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下肢標準放射學解剖圖

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

出版于 星期四, 2010年 十二月 16日

部分: 肌肉骨骼解剖圖 (上下肢)

图像和解剖学参考

下肢

下肢

 

下肢標準放射學解剖圖: 髋, 髋关节, 头

下肢標準放射學解剖圖: 髋

 

膝关节 - 放射影像学 (外侧) :髌骨, 内侧髁, 外侧髁

膝关节 - 放射影像学 (外侧)

 

 

小腿 - X线片: 胫骨, 腓骨

小腿 - X线片

 

踝 - : 踝关节, 内踝,距骨滑车

踝 -

 

距骨 - 跟骨 (-側面觀) :颈, 跟骨载距突; 载距突, 跗骨窦, 腓骨滑车; 腓滑车; 腓结节

距骨 - 跟骨 (-側面觀)

 

脚 - 脚趾 : (舟, 内侧楔骨, 骰骨, 跖骨[一到五 ], Ossa digitorum; Phalanges

脚 - 脚趾 :


解剖結構

  • 60° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60°
  • 90° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90°
  • Basis phalangis - Basis phalangis
  • Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris - Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris
  • Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris - Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • Corpus fibulae - Corpus fibulae
  • Corpus phalangis - Corpus phalangis
  • Corpus tibiae - Corpus tibiae
  • Facies articularis calcanea media - Facies articularis calcanea media
  • Facies articularis malleoli lateralis - Facies articularis malleoli lateralis
  • Facies auricularis - Facies auricularis
  • Intercondylar notch view - Intercondylar notch view
  • Juncturae membri inferioris - Juncturae membri inferioris
  • Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges
  • Ossa membri inferioris - Ossa membri inferioris
  • Ramus ischiopubicus - Ramus ischiopubicus
  • Spatia interossea metatarsi - Spatia interossea metatarsi
  • Sulcus supraacetabularis - Sulcus supraacetabularis
  • Syndesmosis tibiofibularis - Syndesmosis tibiofibularis
  • Trochlea phalangis - Trochlea phalangis
  • Tuberculum calcanei - Tuberculum calcanei
  • Tuberositas ossis metatarsi primi [l] - Tuberositas ossis metatarsi primi [l]
  • Tuberositas ossis metatarsi quinti [V] - Tuberositas ossis metatarsi quinti [V]
  • Tuberositas phalangis distalis - Tuberositas phalangis distalis
  • 上关节突 - Processus articularis superior
  • 上关节面 - Facies articularis superior
  • 上面 - Facies superior
  • 下关节面 - Facies articularis inferior
  • 下肢 - Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg
  • 下肢 - Membrum inferius
  • 中楔骨 - Os cuneiforme intermedium
  • 中节指骨 - Phalanx media
  • 中距关节面 - Facies articularis talaris media
  • 体 - Corpus ossis ischii
  • 体 - Corpus ossis metatarsi
  • 体 - Corpus ossis pubis
  • 体 - Corpus tali
  • 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 关节小面 - Facies articularis capitis fibulae
  • 关节小面 - Facies articularis malleoli medialis
  • 关节面 - Facies articularis
  • 内侧上髁 - Epicondylus medialis
  • 内侧楔骨 - Os cuneiforme mediale
  • 内侧突 - Processus medialis tuberis calcanei
  • 内侧髁 - Condylus medialis
  • 内结节 - Tuberculum mediale
  • 内踝 - Malleolus medialis
  • 内踝面 - Facies malleolaris medialis
  • 切向視圖 - Tangential view
  • 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 前距关节面 - Facies articularis talaris anterior
  • 前面 - Facies anterior
  • 前骶孔 - Foramina sacralia anteriora
  • 后突 - Processus posterior tali
  • 后距关节面 - Facies articularis talaris posterior
  • 后跟骨关节面 - Facies articularis calcanea posterior
  • 坐骨 - Os ischii; Ischium
  • 坐骨大切迹 - Incisura ischiadica major
  • 坐骨棘 - Spina ischiadica
  • 坐骨结节 - Tuber ischiadicum
  • 基底 - Basis ossis metatarsi
  • 基底 - Basis ossis sacri
  • 外侧上髁 - Epicondylus lateralis
  • 外侧突 - Processus lateralis tali
  • 外侧突 - Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei
  • 外侧髁 - Condylus lateralis
  • 外楔骨 - Os cuneiforme laterale
  • 外结节 - Tuberculum laterale
  • 外踝 - Malleolus lateralis
  • 外踝面 - Facies malleolaris lateralis
  • 大腿 - Femur
  • 大腿 - Femur - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 大腿 - Femur - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 大转子 - Trochanter major
  • 头 - Caput femoris
  • 头 - Caput fibulae
  • 头 - Caput ossis metatarsi
  • 头 - Caput tali
  • 头顶点 - Apex capitis fibulae
  • 小腿 - Crus
  • 小腿 - Crus - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 小腿 - Crus - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 小转子 - Trochanter minor
  • 拇长屈肌腱沟 - Sulcus tendinis musculi flexoris hallucis longi
  • 指骨头 - Caput phalangis
  • 插画 : A. Micheau - MD - 插畫 - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • 支 - Ramus ossis ischii
  • 收肌结节 - Tuberculum adductorium
  • 放射影像学 - Radiography
  • 斜面觀 - Oblique view
  • 楔舟关节 - Articulatio cuneonavicularis
  • 楔间关节 - Articulationes intercuneiformes
  • 第七尾椎骨 - Coccyx
  • 第七尾椎骨 - Os coccygis; Coccyx vertebrae coccygeae [I-IV]
  • 籽骨 - Ossa sesamoidea
  • 结节 - Tuberositas ossis cuboidei
  • 结节 - Tuberositas ossis navicularis
  • 翼 - Ala ossis sacri
  • 耻骨上支 - Ramus superior ossis pubis
  • 耻骨下支 - Ramus inferior ossis pubis
  • 耻骨联合 - Symphysis pubica
  • 耻骨联合面 - Facies symphysialis
  • 股骨;大腿骨 - Femur; Os femoris
  • 股骨体 - Corpus femoris
  • 胫腓关节;上胫腓关节 - Articulatio tibiofibularis
  • 胫骨 - Tibia
  • 胫骨结节 - Tuberositas tibiae
  • 脚 - Pes
  • 脚 - Pes - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 脚 - Pes - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 脚关节 - Articulationes pedis
  • 脚趾间关节 - Articulationes interphalangeae pedis
  • 腓关节面 - Facies articularis fibularis
  • 腓长肌腱沟 - Sulcus tendinis musculi fibularis longi; Sulcus tendinis musculi peronei longi
  • 腓骨 - Fibula
  • 腓骨切迹 - Incisura fibularis
  • 腓骨滑车; 腓滑车; 腓结节 - Trochlea fibularis; Trochlea peronealis
  • 腘沟 - Sulcus popliteus
  • 膝 - Genu
  • 膝 - Genu - Intercondylar notch view - Intercondylar notch view
  • 膝 - Genu - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 膝 - Genu - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 膝关节 - Articulatio genus
  • 舟 - Os naviculare
  • 舟关节面 - Facies articularis navicularis
  • 解剖结构 - Anatomical parts
  • 跖趾关节 - Articulationes metatarsophalangeae
  • 跖跗关节 - Articulationes tarsometatarsales
  • 跖骨[一到五 ] - Ossa metatarsi
  • 跖骨[一到五 ] - Ossa metatarsi [I-V]
  • 跖骨[一到五 ] - Ossa metatarsi/Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 跖骨[一到五 ] - Ossa metatarsi/Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - 斜面觀 - Oblique view
  • 跖骨间关节 - Articulationes intermetatarsales
  • 跗横关节 - Articulatio tarsi transversa
  • 跗骨 - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia
  • 跗骨 - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 跗骨 - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia - 斜面觀 - Oblique view
  • 跗骨窦 - Sinus tarsi
  • 距下关节; 距跟关节 - Articulatio subtalaris; Articulatio talocalcanea
  • 距跟舟关节 - Articulatio talocalcaneonavicularis
  • 距骨 - Talus
  • 距骨 - Talus/跟骨 - Calcaneus - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 距骨沟 - Sulcus tali
  • 距骨滑车 - Trochlea tali
  • 跟骨 - Calcaneus
  • 跟骨 - Calcaneus - 切向視圖 - Tangential view
  • 跟骨前面 - Facies articularis calcanea anterior
  • 跟骨突 - Processus calcaneus
  • 跟骨结节 - Tuber calcanei
  • 跟骨载距突; 载距突 - Sustentaculum tali
  • 跟骰关节 - Articulatio calcaneocuboidea
  • 踝 - Tarsus
  • 踝 - Tarsus - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 踝 - Tarsus - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 踝关节 - Articulatio talocruralis
  • 转子间嵴 - Crista intertrochanterica
  • 转子间线 - Linea intertrochanterica
  • 转节窝 - Fossa trochanterica
  • 近端指骨 - Phalanx proximalis
  • 远端指骨 - Phalanx distalis
  • 闭孔 - 小孔 - Foramen obturatum
  • 韧带头凹 - Fovea capitis femoris
  • 顶点 - Apex ossis sacri; Apex ossis sacralis
  • 颈 - Collum femoris
  • 颈 - Collum fibulae
  • 颈 - Collum tali
  • 骰骨 - Os cuboideum
  • 骰骨关节面 - Facies articularis cuboidea
  • 骶骨 - Os sacrum [vertebrae sacrales I - V]
  • 骶髂关节 - Articulatio sacroiliaca
  • 骶髂关节 - Articulatio sacroiliaca - 斜面觀 - Oblique view
  • 髁间内侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare mediale
  • 髁间外侧结节 - Tuberculum intercondylare laterale
  • 髁间窝 - Fossa intercondylaris
  • 髁间隆起 - Eminentia intercondylaris
  • 髂前上棘 - Spina iliaca anterior superior
  • 髂前下棘 - Spina iliaca anterior inferior
  • 髂后上棘 - Spina iliaca posterior superior
  • 髂后下棘 - Spina iliaca posterior inferior
  • 髂结节 - Tuberositas iliaca
  • 髂耻支 - Eminentia iliopubica
  • 髂骨 - Crista iliaca
  • 髂骨 - Os ilium; Ilium
  • 髂骨体 - Corpus ossis ilii
  • 髂骨结节 - Tuberculum iliacum
  • 髂骨翼 - Ala ossis ilii
  • 髋 - Coxa
  • 髋 - Coxa - 側面觀 - Lateral view
  • 髋 - Coxa - 前、後面觀 - Anterior-posterior view
  • 髋关节 - Articulatio coxofemoralis
  • 髋臼 - Acetabulum
  • 髋臼切迹 - Incisura acetabuli
  • 髋臼窝 - Fossa acetabuli
  • 髋臼缘 - Limbus acetabuli; Margo acetabuli
  • 髋骨; 坐骨;骨盆骨 - Os coxae
  • 髌尖 - Apex patellae
  • 髌底 - Basis patellae
  • 髌骨 - Patella
  • 髌骨 - Patella - 60° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60°
  • 髌骨 - Patella - 90° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90°
  • 髌骨面 - Facies patellaris

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