Acromioclavicular joint - Articulatio acromioclavicularis
The acromioclavicular articulation is an arthrodial joint between the acromial end of the clavicle and the medial margin of the acromion of the scapula. Its ligaments are:
- Acromioclavicular ligament
- Articular disc of acromioclavicular joint
- Coracoclavicular ligament (Trapezoid ligament and Conoid ligament)
- Articular capsule
The articular capsule completely surrounds the articular margins, and is strengthened above and below by the superior and inferior acromioclavicular ligaments.
The Synovial Membrane.—There is usually only one synovial membrane in this articulation, but when a complete articular disk is present, there are two.
Movements.—The movements of this articulation are of two kinds: (1) a gliding motion of the articular end of the clavicle on the acromion; (2) rotation of the scapula forward and backward upon the clavicle. The extent of this rotation is limited by the two portions of the coracoclavicular ligament, the trapezoid limiting rotation forward, and the conoid backward.
This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).
General Anatomy > Joints; Articular system > Joints of upper limb > Joints of pectoral girdle > Synovial joints of pectoral girdle; Synovial joints of shoulder girdle > Acromioclavicular joint