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脊椎與背部解剖圖解

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

出版于 星期四, 2009年 九月 10日

部分: 脊椎與脊髓解剖圖

图像和解剖学参考

Anatomy of the vertebral column with cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis and sacral kyphosis

脊柱: 正面觀, 後面觀, 側面觀 - 3D rendering

 

3D Anatomy of a cervical vertebra (C4) (A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

3d-view of a cervical vertebra adapted from a CT scan

 

Anatomy of the cervical column and cervical vertebrae, including atlas, axis and canal for vertebral artery

Anatomy of the cervical vertebral column (Illustration : A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

 

costovertebral joints anatomy, vetebral column, radiate ligament of rib, superior transverse ligament, anatomycal, diagram, illustration , A. Micheau - MD

Diagram of costovertebral joints anatomy (A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

 

Anatomy of  the vertebral lumbar column : vertebral body, pedicle, intervertebral disc, spinous process

Left view of the lumbar vertebral column (Illustration : A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

Human anatomy of the sacrum showing base, promontory, wing and apex of the sacrum, with coccyx and coccygeal vertebrae

Anterior view of the sacrum - 3D reconstruction

Anatomy diagram of the muscles of the back, inner and proper back, with suboccipital muscles, trapezius, rhomoid minor and major, latissimus dorsi, erector spinae...

Muscles of back and back proper (Illustration : A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

 

cross section anatomy of neck and vetebral column with transverse slice of cervical vertebra C4

Transverse section on C4 vertebra (Illustration : A. Micheau, MD - E-anatomy - Imaios)

 


解剖結構

  • '腰横突间外侧肌 - Musculi intertransversarii laterales lumborum - Partes dorsales - Partes dorsales
  • Alar ligaments - Alar ligaments
  • Anulus fibrosus - Anulus fibrosus
  • Apex dentis - Apex dentis
  • Aponeurosis glutea - Aponeurosis glutea
  • Aponeurosis m. erectoris spinae - Aponeurosis m. erectoris spinae
  • Articulatio atlantoaxialis mediana - Articulatio atlantoaxialis mediana
  • Articulatio atlantooccipitalis - Articulatio atlantooccipitalis
  • Articulationes costovertebrales - Articulationes costovertebrales
  • CI - CI
  • CVII - CVII
  • Canalis arteriae vertebralis - Canalis arteriae vertebralis
  • Costa prima [I] - Costa prima [I]
  • Costae spuriae [VIII-XII] - Costae spuriae [VIII-XII]
  • Epiphysis anularis - Epiphysis anularis
  • Facies articularis anterior - Facies articularis anterior
  • Facies articularis capitis costae - Facies articularis capitis costae
  • Facies articularis inferior - Facies articularis inferior
  • Facies articularis posterior - Facies articularis posterior
  • Facies articularis superior - Facies articularis superior
  • Facies articularis tuberculi costae - Facies articularis tuberculi costae
  • Facies auricularis - Facies auricularis
  • Facies dorsalis - Facies dorsalis
  • Facies intervertebralis - Facies intervertebralis
  • Facies pelvica - Facies pelvica
  • Fascia iliopsoas; Fascia iliaca - Fascia iliopsoas; Fascia iliaca
  • Fascia infraspinata - Fascia infraspinata
  • Fascia investiens abdominis - Fascia investiens abdominis
  • Fascia investiens profunda - Fascia investiens profunda
  • Fascia nuchae - Fascia nuchae
  • Fasciae - Fasciae
  • Fasciculi longitudinales - Fasciculi longitudinales
  • Fovea costalis inferior - Fovea costalis inferior
  • Fovea costalis processus transversi - Fovea costalis processus transversi
  • Fovea costalis superior - Fovea costalis superior
  • Fovea dentis - Fovea dentis
  • Incisura vertebralis superior - Incisura vertebralis superior
  • Juncturae columnae vertebralis - Juncturae columnae vertebralis
  • Kyphosis sacralis - Kyphosis sacralis
  • Kyphosis thoracica - Kyphosis thoracica
  • LI - LI
  • LV - LV
  • Ligamentum capitis costae intraarticulare - Ligamentum capitis costae intraarticulare
  • Ligamentum capitis costae radiatum - Ligamentum capitis costae radiatum
  • Ligamentum costotransversarium laterale - Ligamentum costotransversarium laterale
  • Ligamentum costotransversarium superius - Ligamentum costotransversarium superius
  • Ligamentum cruciforme atlantis - Ligamentum cruciforme atlantis
  • Ligamentum lumbocostale - Ligamentum lumbocostale
  • Ligamentum sacrococcygeum laterale - Ligamentum sacrococcygeum laterale
  • Ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius profundum; Ligamentum sacrococcygeum dorsale profundum - Ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius profundum; Ligamentum sacrococcygeum dorsale profundum
  • Ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius superficiale; Ligamentum sacrococcygeum dorsale superficiale - Ligamentum sacrococcygeum posterius superficiale; Ligamentum sacrococcygeum dorsale superficiale
  • Ligamentum sacroiliacum anterius - Ligamentum sacroiliacum anterius
  • Ligamentum sacroiliacum interosseum - Ligamentum sacroiliacum interosseum
  • Ligamentum sacroiliacum posterius - Ligamentum sacroiliacum posterius
  • Ligamentum supraspinale - Ligamentum supraspinale
  • Lordosis cervicis; Lordosis colli - Lordosis cervicis; Lordosis colli
  • Lordosis lumbalis - Lordosis lumbalis
  • Membrana atlantooccipitalis posterior - Membrana atlantooccipitalis posterior
  • Musculi dorsi proprii - Musculi dorsi proprii
  • Musculi interspinales cervicis; Musculi interspinales colli - Musculi interspinales cervicis; Musculi interspinales colli
  • Musculi interspinales thoracis - Musculi interspinales thoracis
  • Musculi intertransversarii posteriores laterales cervicis; Musculi intertransversarii posteriores laterales colli - Musculi intertransversarii posteriores laterales cervicis; Musculi intertransversarii posteriores laterales colli
  • Musculi rotatores lumborum - Musculi rotatores lumborum
  • Musculi suboccipitales - Musculi suboccipitales
  • Musculi transversospinales - Musculi transversospinales
  • Musculi; Systema musculare - Musculi; Systema musculare
  • Musculus multifidus cervicis; Musculus multifidus colli - Musculus multifidus cervicis; Musculus multifidus colli
  • Musculus multifidus lumborum - Musculus multifidus lumborum
  • Musculus multifidus thoracis - Musculus multifidus thoracis
  • Musculus splenius cervicis; Musculus splenius colli - Musculus splenius cervicis; Musculus splenius colli
  • Nervi intercostales; Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales - Nervi intercostales; Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales
  • Nervus gluteus superior - Nervus gluteus superior
  • Ossa; Systema skeletale - Ossa; Systema skeletale
  • Pars thoracica aortae; Aorta thoracica - Pars thoracica aortae; Aorta thoracica
  • Processus accessorius - Processus accessorius
  • Processus costiformis; Processus costalis - Processus costiformis; Processus costalis (横突 - Processus transversus)
  • Processus mammillaris - Processus mammillaris
  • Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales - Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales
  • Rami posteriores; Rami dorsales - Rami posteriores; Rami dorsales
  • SI - SI
  • SV - SV
  • Sulcus arteriae vertebralis - Sulcus arteriae vertebralis
  • TI - TI
  • TXII - TXII
  • Tuberculum anterius - Tuberculum anterius
  • Tuberculum caroticum - Tuberculum caroticum
  • Tuberculum posterius - Tuberculum posterius
  • Uncus corporis; Processus uncinatus - Uncus corporis; Processus uncinatus
  • Vena sacralis mediana - Vena sacralis mediana
  • Vertebra prominens [C VII] - Vertebra prominens [C VII]
  • Vertebrae cervicales [C I-C VII] - Vertebrae cervicales [C I-C VII]
  • Vertebrae lumbales [LI-LV] - Vertebrae lumbales [LI-LV]
  • 三角肌 - Musculus deltoideus
  • 上 - Superior
  • 上关节突 - Processus articularis superior
  • 上关节突 - Processus articularis superior; Zygapophysis superior
  • 上臀动脉 - Arteria glutea superior
  • 下 - Inferior
  • 下关节突 - Processus articularis inferior; Zygapophysis inferior
  • 下腔静脉 - Vena cava inferior
  • 中斜角肌 - Musculus scalenus medius
  • 乙状结肠 - Colon sigmoideum
  • 交感神经干 - Truncus sympathicus
  • 交骨 - Articulatio sacrococcygea
  • 侧块 - Massa lateralis atlantis
  • 侧部 - Pars lateralis
  • 关节 - Junctura
  • 关节囊 - Capsula articularis
  • 关节突关节 - Articulationes zygapophysiales
  • 内斜 - Musculus obliquus internus abdominis
  • 冈下肌 - Musculus infraspinatus
  • 前拱 - Arcus anterior atlantis
  • 前斜角肌 - Musculus scalenus anterior
  • 前纵韧带 - Ligamentum longitudinale anterius
  • 前锯肌 - Musculus serratus anterior
  • 前锯肌 - Musculus serratus posterior inferior
  • 前面 - Anterior
  • 前骶孔 - Foramina sacralia anteriora
  • 动脉 - Arteriae
  • 半奇静脉;下半奇静脉 - Vena hemiazygos
  • 半棘肌 - Musculus semispinalis
  • 右肺 - Pulmo dexter
  • 右肾上腺 - Glandula suprarenalis
  • 后弓 - Arcus posterior atlantis
  • 后斜角肌 - Musculus scalenus posterior
  • 后纵韧带 - Ligamentum longitudinale posterius
  • 后肋间静脉 - Venae intercostales posteriores
  • 后锯肌 - Musculus serratus posterior superior
  • 后面 - Posterior
  • 后骶孔 - Foramina sacralia posteriora
  • 咽腔 - Cavitas pharyngis
  • 器官 - Organs
  • 回旋肌 - Musculi rotatores
  • 图集C I - Atlas [C I]
  • 基底 - Basis ossis sacri
  • 基底部 - Pars basilaris
  • 外侧 - Lateralis
  • 外斜 - Musculus obliquus externus abdominis
  • 多裂肌 - Musculi multifidi
  • 头 - Caput costae
  • 头上斜肌 - Musculus obliquus capitis superior
  • 头下斜肌 - Musculus obliquus capitis inferior
  • 头半棘肌 - Musculus semispinalis capitis
  • 头后大直肌 - Musculus rectus capitis posterior major
  • 头后小直肌 - Musculus rectus capitis posterior minor
  • 头夹肌 - Musculus splenius capitis
  • 头最长肌 - Musculus longissimus capitis
  • 头长肌 - Musculus longus capitis
  • 奇静脉 - Vena azygos
  • 宫颈筋膜 - Fascia cervicalis; Fascia colli : 浅层 - Lamina superficialis
  • 宫颈筋膜 - Fascia cervicalis; Fascia colli : 颈动脉鞘 - Vagina carotica
  • 宫颈筋膜 - Fascia cervicalis; Fascia colli : 颈筋膜气管前层 - Lamina pretrachealis
  • 寰枕前膜 - Membrana atlantooccipitalis anterior
  • 寰枢外侧关节 - Articulatio atlantoaxialis lateralis
  • 寰椎横韧带 - Ligamentum transversum atlantis
  • 小孔 - Foramen costotransversarium - 小孔 - Foramen costotransversarium
  • 尾骨角 - Cornu coccygeum
  • 左肺 - Pulmo sinister
  • 左肾上腺 - Glandula suprarenalis
  • 插画 : A. Micheau - MD - 插畫 - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • 插畫 - Illustrations
  • 斜坡 - Clivus
  • 斜方肌 - Musculus trapezius
  • 斜方肌 - Musculus trapezius - Pars ascendens - Pars ascendens
  • 斜方肌 - Musculus trapezius - Pars descendens - Pars descendens
  • 斜方肌 - Musculus trapezius - Pars transversa - Pars transversa
  • 棘突 - Processus spinosus
  • 椎体 - Corpus vertebrae
  • 椎动脉 - Arteria vertebralis
  • 椎孔 - 小孔 - Foramen vertebrale
  • 椎弓 - Arcus vertebrae
  • 椎弓根 - Pediculus arcus vertebrae
  • 椎板 - Lamina arcus vertebrae
  • 椎管 - Canalis vertebralis
  • 椎间孔 - Foramina intervertebralia
  • 椎间孔 - 小孔 - Foramen intervertebrale
  • 椎间盘 - Discus intervertebralis
  • 椎间韧带 - Ligamenta interspinalia
  • 椎静脉 - Vena vertebralis
  • 椎骨 CIV - Vertebra CIV
  • 椎骨 CVII - Vertebra CVII
  • 椎骨 LIII - Vertebra LIII
  • 椎骨 LIV - Vertebra LIV
  • 椎骨 TIV - Vertebra TIV
  • 椎骨 TVI - Vertebra TVI
  • 椎骨 TXII - Vertebra TXII
  • 椎骨 - Vertebrae
  • 椎骨下切迹 - Incisura vertebralis inferior
  • 横突 - Processus transversus
  • 横突孔 - 小孔 - Foramen transversarium
  • 横突间韧带 - Ligamenta intertransversaria
  • 横筋膜 - Fascia transversalis
  • 横脊 - Lineae transversae
  • 正中骶骨动脉 - Arteria sacralis mediana
  • 气管 - Trachea
  • 深支 - Ramus profundus
  • 牙齿 - Dens axis
  • 甲状腺 - Glandula thyroidea
  • 盖膜 - Membrana tectoria
  • 真肋[一至七] - Costae verae [I-VII]
  • 矢状 - Sagittalis
  • 神经 - Nerves
  • 空肠 - Jejunum
  • 竖脊肌 - Musculus erector spinae
  • 第七尾椎骨 - Os coccygis; Coccyx vertebrae coccygeae [I-IV]
  • 第十一十二浮肋 - Costae fluctuantes [XI-XII]
  • 结肠 - Colon
  • 结节 - Tuberculum costae
  • 翼 - Ala ossis sacri
  • 肋头关节 - Articulatio capitis costae
  • 肋横突关节 - Articulatio costotransversaria
  • 肋横突韧带 - Ligamentum costotransversarium
  • 肋短提肌 - Musculi levatores costarum breves
  • 肋长提肌 - Musculi levatores costarum longi
  • 肋间内肌 - Musculi intercostales interni
  • 肋间后动脉 - Arteriae intercostales posteriores
  • 肋间外肌 - Musculi intercostales externi
  • 肋间最内肌 - Musculi intercostales intimi
  • 肋骨 - Costa
  • 肝 - Hepar
  • 肩胛下肌 - Musculus subscapularis
  • 肩胛提肌 - Musculus levator scapulae
  • 肩胛骨 - Scapula
  • 肾脏 - Ren; Nephros
  • 胃 - Gaster
  • 背部肌肉 - Musculi dorsi
  • 背阔肌 - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • 胸半棘肌 - Musculus semispinalis thoracis
  • 胸回旋肌 - Musculi rotatores thoracis
  • 胸导管 - Ductus thoracicus
  • 胸最长肌 - Musculus longissimus thoracis
  • 胸棘肌 - Musculus spinalis thoracis
  • 胸椎 - Vertebrae thoracicae (TI-TXII)
  • 胸筋膜 - Fascia thoracolumbalis
  • 胸筋膜 - Fascia thoracolumbalis - Lamina anterior; Lamina profunda; Fascia musculi quadrati lumborum - Lamina anterior; Lamina profunda; Fascia musculi quadrati lumborum
  • 胸筋膜 - Fascia thoracolumbalis - Lamina media - Lamina media
  • 胸筋膜 - Fascia thoracolumbalis - Lamina posterior; Lamina superficialis - Lamina posterior; Lamina superficialis
  • 胸锁乳突肌 - Musculus sternocleidomastoideus
  • 脊柱 - Columna vertebralis
  • 脊神经 - Nervi spinales
  • 脊神经沟 - Sulcus nervi spinalis
  • 脊髓 - Medulla spinalis
  • 脾脏 - Splen; Lien
  • 腮腺 - Glandula parotidea
  • 腰大肌 - Musculus psoas major
  • 腰方肌 - Musculus quadratus lumborum
  • 腰棘间肌 - Musculi interspinales lumborum
  • 腰骶联合 - Articulatio lumbosacralis
  • 腰髂肋肌 - Musculus iliocostalis lumborum
  • 腰髂肋肌 - Musculus iliocostalis lumborum : Pars lumbalis; Divisio lateralis m. erectoris spinae lumborum - Pars lumbalis; Divisio lateralis m. erectoris spinae lumborum
  • 腰髂肋肌 - Musculus iliocostalis lumborum : Pars thoracica - Pars thoracica
  • 腹主动脉 - Aorta abdominalis
  • 腹横肌 - Musculus transversus abdominis
  • 膈 - Diaphragma
  • 臀上静脉 - Vena gluteae superiore
  • 臀下神经 - Nervus gluteus inferior
  • 臀中肌 - Musculus gluteus medius
  • 臀大肌 - Musculus gluteus maximus
  • 臀小肌 - Musculus gluteus minimus
  • 臂丛神经 - Plexus brachialis
  • 舌骨 - Os hyoideum
  • 菱形大肌 - Musculus rhomboideus major
  • 菱形小肌 - Musculus rhomboideus minor
  • 解剖结构 - Anatomical parts
  • 解剖节 - Cross sections
  • 轴 - Axial cross section
  • 轴C II - Axis [C II]
  • 输尿管 - Ureter
  • 返回影像索引 - Back to image index
  • 迷走神经 X 第十神经 - Nervus vagus [X]
  • 静脉 - Venae
  • 韧带 - Ligamenta
  • 顶点 - Apex ossis sacri; Apex ossis sacralis
  • 项韧带 - Ligamentum nuchae
  • 颈 - Collum costae
  • 颈内动脉 - Arteria carotis interna
  • 颈内静脉 - Vena jugularis interna
  • 颈半棘肌 - Musculus semispinalis cervicis; Musculus semispinalis colli
  • 颈回旋肌 - Musculi rotatores cervicis; Musculi rotatores colli
  • 颈外动脉 - Arteria carotis externa
  • 颈外静脉 - Vena jugularis externa
  • 颈总动脉 - Arteria carotis communis
  • 颈最长肌 - Musculus longissimus cervicis; Musculus longissimus colli
  • 颈棘肌 - Musculus spinalis cervicis; Musculus spinalis colli
  • 颈长肌 - Musculus longus colli; Musculus longus cervicis
  • 颈阔肌 - Platysma
  • 颈髂肋肌 - Musculus iliocostalis cervicis; Musculus iliocostalis colli
  • 食道 - Oesophagus
  • 马尾 - Cauda equina
  • 骶中间嵴 - Crista sacralis medialis
  • 骶外侧嵴 - Crista sacralis lateralis
  • 骶岬 - Promontorium
  • 骶棘韧带 - Ligamentum sacrospinale
  • 骶正中嵴 - Crista sacralis mediana
  • 骶管 - Canalis sacralis
  • 骶结节 - Tuberositas ossis sacri
  • 骶结节韧带 - Ligamentum sacrotuberale
  • 骶裂孔 - Hiatus sacralis
  • 骶角 - Cornu sacrale
  • 骶骨 - Os sacrum [vertebrae sacrales I - V]
  • 髂内动脉 - Arteria iliaca interna
  • 髂内静脉 - Vena iliaca interna
  • 髂外动脉 - Arteria iliaca externa
  • 髂外静脉 - Vena iliaca externa
  • 髂肌 - Musculus iliacus
  • 髋骨; 坐骨;骨盆骨 - Os coxae
  • 髓核 - Nucleus pulposus
  • 黄韧带 - Ligamenta flava
  • 齿突尖韧带 - Ligamentum apicis dentis

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