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Anatomy of the mediastinum: illustrations and cross-sections

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

Published on Thursday 16 December 2010

SECTION: Anatomy of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis

Images and anatomical references

This anatomical module deals with the anatomy of the mediastinum and the sectional anatomy of the thorax.

 

Thorax - Cross-sectional anatomy : Anatomy atlas

Thorax - Cross-sectional anatomy :

 

 

This thoracic anatomy tool is especially designed for students (medical and paramedical studies).

 

 

Anatomical atlas of the mediastinum and thorax : illustrated anatomical plates and cross sectional anatomy

Anatomical atlas of the mediastinum and thorax : illustrated anatomical plates and cross sectional anatomy

 

 

Anatomical illustrations of the mediastinum and thorax by section

 

All the anatomical illustrations are original and produced by Dr. Antoine Micheau. They were drawn in Illustrator using 3D modelling derived from medical imaging (principally thoracic scan) or scanographical sections of the thorax.

 

 

Mediastinum and thorax : Illustrations and anatomical cross-sections

Mediastinum and thorax : Illustrations and anatomical cross-sections - Lateral view - Left

 

 

The different anatomical plates are organised in their representation of the general anatomy of the mediastinum and thoracic cavity, then in detailing its structure and finally the anatomical sections are available at the end of the module:

  • Mediastinum: Anterior view
  • Mediastinum: regions
  • Mediastinum: Right lateral view
  • Mediastinum: Left lateral view
  • Mediastinum: Posterior view
  • Upper opening of the thorax
  • Anterior mediastinum - Thymus
  • Middle mediastinum
  • Aesophagus
  • Aorta
  • Subclavian artery
  • Superior venae cavae
  • Lymphatic trunks and channels
  • Thoracic lymph nodes
  • Phrenic nerve
  • Vagus nerve [X]
  • Sympathetic trunk
  • Nerves diagrams
  • Axial sections

 

 

Superior thoracic aperture; Thoracic inlet : Subclavian artery - Subclavian vein - Brachial plexus

Superior thoracic aperture; Thoracic inlet

 

 

Captioned anatomical structures of mediastinum and thorax in transverse sections:

 

300 anatomical structures were annotated on these diagrams of thoracic anatomy, accessible via the "anatomical structures" tab:

  • Bones: principally ribs and sternum
  • Joints: the different joints of the thoracic cage (costosternal and costotransverse joints...) are presented
  • Ligaments: various ligaments uniting the dorsal vertebrae, ribs and sternum (costotransverse, costoclavicular and sternocostal ligaments).
  • Muscles: mainly captioned by anatomical sections (intercostal muscle, scalene muscles, diaphragm)
  • Arteries: includes the various arteries in the mediastinum (aortic, TABC, carotid and subclavian)

 

 

Aorta - Anatomy : Ascending aorta, Aortic bulb, Aortic arch, Aortic isthmus

Aorta - Anatomy

 

  • Veins: includes the superior vena cava and its principal venous afferences (azygos vein, brachiocephalic veins...)

 

 

Superior vena cava: Brachiocephalic vein, Internal thoracic veins, Azygos vein

Superior vena cava: Antero-lateral view

 

  • Lymphoid system: thymus and lymphatic ganglia

 

Thoracic lymph nodes:Tracheobronchial nodes, Node of arch of azygos vein; Lymph node of arch of azygos vein, Bronchopulmonary nodes, Juxtaoesophageal nodes

Thoracic lymph nodes: Posterior view

 

 

  • Nerves: details the nervous anatomy of the mediastinum including notably the route of the phrenic and vagus nerves as well as the anatomy of the sympathetic trunk at the thoracic level.

 

Vagus nerve [X] : Superior cervical cardiac branches, Recurrent laryngeal nervePulmonary plexus, Oesophageal plexus, Anterior vagal trunk

Vagus nerve [X]

 

 

 

  • Heart: the external morphology of the heart in the mediastinum and the various chambers of the heart on the anatomical sections are detailed on these diagrams.
  • Lungs: pulmonary lobes and segments in sectional anatomy
  • Bronchi: the trachea and bronchial tree with their anatomical relationship with the mediastinum are captioned
  • Pleura / Pericardium: anatomical relationships and arrangement of pleural and pericardial cavities in the thoracic cavity.
  • Pulmonary arteries: anatomy of the pulmonary trunk and the right and left pulmonary arteries in the mediastinum.
  • Pulmonary veins: particularly visible on the anatomical plates of the mediastinum in posterior view and on the anatomical sections of the thorax.
  • Digestive system: mainly the oesophagus in its thoracic portion

 

Oesophagus : Anatomical illustrations

Oesophagus : Anatomical illustrations

 

 

  • Other structures

 

Language and terminology for the study of the anatomy of the thorax

 

We have used the Terminologia Anatomica as the basis for the captioning of all the anatomical structures, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.


Anatomical parts

  • Abdominal aortic plexus - Plexus aorticus abdominalis
  • Abdominal part - Pars abdominalis
  • Accessory hemiazygos vein; Superior hemiazygos vein - Vena hemiazygos accessoria
  • Accessory phrenic nerves - Nervi phrenici accessorii
  • Accessory vertebral vein - Vena vertebralis accessoria
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Ansa subclavia - Ansa subclavia
  • Anterior basal segment [S VIII] - Segmentum basale anterius [S VIII]
  • Anterior basal segmental bronchus [B VIII] - Bronchus segmentalis basalis anterior [B VIII]
  • Anterior border - Margo anterior
  • Anterior gastric branches - Rami gastrici anteriores
  • Anterior intercostal branches - Rami intercostales anteriores
  • Anterior intercostal veins - Venae intercostales anteriores
  • Anterior interventricular branch - Ramus interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior interventricular sulcus - Sulcus interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior interventricular vein - Vena interventricularis anterior
  • Anterior longitudinal ligament - Ligamentum longitudinale anterius
  • Anterior mediastinum - Mediastinum anterius
  • Anterior mediastinum - Mediastinum anterius - Thymus - Thymus
  • Anterior nerve of lesser curvature - Nervus curvaturae minoris anterior
  • Anterior papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris anterior
  • Anterior root; Motor root; Ventral root - Radix anterior; Radix motoria
  • Anterior segment [S III] - Segmentum anterius [S III]
  • Anterior segmental bronchus [B III] - Bronchus segmentalis anterior [B III]
  • Anterior sternoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum sternoclaviculare anterius
  • Anterior surface; Sternocostal surface - Facies sternocostalis; Facies anterior
  • Anterior vagal trunk - Truncus vagalis anterior
  • Anterior vertebral vein - Vena vertebralis anterior
  • Anterior view - Anterior view
  • Anterior wall - Paries anterior
  • Antero-lateral view - Antero-lateral view
  • Aorta - Aorta
  • Aortic arch - Arcus aortae
  • Aortic bifurcation - Bifurcatio aortae
  • Aortic bulb - Bulbus aortae
  • Aortic hiatus - Hiatus aorticus
  • Aortic isthmus - Isthmus aortae
  • Aortic sinus - Sinus aortae
  • Aortic valve - Valva aortae
  • Aortic vestibule - Vestibulum aortae
  • Apical segment [S I] - Segmentum apicale [S I]
  • Apicoposterior segment [S I+II] - Segmentum apicoposterius [S I+II]
  • Apicoposterior segmental bronchus [B I + II] - Bronchus segmentalis apicoposterior [B I + II]
  • Arch of azygos vein - Arcus venae azygos
  • Arch of thoracic duct - Arcus ductus thoracici
  • Arteries - Arteriae
  • Ascending aorta - Pars ascendens aortae; Aorta ascendens
  • Ascending cervical artery - Arteria cervicalis ascendens
  • Atrioventricular bundle - Fasciculus atrioventricularis
  • Atrioventricular node - Nodus atrioventricularis
  • Atrioventricular septum - Septum atrioventriculare
  • Auscultatory triangle; Triangle of auscultation - Trigonum auscultationis
  • Axial cross section - Axial cross section
  • Axillary artery - Arteria axillaris
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Central nodes - Nodi centrales
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Pectoral nodes; Anterior nodes - Nodi pectorales; Nodi anteriores
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Subscapular nodes; Posterior nodes - Nodi subscapulares; Nodi posteriores
  • Axillary vein - Vena axillaris
  • Azygos vein - Vena azygos
  • Base of heart - Basis cordis
  • Bifurcation of pulmonary trunk - Bifurcatio trunci pulmonalis
  • Body of sternum - Corpus sterni
  • Body of stomach - Corpus gastricum
  • Body; Shaft - Corpus costae
  • Bones - Os
  • Brachial plexus - Plexus brachialis
  • Brachiocephalic nodes - Nodi brachiocephalici
  • Brachiocephalic trunk - Truncus brachiocephalicus
  • Bronchi - Bronchi
  • Bronchial branches - Rami bronchiales
  • Bronchial veins - Venae bronchiales
  • Broncho-oesophageus - Musculus bronchooesophageus
  • Bronchomediastinal trunk - Truncus bronchomediastinalis
  • Bronchopericardial membrane - Membrana bronchopericardiaca
  • Bronchopulmonary nodes - Nodi bronchopulmonales
  • Cardia - Cardia
  • Cardiac ganglia - Ganglia cardiaca
  • Cardiac impression - Impressio cardiaca
  • Cardiac plexus - Plexus cardiacus
  • Cardial notch - Incisura cardialis
  • Cardial orifice - Ostium cardiacum
  • Carotid bifurcation - Bifurcatio carotidis
  • Carotid sinus - Sinus caroticus
  • Caval opening - Foramen - Foramen venae cavae
  • Central tendon - Centrum tendineum
  • Cervical part - Pars cervicalis; Pars colli
  • Cervicothoracic ganglion; Stellate ganglion - Ganglion cervicothoracicum; Ganglion stellatum
  • Circumflex branch - Ramus circumflexus
  • Cisterna chyli; Chyle cistern - Cisterna chyli
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Clavipectoral fascia - Fascia clavipectoralis
  • Coeliac branches - Rami coeliaci
  • Coeliac nodes - Nodi coeliaci
  • Coeliac plexus - Plexus coeliacus
  • Coeliac trunk - Truncus coeliacus
  • Commissures of semilunar cusps - Commissurae valvularum semilunarium
  • Common hepatic artery - Arteria hepatica communis
  • Common iliac artery - Arteria iliaca communis
  • Conus arteriosus; Infundibulum - Conus arteriosus
  • Coronary sinus - Sinus coronarius
  • Coronary sulcus - Sulcus coronarius
  • Costal angle - Angulus costae
  • Costal cartilage - Cartilago costalis
  • Costal margin; Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal notches - Incisurae costales
  • Costal part - Pars costalis
  • Costal surface - Facies costalis
  • Costocervical trunk - Truncus costocervicalis
  • Costochondral joints - Articulationes costochondrales
  • Costoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum costoclaviculare
  • Costodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus costodiaphragmaticus
  • Costomediastinal recess - Recessus costomediastinalis
  • Costosternal joint - Synchondrosis costosternalis
  • Costotransverse foramen - Foramen - Foramen costotransversarium
  • Costotransverse joint - Articulatio costotransversaria
  • Costotransverse ligament - Ligamentum costotransversarium
  • Cricoid cartilage - Cartilago cricoidea
  • Cricooesophageal tendon - Tendo cricooesophageus
  • Crista terminalis - Crista terminalis
  • Deep artery of thigh - Arteria profunda femoris
  • Deep branch; Dorsal scapular artery - Ramus profundus; Arteria dorsalis scapulae
  • Deep cervical artery - Arteria cervicalis profunda
  • Deep cervical vein - Vena cervicalis profunda; Vena colli profunda
  • Descending aorta - Pars descendens aortae; Aorta descendens
  • Descending aorta - Pars descendens aortae; Aorta descendens: Abdominal aorta - Aorta abdominalis
  • Descending aorta - Pars descendens aortae; Aorta descendens: Thoracic aorta - Pars thoracica aortae; Aorta thoracica
  • Diagram - Diagram
  • Diaphragm - Diaphragma
  • Diaphragmatic constriction - Constrictio phrenica; Constrictio diaphragmatica
  • Diaphragmatic fascia - Fascia diaphragmatica
  • Diaphragmatic part - Pars diaphragmatica
  • Digestive system - Systema digestorium
  • Dorsal branches - Rami dorsales
  • Endocardium - Endocardium
  • Endothoracic fascia; Parietal fascia of thorax - Fascia endothoracica; Fascia parietalis thoracis
  • External carotid artery - Arteria carotis externa
  • External carotid nerves - Nervi carotici externi
  • External carotid plexus - Plexus caroticus externus
  • External iliac artery - Arteria iliaca externa
  • External intercostal membrane - Membrana intercostalis externa
  • External intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales externi
  • External jugular vein - Vena jugularis externa
  • External oblique - Musculus obliquus externus abdominis
  • Femoral artery - Arteria femoralis
  • Fibrous pericardium - Pericardium fibrosum
  • First posterior intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis posterior prima
  • First rib [I] - Costa prima [I]
  • Fold of left vena cava - Plica venae cavae sinistrae
  • Fornix of stomach - Fornix gastricus
  • Fossa ovalis; Oval fossa - Fossa ovalis
  • Fundus of stomach - Fundus gastricus
  • Gallbladder - Vesica biliaris
  • Ganglion of sympathetic trunk - Ganglion trunci sympathici
  • Gastric plexuses - Plexus gastrici
  • Glandular branches - Rami glandulares
  • Great cardiac vein - Vena cardiaca magna; Vena cordis magna
  • Greater curvature - Curvatura major
  • Greater splanchnic nerve - Nervus splanchnicus major
  • Groove for subclavian artery - Sulcus arteriae subclaviae
  • Groove for subclavian vein - Sulcus venae subclaviae
  • Head - Caput costae
  • Heart - Cor
  • Hemiazygos vein; Inferior hemiazygos vein - Vena hemiazygos
  • Hepatic branches - Rami hepatici
  • Hepatic plexus - Plexus hepaticus
  • Hepatic portal vein - Vena portae hepatis
  • Hepatic veins - Venae hepaticae
  • Hilum of lung - Hilum pulmonis
  • Iliocostalis - Musculus iliocostalis
  • Illustrations - Illustrations
  • Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • Inferior articular process - Processus articularis inferior; Zygapophysis inferior
  • Inferior cervical cardiac branches - Rami cardiaci cervicales inferiores
  • Inferior cervical cardiac nerve - Nervus cardiacus cervicalis inferior
  • Inferior deep nodes - Nodi profundi inferiores
  • Inferior diaphragmatic nodes - Nodi phrenici inferiores
  • Inferior laryngeal artery - Arteria laryngea inferior
  • Inferior laryngeal vein - Vena laryngea inferior
  • Inferior lingular segment [S V] - Segmentum lingulare inferius [S V]
  • Inferior lobar arteries - Arteriae lobares inferiores
  • Inferior lobe; Lower lobe - Lobus inferior
  • Inferior mediastinum - Mediastinum inferius
  • Inferior mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica inferior
  • Inferior mesenteric vein - Vena mesenterica inferior
  • Inferior phrenic artery - Arteria phrenica inferior
  • Inferior phrenic veins - Venae phrenicae inferiores
  • Inferior thyroid artery - Arteria thyroidea inferior
  • Inferior thyroid vein - Vena thyroidea inferior
  • Inferior tracheobronchial nodes - Nodi tracheobronchiales inferiores
  • Inferior vena cava - Vena cava inferior
  • Infraspinatus - Musculus infraspinatus
  • Infraspinous fascia - Fascia infraspinata
  • Innermost intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales intimi
  • Interatrial septum - Septum interatriale
  • Interchondral joints - Articulationes interchondrales
  • Interclavicular ligament - Ligamentum interclaviculare
  • Intercostal nerves; Anterior rami; Ventral rami - Nervi intercostales; Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales
  • Intercostal nodes - Nodi intercostales
  • Intercostal space - Spatium intercostale
  • Interganglionic branches - Rami interganglionares
  • Interlobar surface - Facies interlobaris
  • Intermediate bronchus - Bronchus intermedius
  • Internal carotid artery - Arteria carotis interna
  • Internal iliac artery - Arteria iliaca interna
  • Internal intercostal membrane - Membrana intercostalis interna
  • Internal intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales interni
  • Internal thoracic veins - Venae thoracicae internae
  • Interpectoral nodes - Nodi interpectorales
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare : Membranous part - Pars membranacea
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare : Muscular part - Pars muscularis
  • Intervertebral disc - Discus intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral foramen - Foramen - Foramen intervertebrale
  • Intestinal trunks - Trunci intestinales
  • Intraarticular ligament of head of rib - Ligamentum capitis costae intraarticulare
  • Intrapulmonary blood vessels - Vasa sanguinea intrapulmonalia
  • Intrapulmonary nodes - Nodi intrapulmonales
  • Joint of head of rib - Articulatio capitis costae
  • Joints - Juncturae
  • Jugular notch; Suprasternal notch - Incisura jugularis
  • Jugular trunk - Truncus jugularis
  • Juxtaoesophageal nodes - Nodi juxtaoesophageales
  • Lamina - Lamina arcus vertebrae
  • Laryngopharyngeal branches - Rami laryngopharyngei
  • Lateral aspect - Norma lateralis - Left - Sinister
  • Lateral aspect - Norma lateralis - Right - Dexter
  • Lateral basal segment [S IX] - Segmentum basale laterale [S IX]
  • Lateral basal segmental bronchus [B IX] - Bronchus segmentalis basalis lateralis [B IX]
  • Lateral costal branch of internal thoracic artery - Ramus costalis lateralis arteria thoracicae internae
  • Lateral costotransverse ligament - Ligamentum costotransversarium laterale
  • Lateral pericardial nodes - Nodi pericardiaci laterales
  • Lateral segment [S IV] - Segmentum laterale [S IV]
  • Lateral thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic vein - Vena thoracica lateralis
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • Least splanchnic nerve; Lowest splanchnic nerve - Nervus splanchnicus imus
  • Left atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare sinistrum
  • Left atrium - Atrium sinistrum
  • Left auricle - Auricula sinistra
  • Left brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Left bundle - Crus sinistrum
  • Left common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Left coronary artery - Arteria coronaria sinistra
  • Left fibrous ring - Anulus fibrosus sinister
  • Left gastric artery - Arteria gastrica sinistra
  • Left gastric vein - Vena gastrica sinistra
  • Left gastroomental vein; Left gastroepiploic vein - Vena gastroomentalis sinistra; Vena gastroepiploica sinistra
  • Left inferior lobar bronchus - Bronchus lobaris inferior sinister
  • Left inferior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis sinistra inferior
  • Left internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Left internal thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica interna sinistra
  • Left lung - Pulmo sinister
  • Left main bronchus - Bronchus principalis sinister
  • Left phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Left pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis sinistra
  • Left pulmonary surface - Facies pulmonalis sinistra
  • Left recurrent laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus recurrens
  • Left renal artery - Arteria renalis
  • Left renal vein - Vena renale
  • Left semilunar cusp ; Left coronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris sinistra; Valvula coronaria sinistra
  • Left subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia
  • Left subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Left superior intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis superior sinistra
  • Left superior lobar bronchus - Bronchus lobaris superior sinister
  • Left superior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis sinistra superior
  • Left sympathetic trunk - Truncus sympathicus
  • Left vagus nerve [X] - Nervus vagus [X]
  • Left ventricle - Ventriculus sinister
  • Lesser curvature - Curvatura min o
  • Lesser splanchnic nerve - Nervus splanchnicus minor
  • Ligaments - Ligamenta
  • Ligamentum arteriosum [Ductus arteriosus] - Ligamentum arteriosum [Ductus arteriosus]
  • Lingula of left lung - Lingula pulmonis sinistri
  • Lingular artery - Arteria lingularis
  • Lobe - Lobus
  • Lobules of thymus - Lobuli thymi
  • Long thoracic nerve - Nervus thoracicus longus
  • Longissimus thoracis - Musculus longissimus thoracis
  • Lumbar arteries - Arteriae lumbales
  • Lumbar ganglia - Ganglia lumbalia
  • Lumbar trunk - Truncus lumbalis
  • Lungs - Pulmones
  • Lymphatic trunks and ducts - Trunci et ductus lymphatici
  • Lymphoid system - Systema lymphoideum
  • Manubriosternal joint - Symphysis manubriosternalis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Medial basal segment [S VII] - Segmentum basale mediale [S VII]
  • Medial basal segment [S VII] - Segmentum basale mediale; Segmentum cardiacum [S VII]
  • Medial pectoral nerve - Nervus pectoralis medialis
  • Medial segment [S V] - Segmentum mediale [S V]
  • Median sacral artery - Arteria sacralis mediana
  • Mediastinal branches - Rami mediastinales
  • Mediastinal part - Pars mediastinalis
  • Mediastinal surface - Facies mediastinalis
  • Mediastinal veins - Venae mediastinales
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum: Anterior view - Anterior view
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum: Lateral aspect - Norma lateralis - Left - Sinister
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum: Lateral aspect - Norma lateralis - Right - Dexter
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum: Posterior view - Posterior
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum: Regions - Regiones
  • Middle cervical cardiac nerve - Nervus cardiacus cervicalis medius
  • Middle cervical ganglion - Ganglion cervicale medium
  • Middle lobar artery - Arteria lobaris media
  • Middle lobe of right lung - Lobus medius pulmonis dextri
  • Middle mediastinum - Mediastinum medium
  • Mitral valve - Valva atrioventricularis sinistra; Valva mitralis
  • Muscles - Muscles
  • Musculophrenic artery - Arteria musculophrenica
  • Musculophrenic veins - Venae musculophrenicae
  • Myocardium - Myocardium
  • Neck - Collum costae
  • Nerves - Nerves
  • Nerves - Nerves (Diagrams - Diagrams)
  • Node of arch of azygos vein; Lymph node of arch of azygos vein - Nodus lymphaticus arcus venae azygos
  • Node of ligamentum arteriosum; Lymph node of ligamentum arteriosum - Nodus lymphaticus ligamenti arteriosi
  • Nodes around cardia; Lymph nodes around cardia - Anulus lymphaticus cardiae
  • Oblique fissure - Fissura obliqua
  • Oblique pericardial sinus - Sinus obliquus pericardii
  • Oesophageal branches - Rami oesophageales
  • Oesophageal branches - Rami oesophagei
  • Oesophageal hiatus - Hiatus oesophageus
  • Oesophageal plexus - Plexus oesophageus
  • Oesophageal veins - Venae oesophageales
  • Oesophagus - Oesophagus
  • Opening of inferior vena cava - Ostium venae cavae inferioris
  • Opening of superior vena cava - Ostium venae cavae superioris
  • Openings of pulmonary veins - Ostia venarum pulmonalium
  • Other structures - Other structures
  • Ovarian artery ♀; Testicular artery male ♂ - Arteria ovarica ♀ ; Arteria testicularis male ♂
  • Pancreas - Pancreas
  • Parasternal nodes - Nodi parasternales
  • Paratracheal nodes - Nodi paratracheales
  • Parietal pleura - Pleura parietalis
  • Pectoral branches - Rami pectorales
  • Pectoral fascia - Fascia pectoralis
  • Pectoral veins - Venae pectorales
  • Pectoralis major - Musculus pectoralis major
  • Pectoralis minor - Musculus pectoralis minor
  • Pedicle - Pediculus arcus vertebrae
  • Perforating branches - Rami perforantes
  • Pericardiacophrenic artery - Arteria pericardiacophrenica
  • Pericardiacophrenic veins - Venae pericardiacophrenicae
  • Pericardial branch - Ramus pericardiacus
  • Pericardial branches - Rami pericardiaci
  • Pericardial cavity - Cavitas pericardiaca
  • Pericardial veins - Venae pericardiacae
  • Pharyngeal branches - Rami pharyngeales
  • Pharyngeal branches - Rami pharyngei
  • Phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Phrenicoabdominal branches - Rami phrenicoabdominales
  • Phrenicomediastinal recess - Recessus phrenicomediastinalis
  • Phrenicooesophageal ligament - Ligamentum phrenicooesophagealis
  • Phrenicopleural fascia - Fascia phrenicopleuralis
  • Pleura - Pleura/Pericardium - Pericardium
  • Pleural cavity - Cavitas pleuralis
  • Pleural cupula - Cupula pleurae
  • Pleuro-oesophageus - Musculus pleurooesophageus
  • Posterior basal segment [S X] - Segmentum basale posterius [S X]
  • Posterior basal segmental bronchus [B X] - Bronchus segmentalis basalis posterior [B X]
  • Posterior gastric branches - Rami gastrici posteriores
  • Posterior intercostal arteries - Arteriae intercostales posteriores
  • Posterior intercostal veins - Venae intercostales posteriores
  • Posterior interventricular sulcus - Sulcus interventricularis posterior
  • Posterior left ventricular branch - Ramus posterior ventriculi sinistri
  • Posterior mediastinum - Mediastinum posterius
  • Posterior nerve of lesser curvature - Nervus curvaturae minoris posterior
  • Posterior nucleus of vagus nerve; Dorsal nucleus of vagus nerve - Nucleus posterior nervi vagi; Nucleus dorsalis nervi vagi
  • Posterior papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris posterior
  • Posterior root; Sensory root; Dorsal root - Radix posterior; Radix sensoria
  • Posterior segment [S II] - Segmentum posterius [S II]
  • Posterior segmental bronchus [B II] - Bronchus segmentalis posterior [B II]
  • Posterior semilunar cusp ; Noncoronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris posterior ; Valvula non coronaria
  • Posterior vagal trunk - Truncus vagalis posterior
  • Posterior vein of left ventricle - Vena ventriculi sinistri posterior
  • Posterior view - Posterior
  • Posterior wall - Paries posterior
  • Posteriorinterventricular branch - Ramus interventricularis posterior
  • Prepericardial nodes - Nodi prepericardiaci
  • Prevertebral nodes - Nodi prevertebrales
  • Pulmonary arteries - Pulmonary arteries
  • Pulmonary ligament - Ligamentum pulmonale
  • Pulmonary plexus - Plexus pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary trunk - Truncus pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary valve - Valva trunci pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary veins - Venae pulmonales
  • Radiate ligament of head of rib - Ligamentum capitis costae radiatum
  • Radiate sternocostal ligaments - Ligamenta sternocostalia radiata
  • Rami communicantes - Rami communicantes
  • Rectus abdominis - Musculus rectus abdominis
  • Recurrent laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus recurrens
  • Regions - Regiones
  • Renal branch - Ramus renalis
  • Renal branches - Rami renales
  • Renal plexus - Plexus renalis
  • Rhomboid major - Musculus rhomboideus major
  • Rib [III] - Costa [III]
  • Rib [II] - Costa [II]
  • Rib [IV] - Costa [IV]
  • Rib [IX] - Costa [IX]
  • Rib [I] - Costa [I]
  • Rib [VIII] - Costa [VIII]
  • Rib [VII] - Costa [VII]
  • Rib [VI] - Costa [VI]
  • Rib [V] - Costa [V]
  • Rib [XII] - Costa [XII]
  • Rib [XI] - Costa [XI]
  • Rib [X] - Costa [X]
  • Right atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare dextrum
  • Right atrium - Atrium dextrum
  • Right auricle - Auricula dextra
  • Right brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Right bundle - Crus dextrum
  • Right coronary artery - Arteria coronaria dextra
  • Right fibrous ring - Anulus fibrosus dexter
  • Right fibrous trigone - Trigonum fibrosum dextrum
  • Right gastric vein - Vena gastrica dextra
  • Right inferior lobar bronchus - Bronchus lobaris inferior dexter
  • Right inferior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis dextra inferior
  • Right internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Right internal thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica interna dextra
  • Right lung - Pulmo dexter
  • Right lymphatic duct; Right thoracic duct - Ductus lymphaticus dexter; Ductus thoracicus dexter
  • Right main bronchus - Bronchus principalis dexter
  • Right phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Right pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis dextra
  • Right pulmonary surface - Facies pulmonalis dextra
  • Right recurrent laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus recurrens
  • Right renal artery - Arteria renalis
  • Right semilunar cusp ; Right coronary cusp - Valvula semilunaris dextra ; Valvula coronaria dextra
  • Right subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia
  • Right subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Right superior intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis superior dextra
  • Right superior lobar bronchus - Bronchus lobaris superior dexter
  • Right superior pulmonary vein - Vena pulmonalis dextra superior
  • Right sympathetic trunk - Truncus sympathicus
  • Right vagus nerve [X] - Nervus vagus [X]
  • Right ventricle - Ventriculus dexter
  • Rigth common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Root of lung - Radix pulmonis
  • Scalene tubercle - Tuberculum musculi scaleni anterioris
  • Scalenus anterior; Anterior scalene - Musculus scalenus anterior
  • Scalenus medius; Middle scalene - Musculus scalenus medius
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Second posterior intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis posterior secunda
  • Second rib [II] - Costa secunda [II]
  • Septal papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris septalis
  • Septomarginal trabecula; Moderator band - Trabecula septomarginalis
  • Serratus anterior - Musculus serratus anterior
  • Serratus posterior superior - Musculus serratus posterior superior
  • Short gastric veins - Venae gastricae breves
  • Sinuatrial node - Nodus sinuatrialis
  • Sinus of pulmonary trunk - Sinus trunci pulmonalis
  • Small cardiac vein - Vena cardiaca parva; Vena cordis parva
  • Spinal branches - Rami spinales
  • Spinal cord - Medulla spinalis
  • Spinal ganglion; Dorsal root ganglion - Ganglion sensorium nervi spinalis
  • Spinal nerve - Nervus spinalis
  • Spinalis thoracis - Musculus spinalis thoracis
  • Spinous process - Processus spinosus
  • Splenic artery - Arteria splenica; Arteria lienalis
  • Splenic plexus - Plexus splenicus; Plexus lienalis
  • Splenic vein - Vena splenica; Vena lienalis
  • Sternal angle - Angulus sterni
  • Sternal branches - Rami sternales
  • Sternal membrane - Membrana sterni
  • Sternoclavicular joint - Articulatio sternoclavicularis
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternopericardial ligaments - Ligg. sternopericardiaca
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Stomach - Gaster
  • Subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia
  • Subclavian plexus - Plexus subclavius
  • Subclavian trunk - Truncus subclavius
  • Subclavius - Musculus subclavius
  • Subcostal artery - Arteria subcostalis
  • Subcostal nerve - Nervus subcostalis
  • Subcutaneous abdominal veins - Venae subcutaneae abdominis
  • Subendocardial branches - Rami subendocardiales
  • Subscapular artery - Arteria subscapularis
  • Subscapular vein - Vena subscapularis
  • Subscapularis - Musculus subscapularis
  • Sulcus terminalis cordis - Sulcus terminalis cordis
  • Superficial cervical artery - Ramus superficialis
  • Superior articular process - Processus articularis superior; Zygapophysis superior
  • Superior cervical cardiac branches - Rami cardiaci cervicales superiores
  • Superior cervical cardiac nerve - Nervus cardiacus cervicalis superior
  • Superior cervical ganglion - Ganglion cervicale superius
  • Superior diaphragmatic nodes - Nodi phrenici superiores
  • Superior epigastric artery - Arteria epigastrica superior
  • Superior epigastric veins - Venae epigastrica e superiore
  • Superior laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus superior
  • Superior lingular bronchus [B IV] - Bronchus lingularis superior [B IV]
  • Superior lingular segment [S IV] - Segmentum lingulare superius [S IV]
  • Superior lobar arteries - Arteriae lobares superiores
  • Superior lobe; Upper lobe - Lobus superior
  • Superior mediastinum - Mediastinum superius
  • Superior mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica superior
  • Superior mesenteric vein - Vena mesenterica superior
  • Superior phrenic arteries - Arteriae phrenicae superiores
  • Superior phrenic veins - Venae phrenicae superiores
  • Superior segment [S VI] - Segmentum superius [S VI]
  • Superior segment [S VI] - Segmentum superius [S VI]
  • Superior thoracic aperture; Thoracic inlet - Apertura thoracis superior
  • Superior tracheobronchial nodes - Nodi tracheobronchiales superiores
  • Superior vena cava - Vena cava superior
  • Superior view - Superior
  • Suprascapular artery - Arteria suprascapularis
  • Supraspinatus - Musculus supraspinatus
  • Supraspinous fascia - Fascia supraspinata
  • Supravalvular ridge - Crista supravalvularis
  • Supreme intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis suprema
  • Supreme intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis suprema
  • Sympathetic trunk - Truncus sympathicus
  • Synchondrosis of first rib - Synchondrosis costae primae
  • Tendinous cords - Chordae tendineae
  • Teres major - Musculus teres major
  • Thoracic aorta - Aorta thoracica
  • Thoracic aortic plexus - Plexus aorticus thoracicus
  • Thoracic cardiac branches - Rami cardiaci thoracici
  • Thoracic constriction; Bronchoaortic constriction - Constrictio partis thoracicae; Constrictio bronchoaortica
  • Thoracic duct - Ductus thoracicus
  • Thoracic ganglia - Ganglia thoracica
  • Thoracic lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei thoracis
  • Thoracic part - Pars thoracica
  • Thoracic pulmonary branches - Rami pulmonales thoracici
  • Thoracic splanchnic ganglion - Ganglion thoracicum splanchnicum
  • Thoracodorsal nerve - Nervus thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracolumbar fascia - Fascia thoracolumbalis
  • Thymic branches - Rami thymici
  • Thymic veins - Venae thymicae
  • Thymus - Thymus
  • Thyrocervical trunk - Truncus thyrocervicalis
  • Thyroid gland - Glandula thyroidea
  • Trachea - Trachea
  • Tracheal bifurcation - Bifurcatio tracheae
  • Tracheal branches - Rami tracheales
  • Tracheal veins - Venae tracheales
  • Tracheobronchial nodes - Nodi tracheobronchiales
  • Transverse cervical artery - Arteria transversa colli; Arteria transversa cervicis
  • Transverse process - Processus transversus
  • Transversospinales - Musculi transversospinales
  • Transversus thoracis - Musculus transversus thoracis
  • Trapezius - Musculus trapezius
  • Tricuspid valve - Valva atrioventricularis dextra; Valva tricuspidalis
  • Trunk - Trunk of spinal nerve - Truncus nervi spinalis
  • Tubercle - Tuberculum costae
  • Tuberosity for serratus anterior - Tuberositas musculi serrati anterioris
  • Unpaired thyroid plexus - Plexus thyroideus impar
  • Vagus nerve [X] - Nervus vagus [X]
  • Veins - Venae
  • Vertebra LI - Vertebra LI
  • Vertebra LII - Vertebra LII
  • Vertebra TI - Vertebra TI
  • Vertebra TII - Vertebra TII
  • Vertebra TIII - Vertebra TIII
  • Vertebra TIV - Vertebra TIV
  • Vertebra TIX - Vertebra TIX
  • Vertebra TIX - Vertebra TIX-TX - TX
  • Vertebra TV - Vertebra TV
  • Vertebra TV - Vertebra TV-TVI - TVI
  • Vertebra TVI - Vertebra TVI
  • Vertebra TVII - Vertebra TVII
  • Vertebra TVIII - Vertebra TVIII
  • Vertebra TX - Vertebra TX
  • Vertebra TXI - Vertebra TXI
  • Vertebra TXII - Vertebra TXII
  • Vertebral artery - Arteria vertebralis
  • Vertebral ganglion - Ganglion vertebrale
  • Vertebral nerve - Nervus vertebralis
  • Vertebral part - Pars vertebralis
  • Vertebral plexus - Plexus vertebralis
  • Vertebral vein - Vena vertebralis
  • Vertebromediastinal recess - Recessus vertebromediastinalis
  • Visceral layer; Epicardium - Lamina visceralis; Epicardium
  • Visceral pleura; Pulmonary pleura - Pleura visceralis; Pleura pulmonalis
  • Xiphisternal joint - Symphysis xiphosternalis
  • Xiphoid process - Processus xiphoideus
  • Zygapophysial joints - Articulationes zygapophysiales
  • left gastric nodes - Nodi gastrici sinistri

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