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Anatomy of the lower extremity in standard radiology

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

Published on Thursday 16 December 2010

SECTION: Musculoskeletal anatomy (upper and lower extremities)

Images and anatomical references

This radio-anatomy module of the lower limb presents 24 conventional radiographs with captions of 192 anatomical structures.
It is intended particularly for radiologists, electroradiology students, emergency physicians, orthopaedic surgeons and rheumatologists, but may be used as a daily or a teaching aid for any practitioner, physician or student involved in the musculoskeletal pathology of the lower limb.

 

Standard radios of the lower limb

 

24 of the X-ray plates most commonly used in musculoskeletal radiology were selected, covering the entirety of pelvis, thighs, legs and feet:

 

  • Lower limbs in entire frontal view
Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg

Full-length anterior-posterior weight-bearing view of the leg

 

  • Front view of pelvic girdle
  • Hip frontal and profile views

 

Anatomy of the lower limb in standard radiology: Hip, Hip joint, Head

Anatomy of the lower limb in standard radiology: Hip

 

  • Front view of pelvic girdle
  • Hip frontal and profile views

 

Knee joint - Radiography (Lateral view) :Patella, Medial condyle, Lateral condyle

Knee joint - Radiography (Lateral view)

 

  •  Entire leg from front view and profile

 

Leg - Radiograph: Tibia, Fibula

Leg - Radiograph

 

  • Ankle frontal and profile views

 

Ankle - : Ankle joint, Medial malleolus,Trochlea of talus

Ankle -

 

  • Foot in entirety front view and profile
  • Calcaneus in profile view and in tangential impact

 

Talus - Calcaneus (-Lateral view) :Neck, Sustentaculum tali; Talar shelf, Tarsal sinus, Fibular trochlea; Peroneal trochlea; Peroneal tubercle

Talus - Calcaneus (-Lateral view)

 

  • Forefoot front view and ¾

 

Foot - Toes : (Navicular, Medial cuneiform, Cuboid, Metatarsals, Phalanges

Foot - Toes :

 

  • Toes and metatarsals from front and ¾

 

Standard radiograph visualisation of anatomical structures of lower limb

 

  • The anatomical structures tab permits you to choose to display the bones (pelvis, femur, tibia, fibula, patella, foot bones) and the different joints (hip joint, femorotibial joint, ankle joints and foot...) on different radio graphical plates
  • The anatomical structures have been captioned using the nomenclature from the Terminologia Anatomica, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.

Anatomical parts

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