自主神经系统解剖图

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

出版于 星期四, 2009年 9月 10日

部分: 脑、脸及颈部解剖图

图像和解剖学参考

 

这单元有三张独立的解剖图示,一般而言大家会从器官方面研究自主神经系统(交感和副交感)。

以下三张图示由Dr. Antoine Micheau所绘制,目的是让用户重温自主神经系统的运作。

 

 

自主神经系统解剖图示

这些人体解剖矢量图均透过Adobe Illustrator来制作,然后使用Adobe Flash增添至单元里面。

  • 第一张图示是自主神经系统的切面,展示来自脊神经的纤维(白交通支和灰交通支),以及与交感神经节、内脏丛和内脏神经节的关系。

 

 

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system - Schematic : Ganglion of sympathetic trunk,  Interganglionic branches,  Rami communicantes,  Grey ramus communicans,  White ramus communicans,  Intermediate ganglia, Sympathetic trunk, Peripheral autonomic plexuses and ganglia, Spinal nerve, Anatomy

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system - Schematic

神经系统的自主部分、周围神经系统的自主部分(示意图)

 

 

  • 第二张图示集合了所有面部、胸腔和腹腔器官的自主神经支配,详细显示交感干的神经节(颈、胸、腰和骶骨)。

 

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system (Sympathetic part/Parasympathetic part) : Human anatomy, Diagram, Cardiac ganglia Inferior cervical ganglion Middle cervical ganglion Superior cervical ganglion Cervicothoracic ganglion; Stellate ganglion Ciliary ganglion Ganglion impar Inferior mesenteric ganglion Superior mesenteric ganglion Otic ganglion Pterygopalatine ganglion Sublingual ganglion Submandibular ganglion Thoracic splanchnic ganglion Vertebral ganglion Aorticorenal ganglia Coeliac ganglia Ganglion of sympathetic trunk Intermediate ganglia Lumbar ganglia Pelvic ganglia Phrenic ganglia Renal ganglia Sacral ganglia Thoracic ganglia, Cardiac plexus, Coeliac plexus, Gastric plexuses, Hepatic plexus, Inferior hypogastric plexus; Pelvic plexus, Pulmonary plexus

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system (Sympathetic part/Parasympathetic part)

神经系统的自主部分、周围神经系统的自主部分(交感与副交感部分)

 

 

  • 最后一张图示总结了头和脸部各种交感与副交感结构(睫状神经节、翼腭神经节和耳神经节),以及与脑神经联系的分支。
Cranial nerves : Parasympathetic part / Sympathetic part - Anatomy/Illustrations : Ciliary ganglion, Otic ganglion, Pterygopalatine ganglion,  Sublingual ganglion,  Submandibular ganglion, Sympathetic root of ciliary ganglion, Branch to ciliary ganglion; Parasympathetic root of ciliary ganglion; Oculomotor root of ciliary ganglion, Sensory root of pterygopalatine ganglion; Ganglionic branches of maxillary nerve to pteygopalatine ganglion, Sensory root of submandibular ganglion; Ganglionic branches to submandibular ganglion, Parasympathetic root of pterygopalatine ganglion; Greater petrosal nerve, Sympathetic root of ptertygopalatine ganglion; Deep petrosal nerve, Parasympathetic root of otic ganglion; Lesser petrosal nerve

Cranial nerves : Parasympathetic part / Sympathetic part

脑神经:副交感部分/交感部分


解剖結構

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