上颔窦裂孔 - Hiatus maxillaris

影像

描述

Below the bulla ethmoidalis, and partly hidden by the inferior end of the uncinate process, is the maxillary hiatus (ostium maxillare, maxillary sinus ostium, opening from the maxillary sinus); in a frontal section this opening is seen to be placed near the roof of the sinus.

In the articulated skull this aperture is much reduced in size by the following bones: the uncinate process of the ethmoid above, the ethmoidal process of the inferior nasal concha below, the vertical part of the palatine behind, and a small part of the lacrimal above and in front; the sinus communicates with the middle meatus of the nose, generally by two small apertures left between the above-mentioned bones. In the fresh state, usually only one small opening exists, near the upper part of the cavity; the other is closed by mucous membrane.


结构高低级

大体解剖 > 骨, 骨骼系统 > 中轴骨骼 > 颅 > 上颌骨 > 上颌体 > 鼻面 > Sulcus lacrimalis > 上颔窦裂孔

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