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Anatomy atlas of the upper limb

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

Published on Sunday 04 October 2009

SECTION: Musculoskeletal anatomy (upper and lower extremities)

Images and anatomical references

Regions of upper limb - Human anatomy (Drawings) : Anterior region of arm, Deltoid region, Brachial region, Lateral bicipital groove, Cubital fossa, Antebrachial region, Hand region, Carpal region, Dorsum of hand, Palm; Palmar region, Thenar eminence, Hypothenar eminence, Metacarpal region, Digiti manus

Regions of upper limb - Human anatomy : Drawings

 

 

This section of the illustrated atlas of human anatomy details the upper limb. 92 anatomical illustrations have been produced, all in vector format suitable for the web.

 

 

Muscles; Muscular system - Arm - Anatomy (Illustrations) : Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres major, Teres minor, Deltoid, Triceps brachii, Anconeus

Muscles; Muscular system - Arm - Anatomy : Illustrations

 

This module is designed for students in medicine and particularly in preparing for the first year of medical studies (PCEM1), and for health professionals (nursing students, physiotherapy, osteopathy, manipulative radiology, physicians, surgeons, radiologists) in orthopaedics, rheumatology, functional rehabilitation, radiology...

 

Illustrations of the anatomy of the upper limb

 

 

Scapula - Muscles Attachment - Anatomy atlas : Pectoralis minor, Trapezius, Deltoid, Biceps brachii, Triceps brachii, Omohyoid, Tuberosity for serratus anterior, Subscapularis

Scapula - Muscles Attachment - Anatomy atlas

 

 

These images were created using data obtained from medical imaging (CT, MRI, X-rays). Some are 3D views of the bones, vectorised with Adobe Illustrator, while others are diagrams and some are digital paintings produced with Adobe Photoshop.
All these anatomical illustrations are original and produced by Dr. Antoine Micheau.

 

 

Lymph nodes of upper limb - Axillary lymph nodes - Human anatomy (Medical illustrations) :Deltopectoral nodes; Infraclavicular nodes, Humeral nodes; Lateral nodes, Subscapular nodes; Posterior nodes, Brachial nodes, Supratrochlear nodes, Cubital nodes, Interpectoral nodes, Parasternal nodes, Paramammary nodes

Lymph nodes of upper limb - Axillary lymph nodes - Human anatomy : Medical illustrations

 

 

Glenohumeral joint; Shoulder joint - Shoulder - Human anatomy : Acromioclavicular joint, Coracoacromial ligament, Glenohumeral ligaments, Coracohumeral ligament, Transverse humeral ligament, Trapezoid ligament, Conoid ligament

Glenohumeral joint; Shoulder joint - Shoulder - Human anatomy : Diagram

 

 

Anatomical structures of the upper limb

 

630 anatomical structures of the upper limb (pectoral girdle, shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand and fingers) have been referenced.

 

 

Superficial veins of upper limb - Anatomy (Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD) : Cephalic vein, Basilic vein, Superficial venous palmar arch, Cephalic vein of forearm, Basilic vein of forearm, Median antebrachial vein, Median cubital vein

Superficial veins of upper limb - Anatomy : Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD

 

Hand - Palm; Palmar region - Arteries : Ulnar artery, Radial artery, Deep palmar arch, Superficial palmar arch, Palmar metacarpal arteries, Proper palmar digital arteries

Hand - Palm; Palmar region - Arteries (Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD)

 

  • The first image shows the different regions upper extremity: deltoid region, cubital fossa, thenar eminence and hypothenar...
  • The next chapter deals with the osteology of the upper limb, with all the anatomical structures and muscle insertions and ligaments of the bones: scapula, clavicle, humerus, ulna, radius, carpal bones, metacarpals and phalanges of the fingers.
  • The Arthrology section includes the study of joints and ligaments forming the upper limb including arcromio-clavicular, sterno-clavicular, radio-ulnar proximal and distal joints, the gleno-humeral, humero-ulnar, carpo-metacarpal, metacarpo-phalangeal and interphalangeal articulations of the hand.
  • Multiple illustrations deal with the myology of the upper limb, with the various muscular compartments (fascial compartments), fascia and intermuscular septum, and the muscles and tendons.
  • The chapter on the upper limb arteries begins with an overview of the arteries (subclavian, axillary, brachial, radial and ulnar arteries and deep and superficial palmar arches), and then different anatomical images show the arteries of the deltoid region of elbow, hand (palmar and dorsal) and the finger.
  • Only the superficial veins of the hand, forearm and arm have been represented, the anatomy of the deep veins being similar to that of the arteries.
  • An anatomical diagram deals with the lymph nodes of the upper limb, with the pectoral, axillary (lymphatic ganglia), paramammary, parasternal, humeral and ulnar nodes.
  • The study of the innervation of the upper limb begins with a diagram of the brachial plexus, then the paths of each nerve in the arm and the forearm are detailed (musculocutaneous nerve, median nerve, ulnar nerve, axillary nerve and radial nerve). Finally the different dermatomes of the nerves of the upper limb are detailed through of dorsal and anterior views of the upper limb.
  • The final chapter presents anatomical plates of anatomical sections of the upper limb: the axilla and the deltoid region in axial and coronal and axial sections of the arm, the elbow, forearm, wrist, carpal and metacarpal regions.

 

 

Bones of hand - Anatomy : Radius, Ulna, Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate, Metacarpals [I -V], Phalanges

Bones of hand - Anatomy : Medical illustrations

 

Language and terminology for the study of the anatomy of the upper limb

 

We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption all the anatomical structures; then the items in Latin have been translated into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.

 

 

Cross section - Anatomy - Wrist (Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD) : Median nerve, Ulnar nerve, Tendon, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Palmaris longus, Extensor digitorum, Flexor carpi ulnaris

Cross section - Anatomy - Wrist : Anatomical illustrations


Anatomical parts

  • Abductor digiti minimi - Musculus abductor digiti minimi
  • Abductor pollicis brevis - Musculus abductor pollicis brevis
  • Abductor pollicis longus - Musculus abductor pollicis longus
  • Abductor pollicis longus - Musculus abductor pollicis longus - Tendon - Tendo
  • Acromial anastomosis - Rete acromiale
  • Acromial angle - Angulus acromii
  • Acromial branch - Ramus acromialis
  • Acromial end - Extremitas acromialis
  • Acromial facet - Facies articularis acromialis
  • Acromial part - Pars acromialis
  • Acromioclavicular joint - Articulatio acromioclavicularis
  • Acromioclavicular ligament - Ligamentum acromioclaviculare
  • Acromion - Acromion
  • Adductor pollicis - Musculus adductor pollicis
  • Anatomical neck - Collum anatomicum
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Anconeus - Musculus anconeus
  • Antebrachial fascia - Fascia antebrachii
  • Anterior - Anterior
  • Anterior border - Margo anterior
  • Anterior branch - Ramus anterior
  • Anterior circumflex humeral artery - Arteria circumflexa humeri anterior
  • Anterior circumflex humeral vein - Vena circumflexa humeri anterior
  • Anterior compartment of arm; Flexor compartment of arm - Compartimentum brachii anterius; Compartimentum brachii flexorum
  • Anterior compartment of forearm; Flexor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii anterius; Compartimentum antebrachii flexorum
  • Anterior divisions - Divisiones anteriores
  • Anterior interosseous artery - Arteria interossea anterior
  • Anterior interosseous nerve - Nervus interosseus antebrachii anterior
  • Anterior interosseous veins - Venae interosseae anteriores
  • Anterior region of arm - Regio brachii anterior; Regio brachialis anterior
  • Anterior region of elbow - Regio cubitalis anterior
  • Anterior region of forearm - Regio antebrachii anterior; Regio antebrachialis anterior
  • Anterior region of wrist - Regio carpalis anterior
  • Anterior sternoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum sternoclaviculare anterius
  • Anterior surface - Facies anterior
  • Anterobasal segmentary artery - Anterobasal segmentary artery surface - Facies anteromedialis
  • Anterolateral surface - Facies anterolateralis
  • Anular ligament of radius - Ligamentum anulare radii
  • Anular part of fibrous sheath - Pars anularis vaginae fibrosae
  • Apical nodes - Nodi apicales
  • Arm - Brachium
  • Arm - Brachium - Muscles - Musculi
  • Arteries - Arteriae
  • Arteries of upper limb - Arteriae membri superioris
  • Articular cavity - Cavitas articularis
  • Articular circumference - Circumferentia articularis
  • Articular disc - Discus articularis
  • Articular disc of acromioclavicular joint - Discus articularis acromioclavicularis; Discus articulationis acromioclavicularis
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articular recess - Recessus articularis
  • Axilla - Axilla
  • Axillary artery - Arteria axillaris
  • Axillary fascia - Fascia axillaris
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares
  • Axillary nerve - Nervus axillaris
  • Axillary vein - Vena axillaris
  • Base - Basis ossis metacarpi
  • Base of phalanx - Basis phalangis
  • Basilic vein - Vena basilica
  • Basilic vein of forearm - Vena basilica antebrachii
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii - Tendon - Tendo
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii : Long head - Caput longum
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii : Long head - Caput longum - Tendon - Tendo
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii : Short head - Caput breve
  • Bicipital aponeurosis - Aponeurosis musculi bicipitis brachii; Aponeurosis bicipitalis; Lacertus fibrosus
  • Body of sternum - Corpus sterni
  • Bones of hand - Ossa manus
  • Bones of upper limb - Ossa membri superioris
  • Bones; Skeletal system - Ossa; Systema skeletale
  • Brachial artery - Arteria brachialis
  • Brachial fascia - Fascia brachii
  • Brachial nodes - Nodi brachiales
  • Brachial plexus - Plexus brachialis
  • Brachial veins - Vena Brachiale
  • Brachialis - Musculus brachialis
  • Brachioradialis - Musculus brachioradialis
  • Brachioradialis - Musculus brachioradialis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Capitate - Os capitatum
  • Capitulum - Capitulum humeri
  • Carpal articular surface - Facies articularis carpalis
  • Carpal bones - Ossa carpi; Ossa carpalia
  • Carpal joints; Intercarpal joints - Articulationes carpi; Articulationes intercarpales
  • Carpal region - Regio carpalis
  • Carpal tunnel - Canalis carpi
  • Carpometacarpal joint of thumb - Articulatio carpometacarpalis pollicis
  • Carpometacarpal joints - Articulationes carpometacarpales
  • Central nodes - Nodi centrales
  • Cephalic vein - Vena cephalica
  • Cephalic vein of forearm - Vena cephalica antebrachii
  • Circumflex scapular artery - Arteria circumflexa scapulae
  • Circumflex scapular vein - Vena circumflexa scapulae
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Clavicular branch - Ramus clavicularis
  • Clavicular facet - Facies articularis clavicularis
  • Clavicular notch - Incisura clavicularis
  • Clavicular part - Pars clavicularis
  • Clavipectoral fascia - Fascia clavipectoralis
  • Collateral ligaments - Ligamenta collateralia
  • Common flexor sheath - Vagina communis tendinum musculorum flexorum
  • Common interosseous artery - Arteria interossea communis
  • Common palmar digital arteries - Arteriae digitales palmares communes
  • Common palmar digital nerves - Nervi digitales palmares communes (Median nerve - Nervus medianus)
  • Common palmar digital nerves - Nervi digitales palmares communes (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Communicating branch with ulnar nerve - Ramus communicans cum nervo ulnari
  • Communicating branch with ulnar nerve - Ramus communicans ulnaris
  • Compartments - Compartimenta
  • Condyle of humerus - Condylus humeri
  • Conoid ligament - Ligamentum conoideum
  • Conoid tubercle - Tuberculum conoideum
  • Coracoacromial ligament - Ligamentum coracoacromiale
  • Coracobrachialis - Musculus coracobrachialis
  • Coracohumeral ligament - Ligamentum coracohumerale
  • Coracoid process - Processus coracoideus
  • Cords - Fasciculi
  • Coronoid fossa - Fossa coronoidea
  • Coronoid process - Processus coronoideus
  • Costal notches - Incisurae costales
  • Costal surface - Facies costalis; Facies anterior
  • Costoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum costoclaviculare
  • Crest of greater tubercle; Lateral lip - Crista tuberculi majoris; Labium laterale
  • Crest of lesser tubercle; Medial lip - Crista tuberculi minoris; Labium mediale
  • Cross section - Cross section
  • Cross sections - Cross sections
  • Cruciform part of fibrous sheath - Pars cruciformis vaginae fibrosae
  • Cubital anastomosis - Rete articulare cubiti
  • Cubital fossa - Fossa cubitalis
  • Cubital nodes - Nodi cubitales
  • Deep branch - Ramus profundus (Radial nerve - Nervus radialis)
  • Deep branch - Ramus profundus (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Deep head - Caput profundum
  • Deep palmar arch - Arcus palmaris profundus
  • Deep palmar branch - Ramus palmaris profundus
  • Deep part - Pars profunda
  • Deep transverse metacarpal ligament - Ligamentum metacarpale transversum profundum
  • Deltoid - Musculus deltoideus
  • Deltoid branch - Ramus deltoideus
  • Deltoid fascia - Fascia deltoidea
  • Deltoid region - Regio deltoidea
  • Deltoid region - Regio deltoidea - Muscles - Musculi
  • Deltoid tubercle - Tuberculum deltoideum
  • Deltoid tuberosity - Tuberositas deltoidea
  • Deltopectoral nodes; Infraclavicular nodes - Nodi deltopectorales; Nodi infraclaviculares
  • Digiti manus - Digits of hand; Fingers including thumb
  • Distal phalanx - Phalanx distalis
  • Distal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris distalis
  • Dorsal - Dorsalis
  • Dorsal branch - Ramus dorsalis (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Dorsal carpal arch - Rete carpale dorsale
  • Dorsal carpal branch - Ramus carpalis dorsalis
  • Dorsal carpometacarpal ligaments - Ligamenta carpometacarpalia dorsalia
  • Dorsal digital arteries - Arteriae digitales dorsales
  • Dorsal digital branches - Nervi digitales dorsales (Radial nerve - Nervus radialis)
  • Dorsal digital nerves - Nervi digitales dorsales (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Dorsal digital vein - Dorsal digital vein
  • Dorsal fascia of hand - Fascia dorsalis manus
  • Dorsal intercarpal ligaments - Ligamenta intercarpalia dorsalia
  • Dorsal interossei - Musculi interossei dorsales
  • Dorsal metacarpal arteries - Arteriae metacarpales dorsales
  • Dorsal metacarpal ligaments - Ligamenta metacarpalia dorsalia
  • Dorsal metacarpal veins - Vena metacarpales dorsales
  • Dorsal radiocarpal ligament - Ligamentum radiocarpale dorsale
  • Dorsal scapular nerve - Nervus dorsalis scapulae
  • Dorsal tubercle - Tuberculum dorsale
  • Dorsal ulnocarpal ligament - Ligamentum ulnocarpale dorsale
  • Dorsal venous network of hand - Rete venosum dorsale manus
  • Dorsum of hand - Dorsum manus - Muscles - Musculi
  • Dorsum of hand - Regio dorsalis manus
  • Elbow - Cubitus
  • Elbow - Cubitus - Arteries - Arteriae
  • Elbow joint - Articulatio cubiti
  • Extensor carpi radialis brevis - Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis
  • Extensor carpi radialis brevis - Musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor carpi radialis longus - Musculus extensor carpi radialis longus
  • Extensor carpi radialis longus - Musculus extensor carpi radialis longus - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor digiti minimi - Musculus extensor digiti minimi
  • Extensor digiti minimi - Musculus extensor digiti minimi - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor digitorum - Musculus extensor digitorum
  • Extensor digitorum - Musculus extensor digitorum - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor indicis - Musculus extensor indicis
  • Extensor indicis - Musculus extensor indicis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor pollicis brevis - Musculus extensor pollicis brevis
  • Extensor pollicis brevis - Musculus extensor pollicis brevis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor pollicis longus - Musculus extensor pollicis longus
  • Extensor pollicis longus - Musculus extensor pollicis longus - Tendon - Tendo
  • Extensor retinaculum - Retinaculum musculorum extensorum
  • Fascia - Fasciae - Tendon sheaths and bursae - Vaginae tendinum et bursae
  • Fibrous sheaths of digits of hand - Vaginae fibrosae digitorum manus
  • Fingers including thumb - Digiti manus - Arteries - Arteriae
  • Fingers including thumb - Digiti manus - Muscles - Musculi
  • First rib [I] - Costa prima [I]
  • Flexor carpi radialis - Musculus flexor carpi radialis
  • Flexor carpi radialis - Musculus flexor carpi radialis - Tendon - Tendo
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris - Tendon - Tendo
  • Flexor digiti minimi brevis - Musculus flexor digiti minimi brevis
  • Flexor digitorum profundus - Musculus flexor digitorum profundus
  • Flexor digitorum profundus - Musculus flexor digitorum profundus - Tendons - Tendo
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis - Tendons - Tendo
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis : Humeroulnar head - Caput humeroulnare
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum superficialis : Radial head - Caput radiale
  • Flexor pollicis brevis - Musculus flexor pollicis brevis
  • Flexor pollicis longus - Musculus flexor pollicis longus
  • Flexor pollicis longus - Musculus flexor pollicis longus - Tendon - Tendo
  • Flexor retinaculum - Retinaculum musculorum flexorum
  • Forearm - Antebrachium
  • Forearm - Antebrachium - Muscles - Musculi
  • Glenohumeral joint; Shoulder joint - Articulatio humeri; Articulatio glenohumeralis
  • Glenohumeral ligaments - Ligamenta glenohumeralia
  • Glenohumeral ligaments - Ligamenta glenohumeralia : Inferior - Inferior
  • Glenohumeral ligaments - Ligamenta glenohumeralia : Middle - Medius
  • Glenohumeral ligaments - Ligamenta glenohumeralia : Superior - Superior
  • Glenoid cavity - Cavitas glenoidalis
  • Glenoid labrum - Labrum glenoidale
  • Greater tubercle - Tuberculum majus
  • Groove for extensor muscle tendons - Sulci tendinum musculorum extensorum
  • Groove for ulnar nerve - Sulcus nervi ulnaris
  • Hamate - Os hamatum
  • Hand - Manus - Arteries - Arteriae
  • Head - Caput humeri
  • Head - Caput ossis metacarpi
  • Head - Caput radii
  • Head - Caput ulnae
  • Head of phalanx - Caput phalangis
  • Hook of hamate - Hamulus ossis hamati
  • Humeral head - Caput humerale
  • Humeral nodes; Lateral nodes - Nodi humerales; Nodi laterales
  • Humeral nutrient arteries - Arteriae nutriciae humeri; Arteriae nutrientes humeri
  • Humeroradial joint - Articulatio humeroradialis
  • Humeroulnar joint - Articulatio humeroulnaris
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Hypothenar eminence - Hypothenar; Eminentia hypothenaris
  • Illustrations - Illustrations
  • Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • Impression for costoclavicular ligament - Impressio ligamenti costoclavicularis
  • Index finger - Index; Digitus secundus II
  • Inferior - Inferior
  • Inferior angle - Angulus inferior
  • Inferior lateral cutaneous nerve of arm; Inferior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus brachii lateralis inferior
  • Inferior trunk; Lower trunk - Truncus inferior
  • Inferior ulnar collateral artery - Arteria collateralis ulnaris inferior
  • Infraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum infraglenoidale
  • Infraspinatus - Musculus infraspinatus
  • Infraspinous fascia - Fascia infraspinata
  • Infraspinous fossa - Fossa infraspinata
  • Intercapitular veins - Vena Intercapitulare
  • Interclavicular ligament - Ligamentum interclaviculare
  • Intermetacarpal joints - Articulationes intermetacarpales
  • Interosseous border - Margo interosseus
  • Interosseous intercarpal ligaments - Ligamenta intercarpalia interossea
  • Interosseous membrane of forearm - Membrana interossea antebrachii
  • Interosseous metacarpal ligaments - Ligamenta metacarpalia interossea
  • Interosseous metacarpal spaces - Spatia interossea metacarpi
  • Interpectoral nodes - Nodi interpectorales
  • Interphalangeal joints of hand - Articulationes interphalangeae manus
  • Intertendinous connections - Connexus intertendinei
  • Intertubercular sulcus; Bicipital groove - Sulcus intertubercularis
  • Intertubercular tendon sheath - Vagina tendinis intertubercularis
  • Intraarticular sternocostal ligament - Ligamentum sternocostale intraarticulare
  • Joint - Junctura
  • Joint capsule; Articular capsule - Capsula articularis
  • Joints of free upper limb - Juncturae membri superioris liberi
  • Joints of hand - Articulationes manus
  • Jugular notch; Suprasternal notch - Incisura jugularis
  • Lateral - Lateralis
  • Lateral angle - Angulus lateralis
  • Lateral bicipital groove - Sulcus bicipitalis lateralis; Sulcus bicipitalis radialis
  • Lateral border - Margo lateralis
  • Lateral cord - Fasciculus lateralis
  • Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii lateralis
  • Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus lateralis
  • Lateral intermuscular septum of arm - Septum intermusculare brachii laterale
  • Lateral mammary branches - Rami mammarii laterales
  • Lateral part; Radial part - Pars lateralis; Pars radialis
  • Lateral pectoral nerve - Nervus pectoralis lateralis
  • Lateral root of median nerve - Radix lateralis nervi mediani
  • Lateral supraepicondylar ridge - Crista supraepicondylaris lateralis
  • Lateral surface - Facies lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic vein - Vena thoracica lateralis
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi - Tendon - Tendo
  • Lesser tubercle - Tuberculum minus
  • Levator scapulae - Musculus levator scapulae
  • Ligaments - Ligamenta
  • Little finger - Digitus minimus; Digitus quintus V
  • Long thoracic nerve - Nervus thoracicus longus
  • Lumbricals - Musculi lumbricales
  • Lunate - Os lunatum
  • Lymph node - Nodus lymphoideus; Nodus lymphaticus; Lymphonodus
  • Lymph nodes of upper limb - Nodi lymphoidei membri superioris
  • Manubriosternal joint - Symphysis manubriosternalis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Medial bicipital groove - Sulcus bicipitalis medialis; Sulcus bicipitalis ulnaris
  • Medial border - Margo medialis
  • Medial collateral artery - Arteria collateralis media
  • Medial cord - Fasciculus medialis
  • Medial cutaneous nerve of arm - Nervus cutaneus brachii medialis
  • Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis
  • Medial epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis
  • Medial intermuscular septum of arm - Septum intermusculare brachii mediale
  • Medial pectoral nerve - Nervus pectoralis medialis
  • Medial root of median nerve - Radix medialis nervi mediani
  • Medial supraepicondylar ridge - Crista supraepicondylaris medialis
  • Medial surface - Facies medialis
  • Median antebrachial vein - Vena mediana antebrachii
  • Median cubital vein - Vena mediana cubiti
  • Median nerve - Nervus medianus
  • Metacarpals [I -V] - Ossa metacarpi [I -V]
  • Metacarpophalangeal joints - Articulationes metacarpophalangeae
  • Metacarpus - Metacarpus
  • Midcarpal joint - Articulatio mediocarpalis
  • Middle finger - Digitus medius; Digitus tertius III
  • Middle phalanx - Phalanx media
  • Middle trunk - Truncus medius
  • Movements - Movements
  • Muscles of upper limb - Musculi membri superioris
  • Muscles; Muscular system - Musculi; Systema musculare
  • Muscular branches - Rami musculares
  • Muscular branches - Rami musculares (Median nerve - Nervus medianus)
  • Muscular branches - Rami musculares (Radial nerve - Nervus radialis)
  • Muscular branches - Rami musculares (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Musculocutaneous nerve - Nervus musculocutaneus
  • Neck - Collum radii
  • Neck of scapula - Collum scapulae
  • Nerves - Nerves
  • Nutrient artery of radius - Arteria nutricia radii; Arteria nutriens radii
  • Nutrient artery of ulna - Arteria nutricia ulnae; Arteria nutriens ulnae
  • Oblique head - Caput obliquum
  • Olecranon - Olecranon
  • Olecranon fossa - Fossa olecrani
  • Omohyoid - Musculus omohyoideus
  • Opponens digiti minimi - Musculus opponens digiti minimi
  • Opponens pollicis - Musculus opponens pollicis
  • Palm - Palma; Vola - Muscles - Musculi
  • Palm; Palmar region - Palma; Vola; Regio palmaris
  • Palmar aponeurosis - Aponeurosis palmaris
  • Palmar branch - Ramus palmaris
  • Palmar branch - Ramus palmaris (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Palmar carpal branch - Ramus carpalis palmaris
  • Palmar carpometacarpal ligaments - Ligamenta carpometacarpalia palmaria
  • Palmar digital veins - Vena digitales palmare
  • Palmar intercarpal ligaments - Ligamenta intercarpalia palmaria
  • Palmar interossei - Musculi interossei palmares
  • Palmar ligaments - Ligamenta palmaria
  • Palmar metacarpal arteries - Arteriae metacarpales palmares
  • Palmar metacarpal ligaments - Ligamenta metacarpalia palmaria
  • Palmar metacarpal veins - Venae metacarpales palmares
  • Palmar radiocarpal ligament - Ligamentum radiocarpale palmare
  • Palmar surfaces of fingers - Facies palmares digitorum
  • Palmar ulnocarpal ligament - Ligamentum ulnocarpale palmare
  • Palmar; Volar - Palmaris; Volaris
  • Palmaris brevis - Musculus palmaris brevis
  • Palmaris longus - Musculus palmaris longus
  • Palmaris longus - Musculus palmaris longus - Tendon - Tendo
  • Paramammary nodes - Nodi paramammarii
  • Parasternal nodes - Nodi parasternales
  • Pectoral branches - Rami pectorales
  • Pectoral fascia - Fascia pectoralis
  • Pectoral nodes; Anterior nodes - Nodi pectorales; Nodi anteriores
  • Pectoralis major - Musculus pectoralis major
  • Pectoralis major - Musculus pectoralis major - Tendon - Tendo
  • Pectoralis minor - Musculus pectoralis minor
  • Perforating branch - Ramus perforans
  • Perforating branches - Rami perforantes
  • Peripheral nervous system - Pars peripherica; Systema nervosum periphericum
  • Phalanges - Ossa digitorum; Phalanges
  • Phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Pisiform - Os pisiforme
  • Pisiform joint - Articulatio ossis pisiformis
  • Pisohamate ligament - Ligamentum pisohamatum
  • Pisometacarpal ligament - Ligamentum pisometacarpale
  • Posterior - Posterior
  • Posterior border - Margo posterior
  • Posterior branch - Ramus posterior
  • Posterior branch - Ramus posterior (Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii medialis)
  • Posterior circumflex humeral artery - Arteria circumflexa humeri posterior
  • Posterior circumflex humeral vein - Vena circumflexa humeri posterior
  • Posterior compartment of arm; Extensor compartment of arm - Compartimentum brachii posterius; Compartimentum brachii extensorum
  • Posterior compartment of forearm; Extensor compartment of forearm - Compartimentum antebrachii posterius; Compartimentum antebrachii extensorum
  • Posterior cord - Fasciculus posterior
  • Posterior cutaneous nerve of arm; Posterior brachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus brachii posterior
  • Posterior cutaneous nerve of forearm; Posterior antebrachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus antebrachii posterior
  • Posterior divisions - Divisiones posteriores
  • Posterior interosseous artery - Arteria interossea posterior
  • Posterior interosseous nerve - Nervus interosseus antebrachii posterior
  • Posterior region of arm - Regio brachii posterior; Regio brachialis posterior
  • Posterior region of elbow - Regio cubitalis posterior
  • Posterior region of forearm - Regio antebrachii posterior; Regio antebrachialis posterior
  • Posterior region of wrist - Regio carpalis posterior
  • Posterior surface - Facies posterior
  • Princeps pollicis artery - Arteria princeps pollicis
  • Profunda brachii artery; Deep artery of arm - Arteria profunda brachii
  • Pronator quadratus - Musculus pronator quadratus
  • Pronator teres - Musculus pronator teres
  • Pronator teres - Musculus pronator teres : Ulnar head - Caput ulnare
  • Pronator tuberosity - Tuberositas pronatoria
  • Proper palmar digital arteries - Arteriae digitales palmares propriae
  • Proper palmar digital nerves - Nervi digitales palmares proprii (Median nerve - Nervus medianus)
  • Proper palmar digital nerves - Nervi digitales palmares proprii (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Proximal phalanx - Phalanx proximalis
  • Proximal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris proximalis
  • Quadrate ligament - Ligamentum quadratum
  • Radial artery - Arteria radialis
  • Radial border; Lateral border - Margo radialis; Margo lateralis
  • Radial collateral artery - Arteria collateralis radialis
  • Radial collateral ligament - Ligamentum collaterale radiale
  • Radial collateral ligament of wrist joint - Ligamentum collaterale carpi radiale
  • Radial fossa - Fossa radialis
  • Radial groove; Groove for radial nerve - Sulcus nervi radialis
  • Radial nerve - Nervus radialis
  • Radial nerve - Nervus radialis - Axillary nerve - Nervus axillaris
  • Radial notch - Incisura radialis
  • Radial recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens radialis
  • Radial styloid process - Processus styloideus radii
  • Radial tuberosity - Tuberositas radii
  • Radial veins - Vena radiale
  • Radialis indicis artery - Arteria radialis indicis
  • Radiate carpal ligament - Ligamentum carpi radiatum
  • Radiate sternocostal ligaments - Ligamenta sternocostalia radiata
  • Radioulnar syndesmosis - Syndesmosis radioulnaris
  • Radius - Radius
  • Radius - Radius - Ulna - Ulna
  • Recurrent interosseous artery - Arteria interossea recurrens
  • Regions of upper limb - Regiones membri superioris
  • Rhomboid major - Musculus rhomboideus major
  • Rhomboid minor - Musculus rhomboideus minor
  • Ring finger - Digitus anularis; Digitus quartus IV
  • Roots - Radices
  • Sacciform recess - Recessus sacciformis
  • Scalenus anterior; Anterior scalene - Musculus scalenus anterior
  • Scalenus medius; Middle scalene - Musculus scalenus medius
  • Scaphoid - Os scaphoideum
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Second rib [II] - Costa secunda [II]
  • Serratus anterior - Musculus serratus anterior
  • Sesamoid bones - Ossa sesamoidea
  • Shaft of clavicle; Body of clavicle - Corpus claviculae
  • Shaft of humerus; Body of humerus - Corpus humeri
  • Shaft of phalanx; Body of phalanx - Corpus phalangis
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus ossis metacarpi
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus radii
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus ulnae
  • Spinal part - Pars spinalis
  • Spine of scapula - Spina scapulae
  • Sternal angle - Angulus sterni
  • Sternal end - Extremitas sternalis
  • Sternal facet - Facies articularis sternalis
  • Sternoclavicular joint - Articulatio sternoclavicularis
  • Sternocleidomastoid - Musculus sternocleidomastoideus
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternohyoid - Musculus sternohyoideus
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Styloid process of third metacarpal III - Processus styloideus ossis metacarpi tertii III
  • Subacromial bursa - Bursa subacromialis
  • Subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia
  • Subclavian groove; Groove for subclavius - Sulcus musculi subclavii
  • Subclavian nerve - Nervus subclavius
  • Subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Subclavius - Musculus subclavius
  • Subcutaneous bursa of acromion - Bursa subcutanea acromialis
  • Subcutaneous olecranon bursa - Bursa subcutanea olecrani
  • Subdeltoid bursa - Bursa subdeltoidea
  • Subscapular artery - Arteria subscapularis
  • Subscapular branches - Rami subscapulares
  • Subscapular fossa - Fossa subscapularis
  • Subscapular nerves - Nervi subscapulares
  • Subscapular nodes; Posterior nodes - Nodi subscapulares; Nodi posteriores
  • Subscapularis - Musculus subscapularis
  • Subtendinous bursa of infraspinatus - Bursa subtendinea musculi infraspinati
  • Subtendinous bursa of subscapularis - Bursa subtendinea musculi subscapularis
  • Subtendinous bursa of trapezius - Bursa subtendinea musculi trapezii
  • Subtendinous bursa of triceps brachii - Bursa subtendinea musculi tricipitis brachii
  • Superficial branch - Ramus superficialis (Radial nerve - Nervus radialis)
  • Superficial branch - Ramus superficialis (Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris)
  • Superficial head - Caput superficiale
  • Superficial nodes - Nodi superficiales
  • Superficial palmar arch - Arcus palmaris superficialis
  • Superficial palmar branch - Ramus palmaris superficialis
  • Superficial part - Pars superficialis
  • Superficial veins of upper limb - Venae superficiales membri superioris
  • Superficial venous palmar arch - Arcus venosus palmaris superficialis
  • Superior - Superior
  • Superior angle - Angulus superior
  • Superior border - Margo superior
  • Superior lateral brachial cutaneous nerve - Nervus cutaneus brachii lateralis superior
  • Superior thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica superior
  • Superior transverse scapular ligament - Ligamentum transversum scapulae superius
  • Superior trunk; Upper trunk - Truncus superior
  • Superior ulnar collateral artery - Arteria collateralis ulnaris superior
  • Supinator - Musculus supinator
  • Supinator crest - Crista musculi supinatoris
  • Supraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum supraglenoidale
  • Suprascapular artery - Arteria suprascapularis
  • Suprascapular nerve - Nervus suprascapularis
  • Suprascapular notch - Incisura scapulae
  • Supraspinatus - Musculus supraspinatus
  • Supraspinous fossa - Fossa supraspinata
  • Suprastyloid crest - Crista suprastyloidea
  • Supratrochlear nodes - Nodi supratrochleares
  • Surgical neck - Collum chirurgicum
  • Suspensory ligament of axilla - Ligamentum suspensorium axillae
  • Synovial sheaths of digits of hand - Vaginae synoviales digitorum manus
  • Tendinous chiasm - Chiasma tendinum
  • Tendinous sheath of abductor longus and extensor pollicis brevis - Vagina tendinum musculorum abductoris longi et extensoris pollicis brevis
  • Tendinous sheath of extensor carpi ulnaris - Vagina tendinis musculi extensoris carpi ulnaris
  • Tendinous sheath of extensor digiti minimi brevis - Vagina tendinis musculi extensoris digiti minimi brevis
  • Tendinous sheath of extensor digitorum and extensor indicis - Vagina tendinum musculorum extensoris digitorum et extensoris indicis
  • Tendinous sheath of extensor pollicis longus - Vagina tendinis musculi extensoris pollicis longi
  • Tendinous sheath of extensores carpi radiales - Vagina tendinum musculorum extensorum carpi radialium
  • Tendinous sheath of flexor carpi radialis - Vagina tendinis musculi flexoris carpi radialis
  • Tendinous sheath of flexor pollicis longus - Vagina tendinis musculi flexoris pollicis longi
  • Tendon - Tendo
  • Teres major - Musculus teres major
  • Teres major - Musculus teres major - Tendon - Tendo
  • Teres minor - Musculus teres minor
  • Thenar eminence - Thenar; Eminentia thenaris
  • Thoracic fascia - Fascia thoracica
  • Thoracoacromial artery - Arteria thoracoacromialis
  • Thoracodorsal artery - Arteria thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracodorsal nerve - Nervus thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracodorsal vein - Vena thoracodorsalis
  • Thumb - Pollex; Digitus primus I
  • Transverse head - Caput transversum
  • Transverse humeral ligament - Ligamentum transversum humeri
  • Trapezium - Os trapezium
  • Trapezius - Musculus trapezius
  • Trapezoid - Os trapezoideum
  • Trapezoid ligament - Ligamentum trapezoideum
  • Trapezoid line - Linea trapezoidea
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii - Tendon - Tendo
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Lateral head - Caput laterale
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Long head - Caput longum
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii : Medial head - Caput mediale
  • Triquetrum - Os triquetrum
  • Trochlea - Trochlea humeri
  • Trochlea of phalanx - Trochlea phalangis
  • Trochlear notch - Incisura trochlearis
  • Trunk - Trunks - Trunci
  • Tubercle - Tuberculum ossis scaphoidei
  • Tubercle - Tuberculum ossis trapezii
  • Tuberosity for coracoclavicular ligament - Tuberositas ligamenti coracoclavicularis
  • Tuberosity of distal phalanx - Tuberositas phalangis distalis
  • Tuberosity of ulna - Tuberositas ulnae
  • Ulna - Ulna
  • Ulnar artery - Arteria ulnaris
  • Ulnar border; Medial border - Margo ulnaris; Margo medialis
  • Ulnar canal - Canalis ulnaris
  • Ulnar collateral ligament - Ligamentum collaterale ulnare
  • Ulnar collateral ligament of wrist joint - Ligamentum collaterale carpi ulnare
  • Ulnar head - Caput ulnare
  • Ulnar nerve - Nervus ulnaris
  • Ulnar notch - Incisura ulnaris
  • Ulnar recurrent artery - Arteria recurrens ulnaris
  • Ulnar styloid process - Processus styloideus ulnae
  • Ulnar veins - Vena Ulnare
  • Upper limb - Membrum superius
  • Veins - Venae
  • Veins of upper limb - Venae membri superioris
  • Vincula tendinum - Vincula tendinum : Vinculum breve - Vinculum breve
  • Vincula tendinum - Vincula tendinum : Vinculum longum - Vinculum longum
  • Wrist - Carpus
  • Wrist joint - Articulatio radiocarpalis

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