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Anatomy of the lower extremity in standard radiology

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

Published on Thursday 16 December 2010

SECTION: Musculoskeletal anatomy (upper and lower extremities)

Images and anatomical references

This radio-anatomy module of the lower limb presents 24 conventional radiographs with captions of 192 anatomical structures.
It is intended particularly for radiologists, electroradiology students, emergency physicians, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists, but may be used as a daily or a teaching aid for any practitioner, physician or student involved in the musculoskeletal pathology of the lower limb.

 

Standard radios of the lower limb

 

24 of the X-ray plates most commonly used in musculoskeletal radiology were selected, covering the entirety of pelvis, thighs, legs and feet:

 

  • Lower limbs in entire frontal view
Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg

Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg

 

  • Front view of pelvic girdle
  • Hip frontal and profile views

 

Anatomy of the lower limb in standard radiology: Hip, Hip joint, Head

Anatomy of the lower limb in standard radiology: Hip

 

  • Front view of pelvic girdle
  • Hip frontal and profile views

 

Knee joint - Radiography (Lateral view) :Patella, Medial condyle, Lateral condyle

Knee joint - Radiography (Lateral view)

 

  •  Entire leg from front view and profile

 

Leg - Radiograph: Tibia, Fibula

Leg - Radiograph

 

  • Ankle frontal and profile views

 

Ankle - : Ankle joint, Medial malleolus,Trochlea of talus

Ankle -

 

  • Foot in entirety front view and profile
  • Calcaneus in profile view and in tangential impact

 

Talus - Calcaneus (-Lateral view) :Neck, Sustentaculum tali; Talar shelf, Tarsal sinus, Fibular trochlea; Peroneal trochlea; Peroneal tubercle

Talus - Calcaneus (-Lateral view)

 

  • Forefoot front view and ¾

 

Foot - Toes : (Navicular, Medial cuneiform, Cuboid, Metatarsals, Phalanges

Foot - Toes :

 

  • Toes and metatarsals from front and ¾

 

Standard radiograph visualisation of anatomical structures of lower limb

 

  • The anatomical structures tab permits you to choose to display the bones (pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula, patella, foot bones) and the different joints (hip joint, femorotibial joint, ankle joints and foot...) on different radio graphical plates
  • The anatomical structures have been captioned using the nomenclature from the Terminologia Anatomica, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.

Anatomical parts

  • Acetabular fossa - Fossa acetabuli
  • Acetabular margin - Limbus acetabuli; Margo acetabuli
  • Acetabular notch - Incisura acetabuli
  • Acetabulum - Acetabulum
  • Adductor tubercle - Tuberculum adductorium
  • Ala of ilium; Wing of ilium - Ala ossis ilii
  • Ala; Wing of sacrum - Ala ossis sacri
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Ankle - Tarsus
  • Ankle - Tarsus - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Ankle - Tarsus - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Ankle joint - Articulatio talocruralis
  • Anterior facet for calcaneus - Facies articularis calcanea anterior
  • Anterior inferior iliac spine - Spina iliaca anterior inferior
  • Anterior sacral foramina - Foramina sacralia anteriora
  • Anterior superior iliac spine - Spina iliaca anterior superior
  • Anterior surface - Facies anterior
  • Anterior talar articular surface - Facies articularis talaris anterior
  • Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Apex - Apex ossis sacri; Apex ossis sacralis
  • Apex of head - Apex capitis fibulae
  • Apex of patella - Apex patellae
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis capitis fibulae
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis malleoli lateralis
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis malleoli medialis
  • Articular surface - Facies articularis
  • Articular surface for cuboid - Facies articularis cuboidea
  • Auricular surface - Facies auricularis
  • Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60°
  • Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90°
  • Base - Basis ossis metatarsi
  • Base of patella - Basis patellae
  • Base of phalanx - Basis phalangis
  • Base of sacrum - Basis ossis sacri
  • Body - Corpus ossis ischii
  • Body - Corpus ossis pubis
  • Body - Corpus tali
  • Body of ilium - Corpus ossis ilii
  • Bones of lower limb - Ossa membri inferioris
  • Calcaneal process - Processus calcaneus
  • Calcaneal tubercle - Tuberculum calcanei
  • Calcaneal tuberosity - Tuber calcanei
  • Calcaneocuboid joint - Articulatio calcaneocuboidea
  • Calcaneus - Calcaneus
  • Calcaneus - Calcaneus - Tangential view - Tangential view
  • Coccyx - Coccyx
  • Coccyx; coccygeal vertebrae [I-IV] - Os coccygis; Coccyx vertebrae coccygeae [I-IV]
  • Cuboid - Os cuboideum
  • Cuneonavicular joint - Articulatio cuneonavicularis
  • Distal phalanx - Phalanx distalis
  • Femur; Thigh bone - Femur; Os femoris
  • Fibula - Fibula
  • Fibular articular facet - Facies articularis fibularis
  • Fibular notch - Incisura fibularis
  • Fibular trochlea; Peroneal trochlea; Peroneal tubercle - Trochlea fibularis; Trochlea peronealis
  • Foot - Pes
  • Foot - Pes - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Foot - Pes - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Fovea for ligament of head - Fovea capitis femoris
  • Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg - Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg
  • Greater sciatic notch - Incisura ischiadica major
  • Greater trochanter - Trochanter major
  • Groove for popliteus - Sulcus popliteus
  • Groove for tendon of fibularis longus; Groove for tendon of peroneus longus - Sulcus tendinis musculi fibularis longi; Sulcus tendinis musculi peronei longi
  • Groove for tendon of flexor hallucis longus - Sulcus tendinis musculi flexoris hallucis longi
  • Head - Caput femoris
  • Head - Caput fibulae
  • Head - Caput ossis metatarsi
  • Head - Caput tali
  • Head of phalanx - Caput phalangis
  • Hip - Coxa
  • Hip - Coxa - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Hip - Coxa - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Hip bone; Coxal bone; Pelvic bone - Os coxae
  • Hip joint - Articulatio coxofemoralis
  • Iliac crest - Crista iliaca
  • Iliac tuberosity - Tuberositas iliaca
  • Iliopubic eminence - Eminentia iliopubica
  • Ilium - Os ilium; Ilium
  • Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • Inferior articular surface - Facies articularis inferior
  • Inferior pubic ramus - Ramus inferior ossis pubis
  • Intercondylar eminence - Eminentia intercondylaris
  • Intercondylar fossa - Fossa intercondylaris
  • Intercondylar notch view - Intercondylar notch view
  • Intercuneiform joints - Articulationes intercuneiformes
  • Intermediate cuneiform; Middle cuneiform - Os cuneiforme intermedium
  • Intermetatarsal joints - Articulationes intermetatarsales
  • Intermetatarsal spaces - Spatia interossea metatarsi
  • Interphalangeal joints of foot - Articulationes interphalangeae pedis
  • Intertrochanteric crest - Crista intertrochanterica
  • Intertrochanteric line - Linea intertrochanterica
  • Ischial spine - Spina ischiadica
  • Ischial tuberosity - Tuber ischiadicum
  • Ischiopubic ramus - Ramus ischiopubicus
  • Ischium - Os ischii; Ischium
  • Joints of foot - Articulationes pedis
  • Joints of lower limb - Juncturae membri inferioris
  • Knee - Genu
  • Knee - Genu - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Knee - Genu - Intercondylar notch view - Intercondylar notch view
  • Knee - Genu - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Knee joint - Articulatio genus
  • Lateral condyle - Condylus lateralis
  • Lateral cuneiform - Os cuneiforme laterale
  • Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus lateralis
  • Lateral intercondylar tubercle - Tuberculum intercondylare laterale
  • Lateral malleolar facet - Facies malleolaris lateralis
  • Lateral malleolus - Malleolus lateralis
  • Lateral process - Processus lateralis tali
  • Lateral process - Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei
  • Lateral tubercle - Tuberculum laterale
  • Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Leg - Crus
  • Leg - Crus - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Leg - Crus - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Lesser trochanter - Trochanter minor
  • Lower limb - Membrum inferius
  • Medial condyle - Condylus medialis
  • Medial cuneiform - Os cuneiforme mediale
  • Medial epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis
  • Medial intercondylar tubercle - Tuberculum intercondylare mediale
  • Medial malleolar facet - Facies malleolaris medialis
  • Medial malleolus - Malleolus medialis
  • Medial process - Processus medialis tuberis calcanei
  • Medial tubercle - Tuberculum mediale
  • Metatarsals - Ossa metatarsi
  • Metatarsals - Ossa metatarsi/Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Metatarsals - Ossa metatarsi/Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges - Oblique view - Oblique view
  • Metatarsals [I-V] - Ossa metatarsi [I-V]
  • Metatarsophalangeal joints - Articulationes metatarsophalangeae
  • Middle facet for calcaneus - Facies articularis calcanea media
  • Middle phalanx - Phalanx media
  • Middle talar articular surface - Facies articularis talaris media
  • Navicular - Os naviculare
  • Navicular articular surface - Facies articularis navicularis
  • Neck - Collum femoris
  • Neck - Collum fibulae
  • Neck - Collum tali
  • Oblique view - Oblique view
  • Obturator foramen - Foramen - Foramen obturatum
  • Patella - Patella
  • Patella - Patella - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 60°
  • Patella - Patella - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90° - Axial view (skyline-sunshine) 90°
  • Patellar surface - Facies patellaris
  • Pelvic girdle - Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris
  • Pelvic girdle - Cingulum pelvicum; Cingulum membri inferioris - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges
  • Posterior calcaneal articular facet - Facies articularis calcanea posterior
  • Posterior inferior iliac spine - Spina iliaca posterior inferior
  • Posterior process - Processus posterior tali
  • Posterior superior iliac spine - Spina iliaca posterior superior
  • Posterior talar articular surface - Facies articularis talaris posterior
  • Proximal phalanx - Phalanx proximalis
  • Pubic symphysis - Symphysis pubica
  • Radiography - Radiography
  • Ramus - Ramus ossis ischii
  • Sacroiliac joint - Articulatio sacroiliaca
  • Sacroiliac joint - Articulatio sacroiliaca - Oblique view - Oblique view
  • Sacrum [sacral vertebrae I - V] - Os sacrum [vertebrae sacrales I - V]
  • Sesamoid bones - Ossa sesamoidea
  • Shaft of femur; Body of femur - Corpus femoris
  • Shaft of phalanx; Body of phalanx - Corpus phalangis
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus fibulae
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus ossis metatarsi
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus tibiae
  • Subtalar joint; Talocalcaneal joint - Articulatio subtalaris; Articulatio talocalcanea
  • Sulcus tali - Sulcus tali
  • Superior articular process - Processus articularis superior
  • Superior articular surface - Facies articularis superior
  • Superior facet - Facies superior
  • Superior pubic ramus - Ramus superior ossis pubis
  • Supraacetabular groove - Sulcus supraacetabularis
  • Sustentaculum tali; Talar shelf - Sustentaculum tali
  • Symphysial surface - Facies symphysialis
  • Talocalcaneonavicular joint - Articulatio talocalcaneonavicularis
  • Talus - Talus
  • Talus - Talus/Calcaneus - Calcaneus - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Tangential view - Tangential view
  • Tarsal bones - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia
  • Tarsal bones - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Tarsal bones - Ossa tarsi; Ossa tarsalia - Oblique view - Oblique view
  • Tarsal sinus - Sinus tarsi
  • Tarsometatarsal joints - Articulationes tarsometatarsales
  • Thigh - Femur
  • Thigh - Femur - Anterior-posterior view - Anterior-posterior view
  • Thigh - Femur - Lateral view - Lateral view
  • Tibia - Tibia
  • Tibial tuberosity - Tuberositas tibiae
  • Tibiofibular joint; Superior tibiofibular joint - Articulatio tibiofibularis
  • Tibiofibular syndesmosis; Inferior tibiofibular joint - Syndesmosis tibiofibularis
  • Transverse tarsal joint - Articulatio tarsi transversa
  • Trochanteric fossa - Fossa trochanterica
  • Trochlea of phalanx - Trochlea phalangis
  • Trochlea of talus - Trochlea tali
  • Tuberculum of iliac crest - Tuberculum iliacum
  • Tuberosity - Tuberositas ossis navicularis
  • Tuberosity of cuboid - Tuberositas ossis cuboidei
  • Tuberosity of distal phalanx - Tuberositas phalangis distalis
  • Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal bone [V] - Tuberositas ossis metatarsi quinti [V]
  • Tuberosity of first metatarsal bone [l] - Tuberositas ossis metatarsi primi [l]

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