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Anatomy of the thoracic cage and the breast: illustrations

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa

Published on Thursday 16 December 2010

SECTION: Anatomy of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis

Images and anatomical references

This e-Anatomy module presents captioned illustrations of the thoracic wall and breast in 65 anatomical drawings with over 260 captions of anatomical structures.

 

Breast - Anatomy : Sagittal section (Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Imaios)

Breast - Anatomy : Sagittal section

 

It is a tool for learning and teaching of anatomy, especially for students of medicine or paramedical health disciplines (physiotherapists, nurses, radiology manipulators, osteopaths...).

 

Anatomical illustrations of the thoracic cage and the mammary gland

 

The illustrations were drawn in Adobe Illustrator using data from medical imaging (principally CT scanner with 3D reconstructions).
These represent the diagrams for the study of the anatomy of the thoracic wall and breast:

  • Surface anatomy: illustrations in anterior and posterior view of male torso and back, allowing the lines and regions used in surface anatomy to be displayed (midclavicular line, midline, pectoral region, sternal region...)

 

Trunk - Surface anatomy : Pectoral region, Mammary region, Hypochondrium, Presternal region, Midclavicular line

Trunk - Surface anatomy

 

 

  • Thoracic skeleton: patterns of bony anatomy of the thoracic cavity and rib cage in anterior and posterior view.

 

 

Anatomy of the thoracic wall and the breast (Illustrations) : Thoracic cage - Thoracic cavity

Anatomy of the thoracic wall and the breast (Illustrations) : Thoracic cage - Thoracic cavity

 

 

  • Ribs: represents the anatomy of the ribs and muscle attachments
  • Sternum: details the different parts of the sternum (manubrium, sternal angle, xiphisternal joint) and the different muscle insertions (pectoralis major and sternocleidomastoid muscles).

 

 

Sternum (Muscles-Attachment) : Manubrium of sternum Clavicular notch Jugular notch; Suprasternal notch Sternal angle Body of sternum Xiphoid process Costal notches

Sternum (Muscles-Attachment)

 

 

  • Joints of the thorax: anatomical illustrations showing the joints of the thoracic cavity (sternocostal, costochondral and costovertebral joints)
  • Chest muscles: diagrams showing the arrangement of the chest muscles (pectoralis major and minor muscles, serratus anterior and intercostal muscles ...)

 

 

Muscles of thorax : Sternalis; Sternalis muscle, Pectoralis major, Pectoralis minor, Subclavius, Serratus anterior

Muscles of thorax

 

Intercostal space - Anatomy diagram : External intercostal muscle, Internal intercostal muscle, Innermost intercostal muscle, Endothoracic fascia; Parietal fascia of thorax, Posterior intercostal arteries, Posterior intercostal veins, Intercostal nerves; Anterior rami; Ventral rami

Intercostal space - Anatomy diagram

 

 

 Diaphragm: different views illustrating the different anatomical parts of the diaphragm (pillars, central tendon, arcuate ligament...)

 

 

Diaphragm : Diaphragm Lumbar part Right crus Left crus Median arcuate ligament Medial arcuate ligament Lateral arcuate ligament Costal part Sternal part Aortic hiatus Oesophageal hiatus Phrenicooesophageal ligament Central tendon Caval opening Sternocostal triangle Lumbocostal triangle

Diaphragm

 

 

 

  • Arteries: represents the anatomy of the arterial vascularisation of the thoracic cage (intercostal arteries, phrenic arteries, internal mammary arteries)
  • Veins: diagrams of intercostal veins, internal mammaries, the azygos vein and the phrenic veins.
  • Thoracic nerves: diagram of spinal thoracic nerve divided into the intercostal nerve and its vertebral and mammary branches.
  • Thoracic lymph nodes: anatomy of the thoracic duct, the cisterna chyli, and parietal thoracic lymphatic ganglia (parasternal and intercostal nodes...)

 

 

Thoracic duct: Arch of thoracic duct, Cisterna chyli; Chyle cistern, Thoracic lymph nodes, Parasternal nodes, Intercostal nodes, Superior diaphragmatic nodes

Thoracic duct - Thoracic lymph nodes

 

 

  •  Breast: several illustrations represent the surface anatomy of the mammary gland (nipple, areola, axillary process), the sagittal anatomy of the breast (lobes, lactiferous sinuses, milk ducts), the arterial and venous vascularisation, the lymphatic drainage and histology of the breast.

 

 

Quadrants of the breast: Nipple and areola, Central portion of breast, Axillary tail of breast

Quadrants of the breast

 

Breast - Histology : Mammary gland,Lobes of mammary gland, Lobules of mammary gland, Lactiferous duct, Lactiferous sinus

Breast - Histology

 

 Captions of the anatomical structures of the thoracic wall and breast:

 

260 anatomical structures were annotated on this atlas of thoracic anatomy, accessible via the "anatomical structures" tab:

  • Regions
  • Plans and lines
  • Bones: Ribs, Sternum, Thoracic wall, Spine, Bones of the upper limb
  • Joints
  • Ligaments
  • Muscles
  • Diaphragm
  • Arteries
  • Veins
  • Lymph nodes
  • Nerves
  • Breast
  • Other structures

 

Language and terminology for the study of the anatomy of the thorax

 

The anatomical structures are available in different languages (English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish) adapted from the Terminologia Anatomica.


Anatomical parts

  • Abdominal aorta - Aorta abdominalis
  • Abdominal part - Pars abdominalis
  • Accessory hemiazygos vein; Superior hemiazygos vein - Vena hemiazygos accessoria
  • Acromial angle - Angulus acromii
  • Acromial end - Extremitas acromialis
  • Acromial facet - Facies articularis acromialis
  • Acromioclavicular joint - Articulatio acromioclavicularis
  • Acromion - Acromion
  • Anatomical structures - Anatomical parts
  • Anterior axillary line - Linea axillaris anterior
  • Anterior cervical region; Anterior triangle - Regio cervicalis anterior; Trigonum cervicale anterius; Trigonum colli anterius
  • Anterior intercostal branches - Rami intercostales anteriores
  • Anterior intercostal veins - Venae intercostales anteriores
  • Anterior longitudinal ligament - Ligamentum longitudinale anterius
  • Anterior median line - Linea mediana anterior
  • Anterior pectoral cutaneous branch - Ramus cutaneus anterior pectoralis
  • Anterior region of thigh - Regio femoris anterior
  • Anterior sternoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum sternoclaviculare anterius
  • Anterior superior iliac spine - Spina iliaca anterior superior
  • Anterior view - Anterior view
  • Antero-lateral view - Antero-lateral view
  • Aortic arch - Arcus aortae
  • Aortic hiatus - Hiatus aorticus
  • Apical nodes - Nodi apicales
  • Arch of azygos vein - Arcus venae azygos
  • Arch of thoracic duct - Arcus ductus thoracici
  • Areola - Areola mammae
  • Areolar glands - Glandulae areolares
  • Areolar tubercles - Tubercula areolae
  • Areolar venous plexus - Plexus venosus areolaris
  • Arteries - Arteriae
  • Articular disc - Discus articularis
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis capitis costae
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis tuberculi costae
  • Ascending aorta - Pars ascendens aortae; Aorta ascendens
  • Ascending lumbar vein - Vena lumbalis ascendens
  • Auscultatory triangle; Triangle of auscultation - Trigonum auscultationis
  • Axial cross section - Axial cross section
  • Axillary artery - Arteria axillaris
  • Axillary fossa - Fossa axillaris
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Apical nodes - Nodi apicales
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Central nodes - Nodi centrales
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Humeral nodes; Lateral nodes - Nodi humerales; Nodi laterales
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Pectoral nodes; Anterior nodes - Nodi pectorales; Nodi anteriores
  • Axillary lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei axillares : Subscapular nodes; Posterior nodes - Nodi subscapulares; Nodi posteriores
  • Axillary lymphatic plexus - Plexus lymphaticus axillaris
  • Axillary process; Axillary tail - Processus axillaris; Processus lateralis
  • Axillary region - Regio axillaris
  • Axillary tail of breast - Axillary tail of breast
  • Axillary vein - Vena axillaris
  • Azygos vein - Vena azygos
  • Back - Dorsum
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii
  • Body of breast - Corpus mammae
  • Body of sternum - Corpus sterni
  • Body; Shaft - Corpus costae
  • Bones - Os
  • Brachial nodes - Nodi brachiales
  • Brachial plexus - Plexus brachialis
  • Brachiocephalic trunk - Truncus brachiocephalicus
  • Breast - Mamma
  • Bronchial veins - Venae bronchiales
  • Bronchomediastinal trunk - Truncus bronchomediastinalis
  • Caval opening - Foramen - Foramen venae cavae
  • Central nodes - Nodi centrales
  • Central portion of breast - Central portion of breast
  • Central tendon - Centrum tendineum
  • Cephalic vein - Vena cephalica
  • Cervical part - Pars cervicalis; Pars colli
  • Cervical vertebrae [C I-C VII] - Vertebrae cervicales [C I-C VII]
  • Cisterna chyli; Chyle cistern - Cisterna chyli
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Clavicular facet - Facies articularis clavicularis
  • Clavicular head - Pars clavicularis
  • Clavicular notch - Incisura clavicularis
  • Clavipectoral fascia - Fascia clavipectoralis
  • Clavipectoral triangle; Deltopectoral triangle - Trigonum clavipectorale; Trigonum deltopectorale
  • Coeliac trunk - Truncus coeliacus
  • Collateral branch - Ramus collateralis
  • Coracoid process - Processus coracoideus
  • Costal angle - Angulus costae
  • Costal cartilage - Cartilago costalis
  • Costal crest - Crista costae
  • Costal groove - Sulcus costae
  • Costal margin; Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal notches - Incisurae costales
  • Costal part - Pars costalis diaphragmatis
  • Costocervical trunk - Truncus costocervicalis
  • Costochondral joints - Articulationes costochondrales
  • Costoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum costoclaviculare
  • Costosternal joint - Synchondrosis costosternalis
  • Costotransverse joint - Articulatio costotransversaria
  • Costotransverse ligament - Ligamentum costotransversarium
  • Costovertebral joints - Articulationes costovertebrales
  • Costoxiphoid ligaments - Ligamenta costoxiphoidea
  • Crest - Crista capitis costae
  • Crest - Crista colli costae
  • Crest of greater tubercle; Lateral lip - Crista tuberculi majoris; Labium laterale
  • Deep cervical artery - Arteria cervicalis profunda
  • Deltoid - Musculus deltoideus
  • Deltoid region - Regio deltoidea
  • Deltopectoral nodes; Infraclavicular nodes - Nodi deltopectorales; Nodi infraclaviculares
  • Diaphragm - Diaphragma
  • Dorsal branch - Ramus dorsalis
  • Dorsal vein; Dorsal branch - Vena dorsalis; Ramus dorsalis
  • Endothoracic fascia; Parietal fascia of thorax - Fascia endothoracica; Fascia parietalis thoracis
  • Epigastric region ; Epigastric fossa - Epigastrium; Regio epigastrica; Fossa epigastrica
  • Erector spinae - Musculus erector spinae
  • External intercostal membrane - Membrana intercostalis externa
  • External intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales externi
  • External oblique - Musculus obliquus externus abdominis
  • False ribs [VIII-XII] - Costae spuriae [VIII-XII]
  • Fatty layer - Panniculus adiposus
  • First posterior intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis posterior prima
  • First rib [I] - Costa prima [I]
  • Flank; Lateral region - Latus; Regio lateralis
  • Floating ribs [XI-XII] - Costae fluctuantes [XI-XII]
  • Front of chest - Pectus
  • Glenoid cavity - Cavitas glenoidalis
  • Gluteal region - Regio glutealis
  • Gluteus maximus - Musculus gluteus maximus
  • Gluteus medius - Musculus gluteus medius
  • Greater supraclavicular fossa - Fossa supraclavicularis major
  • Greater trochanter - Trochanter major
  • Groin; Inguinal region - Inguen; Regio inguinalis
  • Groove for subclavian artery - Sulcus arteriae subclaviae
  • Groove for subclavian vein - Sulcus venae subclaviae
  • Head - Caput costae
  • Hemiazygos vein; Inferior hemiazygos vein - Vena hemiazygos
  • Hide all - Hide all
  • Hip region - Regio coxae
  • Histology - Histologia
  • Humeral nodes; Lateral nodes - Nodi humerales; Nodi laterales
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Hypochondrium - Hypochondrium; Regio hypochondriaca
  • Iliac crest - Crista iliaca
  • Illustrations - Illustrations
  • Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD - Illustrations - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD
  • Inferior angle - Angulus inferior
  • Inferior articular facet - Facies articularis inferior
  • Inferior articular process - Processus articularis inferior; Zygapophysis inferior
  • Inferior mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica inferior
  • Inferior phrenic artery - Arteria phrenica inferior
  • Inferior phrenic veins - Venae phrenicae inferiores
  • Inferior thoracic aperture; Thoracic outlet - Apertura thoracis inferior
  • Inferior vena cava - Vena cava inferior
  • Inferior view - Inferior
  • Infraclavicular fossa - Fossa infraclavicularis
  • Inframammary region - Regio inframammaria
  • Infrascapular region - Regio infrascapularis
  • Infraspinatus - Musculus infraspinatus
  • Infraspinous fossa - Fossa infraspinata
  • Infrasternal angle; Subcostal angle - Angulus infrasternalis
  • Inguinal ligament - Ligamentum inguinale; Arcus inguinalis
  • Innermost intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales intimi
  • Interchondral joints - Articulationes interchondrales
  • Interclavicular ligament - Ligamentum interclaviculare
  • Intercostal nerves; Anterior rami; Ventral rami - Nervi intercostales; Rami anteriores; Rami ventrales
  • Intercostal nodes - Nodi intercostales
  • Intercostal space - Spatium intercostale
  • Intercostobrachial nerves - Nervi intercostobrachiales
  • Intergluteal cleft; Natal cleft - Crena analis; Crena ani; Crena interglutealis
  • Intermammary cleft - Sulcus intermammarius
  • Internal intercostal membrane - Membrana intercostalis interna
  • Internal intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales interni
  • Internal thoracic veins - Venae thoracicae internae
  • Internal view - Internus
  • Interpectoral nodes - Nodi interpectorales
  • Interspinous ligaments - Ligamenta interspinalia
  • Interspinous plane - Planum interspinale
  • Intertransverse ligaments - Ligamenta intertransversaria
  • Intertubercular plane - Planum intertuberculare
  • Intervertebral disc - Discus intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral foramen - Foramen - Foramen intervertebrale
  • Intervertebral surface - Facies intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral vein - Vena intervertebralis
  • Intestinal trunks - Trunci intestinales
  • Intraarticular sternocostal ligament - Ligamentum sternocostale intraarticulare
  • Joint of head of rib - Articulatio capitis costae
  • Joints - Juncturae
  • Jugular notch; Suprasternal notch - Incisura jugularis
  • Jugular trunk - Truncus jugularis
  • Lactiferous duct - Ductus lactiferi
  • Lactiferous sinus - Sinus lactiferi
  • Lamina - Lamina arcus vertebrae
  • Lateral angle - Angulus lateralis
  • Lateral arcuate ligament - Ligamentum arcuatum laterale
  • Lateral border - Margo lateralis
  • Lateral branch - Ramus lateralis
  • Lateral cervical nodes - Nodi cervicales laterales; Nodi colli laterales
  • Lateral cervical region; Posterior triangle - Regio cervicalis lateralis; Trigonum cervicale posterius; Trigonum colli laterale
  • Lateral costotransverse ligament - Ligamentum costotransversarium laterale
  • Lateral cutaneous branch - Ramus cutaneus lateralis
  • Lateral mammary branches - Rami mammarii laterales
  • Lateral pectoral cutaneous branch - Ramus cutaneus lateralis pectoralis
  • Lateral pectoral region - Regio pectoralis lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic vein - Vena thoracica lateralis
  • Lateral view - Lateralis
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • Left brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Left common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Left crus - Crus sinistrum
  • Left internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Left internal thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica interna sinistra
  • Left phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Left renal artery - Arteria renalis
  • Left subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Left superior intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis superior sinistra
  • Lesser supraclavicular fossa - Fossa supraclavicularis minor
  • Ligaments - Ligamenta
  • Linea alba - Linea alba
  • Linea semilunaris - Linea semilunaris
  • Lobes of mammary gland - Lobi glandulae mammariae
  • Lobules of mammary gland - Lobuli glandulae mammariae
  • Lower-inner quadrant of breast - Lower-inner quadrant of breast
  • Lower-outer quadrant of breast - Lower-outer quadrant of breast
  • Lumbar arteries - Arteriae lumbales
  • Lumbar part - Pars lumbalis diaphragmatis
  • Lumbar region - Regio lumbalis
  • Lumbar trunk - Truncus lumbalis
  • Lumbar veins - Venae lumbales
  • Lumbar vertebrae [LI-LV] - Vertebrae lumbales [LI-LV]
  • Lumbocostal triangle - Trigonum lumbocostale
  • Lungs - Pulmones
  • Lymph node - Nodus lymphoideus; Nodus lymphaticus; Lymphonodus
  • Mammary gland - Glandula mammaria
  • Mammary region - Regio mammaria
  • Mammillary line; Nipple line - Linea mammillaris
  • Manubriosternal joint - Symphysis manubriosternalis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Medial arcuate ligament - Ligamentum arcuatum mediale
  • Medial border - Margo medialis
  • Medial branch - Ramus medialis
  • Medial cutaneous branch - Ramus cutaneus medialis
  • Medial mammary branches - Rami mammarii mediales
  • Medial view - Medialis
  • Median arcuate ligament - Ligamentum arcuatum medianum
  • Mediastinal veins - Venae mediastinales
  • Midaxillary line - Linea axillaris media
  • Midclavicular line - Linea medioclavicularis
  • Muscles - Muscles
  • Muscles of thorax - Musculi thoracis
  • Musculophrenic artery - Arteria musculophrenica
  • Musculophrenic veins - Venae musculophrenicae
  • Neck - Collum costae
  • Neck of scapula - Collum scapulae
  • Nerves - Nerves
  • Nipple - Papilla mammaria
  • Nipple and areola - Nipple and areola
  • Node of arch of azygos vein; Lymph node of arch of azygos vein - Nodus lymphaticus arcus venae azygos
  • Oesophageal hiatus - Hiatus oesophageus
  • Oesophageal veins - Venae oesophageales
  • Oesophagus - Oesophagus
  • Omoclavicular triangle; Subclavian triangle - Trigonum omoclaviculare
  • Other structures - Other structures
  • Paramammary nodes - Nodi paramammarii
  • Parasternal line - Linea parasternalis
  • Parasternal nodes - Nodi parasternales
  • Paravertebral line - Linea paravertebralis
  • Parietal pleura - Pleura parietalis
  • Pectoral branches - Rami pectorales
  • Pectoral fascia - Fascia pectoralis
  • Pectoral nodes; Anterior nodes - Nodi pectorales; Nodi anteriores
  • Pectoral region - Regio pectoralis
  • Pectoral veins - Venae pectorales
  • Pectoralis major - Musculus pectoralis major
  • Pectoralis major - Musculus pectoralis major : Abdominal part - Pars abdominalis
  • Pectoralis minor - Musculus pectoralis minor
  • Pedicle - Pediculus arcus vertebrae
  • Perforating branches - Rami perforantes
  • Pericardiacophrenic artery - Arteria pericardiacophrenica
  • Pericardiacophrenic veins - Venae pericardiacophrenicae
  • Pericardial veins - Venae pericardiacae
  • Phrenicoabdominal branches - Rami phrenicoabdominales
  • Planes and lines - Planeas et lineae
  • Pleura - Pleura
  • Pleural cavity - Cavitas pleuralis
  • Posterior axillary line - Linea axillaris posterior
  • Posterior cervical region - Regio cervicalis posterior; Regio colli posterior
  • Posterior intercostal arteries - Arteriae intercostales posteriores
  • Posterior intercostal veins - Venae intercostales posteriores
  • Posterior median line - Linea mediana posterior
  • Posterior rami; Dorsal rami - Rami posteriores; Rami dorsales
  • Posterior sternoclavicular ligament - Ligamentum sternoclaviculare posterius
  • Posterior superior iliac spine - Spina iliaca posterior superior
  • Posterior view - Posterior
  • Postero-lateral view - Postero-lateralis
  • Prepericardial nodes - Nodi prepericardiaci
  • Presternal region - Regio presternali
  • Prevertebral nodes - Nodi prevertebrales
  • Psoas major - Musculus psoas major
  • Pubic region - Hypogastrium; Regio pubica
  • Pulmonary groove - Sulcus pulmonalis
  • Quadratus lumborum - Musculus quadratus lumborum
  • Radiate ligament of head of rib - Ligamentum capitis costae radiatum
  • Radiate sternocostal ligaments - Ligamenta sternocostalia radiata
  • Rectus abdominis - Musculus rectus abdominis
  • Rectus sheath - Vagina musculi recti abdominis
  • Regions - Regiones
  • Rib [III] - Costa [III]
  • Rib [II] - Costa [II]
  • Rib [IV] - Costa [IV]
  • Rib [IX] - Costa [IX]
  • Rib [I] - Costa [I]
  • Rib [VIII] - Costa [VIII]
  • Rib [VII] - Costa [VII]
  • Rib [VI] - Costa [VI]
  • Rib [V] - Costa [V]
  • Rib [XII] - Costa [XII]
  • Rib [XI] - Costa [XI]
  • Rib [X] - Costa [X]
  • Ribs - Costae
  • Right brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Right crus - Crus dextrum
  • Right internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Right internal thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica interna dextra
  • Right lymphatic duct; Right thoracic duct - Ductus lymphaticus dexter; Ductus thoracicus dexter
  • Right phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus
  • Right renal artery - Arteria renalis
  • Right subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia
  • Right subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Right superior intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis superior dextra
  • Rigth common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Sacral region - Regio sacralis
  • Sacrum [sacral vertebrae I - V] - Os sacrum [vertebrae sacrales I - V]
  • Sagittal section - Sagittal section
  • Scalene tubercle - Tuberculum musculi scaleni anterioris
  • Scalenus anterior; Anterior scalene - Musculus scalenus anterior
  • Scalenus medius; Middle scalene - Musculus scalenus medius
  • Scalenus posterior; Posterior scalene - Musculus scalenus posterior
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Scapular line - Linea scapularis
  • Scapular region - Regio scapularis
  • Second posterior intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis posterior secunda
  • Second rib [II] - Costa secunda [II]
  • Serratus anterior - Musculus serratus anterior
  • Serratus posterior inferior - Musculus serratus posterior inferior
  • Serratus posterior superior - Musculus serratus posterior superior
  • Shaft of clavicle; Body of clavicle - Corpus claviculae
  • Show all - Show all
  • Spinal branch - Ramus spinalis
  • Spine - Columna vertebralis
  • Spine of scapula - Spina scapulae
  • Spinous process - Processus spinosus
  • Sternal angle - Angulus sterni
  • Sternal branches - Rami sternales
  • Sternal end - Extremitas sternalis
  • Sternal facet - Facies articularis sternalis
  • Sternal line - Linea sternalis
  • Sternal membrane - Membrana sterni
  • Sternal part - Pars sternalis diaphragmatis
  • Sternoclavicular joint - Articulatio sternoclavicularis
  • Sternocleidomastoid - Musculus sternocleidomastoideus
  • Sternocleidomastoid region - Regio sternocleidomastoidea
  • Sternocostal head - Pars sternocostalis
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternocostal triangle - Trigonum sternocostale
  • Sternohyoid - Musculus sternohyoideus
  • Sternopericardial ligaments - Ligg. sternopericardiaca
  • Sternothyroid - Musculus sternothyroideus
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Subclavian groove; Groove for subclavius - Sulcus musculi subclavii
  • Subclavian trunk - Truncus subclavius
  • Subclavius - Musculus subclavius
  • Subcostal artery - Arteria subcostalis
  • Subcostal plane - Planum subcostale
  • Subcostal vein - Vena subcostalis
  • Subcostales - Musculi subcostales
  • Subcutaneous tissue - Tela subcutanea; Hypodermis
  • Subscapular fossa - Fossa subscapularis
  • Subscapular nodes; Posterior nodes - Nodi subscapulares; Nodi posteriores
  • Subscapularis - Musculus subscapularis
  • Superior angle - Angulus superior
  • Superior articular facet - Facies articularis superior
  • Superior articular process - Processus articularis superior; Zygapophysis superior
  • Superior border - Margo superior
  • Superior costotransverse ligament - Ligamentum costotransversarium superius
  • Superior diaphragmatic nodes - Nodi phrenici superiores
  • Superior epigastric artery - Arteria epigastrica superior
  • Superior epigastric veins - Venae epigastrica e superiore
  • Superior mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica superior
  • Superior phrenic arteries - Arteriae phrenicae superiores
  • Superior phrenic veins - Venae phrenicae superiores
  • Superior thoracic aperture; Thoracic inlet - Apertura thoracis superior
  • Superior vena cava - Vena cava superior
  • Superior vertebral notch - Incisura vertebralis superior
  • Superior view - Superior
  • Supraclavicular nodes - Nodi supraclaviculares
  • Supracristal plane - Planum supracristale
  • Supraspinous fossa - Fossa supraspinata
  • Supraspinous ligament - Ligamentum supraspinale
  • Suprasternal bones - Ossa suprasternalia
  • Supreme intercostal artery - Arteria intercostalis suprema
  • Supreme intercostal vein - Vena intercostalis suprema
  • Surface anatomy - Surface anatomy
  • Suspensory ligaments of breast; Suspensory retinaculum of breast - Ligg. suspensoria mammaria; Retinaculum cutis mammae
  • Synchondrosis of first rib - Synchondrosis costae primae
  • Synovial joints of thorax - Articulationes thoracis
  • Tendinous intersections - Intersectiones tendineae
  • Teres major - Musculus teres major
  • Thoracic aorta - Pars thoracica aortae; Aorta thoracica
  • Thoracic cavity; Thorax - Cavitas thoracis; Cavitas thoracica
  • Thoracic duct - Ductus thoracicus
  • Thoracic joints - Juncturae thoracis
  • Thoracic lymph nodes - Nodi lymphoidei thoracis
  • Thoracic nerve - Nervus thoracicus
  • Thoracic nerves - Nervi thoracici
  • Thoracic nerves [T1 - T1-T1 - T12 - T1 - T12] - Nervi thoracici [T1 - T1-T1 - T12 - T1 - T12]
  • Thoracic part - Pars thoracica
  • Thoracic skeleton - Skeleton thoracis
  • Thoracic vertebrae (TI-TXII) - Vertebrae thoracicae (TI-TXII)
  • Thoracoacromial artery - Arteria thoracoacromialis
  • Thoracoacromial vein - Vena thoracoacromialis
  • Thoracoepigastric veins - Venae thoracoepigastricae
  • Thoracolumbar fascia - Fascia thoracolumbalis
  • Transpyloric plane - Planum transpyloricum
  • Transverse costal facet - Fovea costalis processus transversi
  • Transverse process - Processus transversus
  • Transversus abdominis; Transverse abdominal - Musculus transversus abdominis
  • Transversus thoracis - Musculus transversus thoracis
  • Trapezius - Musculus trapezius
  • Triceps brachii - Musculus triceps brachii
  • True ribs [I-VII] - Costae verae [I-VII]
  • Trunk - Trunk - Truncus
  • Tubercle - Tuberculum costae
  • Tuberculum of iliac crest - Tuberculum iliacum
  • Tuberosity for serratus anterior - Tuberositas musculi serrati anterioris
  • Umbilical region - Umbilicus; Regio umbilicalis
  • Upper limb - Membrum superius/Lower limb - Membrum inferius
  • Upper-inner quadrant of breast - Upper-inner quadrant of breast
  • Upper-outer quadrant of breast - Upper-outer quadrant of breast
  • Veins - Venae
  • Vertebra LI - Vertebra LI
  • Vertebra LII - Vertebra LII
  • Vertebra LIII - Vertebra LIII
  • Vertebra LIV - Vertebra LIV
  • Vertebra LV - Vertebra LV
  • Vertebra TI - Vertebra TI
  • Vertebra TII - Vertebra TII
  • Vertebra TIII - Vertebra TIII
  • Vertebra TIV - Vertebra TIV
  • Vertebra TIX - Vertebra TIX
  • Vertebra TV - Vertebra TV
  • Vertebra TVI - Vertebra TVI
  • Vertebra TVII - Vertebra TVII
  • Vertebra TVIII - Vertebra TVIII
  • Vertebra TX - Vertebra TX
  • Vertebra TXI - Vertebra TXI
  • Vertebra TXII - Vertebra TXII
  • Vertebra prominens [C VII] - Vertebra prominens [C VII]
  • Vertebral artery - Arteria vertebralis
  • Vertebral body - Corpus vertebrae
  • Vertebral canal - Canalis vertebralis
  • Vertebral foramen - Foramen - Foramen vertebrale
  • Vertebral region - Regio vertebralis
  • Xiphisternal joint - Symphysis xiphosternalis
  • Xiphoid process - Processus xiphoideus

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