Adobe Flash Player and Javascript are required to display e-Anatomy Modules
e-Anatomy 4

NeuroAnatomical atlas

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD

Published on Tuesday 08 September 2009

SECTION: Anatomy of the brain, face, and neck

Images and anatomical references

 This anatomy module deals with the anatomy of the central nervous system, especially the brain. It consists of 64 drawings, illustrations and anatomical charts, all in "vector" format. This neuroanatomical atlas is therefore ideally adapted to the format of the web.


Illustrations and diagrams of the brain


These original illustrations and diagrams of the brain were produced from 3D medical imaging reconstructions. They were redrawn and colourised using Adobe Illustrator.
These anatomical plates include the principal diagrams necessary for medical students, nursing students, residents, practitioners, anatomists to study the anatomy of the brain, to illustrate a course or explain a pathology to a patient.
This atlas of human anatomy is composed of several chapters:

  • The basic structure of a neuron and an overall diagram of the human nervous system


Meninges - Coronal section :Cranial dura mater, Cerebral falx, Subdural space, Extradural space; Epidural space, Arachnoid mater, Subarachnoid space; Leptomeningeal space, Cerebrospinal fluid, Cranial arachnoid mater, Arachnoid granulations, Arachnoid trabeculae, Cranial pia mater, Diploic veins, Superficial cerebral veins

Meninges - Coronal section



  • A study of the meninges and ventricles, with the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid and an illustration of the dura mater and falx cerebri



Ventricular system - Neuroanatomy : Fourth ventricle Third ventricle Lateral ventricle Lateral recess Lateral aperture Median aperture Interventricular foramen Aqueduct of midbrain; Cerebral aqueduct Occipital horn of lateral ventricle; Posterior horn of lateral ventricle Temporal horn of lateral ventricle; Inferior horn of lateral ventricle Atrium

Ventricular system - Neuroanatomy : Lateral aspect



Meninges - Cranial dura mater : Gross anatomy - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD : Cranial dura mater,  Cerebral falx,  Cerebellar tentorium,  Tentorial notch; Incisura of tentorium,  Falx cerebelli; Cerebellar falx,  Diaphragma sellae; Sellar diaphragm,  Trigeminal cavity, Pachymeninx; Dura mater

Meninges - Cranial dura mater : Gross anatomy - Illustrations: A. Micheau - MD



  •  A topographical anatomy of the brain to visualise the different levels (encephalon, diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, pons and cerebellum, rhombencephalon and prosencephalon) as well as a diagram of the various cerebral lobes (frontal lobe, occipital, parietal, temporal, limbic and insular). It should be noted that the limbic lobe is functional and is thus made up of several parts of other lobes, which always makes its representation challenging.



Neuroanatomy : Cerebral lobes : Frontal lobe, Parietal lobe, Occipital lobe, Temporal lobe, Insula; Insular lobe, Limbic lobe, Brain,  Anatomy diagram

Neuroanatomy : Cerebral lobes


  • Different views of the brain are then presented, allowing the study of the anatomy of the sulci (central Rolandic fissure, Sylvian lateral sulcus...) and gyrus (cerebral convolutions).
  • The anatomical study of the brain is then continued with the study of commissural fibres, including notably the corpus callosum, the fornix, septum pellucidum, the anterior commissure and then through the study of the basal ganglia (lenticular nucleus, nucleus caudate and globus pallidus) and related structures (medial and lateral blade cords, internal and external and extreme capsules, claustrum).



Corpus callosum - Fornix : Human anatomy (Anatomy diagram - Rostrum of corpus callosum,  Genu of corpus callosum,  Trunk of corpus callosum,  Splenium of corpus callosum, Body of fornix,  Crus of fornix,  Commissure of fornix, Septum pellucidum,  Cave of septum pellucidum,  Lamina of septum pellucidum, Fimbria of hippocampus, Anterior commissure

Corpus callosum - Fornix : Human anatomy (Anatomy diagram)



Basal nuclei and related structures : Caudate nucleus, Head of caudate nucleus, Body of caudate nucleus, Tail of caudate nucleus, Lentiform nucleus; Lenticular nucleus, Internal capsule, Caudolenticular grey bridges; Transcapsular grey bridges, Anterior limb of internale capsule, Anterior thalamic radiation, Frontopontine fibres, Genu of internal capsule, Corticonuclear fibres, Posterior limb of internale capsule, Central thalamic radiation, Thalamus

Basal nuclei and related structures - Superior aspect; Vertical aspect



  • The study of the limbic lobe is used to specify the structures of the hippocampus (uncus, dentate gyrus, fimbria, subiculum) and a schematic of the Papez circuit



Hippocampus : Cingulate gyrus, Isthmus of cingulate gyrus, Fasciolar gyrus, Parahippocampal gyrus, Uncus, Hippocampal sulcus, Dentate gyrus, Fimbriodentate sulcus, Fimbria of hippocampus, Rhinal sulcus, Parasubiculum, Presubiculum, Subiculum, Hippocampus proper; Ammon s horn

Hippocampus - Medial view/Coronal section



  • The diencephalon is represented by a posterior view of the thalamus with its nuclei, followed by a sagittal section to locate the hypothalamus (including mammillary bodies, tuber cinereum, lamina terminalis), the epithalamus (with the pineal gland and habenula) and metathalamus.



Diencephalon - Sagittal section : Anatomy diagram : Subthalamus; Ventral thalamus, Metathalamus, Hypothalamus, Mammillary body, Optic chiasma, Tuber cinereum, Median eminence, Third ventricle, Epithalamus, Habenula, Pineal gland

Diencephalon - Sagittal section : Anatomy diagram



  • The functional study of the cerebral cortex is illustrated by the Penfield motor homunculus and Brodmann cortical areas, including the Broca and Wernicke areas. It is necessary to keep in mind that these data are old and probably incomplete or erroneous.



Neuroanatomy : Brodmann areas, Broca's area, Wernicke's area, Area 17 - Primary visual cortex (V1), Area 1 - Primary Somatosensory Cortex, Area 4 - Primary Motor Cortex, Area 41 - Primary and Auditory Association Cortex, Area 6 - Premotor cortex

Neuroanatomy : Brodmann areas, Broca's area, Wernicke's area



  • Three anatomical sections of the brain (axial, coronal and sagittal) close this chapter on the brain.


Brain - Coronal section : Brain - Anatomy diagram, Brain, Cross-sectional anatomy

Brain - Coronal section : Brain - Anatomy diagram



  • Numerous illustrations are provided of the cerebellum, with representation of cerebellar lobes, fissures, sulci and the vermis.



Cerebellum - Anterior view - Diagram : General Anatomy, Vermis of cerebellum [I-X], Cerebellar fissures,  Folia of cerebellum,  Hemisphere of cerebellum [H II - H X],  Vallecula of cerebellum, Anterior lobe of cerebellum Lingula of cerebellum [I] Precentral fissure; Postlingual fissure Central lobule [II and III] Anterior part; Ventral part [II] Posterior part; Dorsal part [III] Wing of central lobule Inferior part; Ventral part [H II] Superior part; Dorsal part [H III] Preculminate fissure; Postcentral fissure Culmen [IV et V] Anterior part; Ventral part [IV] Intraculminate fissure Posterior part; Dorsal part [V] Anterior quadrangular lobule [H IV and H V] Anterior part; Ventral part [H IV] Posterior part; Dorsal part [H V] Primary fissure; Preclival fissure Posterior lobe of cerebellum Simple lobule [H VI and VI] Declive [VI] Posterior quadrangular lobule [H VI] Posterior superior fissure; Postclival fissure Folium of vermis [VII A] Semilunar lobules; Ansiform lobule [H VII A] Superior semilunar lobule of cerebellum; First crus of aniform lobule of cerebellum [H VII A] Horizontal fissure; Intercrural fissure Inferior semilunar lobule of cerebellum; Second crus of ansiform lobule of cerebellum [H VII A] Lunogracile fissure; Ansoparamedian fissure Tuber of vermis [VII B] Gracile lobule; Paramedian lobule [H VII B] Prebiventral fissure; Prepyramidal fissure Pyramis of vermis [VIII] Biventral lobule( H VIII) Lateral part; Pars copularis [H VIII A] Intrabiventral fissure; Anterior inferior fissure Medial Part; Dorsal parafloccularis H VIII B Secondary fissure; Postpyramidal fissure Uvula of vermis [IX] Tonsil of cerebellum; Ventral paraflocculus [H IX] Posterolateral fissure Flocculonodular lobe Nodule [X] Peduncle of flocculus Flocculus [H X]

Cerebellum - Anterior view : Diagram



Brainstem : Pons, Myelencephalon; Medulla oblongata; Bulb, Myelencephalon; Medulla oblongata; Bulb, Cerebellopontine angle, Decussation of pyramids; Motor decussation, Inferior olive

Brainstem - Neuroanatomy


  • The brain stem has been represented at multiple angles, to show the external structures of the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata (bulb) and a projection of the cranial nerve nuclei on the floor of the fourth ventricle.



Nucleus of cranial nerve - Brainstem/Fourth ventricle (Posterior view) : Nucleus of oculomotor nerve, Nucleus of trochlear nerve, Motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve, Nucleus of abducens nerve, Motor nucleus of facial nerve, Superior salivatory nucleus, Lacrimal nucleus, Posterior nucleus of vagus nerve; Dorsal nucleus of vagus nerve, Nucleus ambiguus, Nucleus of hypoglossal nerve, Mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve, Principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve, Superior vestibular nucleus (of Bechterew), Medial vestibular nucleus, Lateral vestibular nucleus, Posterior cochlear nucleus; Dorsal cochlear nucleus, Anterior cochlear nucleus; Ventral cochlear nucleus, Nuclei of solitary tract; Solitary nuclei  Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Nucleus of cranial nerve - Brainstem/Fourth ventricle : Posterior view


  • The study of the internal structure of the brain stem is shown with multiple diagrams in axial section showing the nuclei, tract, fibres and lemnisci. It should be noted that many structures are not represented for didactic purposes.
  • The major functional sense pathways are represented in a somewhat simplistic (and therefore inaccurate...) manner: extrapyramidal and pyramidal tracts, lemniscal and extralemniscal sense pathways and spinocerebellar system.
  • The study of the arterial supply of blood to the brain is facilitated by a diagram showing the cerebral arterial vascular areas in lateral and medial views and axial and coronal section and by diagrams of arteries forming the Willis' circle (internal and vertebral carotid arteries, basilar artery, anterior and posterior communicating arteries, middle, anterior and posterior cerebral arteries).


Arteries of brain : Cerebral arterial circle, Anterior cerebral artery, Middle cerebral artery, Posterior cerebral artery, Posterior communicating artery, Anterior communicating artery

Arteries of brain - Drawings



  • Finally some illustrations show the venous sinuses of the dura mater and a coronal section of the cavernous sinus


Dural venous sinuses - Cerebral veins : Atlas of human anatomy : Transverse sinus, Confluence of sinuses, Marginal sinus, Occipital sinus, Basilar plexus,, Petrosquamous sinus Sigmoid sinus, Superior sagittal sinus, Inferior sagittal sinus, Straight sinus, Inferior petrosal sinus, Superior petrosal sinus, Cavernous sinus, Anterior intercavernous sinus, Posterior intercavernous sinus, Sphenoparietal sinus

Dural venous sinuses - Cerebral veins : Atlas of human anatomy


Cavernous sinus - Coronal section : Chiasmatic cistern, Pituitary gland, Optic chiasma, Internal carotid artery, Cavernous part, Oculomotor nerve [III], Trochlear nerve [IV], Ophthalmic nerve; Ophthalmic division [Va; V1], Maxillary nerve; Maxillary division [Vb; V2], Abducent nerve; Abducens nerve [VI]

Cavernous sinus - Coronal section (Neuroanatomy/Cerebral veins)



All illustrations are original and designed by Dr. Antoine Micheau and are therefore subject to copyright and intellectual property: no copying or reproduction is permitted.


Anatomy of the central nervous system: use of interactive anatomical legends

The user can select multiple groups of captions to display on the illustrations:

  • Cerebral lobes / regions
  • Cerebrum, divided into: frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, insula; insular lobe, occipital lobe, limbic lobe, commissural fibres of the telencephalon, basal nuclei and associated structures and basal forebrain
  • Diencephalon
  • Cerebellum
  • The brain stem, subdivided into midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata (bulb, myelencephalon).
  • Cranial nerves
  • Ventricles and meninges
  • Functional with the motor pathways and the senses and some brainstem nuclei
  • Cerebral veins and venous sinuses of the dura mater

at the same time a tab permits navigation between chapters.

Anatomical parts

Loading comments ...

Loading comments ...