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e-Anatomy 4

Anatomy of the hip (cross-sectional imaging on 3T MR and 3D medical pictures)

Antoine Micheau, Denis Hoa, Images provided by Sorin Ghiea & Emi Preda - MD

Published on Friday 07 October 2011

SECTION: Musculoskeletal anatomy (upper and lower extremities)

Images and anatomical references

Images provided by Sorin Ghiea & Emi Preda - MD

This radio-anatomy atlas is devoted to the articulation and the hip area in MRI.


The hip anatomy on 3T MR and 3D pictures: Adductor longus, Quadriceps femori

The hip anatomy on 3T MR and 3D pictures


On these 252 3T MRI images over 340 anatomical structures are captioned. At the end of the module there are 3D reconstructions of the hip joint (hip bone and femur) as a recapitulation of musculoskeletal anatomy.


Hip anatomy (3T MR): Hip joint, Iliofemoral ligament, Ligament of head of femur

Hip anatomy (3T MR)


This anatomical atlas has been especially designed for a specialist audience (radiologists, surgeons, rheumatologists and physicians specialising in musculoskeletal imaging).


Cross-sectional anatomy - Male genital system: Prostate, Urinary bladder

Cross-sectional anatomy - Male genital system:


Images of the hip in MRI and 3D

The MRI images of the elbow were derived from a healthy volunteer. Image acquisition was performed on a 3 Tesla MRI with a thickness of 4 mm in contiguous sections. We used the commonly used weightings (and RFP-FatSat T1) and impacts (axial, coronal and sagittal) in medical imaging studies of the hip.

The 3D images of the acetabulofemoral (hip) joint are three-dimensional reconstructions obtained from a scanner.


Hip bone - Head: 3D pictures

Hip bone - Head: 3D pictures

Captioned anatomical structures of the gluteal area (buttocks)


340 anatomical structures of the hip region have been captioned, accessible via the "anatomical structures" tab:


  • General anatomy: setting out the different anatomical areas of the gluteal region: groin, inguinal region and the anterior and posterior regions of the hip and thigh
  • Bones: the femur, the hip bone (subdivided into ilium, ischium and pubis) as well as the sacrum are captioned separately with differently coloured legends
  • Joints: identified in this MRI are the hip joint and the sacroiliac joint as well as the various foramina (obturator canal, small and large ischial foramina).
  • Ligaments: contains the main ligaments of the hip and its associated area (iliofemoral, ishciofemoral ligament and pubofemoral ligaments, ligament of the head of the femur (or round ligament)).
  • Muscles: muscle and tendon anatomy of the hip (adductors, gluteal muscles (or buttocks), hamstring muscles, femoral muscle quadrices).
  • Fascia / aponeurosis: details the anatomy of the fascia lata and iliotibial tract
  • Bursae of the lower limb: presents the different bursae of the hip region (trochanteric, ischial and iliopectineal bursae)
  • Digestive system: identifies the main digestive structures (rectum, sigmoid colon, anal canal) visible on the pelvic side.
  • Urinary system: shows the path of the ureters in their pelvic portion as well as the different parts of the bladder visible on this MRI.
  • Male genital system: main structures visible in MRI (prostate, seminal vesicles, root of the penis).
  • Pelvic cavity: the different zones and cavities of the pelvis and groin are captioned (inguinal, pararectal and paravesical fossa, the ischio-anal fossa and pudendal canal).
  • Arteries: shows the arrangement of external and internal iliac arteries as well as the common and deep branches of the femoral artery at the level of the gluteal and hip areas.
  • Veins: superficial (saphenous) and deep venous circulation (branches of the femoral veins).
  • Lymph nodes: principally the iliac and inguinal lymph nodes
  • Nerves: all the branches of the nerve issuing from the lumbosacral plexus, including the sciatic and femoral nerves.

The Details tab

This allows the user to choose to display all the anatomical legends or to only display the most important anatomical structures.

The weightings tab

Allows the display of this scan of the wrist in T1 or DP-FatSat weighting

Language and anatomical terminology

We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption for all the anatomical structures, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.

Anatomical parts

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