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膝關節解剖圖 (MRI) ─ 人體橫斷面影像圖集

Antoine Micheau, MD, Denis Hoa, MD

出版于 星期一, 2008年 八月 25日

部分: 肌肉骨骼解剖圖 (上下肢)

图像和解剖学参考

Atlas of anatomy of the whole human body : anatomy of the knee adapted from medical imaging (MRI : Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

 

Cross sectional anatomy of the knee based on MRI : articular surface of patella and femur, condyle, epicondyle and muscles (popliteus, sartorius, gastrocnemius, semimembranous with tendos...)

 

Sagittal cross section of the knee : anatomy of the posterior and anterior cruciate ligaments, infrapateallar fat pad, patellar ligament, muscles, nerves and arteries of the popliteal fossa.

 

Anatomy of the knee on a coronal slice (MRI) : meniscus (lateral and medial), cruciate ligaments, vastus (lateralis, intermedius, medialis), tibial and fibular collateral ligaments.

 

3D pictures of the knee : anterior view showing the anatomy of the patella, femur, tibia, fibula and femorotibial joint.


解剖結構

  • Gerdy氏胫骨结节 - Gerdy's tubercule
  • Musculi; Systema musculare - Musculi; Systema musculare
  • Ossa; Systema skeletale - Ossa; Systema skeletale
  • PD-SPIR - PD-SPIR
  • T1 - T1w - T1 - T1w
  • 上关节面 - Facies articularis superior
  • 关节 - Junctura
  • 关节小面 - Facies articularis capitis fibulae
  • 关节面 - Facies articularis
  • 内侧上髁 - Epicondylus medialis
  • 内侧半月板 - Meniscus medialis
  • 内侧面 - Facies medialis
  • 内侧髁 - Condylus medialis
  • 内侧髌 - Retinaculum patellae mediale
  • 前十字韧带 - Ligamentum cruciatum anterius
  • 前面 - Facies anterior
  • 加权 - Weightings
  • 动脉 - Arteriae
  • 半腱肌 - Musculus semitendinosus
  • 半膜肌 - Musculus semimembranosus
  • 后十字韧带 - Ligamentum cruciatum posterius
  • 后面 - Facies posterior
  • 外侧上髁 - Epicondylus lateralis
  • 外侧半月板 - Meniscus lateralis
  • 外侧半月板:前角 - Meniscus lateralis
  • 外侧半月板:后角 - Meniscus lateralis
  • 外侧面 - Facies lateralis
  • 外侧髁 - Condylus lateralis
  • 外侧髌 - Retinaculum patellae laterale
  • 大隐静脉 - Vena saphena magna
  • 头 - Caput fibulae
  • 头顶点 - Apex capitis fibulae
  • 小腿深筋膜 - Fascia cruris
  • 小腿骨间膜 - Membrana interossea cruris
  • 小隐静脉 - Vena saphena parva
  • 弓状韧带 - Ligamentum popliteum arcuatum
  • 收肌结节 - Tuberculum adductorium
  • 板股前韧带 - Ligamentum meniscofemorale anterius
  • 板股后韧带 - Ligamentum meniscofemorale posterius
  • 比目鱼肌 - Musculus soleus
  • 比目鱼肌线 - Linea musculi solei
  • 神经 - Nerves
  • 筋膜 - Fasciae
  • 缝匠肌 - Musculus sartorius
  • 缝匠肌 - Musculus sartorius (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 肌支 - Rami musculares (胫神经 - Nervus tibialis)
  • 肌腱 - Tendo
  • 股中间肌 - Musculus vastus intermedius
  • 股二头肌 - Musculus biceps femoris
  • 股二头肌 - Musculus biceps femoris (短头 - Caput breve)
  • 股二头肌 - Musculus biceps femoris (长头 - Caput longum)
  • 股内侧肌 - Musculus vastus medialis
  • 股内侧肌 - Musculus vastus medialis
  • 股四头肌 - Musculus quadriceps femoris
  • 股外侧肌 - Musculus vastus lateralis
  • 股外侧肌肉间隔 - Septum intermusculare femoris laterale
  • 股直肌 - Musculus rectus femoris
  • 股直肌 - Musculus rectus femoris (肌腱 - Tendo)
  • 股薄肌 - Musculus gracilis
  • 股骨;大腿骨 - Femur; Os femoris
  • 胫侧副韧带 - Ligamentum collaterale tibiale
  • 胫前动脉 - Arteria tibialis anterior
  • 胫前静脉 - Venae tibiales anteriores
  • 胫后动脉 - Arteria tibialis posterior
  • 胫后静脉 - Venae tibiales posteriores
  • 胫神经 - Nervus tibialis
  • 胫骨 - Tibia
  • 胫骨前肌 - Musculus tibialis anterior
  • 胫骨后肌 - Musculus tibialis posterior
  • 胫骨结节 - Tuberositas tibiae
  • 腓侧副韧带 - Ligamentum collaterale fibulare
  • 腓关节面 - Facies articularis fibularis
  • 腓总神经 - Nervus fibularis communis
  • 腓肠交通支 - Ramus communicans fibularis; Ramus communicans peroneus
  • 腓肠内侧皮神经 - Nervus cutaneus surae medialis
  • 腓肠外侧皮神经 - Nervus cutaneus surae lateralis
  • 腓肠肌 - Musculus gastrocnemius (头内侧 - Caput mediale)
  • 腓肠肌 - Musculus gastrocnemius (头外侧 - Caput laterale)
  • 腓肠静脉 - Venae surales
  • 腓骨 - Fibula
  • 腓骨前肌间隔 - Septum intermusculare cruris anterius
  • 腓骨后肌间隔 - Septum intermusculare cruris posterius
  • 腓骨长肌 - Musculus fibularis longus
  • 腘动脉 - Arteria poplitea
  • 腘斜韧带 - Ligamentum popliteum obliquum
  • 腘沟 - Sulcus popliteus
  • 腘肌 - Musculus popliteus
  • 腘静脉 - Vena poplitea
  • 腘面 - Facies poplitea
  • 膝关节肌 - Musculus articularis genus
  • 膝横韧带 - Ligamentum transversum genus
  • 解剖结构 - Anatomical parts
  • 豆状体 - Fabella
  • 趾长伸肌 - Musculus extensor digitorum longus
  • 跎肌 - Musculus plantaris
  • 阔筋膜 - Fascia lata
  • 隐神经 - Nervus saphenus
  • 静脉 - Vena
  • 韧带 - Ligamenta
  • 颈 - Collum fibulae
  • 髁间内侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare mediale
  • 髁间前区 - Area intercondylaris anterior
  • 髁间后区 - Area intercondylaris posterior
  • 髁间外侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare laterale
  • 髁间窝 - Fossa intercondylaris
  • 髁间隆起 - Eminentia intercondylaris
  • 髂胫束 - Tractus iliotibialis
  • 髌上囊 - Bursa suprapatellaris
  • 髌上滑膜皱襞 - Plica synovialis suprapatellaris
  • 髌下滑膜襞 - Plica synovialis infrapatellaris
  • 髌下脂肪垫 - Corpus adiposum infrapatellare
  • 髌内滑膜皱襞 - Plica synovialis mediopatellaris
  • 髌尖 - Apex patellae
  • 髌底 - Basis patellae
  • 髌骨 - Patella
  • 髌骨面 - Facies patellaris

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