中间楔骨 - Os cuneiforme intermedium

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描述

The intermediate cuneiform (middle cuneiform, second cuneiform bone), the smallest of the three, is of very regular wedge-like form, the thin end being directed downward. It is situated between the other two cuneiforms, and articulates with the navicular behind, and the second metatarsal in front.

Surfaces.—The anterior surface, triangular in form, and narrower than the posterior, articulates with the base of the second metatarsal bone. The posterior surface, also triangular, articulates with the intermediate facet on the anterior surface of the navicular. The medial surface carries an L-shaped articular facet, running along the superior and posterior borders, for articulation with the first cuneiform, and is rough in the rest of its extent for the attachment of ligaments. The lateral surface presents posteriorly a smooth facet for articulation with the third cuneiform bone. The dorsal surface forms the base of the wedge; it is quadrilateral and rough for the attachment of ligaments. The plantar surface, sharp and tuberculated, is also rough for the attachment of ligaments, and for the insertion of a slip from the tendon of the Tibialis posterior.

Articulations.—The second cuneiform articulates with four bones: the navicular, first and third cuneiforms, and second metatarsal.


结构高低级

大体解剖 > 骨, 骨骼系统 > 附肢骨骼 > 下肢骨, 自由下肢骨 > Pars libera membri inferioris > 足骨 > 耐骨 > 中间楔骨

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