Various strategies exist to scan an organ in motion:
The third strategy can only be applied to respiratory motion if the length of breath-hold is compatible with the patient’s clinical state. If breath-hold is not possible, respiratory or echo-navigator gating can be used to synchronize with respiratory motion - the drawback being an increase in acquisition time.
Fast MRI sequences will be the technique of choice in cardiac exploration (ultrafast spin echo, fast gradient echo). As well as the RF pulse and gradient sequence, other options can be associated which also accelerate acquisition:
On the other hand, sequences of the echo planar type fail to yield good results due to magnetic susceptibility (pulmonary air, calcifications…).