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Anatomy of the face and neck (CT) - interactive atlas of human anatomy using cross-sectional imaging

Antoine Micheau, MD, Denis Hoa, MD

Published on Sunday 24 August 2008

SECTION: Anatomy of the brain, face, and neck

Images and anatomical references

This head and neck anatomic atlas is an educational tool for studying the normal anatomy of the face based on a contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography imaging (axial and coronal planes). Interactive labelled images allow a comprehensive study of the anatomical structures.

 

Anatomy of the human body : facial structures labeled on a computed tomography (axial and coronal slices).

 

Cross sectional anatomy: CT of the head and neck

 

A coronal and axial contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography imaging of the head and neck was performed on a healthy subject.
DICOM images archived in the PACS (Picture Archiving and Communicating System) were processed and exported as JPEG images. Adobe Flash and Adobe Photoshop allowed us to develop anatomical atlas software with a suitable functionality and user interface for the exploration of the head and neck and the skull base.
Anatomical structures were labelled according to the new Terminologia Anatomica.

 

Anatomy of the maxillar and mandibular bone with teeth numbered (international tooth numbers)

Anatomy of the head and neck: how to visualize anatomic labels

 

This atlas is a comprehensive and affordable learning tool for residents and medical students and especially for radiologists and surgeons.
It provides images in the axial and coronal planes so that the user can study and learn anatomy interactively. Images are labelled, providing a comprehensive teaching resource. Evaluation of user progress is assessed with the test mode.

 

deep face spaces anatomy based on mdct : temporal space, parotid space, prevertebral space, retropharyngeal space, masticator space.

 

The horizontal menu allows access to the groups of anatomical structures:

  • Bones: ethmoidal, frontal, lacrimal, palatine, parietal, temporal and zygomatic bones, mandible, maxilla, sphenoid, vomer.
  • Teeth
  • Arteries
  • Veins
  • Muscles
  • Nerves
  • Foramen
  • Cavities
  • Mucosa/glands
  • Lymph nodes regions

 

As the cursor is moved over a particular anatomic area, that area is highlighted and labelled: this tool has been chosen to show deep face spaces and cavities:

 

  • Pharyngeal mucosal space
  • Oral cavity
  • Masticator space
  • Parotid space
  • Carotid space
  • Retropharyngeal space
  • Perivertebral space
  • Visceral space
  • Posterior cervical space
  • Sublingual space
  • Submandibular fossa
  • Paravertebral space
  • Prevertebral space
  • Retropharyngeal space

 

The vertical left menu provides axial, coronal and sagittal reference tools of the face, with anatomical graphics based on a three dimensional (3D) model.


Anatomical parts

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