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Anatomy of the elbow (MR cross-sectional imaging and 3D medical pictures)

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

Published on Saturday 26 November 2011

SECTION: Musculoskeletal anatomy (upper and lower extremities)

Images and anatomical references

This anatomy module deals with the radioanatomy of the elbow in MRI and 3D reconstructions.
It contains 260 MRI slices, 60 3D reconstruction images, with 155 labelled anatomical structures.
This atlas of anatomy is suited especially for radiologists, surgeons, rheumatologists and physicians specialising in musculoskeletal imaging.

 

Anatomy of the elbow (MR)

Anatomy of the elbow (MR)

 

Images of the elbow joint in MRI and 3D

 

The MRI and 3D scanning images of the elbow are derived from a healthy volunteer. The MRI slices were acquired with a thickness of 4 mm, with different weightings and impacts:

  • T1-weightings and PD-Fat sat: weightings used in clinical routines in musculoskeletal imaging
  • Axial, sagittal and coronal impacts of the cubital area

 

 

Elbow joint: Humeroulnar joint, Humeroradial joint, Proximal radioulnar joint, Ulnar collateral ligament, Radial collateral ligament, Anular ligament of radius

Elbow joint

 

 

 The 3D images are derived from a source different to that of the MRI and are "volume rendering" post-processed from a scan of the elbow.

 

 

Humerus - Radius - Ulna

Humerus - Radius - Ulna

 

Captioned anatomical structures of the cubitale area

 

155 anatomical structures of the elbow, and adjacent segments of the arm and forearm have been captioned:

  • General anatomy: shows the main areas such as the cubital fossa, the anterior and posterior elbow regions
  • Bones: item divided into humerus, radius and ulna specifically selectable.
  • Elbow joint: comprising the humero-ulnar joint, the humeroradial joint and the proximal radioulnar joint.
  • Ligaments: principally the radial and ulnar collateral ligaments and the annular ligament of the radius.
  • Muscles / tendons: displays the muscles and tendons of the ulnar region in two different colours.
  • Fascia / aponeuroses: on this MRI of the elbow the brachial fascia, antebrachial fascia and bicipital aponeurosis and the intermuscular septa of the arm are present
  • Compartments: outline of anatomic zones corresponding to the muscular compartments of the forearm and arm
  • Synovial bursa: MRI anatomy of tendinous bursa of the elbow joint, notably the olecranon bursa
  • Arteries: anatomical nomenclature of the brachial, ulnar and radial arteries as well as their collaterals
  • Veins: anatomy of the superficial (cephalic and basilica veins) and deep (brachial, ulnar and radial veins) venous system
  • Lymph nodes: supratrochlear and ulnar nodes
  • Nerves: the superficial and deep elbow nerve network is captioned, with a different shade of yellow for each nerve: radial, ulnar, median and cutaneous nerves of the arm and forearm

 

 

The elbow (MR):  anatomical atlas on medical imaging

The elbow (MR): anatomical atlas on medical imaging

 

The Details tab

This allows the user to choose to display all the anatomical legends or to only display the most important anatomical structures.

Language and anatomical terminology

We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption for all the anatomical structures, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.


Anatomical parts

  • 3D - 3D - Lateral rotation - Rotatio lateralis
  • 3D - 3D - Vertical rotation - Rotatio verticalis
  • Abductor pollicis longus - Musculus abductor pollicis longus
  • Accessory cephalic vein - Vena cephalica accessoria
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Anconeus - Musculus anconeus
  • Antebrachial fascia - Fascia antebrachii
  • Anterior border - Margo anterior
  • Anterior compartment of arm; Flexor compartment of arm - Compartimentum brachii anterius; Compartimentum brachii flexorum
  • Anterior compartment of forearm; Flexor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii anterius; Compartimentum antebrachii flexorum: Deep part - Pars profunda
  • Anterior compartment of forearm; Flexor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii anterius; Compartimentum antebrachii flexorum: Superficial part - Pars superficialis
  • Anterior interosseous artery - Arteria interossea anterior
  • Anterior interosseous nerve - Nervus interosseus antebrachii anterior
  • Anterior interosseous veins - Venae interosseae anteriores
  • Anterior region of arm - Regio brachii anterior; Regio brachialis anterior
  • Anterior region of elbow - Regio cubitalis anterior
  • Anterior region of forearm - Regio antebrachii anterior; Regio antebrachialis anterior
  • Anterior surface - Facies anterior
  • Anterobasal segmentary artery - Anterobasal segmentary artery surface - Facies anteromedialis
  • Anterolateral surface - Facies anterolateralis
  • Anular ligament of radius - Ligamentum anulare radii
  • Arm - Brachium
  • Arteries - Arteriae
  • Articular cavity - Cavitas articularis
  • Articular circumference - Circumferentia articularis
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articularis cubiti - Musculus articularis cubiti
  • Axial - Axialis
  • Basilic vein - Vena basilica
  • Basilic vein of forearm - Vena basilica antebrachii
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii - Tendon - Tendo
  • Bicipital aponeurosis - Aponeurosis musculi bicipitis brachii; Aponeurosis bicipitalis; Lacertus fibrosus
  • Bicipitoradial bursa - Bursa bicipitoradialis
  • Bones - Os
  • Brachial artery - Arteria brachialis
  • Brachial fascia - Fascia brachii
  • Brachial veins - Vena Brachiale
  • Brachialis - Musculus brachialis
  • Brachialis - Musculus brachialis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Brachioradialis - Musculus brachioradialis
  • Capitulum - Capitulum humeri
  • Cephalic vein - Vena cephalica
  • Cephalic vein of forearm - Vena cephalica antebrachii
  • Common extensor tendon - Common extensor tendon
  • Common flexor tendon - Common flexor tendon
  • Common interosseous artery - Arteria interossea communis
  • Compartments - Compartimenta
  • Condyle of humerus - Condylus humeri
  • Coronal - Coronalis
  • Coronoid fossa - Fossa coronoidea
  • Coronoid process - Processus coronoideus
  • Cubital anastomosis - Rete articulare cubiti
  • Cubital fossa - Fossa cubitalis
  • Cubital nodes - Nodi cubitales
  • Elbow - Cubitus
  • Elbow - Cubitus-3D - 3D
  • Elbow - Cubitus-Magnetic resonance imaging - Magnetic resonance imaging - Magnetic resonance imaging - Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Elbow joint - Articulatio cubiti
  • Extensor carpi radialis brevis - Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis
  • Extensor carpi radialis longus - Musculus extensor carpi radialis longus
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris: Humeral head - Caput humerale
  • Extensor digiti minimi - Musculus extensor digiti minimi
  • Extensor digitorum - Musculus extensor digitorum
  • Extensor pollicis longus - Musculus extensor pollicis longus
  • Fascia - Fasciae / Aponeurosis - Aponeurosis
  • Flexor carpi radialis - Musculus flexor carpi radialis
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris: Humeral head - Caput humerale
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris: Ulnar head - Caput ulnare
  • Flexor digitorum profundus - Musculus flexor digitorum profundus
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis : Humeroulnar head - Caput humeroulnare
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis : Radial head - Caput radiale
  • Flexor pollicis longus - Musculus flexor pollicis longus
  • Forearm - Antebrachium
  • General Anatomy - Anatomia generalis
  • Groove for ulnar nerve - Sulcus nervi ulnaris
  • Head - Caput radii
  • Hide all - Hide all
  • Humeroradial joint - Articulatio humeroradialis
  • Humeroulnar joint - Articulatio humeroulnaris
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Inferior lateral cutaneous nerve of arm; Inferior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus brachii lateralis inferior
  • Inferior ulnar collateral artery - Arteria collateralis ulnaris inferior
  • Interosseous border - Margo interosseus
  • Interosseous cubital bursa - Bursa cubitalis interossea
  • Interosseous membrane of forearm - Membrana interossea antebrachii
  • Intratendinous olecranon bursa - Bursa intratendinea olecrani
  • Joint capsule; Articular capsule - Capsula articularis
  • Lateral border - Margo lateralis
  • Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii lateralis
  • Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus lateralis
  • Lateral intermuscular septum of arm - Septum intermusculare brachii laterale
  • Lateral rotation - Rotatio lateralis
  • Lateral supraepicondylar ridge - Crista supraepicondylaris lateralis
  • Lateral surface - Facies lateralis
  • Ligaments - Ligamenta
  • Lymph node - Nodus lymphoideus; Nodus lymphaticus; Lymphonodus
  • Medial border - Margo medialis
  • Medial collateral artery - Arteria collateralis media
  • Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis: Anterior branch - Ramus anterior
  • Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis: Posterior branch - Ramus posterior
  • Medial epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis
  • Medial intermuscular septum of arm - Septum intermusculare brachii mediale
  • Medial supraepicondylar ridge - Crista supraepicondylaris medialis
  • Medial surface - Facies medialis
  • Median antebrachial vein - Vena mediana antebrachii
  • Median artery - Arteria comitans nervi mediani
  • Median cubital vein - Vena mediana cubiti
  • Median nerve - Nervus medianus
  • Muscles - Musculi / Tendons - Tendo
  • Musculocutaneous nerve - Nervus musculocutaneus
  • Neck - Collum radii
  • Nerves - Nervi
  • Oblique cord - Chorda obliqua
  • Olecranon - Olecranon
  • Olecranon fossa - Fossa olecrani
  • PD-SPIR - PD-SPIR
  • Palmaris longus - Musculus palmaris longus
  • Planes - Planes
  • Posterior border - Margo posterior
  • Posterior compartment of arm; Extensor compartment of arm - Compartimentum brachii posterius; Compartimentum brachii extensorum
  • Posterior compartment of forearm; Extensor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii posterius; Compartimentum antebrachii extensorum
  • Posterior compartment of forearm; Extensor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii posterius; Compartimentum antebrachii extensorum: Lateral part; Radial part - Pars lateralis; Pars radialis
  • Posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm; Posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii posterior
  • Posterior interosseous artery - Arteria interossea posterior
  • Posterior interosseous nerve - Nervus interosseus antebrachii posterior
  • Posterior interosseous veins - Venae interosseae posteriores
  • Posterior region of arm - Regio brachii posterior; Regio brachialis posterior
  • Posterior region of elbow - Regio cubitalis posterior
  • Posterior region of forearm - Regio antebrachii posterior; Regio antebrachialis posterior
  • Posterior surface - Facies posterior
  • Pronator teres - Musculus pronator teres : Humeral head - Caput humerale
  • Pronator teres - Musculus pronator teres : Ulnar head - Caput ulnare
  • Proximal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris proximalis
  • Quadrate ligament - Ligamentum quadratum
  • Radial artery - Arteria radialis
  • Radial collateral artery - Arteria collateralis radialis
  • Radial collateral ligament - Ligamentum collaterale radiale
  • Radial fossa - Fossa radialis
  • Radial nerve - Nervus radialis
  • Radial nerve - Nervus radialis: Deep branch - Ramus profundus
  • Radial nerve - Nervus radialis: Superficial branch - Ramus superficialis
  • Radial notch - Incisura radialis
  • Radial recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens radialis
  • Radial tuberosity - Tuberositas radii
  • Radial veins - Vena radiale
  • Radius - Radius
  • Recurrent interosseous artery - Arteria interossea recurrens
  • Sacciform recess - Recessus sacciformis
  • Sagittal - Sagittalis
  • Shaft of humerus; Body of humerus - Corpus humeri
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus radii
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus ulnae
  • Show all - Show all
  • Subcutaneous olecranon bursa - Bursa subcutanea olecrani
  • Subtendinous bursa of triceps brachii - Bursa subtendinea musculi tricipitis brachii
  • Superior ulnar collateral artery - Arteria collateralis ulnaris superior
  • Supinator - Musculus supinator
  • Supinator crest - Crista musculi supinatoris
  • Supratrochlear nodes - Nodi supratrochleares
  • Synovial bursa - Bursa synovialis
  • Synovial folds - Plicae synoviales
  • T1 - T1
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii - Tendon - Tendo
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Lateral head - Caput laterale
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Long head - Caput longum
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Medial head - Caput mediale
  • Trochlea - Trochlea humeri
  • Trochlear notch - Incisura trochlearis
  • Tuberosity of ulna - Tuberositas ulnae
  • Ulna - Ulna
  • Ulnar artery - Arteria ulnaris
  • Ulnar collateral ligament - Ligamentum collaterale ulnare
  • Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris
  • Ulnar recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens ulnaris
  • Ulnar recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens ulnaris: Anterior branch - Ramus anterior
  • Ulnar recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens ulnaris: Posterior branch - Ramus posterior
  • Ulnar veins - Vena Ulnare
  • Veins - Venae
  • Vertical rotation - Rotatio verticalis
  • Weightings - Weightings

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