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Anatomy of the autonomic nervous system

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

Published on Thursday 10 September 2009

SECTION: Anatomy of the brain, face, and neck

Images and anatomical references

 

Three anatomical diagrams are represented separately in this module. Indeed, the study of the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic and parasympathetic) tends to be conducted by studying its organs.

 

The three illustrations shown here and designed by Dr. Antoine Micheau are recapitulative diagrams of the functioning of the autonomic nervous system

 

Diagrams of the autonomic nervous system

 

These human anatomy vector diagrams were made using Adobe Illustrator and then integrated into the modules using Adobe Flash

  • The first diagram is a section of the autonomic nervous system, with the fibres issuing from the spinal nerve (white and grey communicating branch), the relations with the sympathetic trunk ganglia then with the visceral plexuses and visceral ganglia.

 

 

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system - Schematic : Ganglion of sympathetic trunk,  Interganglionic branches,  Rami communicantes,  Grey ramus communicans,  White ramus communicans,  Intermediate ganglia, Sympathetic trunk, Peripheral autonomic plexuses and ganglia, Spinal nerve, Anatomy

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system - Schematic

 

 

  • The second diagram brings together all the types of autonomic innervation of the face, thorax and abdominal-pelvic organs while detailing the ganglia (cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral) of the sympathetic trunk.

 

 

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system (Sympathetic part/Parasympathetic part) : Human anatomy, Diagram, Cardiac ganglia Inferior cervical ganglion Middle cervical ganglion Superior cervical ganglion Cervicothoracic ganglion; Stellate ganglion Ciliary ganglion Ganglion impar Inferior mesenteric ganglion Superior mesenteric ganglion Otic ganglion Pterygopalatine ganglion Sublingual ganglion Submandibular ganglion Thoracic splanchnic ganglion Vertebral ganglion Aorticorenal ganglia Coeliac ganglia Ganglion of sympathetic trunk Intermediate ganglia Lumbar ganglia Pelvic ganglia Phrenic ganglia Renal ganglia Sacral ganglia Thoracic ganglia, Cardiac plexus, Coeliac plexus, Gastric plexuses, Hepatic plexus, Inferior hypogastric plexus; Pelvic plexus, Pulmonary plexus

Autonomic division of nervous system; Autonomic part of peripheral nervous system (Sympathetic part/Parasympathetic part)

 

 

  • The latter summarises the different sympathetic and parasympathetic structures of the head and face, (ciliary ganglion, pterygopalatine ganglion, otic ganglion) as well as the branches communicating with the cranial nerves

 

 

Cranial nerves : Parasympathetic part / Sympathetic part - Anatomy/Illustrations : Ciliary ganglion, Otic ganglion, Pterygopalatine ganglion,  Sublingual ganglion,  Submandibular ganglion, Sympathetic root of ciliary ganglion, Branch to ciliary ganglion; Parasympathetic root of ciliary ganglion; Oculomotor root of ciliary ganglion, Sensory root of pterygopalatine ganglion; Ganglionic branches of maxillary nerve to pteygopalatine ganglion, Sensory root of submandibular ganglion; Ganglionic branches to submandibular ganglion, Parasympathetic root of pterygopalatine ganglion; Greater petrosal nerve, Sympathetic root of ptertygopalatine ganglion; Deep petrosal nerve, Parasympathetic root of otic ganglion; Lesser petrosal nerve

Cranial nerves : Parasympathetic part / Sympathetic part


Anatomical parts

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