Images provided by Sorin Ghiea & Emi Preda - MD
This radio-anatomy atlas is devoted to the articulation and the hip area in MRI.
On these 252 3T MRI images over 340 anatomical structures are captioned. At the end of the module there are 3D reconstructions of the hip joint (hip bone and femur) as a recapitulation of musculoskeletal anatomy.
This anatomical atlas has been especially designed for a specialist audience (radiologists, surgeons, rheumatologists and physicians specialising in musculoskeletal imaging).
Images of the hip in MRI and 3D
The MRI images of the elbow were derived from a healthy volunteer. Image acquisition was performed on a 3 Tesla MRI with a thickness of 4 mm in contiguous sections. We used the commonly used weightings (and RFP-FatSat T1) and impacts (axial, coronal and sagittal) in medical imaging studies of the hip.
The 3D images of the acetabulofemoral (hip) joint are three-dimensional reconstructions obtained from a scanner.
Captioned anatomical structures of the gluteal area (buttocks)
340 anatomical structures of the hip region have been captioned, accessible via the "anatomical structures" tab:
- General anatomy: setting out the different anatomical areas of the gluteal region: groin, inguinal region and the anterior and posterior regions of the hip and thigh
- Bones: the femur, the hip bone (subdivided into ilium, ischium and pubis) as well as the sacrum are captioned separately with differently coloured legends
- Joints: identified in this MRI are the hip joint and the sacroiliac joint as well as the various foramina (obturator canal, small and large ischial foramina).
- Ligaments: contains the main ligaments of the hip and its associated area (iliofemoral, ishciofemoral ligament and pubofemoral ligaments, ligament of the head of the femur (or round ligament)).
- Muscles: muscle and tendon anatomy of the hip (adductors, gluteal muscles (or buttocks), hamstring muscles, femoral muscle quadrices).
- Fascia / aponeurosis: details the anatomy of the fascia lata and iliotibial tract
- Bursae of the lower limb: presents the different bursae of the hip region (trochanteric, ischial and iliopectineal bursae)
- Digestive system: identifies the main digestive structures (rectum, sigmoid colon, anal canal) visible on the pelvic side.
- Urinary system: shows the path of the ureters in their pelvic portion as well as the different parts of the bladder visible on this MRI.
- Male genital system: main structures visible in MRI (prostate, seminal vesicles, root of the penis).
- Pelvic cavity: the different zones and cavities of the pelvis and groin are captioned (inguinal, pararectal and paravesical fossa, the ischio-anal fossa and pudendal canal).
- Arteries: shows the arrangement of external and internal iliac arteries as well as the common and deep branches of the femoral artery at the level of the gluteal and hip areas.
- Veins: superficial (saphenous) and deep venous circulation (branches of the femoral veins).
- Lymph nodes: principally the iliac and inguinal lymph nodes
- Nerves: all the branches of the nerve issuing from the lumbosacral plexus, including the sciatic and femoral nerves.
The Details tab
This allows the user to choose to display all the anatomical legends or to only display the most important anatomical structures.
The weightings tab
Allows the display of this scan of the wrist in T1 or DP-FatSat weighting
Language and anatomical terminology
We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption for all the anatomical structures, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.