Anatomical hierarchy

General Anatomy > Muscles; Muscular system > Muscles of neck > Scalenus anterior; Anterior scalene

Translations

Description

Origin: Transverse process of C3-C6

Insertion: First rib

Artery: Ascending cervical artery (branch of inferior thyroid artery)

Nerve: Ventral ramus of C5, C6

Description:
The Scalenus anterior (Scalenus anticus) lies deeply at the side of the neck, behind the Sternocleidomastoideus.

It arises from the anterior tubercles of the transverse processes of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth cervical vertebrae, and descending, almost vertically, is inserted by a narrow, flat tendon into the scalene tubercle on the inner border of the first rib, and into the ridge on the upper surface of the rib in front of the subclavian groove.


This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).

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