Inferior mental spine; Inferior genial spine - Spina mentalis inferior; Spina geni inferior



On the internal surface of body of mandible, near the lower part of the symphysis is a pair of laterally placed spines, termed the superior mental spine (superior genial spine), which give origin to the Genioglossi.

Immediately below these is a second pair of spines, the inferior mental spine (inferior genial spine) or more frequently a median ridge or impression, for the origin of the Geniohyoidei.

In some cases the mental spines are fused to form a single eminence, in others they are absent and their position is indicated merely by an irregularity of the surface.

This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from

Anatomical hierarchy

General Anatomy > Bones; Skeletal system > Axial skeleton > Bones of cranium > Mandible > Body of mandible > Inferior mental spine; Inferior genial spine