The Stapes, so called from its resemblance to a stirrup, consists of a head, neck, two crura, and a base.

• The head (capitulum stapedis) presents a depression, which is covered by cartilage, and articulates with the lenticular process of the incus.
• The neck, the constricted part of the bone succeeding the head, gives insertion to the tendon of the Stapedius muscle.
• The two limbs (crus anterius and crus posterius) diverge from the neck and are connected at their ends by a flattened oval plate, the base (basis stapedis), which forms the foot-plate of the stirrup and is fixed to the margin of the fenestra vestibuli by a ring of ligamentous fibers. Of the two crura the anterior is shorter and less curved than the posterior

This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from


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