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Anatomy of the heart: anatomical illustrations and structures, 3D model and photographs of dissection

Antoine Micheau, MD, Denis Hoa, MD

Published on Sunday 24 August 2008

SECTION: Anatomy of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis

Images and anatomical references

This interactive atlas of human heart anatomy is based on medical illustrations and cadaver photography.
The user can decide whether or not to show the anatomical labels which provide a useful tool to create illustrations perfectly adapted for teaching.

 

Anatomy of the heart: anatomical illustrations and structures, 3D model and photographs of dissection

Anatomy of the heart: anatomical illustrations and structures, 3D model and photographs of dissection

 

 

Illustrated anatomy of the heart: illustrations and photography

 

 

Some illustrations have been drawn and coloured with Adobe Photoshop.

 

Heart - Human anatomy : Cross sections (Right/left ventricle, Right/left atrium, Interventricular septum

Heart : Cross sections

 

Others are based on an adapted 3D model (texturing and modelling) to the study of anatomy.

 

Heart - Photos : Diaphragmatic surface; Inferior surface, General Anatomy

Heart - Photos

 

 

The user will also find at least some cadaver photographs.
Anatomical structures were labelled according to the actual Terminologia Anatomica.

 

 

Anatomy of the human heart and coronaries: how to visualize anatomic structures

 

 

This tool provides access to several medical illustrations, allowing the user to interactively discover heart anatomy. Images are labelled, providing an invaluable medical and anatomical tool. The test mode allows instant evaluation of user progress.

 

Atlas of human anatomy: Left ventricle, Left atrium, Anterior papillary muscle

Atlas of human anatomy: Left ventricle, Left atrium, Anterior papillary muscle

 

Pericardium : Pericardial cavity, Transverse pericardial sinus, Oblique pericardial sinus

Pericardium : Pericardial cavity, Transverse pericardial sinus, Oblique pericardial sinus

 

The superior horizontal menu bar provides the groups of anatomic labels that the user needs to use (“Anatomical Structures”):
 

  • Morphology – pericardium
  • Myocardium – fibrous structures
  • Left cavities
  • Right cavities
  • Valves : aortic, mitral tricuspid and pulmonary valves
  • Left coronary artery
  • Right coronary artery
  • Veins
  • Conduction system
  • Mediastium vessels such as aorta, pulmonary arteries and veins, superior vena cava.

 

Mitral valve, Aortic valve, Tricuspid valve, Pulmonary valve

Mitral valve, Aortic valve, Tricuspid valve, Pulmonary valve

 

 

Conducting system of heart : Sinuatrial node, Atrioventricular node, Atrioventricular bundle

Conducting system of heart

 

To the bottom of this module, small images act as an interactive menu and allow the user fast access to the different anatomic views.
This module has been designed for anatomists, radiologists, cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, medical students and residents.

 

Left coronary artery : Anterior interventricular branch, Left circumflex artery (LCx),

Left coronary artery

 

 


Anatomical parts

  • 1 - RCA proximal - 1
  • 1. Basal anterior - 1. Basal anterior
  • 10 - Second diagonal - 10
  • 10. Mid inferior - 10. Mid inferior
  • 10a - Second diagonal a - 10a
  • 11 - Proximal circumflex - 11
  • 11. Mid inferolateral - 11. Mid inferolateral
  • 12 - Intermediate/anterolateral - 12
  • 12. Mid anterolateral - 12. Mid anterolateral
  • 12a - Obtuse marginal a - 12a
  • 12b - Obtuse marginal b - 12b
  • 13 - Distal circumflex - 13
  • 13. Apical anterior - 13. Apical anterior
  • 14 - Left posterolateral - 14
  • 14. Apical septal - 14. Apical septal
  • 14a - Left posterolateral a - 14a
  • 14b - Left posterolateral b - 14b
  • 15 - Posterior descending - 15
  • 15. Apical inferior - 15. Apical inferior
  • 16 - Posterolateral from RCA - 16
  • 16. Apical lateral - 16. Apical lateral
  • 16a - Posterolateral from RCA - 16a
  • 16b - Posterolateral from RCA - 16b
  • 16c - Posterolateral from RCA - 16c
  • 17. Apex - 17. Apex
  • 2 - RCA mid - 2
  • 2. Basal anteroseptal - 2. Basal anteroseptal
  • 3 - RCA distal - 3
  • 3. Basal inferoseptal - 3. Basal inferoseptal
  • 4 - Posterior descending - 4
  • 4. Basal inferior - 4. Basal inferior
  • 5 - Left main (LMCA - LMT) - 5
  • 5. Basal inferolateral - 5. Basal inferolateral
  • 6 - LAD proximal - 6
  • 6. Basal anterolateral - 6. Basal anterolateral
  • 7 - LAD mid - 7
  • 7. Mid anterior - 7. Mid anterior
  • 8 - LAD apical - 8
  • 8. Mid anteroseptal - 8. Mid anteroseptal
  • 9 - First diagonal - 9
  • 9. Mid inferoseptal - 9. Mid inferoseptal
  • 9a - First diagonal a - 9a
  • Abdominal aorta - Aorta abdominalis
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Anterior cusp - Cuspis anterior
  • Anterior interventricular branch - Ramus interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior interventricular sulcus - Sulcus interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior interventricular vein - Vena interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris anterior
  • Anterior semilunar cusp - Valvula semilunaris anterior
  • Anterior surface; Sternocostal surface - Facies sternocostalis; Facies anterior
  • Anterior vein(s) of right ventricle; Anterior cardiac veins - Venae ventriculi dextri anterior(es); Venae cardiacae anteriores; Venae cordis anteriores
  • Anterior view - Anterior view
  • Aorta - Aorta
  • Aortic bulb - Bulbus aortae
  • Aortic orifice - Ostium aortae
  • Aortic sinus - Sinus aortae
  • Aortic valve - Valva aortae
  • Aortic vestibule - Vestibulum aortae
  • Apex of heart - Apex cordis
  • Apical - Apical
  • Ascending aorta - Pars ascendens aortae; Aorta ascendens
  • Atrial anastomotic branch - Ramus atrialis anastomoticus
  • Atrial branches - Rami atriales
  • Atrioventricular branches - Rami atrioventriculares
  • Atrioventricular bundle - Fasciculus atrioventricularis
  • Atrioventricular nodal branch - Ramus nodi atrioventricularis
  • Atrioventricular node - Nodus atrioventricularis
  • Atrioventricular septum - Septum atrioventriculare
  • Azygos vein - Vena azygos
  • Basal - Basal
  • Base of heart - Basis cordis
  • Bifurcation of pulmonary trunk - Bifurcatio trunci pulmonalis
  • Brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Bronchopericardial membrane - Membrana bronchopericardiaca
  • Cardiac cavities - Cardiac cavities
  • Cardiac planes - Cardiac planes
  • Cardiovascular system - Systema cardiovasculare
  • Cavities - Cavities
  • Circumflex branch - Ramus circumflexus
  • Commissural cusps - Cuspides commissurales
  • Commissures of semilunar cusps - Commissurae valvularum semilunarium
  • Conducting system of heart - Systema conducente cordis
  • Conus arteriosus; Infundibulum - Conus arteriosus
  • Conus branch - Ramus coni arteriosi
  • Coronary arteries - Coronary arteries
  • Coronary sinus - Sinus coronarius
  • Coronary sulcus - Sulcus coronarius
  • Crista terminalis - Crista terminalis
  • Descending aorta - Pars descendens aortae; Aorta descendens
  • Diaphragmatic surface; Inferior surface - Facies diaphragmatica; Facies inferior
  • Endocardium - Endocardium
  • External features - Morphologia externa
  • External features of the heart - Morphologia externa
  • False chordae tendineae - Chordae tendineae falsae; Chordae tendineae spuriae
  • Fibrous pericardium - Pericardium fibrosum
  • Fold of left vena cava - Plica venae cavae sinistrae
  • Foramen - Foramen ovale of heart - Foramen - Foramen ovale cordis
  • Fossa ovalis; Oval fossa - Fossa ovalis
  • Great cardiac vein - Vena cardiaca magna; Vena cordis magna
  • Heart - Cor
  • Hepatic portal vein - Vena portae hepatis
  • Horizontal long axis - Horizontal long axis
  • Illustrations - Illustrations
  • Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • Inferior vena cava - Vena cava inferior
  • Interatrial septum - Septum interatriale
  • Intermediate atrial branch - Ramus atrialis intermedius
  • Internal carotid artery - Arteria carotis interna
  • Internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Intervenous tubercle - Tuberculum intervenosum
  • Interventricular septal branches - Rami interventriculares septales
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare : Membranous part - Pars membranacea
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare : Muscular part - Pars muscularis
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare/Interatrial septum - Septum interatriale
  • Lateral branch - Ramus lateralis
  • Lateral view - Lateralis
  • Left anterior descending artery (LAD) - Ramus interventricularis anterior
  • Left atrial veins - Venae atriales sinistrae
  • Left atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare sinistrum
  • Left atrium - Atrium sinistrum
  • Left auricle - Auricula sinistra
  • Left bundle - Crus sinistrum
  • Left circumflex artery (LCx) - Ramus circumflexus
  • Left coronary artery (LCA) - Arteria coronaria sinistra
  • Left coronary artery - Arteria coronaria sinistra
  • Left fibrous ring - Anulus fibrosus sinister
  • Left fibrous trigone - Trigonum fibrosum sinistrum
  • Left inferior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis sinistra inferior
  • Left marginal artery - Ramus marginalis sinister
  • Left marginal vein - Vena marginalis sinistra
  • Left pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis sinistra
  • Left pulmonary surface - Facies pulmonalis sinistra
  • Left semilunar cusp - Valvula semilunaris sinistra
  • Left semilunar cusp ; Left coronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris sinistra; Valvula coronaria sinistra
  • Left superior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis sinistra superior
  • Left ventricle - Ventriculus sinister
  • Left ventricular veins - Venae ventriculares sinistrae
  • Ligament of left vena cava - Ligamentum venae cavae sinistrae
  • Ligamentum arteriosum [Ductus arteriosus] - Ligamentum arteriosum [Ductus arteriosus]
  • Limbus fossae ovalis; Border of oval fossa - Limbus fossae ovalis
  • Liver - Hepar
  • Lungs - Pulmones
  • Lunules of semilunar cusps - Lunulae valvularum semilunarium
  • Mid-cavity - Mid-cavity
  • Middle cardiac vein; Posterior interventricular vein - Vena cardiaca media; Vena interventricularis posterior
  • Mitral valve - Valva atrioventricularis sinistra; Valva mitralis
  • Myocardium - Myocardium
  • Nodules of semilunar cusps - Noduli valvularum semilunarium
  • Notch of cardiac apex - Incisura apicis cordis
  • Numbered coronary nomenclature - Numbered coronary nomenclature
  • Oblique pericardial sinus - Sinus obliquus pericardii
  • Oblique vein of left atrium - Vena obliqua atrii sinistri
  • Opening of coronary sinus - Ostium sinus coronarii
  • Opening of inferior vena cava - Ostium venae cavae inferioris
  • Opening of pulmonary trunk - Ostium trunci pulmonalis
  • Opening of superior vena cava - Ostium venae cavae superioris
  • Openings of pulmonary veins - Ostia venarum pulmonalium
  • Openings of smallest cardiac veins - Foramina venarum minimarum
  • Other structures - Other structures
  • Papillary muscles - Musculi papillares
  • Parietal layer - Lamina parietalis
  • Pectinate muscles - Musculi pectinati
  • Pericardial cavity - Cavitas pericardiaca
  • Pericardium - Pericardium
  • Photos - Photos
  • Posterior cusp - Cuspis posterior
  • Posterior descending artery (PDA) - Ramus interventricularis posterior
  • Posterior interventricular sulcus - Sulcus interventricularis posterior
  • Posterior left ventricular branch - Ramus posterior ventriculi sinistri
  • Posterior papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris posterior
  • Posterior semilunar cusp ; Noncoronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris posterior ; Valvula non coronaria
  • Posterior vein of left ventricle - Vena ventriculi sinistri posterior
  • Posteriorinterventricular branch - Ramus interventricularis posterior
  • Pulmonary arteries - Pulmonary arteries
  • Pulmonary trunk - Truncus pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary valve - Valva trunci pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary veins - Venae pulmonales
  • Right atrial veins - Venae atriales dextrae
  • Right atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare dextrum
  • Right atrium - Atrium dextrum
  • Right auricle - Auricula dextra
  • Right border - Margo dexter
  • Right bundle - Crus dextrum
  • Right coronary artery (RCA) - Arteria coronaria dextra
  • Right coronary artery - Arteria coronaria dextra
  • Right fibrous ring - Anulus fibrosus dexter
  • Right fibrous trigone - Trigonum fibrosum dextrum
  • Right inferior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis dextra inferior
  • Right marginal branch - Ramus marginalis dexter
  • Right marginal vein - Vena marginalis dextra
  • Right postero-lateral branch - Ramus posterolateralis dexter
  • Right pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis dextra
  • Right pulmonary surface - Facies pulmonalis dextra
  • Right semilunar cusp - Valvula semilunaris dextra
  • Right semilunar cusp ; Right coronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris dextra ; Valvula coronaria dextra
  • Right superior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis dextra superior
  • Right ventricle - Ventriculus dexter
  • Right ventricular veins - Venae ventriculares dextrae
  • Right/left fibrous ring - Anulus fibrosus dexter/sinister
  • Right/left ventricle - Ventriculus cordis dexter/sinister
  • Septal cusp - Cuspis septalis
  • Septal papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris septalis
  • Septomarginal trabecula; Moderator band - Trabecula septomarginalis
  • Serous pericardium - Pericardium serosum
  • Short axis - Short axis
  • Sinu-atrial nodal branch of left coronary artery - Ramus nodi sinuatrialis arteria coronariae sinistrae
  • Sinuatrial nodal branch - Ramus nodi sinuatrialis
  • Sinuatrial node - Nodus sinuatrialis
  • Sinus of pulmonary trunk - Sinus trunci pulmonalis
  • Sinus of venae cavae - Sinus venarum cavarum
  • Small cardiac vein - Vena cardiaca parva; Vena cordis parva
  • Small cardiac vein - Venae cardiacae minimae; Venae cordis minimae
  • Small intestine - Intestinum tenue
  • Standardized myocardial segmentation - Standardized myocardial segmentation
  • Subendocardial branches - Rami subendocardiales
  • Sulcus terminalis cordis - Sulcus terminalis cordis
  • Superior mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica superior
  • Superior vena cava - Vena cava superior
  • Supravalvular ridge - Crista supravalvularis
  • Supraventricular crest - Crista supraventricularis
  • Tendinous cords - Chordae tendineae
  • Tendon of infundibulum - Tendo infundibuli
  • Trabeculae carneae - Trabeculae carneae
  • Transverse pericardial sinus - Sinus transversus pericardii
  • Triangle of sinuatrial node - Trigonum nodi sinuatrialis
  • Tricuspid valve - Valva atrioventricularis dextra; Valva tricuspidalis
  • Valve of coronary sinus - Valvula sinus coronarii
  • Valve of foramen ovale - Valvula foraminis ovalis
  • Valve of inferior vena cava (Eustachian valve) - Valvula venae cavae inferioris
  • Valves - Valva
  • Veins - Venae
  • Veins of heart - Venae cordis
  • Vertical long axis - Vertical long axis
  • Visceral layer; Epicardium - Lamina visceralis; Epicardium

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