狗的头部和颅骨CT横断面解剖图(颅骨、大脑、脸部肌肉、喉、咽和鼻旁窦)

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD, Susanne AEB Borofka - PhD - dipl. ECVDI

出版于 星期四, 2016年 1月 7日

部分:

图像和解剖学参考

此狗颅骨解剖图集是由来自荷兰乌特勒支的Dr.Susanne AEB Boroffka(dipl.ECVDI, PhD)的5岁拉布拉多犬扫描图像而组成。

用户可以选择三个不同平面的图像(横向、矢状和背向),以及颅骨和皮肤的3D重建图片,一共有740个附注解的解剖结构,分布在以下各个部分:

  • 大体解剖
  • 区域
  • 骨:颅骨、枕骨、顶骨、额骨、前蝶骨、基蝶骨、颞骨、筛骨、犁骨、切牙骨、鼻骨、上颌骨、颧骨、腭骨、泪骨、翼骨、下颌骨、舌骨器、脊柱
  • 颅缝
  • 关节
  • 肌肉
  • 筋膜
  • 牙齿
  • 编号
  • 口腔
  • 食道
  • 鼻旁窦
  • 中枢神经系统
  • 动脉
  • 静脉
  • 淋巴结
Labeled anatomy of the head and skull of the dog on CT imaging (bones of cranium, brain, face, paranasal sinus, muscles of head)

Labeled anatomy of the head and skull of the dog on CT imaging (bones of cranium, brain, face, paranasal sinus, muscles of head)

狗的头部和颅骨CT横断面解剖图(颅骨、大脑、脸部肌肉、喉、咽和鼻窦)

 

vet-Anatomy - Dog: Cranium - CT

vet-Anatomy - Dog: Cranium - CT

vet-Anatomy - 狗:颅骨(CT)

 

Cross-sectional anatomy - Head - CT

Cross-sectional anatomy - Head - CT

头部横断面解剖图(CT)

 

Dog- Muscles: Anatomy atlas: Head, Face, Neck

Dog- Muscles: Anatomy atlas: Head, Face, Neck

狗 - 肌肉:解剖图集:头、脸和颈部

 

Cross-sectional anatomy - Sagittal: Nasal cavity, Tongue

Cross-sectional anatomy - Sagittal: Nasal cavity, Tongue

矢状切片解剖图:鼻腔、舌头

 

Cranium - 3D - Dog - Anatomy atlas

Cranium - 3D - Dog - Anatomy atlas

颅骨 - 3D - 狗 - 解剖图集

Veterinary anatomy - Dog: Bones - 3D - Dorsal view

Veterinary anatomy - Dog: Bones - 3D - Dorsal view

兽医解剖图 - 狗:骨 - 3D - 背面观

 

Rostral view - 3D: Incisive bone, Nasal bone, Maxilla,Frontal bone

Rostral view - 3D: Incisive bone, Nasal bone, Maxilla,Frontal bone

嘴视图 - 3D:切牙骨、鼻骨、上颌骨、额骨

 

Labrador - Regions of face: General Anatomy

Labrador - Regions of face: General Anatomy

拉布拉多犬 - 脸部区域:大体解剖


解剖結構

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  • Apex - Apex
  • Basal lamina (筛;筛骨) - Lamina basalis (Os ethmoidale)
  • Body (Basisphenoid bone) - Corpus (Os basisphenoidale)
  • Body (Presphenoid bone) - Corpus (Os presphenoidale)
  • Caudal horn (甲状软骨) - Cornu caudale (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina pretrachealis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina pretrachealis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina prevertebralis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina prevertebralis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Superficial layer - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina superficialis
  • Cleido-cephalicus muscle: Mastoid part - Musculus cleidocephalicus: Pars mastoidea
  • Cranial articular process (C II) - Processus articularis cranialis (C II)
  • Dorsal articular surface (牙齿) - Facies articularis dorsalis (Dens)
  • Dorsal wall (眼眶) - Paries dorsalis (Orbita)
  • First incisor (上) - Dens incisivus primus (Superior)
  • First incisor (下) - Dens incisivus primus (Inferior)
  • First molar tooth (上) - Dens molaris primus (Superior)
  • First molar tooth (下) - Dens molaris primus (Inferior)
  • First premolar (上) - Dens premolaris primus (Superior)
  • First premolar (下) - Dens premolaris primus (Inferior)
  • Fourth premolar (上) - Dens premolaris quartus (Superior)
  • Fourth premolar (下) - Dens premolaris quartus (Inferior)
  • Free border (腭骨) - Margo liber (Os palatinum)
  • Incisive part (下颌骨体) - Pars incisiva (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Labyrinthus osseus - Labyrinthus osseus
  • Lamina tectoria (筛;筛骨) - Lamina tectoria (Os ethmoidale)
  • Medial wall (眼眶) - Paries medialis (Orbita)
  • Molar part (下颌骨体) - Pars molaris (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Muscle complexus (Musculus biventer cervicis) - Musculus complexus (Musculus biventer cervicis)
  • Musculus sternocephalicus: Mastoid part - Musculus sternocephalicus: Pars mastoidea
  • Musculus sternocephalicus: Occipital part - Musculus sternocephalicus: Pars occipitalis
  • Nasal crest (腭骨) - Crista nasalis (Os palatinum)
  • Nasal part (额骨) - Pars nasalis (Os frontale)
  • Orbital part (额骨) - Pars orbitalis (Os frontale)
  • Orbital process (腭骨) - Processus orbitalis (Os palatinum)
  • Right/left lamina (甲状软骨) - Lamina [dextra et sinistra] (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Rostral horn (甲状软骨) - Cornu rostrale (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Second incisor (上) - Dens incisivus secundus (Superior)
  • Second incisor (下) - Dens incisivus secundus (Inferior)
  • Second molar tooth (上) - Dens molaris secundus (Superior)
  • Second molar tooth (下) - Dens molaris secundus (Inferior)
  • Second premolar (上) - Dens premolaris secundus (Superior)
  • Second premolar (下) - Dens premolaris secundus (Inferior)
  • Septal process (鼻骨) - Processus septalis (Os nasale)
  • Sphenoidal process (腭骨) - Processus sphenoidalis (Os palatinum)
  • Temporal line (Orbitotemporal crest) - Linea temporalis (Crista orbitotemporalis)
  • Third incisor (上) - Dens incisivus tertius (Superior)
  • Third incisor (下) - Dens incisivus tertius (Inferior)
  • Third molar tooth (下) - Dens molaris tertius (Inferior)
  • Third premolar (上) - Dens premolaris tertius (Superior)
  • Third premolar (下) - Dens premolaris tertius (Inferior)
  • Truncus encephali - Truncus encephali
  • Ventral articular surface (牙齿) - Facies articularis ventralis (Dens)
  • Ventral crest (C II) - Crista ventralis (C II)
  • Wing (Basisphenoid bone) - Ala (Os basisphenoidale)
  • Wing (Presphenoid bone) - Ala (Os presphenoidale)
  • Zygomatic process (上颌骨) - Processus zygomaticus (Maxilla)
  • Zygomatic process (颞骨) - Processus zygomaticus (Os temporale)
  • 上唇 - Labium superius
  • 上唇 - Labium superius
  • 上睑提 - Musculus levator palpebrae superioris
  • 上颌动脉 - Arteria maxillaris
  • 上颌结节 - Tuber maxillae
  • 上颌骨 - Maxilla
  • 下咽 - Pars laryngea pharyngis
  • 下唇 - Labium inferius
  • 下唇 - Labium inferius
  • 下眼睑 - Palpebra inferior
  • 下眼睑 - Palpebra inferior
  • 下颌切迹 - Incisura mandibulae
  • 下颌头 - Caput mandibulae
  • 下颌孔 - Foramen mandibulae
  • 下颌支 - Ramus mandibulae
  • 下颌窝 - Fossa mandibularis
  • 下颌管 - Canalis mandibulae
  • 下颌舌骨的 - Musculus mylohyoideus
  • 下颌角 - Angulus mandibulae
  • 下颌颈 - Collum mandibulae
  • 下颌骨 - Mandibula
  • 下颌骨体 - Corpus mandibulae
  • 中耳 - Auris media
  • 中脑 - Mesencephalon
  • 中颅窝 - Fossa cranii media
  • 中鼻甲 - Concha nasalis media
  • 中鼻道 - Meatus nasi medius
  • 中鼻道 - Meatus nasi medius
  • 乳突 - Processus mastoideus
  • 二腹肌 - Musculus digastricus
  • 人中 - Philtrum
  • 人字缝 - Sutura lambdoidea
  • 会厌 - Epiglottis
  • 会厌谷 - Vallecula epiglottica
  • 侧块 - Massa lateralis
  • 侧脑室 - Ventriculus lateralis
  • 内直肌 - Musculus rectus medialis
  • 内耳 - Auris interna
  • 内耳口 - Porus acusticus internus
  • 内耳口 - Porus acusticus internus
  • 内耳道 - Meatus acusticus internus
  • 内耳道 - Meatus acusticus internus
  • 冠状突 - Processus coronoideus
  • 前庭 - Vestibulum
  • 前庭襞 - Plica vestibularis
  • 卵圆孔 - Foramen ovale
  • 口咽 - Pars oralis pharyngis
  • 口咽峡 - Isthmus faucium
  • 口腔 - Cavum oris
  • 听觉管 - Tuba auditiva
  • 咀嚼肌 - Musculi masticatorii
  • 咬肌 - Musculus masseter
  • 咬肌筋膜 - Fascia masseterica
  • 咽 - Pharynx
  • 咽 - Pharynx
  • 咽后间隙 - Spatium retropharyngeum
  • 咽旁间隙;咽侧间隙 - Spatium lateropharyngeum
  • 咽结节 - Tuberculum pharyngeum
  • 咽腔 - Cavum pharyngis
  • 咽鼓管咽口 - Ostium pharyngeum tubae auditivae
  • 喉 - Larynx
  • 喉 - Larynx
  • 喉入口 - Aditus laryngis
  • 喉室 - Ventriculus laryngis
  • 喉肌 - Musculi laryngis
  • 喉腔 - Cavum laryngis
  • 固有口腔 - Cavum oris proprium
  • 图集 (C I) - Atlas (C I)
  • 圆孔 - Foramen rotundum
  • 垂体窝 - Fossa hypophysialis
  • 垂直板 (筛;筛骨) - Lamina perpendicularis (Os ethmoidale)
  • 垂直板 (腭骨) - Lamina perpendicularis (Os palatinum)
  • 基底部 (枕骨) - Pars basilaris (Os occipitale)
  • 声带 - Plica vocalis
  • 声门 - Glottis
  • 声门下腔 - Cavum infraglotticum
  • 外侧 (枕骨) - Pars lateralis (Os occipitale)
  • 外耳 - Auris externa
  • 外耳口 - Porus acusticus externus
  • 外耳口 - Porus acusticus externus
  • 外耳道 - Meatus acusticus externus
  • 外耳道 - Meatus acusticus externus
  • 大脑镰 - Falx cerebri
  • 头半棘肌 (Musculus biventer cervicis) - Musculus semispinalis capitis (Musculus biventer cervicis)
  • 头外侧直肌 - Musculus rectus capitis lateralis
  • 头夹肌 - Musculus splenius capitis
  • 头长肌 - Musculus longus capitis
  • 寰椎横韧带 - Ligamentum transversum atlantis
  • 对耳屏 - Antitragus
  • 小脑 - Cerebellum
  • 小脑幕 - Tentorium cerebelli membranaceum
  • 岩枕裂 - Fissura petrooccipitalis
  • 岩部 (颞骨) - Pars petrosa (Os temporale)
  • 斜坡 - Clivus
  • 晶状体 - Lens
  • 杓状会厌皱襞 - Plica aryepiglottica
  • 杓状软骨 - Cartilago arytenoidea [arytaenoidea]
  • 杓间切迹 - Incisura interarytenoidea [-arytaenoidea]
  • 枕内隆突 - Protuberantia occipitalis interna
  • 枕外隆突 - Protuberantia occipitalis externa
  • 枕骨 - Os occipitale
  • 枕骨大孔 - Foramen magnum
  • 枕骨鳞部 - Squama occipitalis
  • 枕髁 - Condylus occipitalis
  • 根 - Radix dentis
  • 根尖 - Apex radicis dentis
  • 梨状窝;梨状隐窝 - Recessus piriformis
  • 棘突 (C II) - Processus spinosus (C II)
  • 椎体 (C II) - Corpus vertebrae (C II)
  • 椎孔 - Foramen vertebrale
  • 椎弓 (C II) - Arcus vertebrae (C II)
  • 椎管 - Canalis vertebralis
  • 楔形结节 - Tuberculum cuneiforme
  • 横突 (C II) - Processus transversus (C II)
  • 横窦 - Sinus transversus
  • 水平板 (腭骨) - Lamina horizontalis (Os palatinum)
  • 泪囊 - Saccus lacrimalis
  • 泪腺 - Glandula lacrimalis
  • 海绵窦 - Sinus cavernosus
  • 牙槽 - Alveoli dentales
  • 牙槽 - Alveoli dentales
  • 牙槽 - Alveoli dentales
  • 牙槽突 (上颌骨) - Processus alveolaris (Maxilla)
  • 牙齿 - Dentes
  • 牙齿 - Dens
  • 犁骨 - Vomer
  • 犁骨翼 - Ala vomeris
  • 犬 - Canis
  • 犬牙 (上) - Dens caninus (Superior)
  • 犬牙 (下) - Dens caninus (Inferior)
  • 环状软骨 - Cartilago cricoidea
  • 环甲关节 - Articulatio cricothyroidea [-thyreoidea]
  • 玻璃体 - Corpus vitreum
  • 甲状舌骨膜 - Membrana thyrohyoidea [thyreo-]
  • 甲状软骨 - Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea]
  • 眶下动脉 - Arteria infraorbitalis
  • 眶下孔 - Foramen infraorbitale
  • 眶板 (筛;筛骨) - Lamina orbitalis (Os ethmoidale)
  • 眶缘 - Margo orbitalis
  • 眶脂体 - Corpus adiposum orbitae
  • 眼 - Oculus
  • 眼球 - Bulbus oculi
  • 眼球 - Bulbus oculi
  • 眼眶 - Orbita
  • 矢状缝 - Sutura sagittalis
  • 破裂孔 - Foramen lacerum
  • 硬腭 - Palatum durum
  • 窦汇 - Confluens sinuum
  • 第三脑室 - Ventriculus tertius
  • 第四脑室 - Ventriculus quartus
  • 筛;筛骨 - Os ethmoidale
  • 筛状板 - Lamina cribrosa
  • 筛骨迷路 - Labyrinthus ethmoidalis
  • 翼丛 - Plexus pterygoideus
  • 翼内肌 - Musculus pterygoideus medialis
  • 翼外肌 - Musculus pterygoideus lateralis
  • 翼腭窝 - Fossa pterygopalatina
  • 翼钩 - Hamulus pterygoideus
  • 耳壳 - Concha auriculae
  • 耳屏 - Tragus
  • 耳廓;羽片 - Auricula
  • 耳廓;羽片 - Auricula
  • 耳蜗 - Cochlea
  • 背结节 - Tuberculum dorsale
  • 脊柱 - Columna vertebralis
  • 脊柱 - Columna vertebralis
  • 脊髓 - Medulla spinalis
  • 脑 - Cerebrum
  • 腭中缝 - Raphe [Rhaphe] palati
  • 腭中缝 - Sutura palatina mediana
  • 腭大孔 - Foramen palatinum majus
  • 腭大管 - Canalis palatinus major
  • 腭扁桃体 - Tonsilla palatina
  • 腭横缝 - Sutura palatina transversa
  • 腭突 - Processus palatinus
  • 腭突 (上颌骨) - Processus palatinus (Maxilla)
  • 腭舌弓 - Arcus palatoglossus
  • 腭骨 - Os palatinum
  • 腮腺 - Glandula parotis
  • 腮腺筋膜 - Fascia parotidea
  • 腹直横肌 - Musculus rectus lateralis
  • 舌 - Lingua
  • 舌下神经管 - Canalis nervus hypoglossi
  • 舌中沟 - Sulcus medianus linguae
  • 舌中隔 - Septum linguae
  • 舌体 - Corpus linguae
  • 舌动脉 - Arteria lingualis
  • 舌尖 - Apex linguae
  • 舌根 - Radix linguae
  • 舌缘 - Margo linguae
  • 舌肌 - Musculi linguae
  • 舌背 - Dorsum linguae
  • 舌静脉 - Vena lingualis
  • 茎乳孔 - Foramen stylomastoideum
  • 茎突舌骨的 - Musculus stylohyoideus
  • 蝶棘 - Spina ossis sphenoidalis
  • 蝶窦 - Sinus sphenoidalis
  • 蝶窦 - Sinus sphenoidalis
  • 蝶窦口 - Apertura sinus sphenoidalis
  • 蝶窦吻 - Rostrum sphenoidale
  • 蝶窦隔 - Septum sinuum sphenoidalium
  • 蝶腭孔 - Foramen sphenopalatinum
  • 蝶腭孔 - Foramen sphenopalatinum
  • 蝶隆突;蝶轭 - Jugum sphenoidale
  • 蝶鞍 - Sella turcica
  • 螺旋 - Helix
  • 视神经管 - Canalis opticus
  • 角膜 - Cornea
  • 软腭 - Palatum molle [Velum palatinum]
  • 轴 (C II) - Axis (C II)
  • 钩突 - Processus uncinatus
  • 门齿管 - Ductus incisivus
  • 间脑 - Diencephalon
  • 面深静脉 - Vena profunda faciei
  • 面静脉 - Vena facialis
  • 鞍背 - Dorsum sellae
  • 顶骨 - Os parietale
  • 颅腔 - Cavum cranii
  • 颅骨 - Cranium
  • 颅骨 - Cranium
  • 颈内动脉 - Arteria carotis interna
  • 颈动脉管 - Canalis caroticus
  • 颈动脉鞘 (Cervical fascia) - Vagina carotica (Fascia cervicalis)
  • 颈外动脉 - Arteria carotis externa
  • 颈总动脉 - Arteria carotis communis
  • 颈阔肌 - Platysma
  • 颈静脉孔 - Foramen jugulare
  • 颊咽筋膜 - Fascia buccopharyngea
  • 颌舌线 - Linea mylohyoidea
  • 颏下静脉 - Vena submentalis
  • 颏舌骨的 - Musculus geniohyoideus
  • 额突 (上颌骨) - Processus frontalis (Maxilla)
  • 额突 (泪骨) - Processus frontalis (Os lacrimale)
  • 额突 (颧骨) - Processus frontalis (Os zygomaticum)
  • 额窦 - Sinus frontalis
  • 额窦 - Sinus frontalis
  • 额骨 - Os frontale
  • 颞;颞肌 - Musculus temporalis
  • 颞下窝 - Fossa infratemporalis
  • 颞下颌关节 - Articulatio temporomandibularis
  • 颞突 (颧骨) - Processus temporalis (Os zygomaticum)
  • 颞窝 - Fossa temporalis
  • 颞筋膜: Deep layer - Fascia temporalis: Lamina profunda
  • 颞筋膜: Superficial layer - Fascia temporalis: Lamina superficialis
  • 颞骨 - Os temporale
  • 颧弓 - Arcus zygomaticus
  • 颧骨 - Os zygomaticum
  • 食道 - 宫颈部 - Esophagus [oesophagus] - Pars cervicalis
  • 骨性鼻中隔 - Septum nasi osseum
  • 骶岬 - Promontorium
  • 髁突 - Processus condylaris
  • 髁管 - Canalis condylaris
  • 鳞部 (颞骨) - Pars squamosa (Os temporale)
  • 鼓室 - Cavum tympani
  • 鼓室 - Cavum tympani
  • 鼓膜 - Membrana tympani
  • 鼓部 (颞骨) - Pars tympanica (Os temporale)
  • 鼻中隔 - Septum nasi
  • 鼻中隔软骨 - Cartilago septi nasi
  • 鼻前庭 - Vestibulum nasi
  • 鼻后孔 - Choanae
  • 鼻后孔 - Choanae
  • 鼻咽 - Pars nasalis pharyngis
  • 鼻尖 - Apex nasi
  • 鼻尖 - Apex nasi
  • 鼻根 - Radix nasi
  • 鼻泪管 - Canalis nasolacrimalis
  • 鼻翼 - Ala nasi
  • 鼻背 - Dorsum nasi
  • 鼻背 - Dorsum nasi
  • 鼻腔 - Cavum nasi
  • 鼻骨 - Os nasale

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