Origin: Sphenoid bone
Insertion: Tarsal plate, upper eyelid
Artery: Ophthalmic artery
Nerve: Oculomotor nerve
Action: Retracts - Elevates eyelid
Antagonist: Orbicularis oculi muscle
The levator palpebrae superioris is the muscle in the orbit that elevates the superior (upper) eyelid. The levator palpebrae superioris originates on the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone, just above the optic foramen. It broadens and becomes the levator aponeurosis. This portion inserts on the skin of the upper eyelid, as well as the superior tarsal plate. It is a skeletal muscle. The superior tarsal muscle, a smooth muscle, is attached to the levator palpebrae superioris, and inserts on the superior tarsal plate as well.
This muscle divides into two layers at its insertion: