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全身PET-CT图谱

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

出版于 星期五, 2012年 二月 24日

部分: 胸、腹部及骨盆解剖圖

图像和解剖学参考

PET-CT images provided by G. Chuto - MD

 

PET-CT : anatomy of the neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis

PET-CT : anatomy of the neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis

 

Positron emission tomography with Computed Tomography (PET-CT): Bronchopulmonary segments

Positron emission tomography with Computed Tomography (PET-CT): Bronchopulmonary segments

 

Positron emission Tomography - Computed tomography: IASLC - Lymph node stations

Positron emission Tomography - Computed tomography: IASLC - Lymph node stations

 

PET-CT fusion images: Hepatic segmentation - Peritoneal Cancer Index

PET-CT fusion images: Hepatic segmentation - Peritoneal Cancer Index

 

Positron emission tomography: Pelvis - Urinary bladder

Positron emission tomography: Pelvis - Urinary bladder


解剖結構

Lymph node levels of the neck

Level

Name

Cranial

Caudal

Anterior

Posterior

Lateral

Medial

Ia Submental nodes Geniohyoid m. Platysma m. Platysma m. Symphysis menti; Body of hyoid bone Medial edge of anteriorbelly of digastric m. Midline
Ib Submandibular nodes Mylohyoid m., cranialedge of submandibulargland or caudal edge ofmedial pterygoid m. Platysma m. Symphysis menti Body of hyoid bone;posterior edge ofsubmandibular gland Basilar edge ofmandible; platysma m. Lateral edge of anterior belly of digastric m.
II Upper jugular nodes Bottom edge of the bodyof C1 Bottom edge of the bodyof hyoid bone Posterior edge ofsubmandibular gland;posterior edge ofposterior belly ofdigastric m. Posterior border ofsternocleidomastoid m. Medial edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Internal edge of internal carotid artery, paraspinal(levator scapulae) m.
III Middle jugular nodes Bottom edge of the bodyof hyoid bone Bottom edge of cricoidcartilage Posterolateral edge ofsternohyoid m. Posterior edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Medial edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. nternal edge of carotid artery, paraspinal(scalenius) m.
IV Lower jugular nodes Bottom edge of cricoidcartilage Cranial border ofclavicle Posterolateral edge ofsternohyoid m. Posterior edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Medial edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Internal edge of internal carotid artery, paraspinal(scalenius) m.
V Posterior cervical nodes Skull base Cranial border ofclavicle Posterior edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Anterior border oftrapezius m.; scalenius m. Platysma m.; skin Paraspinal (levatorscapulae, spleniuscapitis) m.
VI Anterior cervical nodes Bottom edge of the bodyof hyoid bone Sternal manubrium Skin; platysma m. Posterolateral edge of sternohyoid m. Medial edge of commoncarotid artery, skin andanterior±medial edge ofsternocleidomastoid m. Midline
  Retropharyngeal nodes Base of skull Cranial edge of the bodyof hyoid bone Levator veli palatini m. Prevertebral m. (longuscolli, longus capitis) Medial edge of internalcarotid artery Midline
Lymph nodes of head and neck

Lymph nodes of head and neck

 

 

Thoracic Lymph Node Map Definitions (Mountain and Dressler)

Nodal station

Name

Anatomic landmarks

1R- 1L Highest mediastinal nodes Nodes lying above a horizontal line at the upper rim of the bracheocephalic (left innominate) vein where it ascends to the left, crossing in front of the trachea at its midline
2R-2L Upper paratracheal nodes Nodes lying above a horizontal line drawn tangential to the upper margin of the aortic arch and below the inferior boundary of No. 1 nodes
3A-3B Prevascular and retrotracheal nodes Prevascular and retrotracheal nodes may be designated 3A and 3P; midline nodes are considered to be ipsilateral
4R-4L Lower paratracheal nodes

The lower paratracheal nodes on the right lie to the right of the midline of the trachea between a horizontal line drawn tangential to the upper margin of the aortic arch and a line extending across the right main bronchus at the upper margin of the upper lobe bronchus, and contained within the mediastinal pleural envelope; the lower paratracheal nodes on the left lie to the left of the midline of the trachea between a horizontal line drawn tangential to the upper margin of the aortic arch and a line extending across the left main bronchus at the level of the upper margin of the left upper lobe bronchus, medial to the ligamentum arteriosum and contained within the mediastinal pleural envelope

Researchers may wish to designate the lower paratracheal nodes as No. 4s (superior) and No. 4i (inferior) subsets for study purposes; the No. 4s nodes may be definedby a horizontal line extending across the trachea and drawn tangential to thecephalic border of the azygos vein; the No. 4i nodes may be defined by the lower boundary of No. 4s and the lower boundary of No. 4, as described above

5 Subaortic (aorto-pulmonary window) Subaortic nodes are lateral to the ligamentum arteriosum or the aorta or left pulmonary artery and proximal to the first branch of the left pulmonary artery and lie within the mediastinal pleural envelope
6 Para-aortic nodes (ascending aorta or phrenic) Nodes lying anterior and lateral to the ascending aorta and the aortic arch or the innominate artery, beneath a line tangential to the upper margin of the aortic arch
7 Subcarinal nodes Nodes lying caudal to the carina of the trachea, but not associated with the lower lobe bronchi or arteries within the lung
8 Paraesophageal nodes (below carina) Nodes lying adjacent to the wall of the esophagus and to the right or left of the midline, excluding subcarinal nodes
9 Pulmonary ligament nodes Nodes lying within the pulmonary ligament, including those in the posterior wall and lower part of the inferior pulmonary vein
10R-10L Hilar nodes The proximal lobar nodes, distal to the mediastinal pleural reflection and the nodes adjacent to the bronchus intermedius on the right; radiographically, the hilar shadow may be created by enlargement of both hilar and interlobar nodes
11R-11L Interlobar nodes Nodes lying between the lobar bronchi
12R-12L Lobar nodes Nodes adjacent to the distal lobar bronchi
13R-13L Segmental nodes Nodes adjacent to the segmental bronchi
14R-14L Subsegmental nodes Nodes around the subsegmental bronchi

 

 

Thoracic Lymph Node Map Definitions (IASLC)

 

IASLC - Lymph node stations

IASLC - Lymph node stations

 

Liver segmentation

Classification

Segments*

Other names**

Lobes (Godsmith et Woodburne)

Parts (Couinaud)

Divisions*

Hepatic parts*

I Posterior segment; Caudate lobe; Spigel lobe Caudate lobe     Posterior liver; Posterior part of liver;
II Left posterior lateral segment Latéral supérior Left lobe Left lateral Left lateral division Left liver; Left part of liver
III Left anterior lateral segment Latéral inférior, left paramédian Left paramedian
IV Left medial segment

Quadrate lobe

IVa : left superomedial

IVb : left inferomedial

Left medial division
V Anterior medial segment Anteroinferior Right lobe Right paramedian Right medial division Right liver; Right part of liver
VIII Posterior medial segment Anterosuperior
VI Anterior lateral segment Posteroinferior Right lateral Right lateral division
VII Posterior lateral segment; Posterosuperior

* Segments, divisions and parts from Terminologia Anatomica

** Other names commonly used (Couinaud Segments)

Hepatic segmentation

Hepatic segmentation

 

Peritoneal Cancer Index

Peritoneal Cancer Index

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