Hybrid sequences (spin echo + gradient echo)
|Type of sequence||Philips||Siemens||GE||Hitachi||Toshiba|
|Hybrid echo||GRASE||TGSE||Hybrid EPI|
These sequences are a mixture of fast spin echo techniques (using 180° rephasing pulses to create a spin echo train) and gradient echo (readout of several gradient echos between each 180° pulse).
During a single TR, several gradient echo trains are recorded, with a signal weighting of the spin echo type. Each echo has a different phase encoding to fill the k-space faster. The advantage of using intermediary gradient echos rather than spin echos (as in ultrafast spin echo sequences) is to reduce the number of 180° rephasing pulses, thereby reducing the quantity of radiofrequency energy deposited.
Ziehm Vision RFD Hybrid Edition: Mobility and flexibility – the difference in an emergency
Olea Medical® case report on early & late MR diffusion follow-up of a stroke using CT perfusion.
Olea Medical® literature meta-analysis on CTP thresholds in acute stroke
Pourquoi avoir une gestion en temps en réel de la dose d'irradiation des patients ?
BRACCO IMAGING FRANCE
Agfa HealthCare Special Report Dose Management: because life is precious.