小多角骨 - Os trapezoideum

影像

描述

The trapezoid (lesser multangulate, os multangulum minus) is the smallest bone in the distal row. It may be known by its wedge-shaped form, the broad end of the wedge constituting the dorsal, the narrow end the volar surface; and by its having four articular facets touching each other, and separated by sharp edges.

The superior surface, quadrilateral, smooth, and slightly concave, articulates with the scaphoid.

The inferior surface articulates with the proximal end of the second metacarpal bone; it is convex from side to side, concave from before backward and subdivided by an elevated ridge into two unequal facets.

The dorsal and volar surfaces are rough for the attachment of ligaments, the former being the larger of the two.

The lateral surface, convex and smooth, articulates with the trapezium.

The medial surface is concave and smooth in front, for articulation with the capitate; rough behind, for the attachment of an interosseous ligament.

The trapezoid articulates with four bones: the scaphoid proximally, second metacarpal distally, trapezium laterally, and capitate medially.


结构高低级

大体解剖 > 骨, 骨骼系统 > 附肢骨骼 > 上肢骨, 自由上肢骨 > Pars libera membri superioris > 手骨 > 腕骨 > 小多角骨

翻译