - Processus styloideus radii
  • 桡骨附属韧带 - Ligamentum collaterale radiale
  • 正中神经 - Nervus medianus
  • 正中肘静脉 - Vena mediana cubiti
  • 正中臂前静脉 - Vena mediana antebrachii
  • 浅支 - Ramus superficialis
  • 深支 - Ramus profundus
  • 滑车 - Trochlea humeri
  • 短头 - Caput breve
  • 示指伸肌 - Musculus extensor indicis
  • 示指伸肌 - Musculus extensor indicis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 神经 - Nerves
  • 结节间沟; 隆间沟 - Sulcus intertubercularis
  • 肌皮神经 - Nervus musculocutaneus
  • 肌肉 - Musculi
  • 肌腱 - Tendo
  • 肘 - Cubitus
  • 肘肌 - Musculus anconeus
  • 肩峰 - Acromion
  • 肩胛上神经 - Nervus suprascapularis
  • 肩胛下肌 - Musculus subscapularis
  • 肩胛下肌 - Musculus subscapularis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 肩胛冈 - Spina scapulae
  • 肩胛颈 - Collum scapulae
  • 肩胛骨 - Scapula
  • 肱三头肌 - Musculus triceps brachii (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 肱二头肌 - Musculus biceps brachii
  • 肱二头肌 - Musculus biceps brachii (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 肱动脉 - Arteria brachialis
  • 肱桡肌 - Musculus brachioradialis
  • 肱桡肌 - Musculus brachioradialis (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 肱肌 - Musculus brachialis
  • 肱静脉 - Vena Brachiale
  • 肱骨体 - Corpus humeri
  • 肱骨髁 - Condylus humeri
  • 背侧骨间肌 - Musculi interossei dorsales
  • 背结节 - Tuberculum dorsale
  • 背阔肌 - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • 背静脉网络手 - Rete venosum dorsale manus
  • 胸大肌 - Musculus pectoralis major
  • 胸大肌 - Musculus pectoralis major (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 胸小肌 - Musculus pectoralis minor
  • 腋动脉 - Arteria axillaris
  • 腋神经 - Nervus axillaris
  • 腋静脉 - Vena axillaris
  • 腕 - Carpus
  • 腰带;肩胛带 - Cingulum pectorale; Cingulum membri superioris
  • 臂丛神经 - Plexus brachialis
  • 臂内侧皮神经 - Nervus cutaneus brachii medialis
  • 臂内侧肌间隔 - Septum intermusculare brachii mediale
  • 臂后皮神经;肱皮神经后支 - Nervus cutaneus brachii posterior
  • 臂外侧肌间隔 - Septum intermusculare brachii laterale
  • 舟骨 - Os scaphoideum
  • 蚓状肌 - Musculi lumbricales
  • 解剖结构 - Anatomical parts
  • 豌豆骨 - Os pisiforme
  • 贵要静脉 - Vena basilica
  • 近端指骨 - Phalanx proximalis
  • 远端指骨 - Phalanx distalis
  • 钩骨 - Os hamatum
  • 钩骨钩 - Hamulus ossis hamati
  • 锁骨 - Clavicula
  • 长头 - Caput longum
  • 长头 - Caput longum (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 静脉 - Vena
  • 韧带 - Ligamenta
  • 颈 - Collum radii
  • 骨 - Os
  • 骨间前动脉 - Arteria interossea anterior
  • 骨间前神经 - Nervus interosseus antebrachii anterior
  • 骨间后动脉 - Arteria interossea posterior
  • 骨间膜 - Membrana interossea
  • 鹰嘴 - Olecranon
  • 鹰嘴窝 - Fossa olecrani

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