This section of the illustrated atlas of human anatomy details the upper limb. 92 anatomical illustrations have been produced, all in vector format suitable for the web.
This module is designed for students in medicine and particularly in preparing for the first year of medical studies (PCEM1), and for health professionals (nursing students, physiotherapy, osteopathy, manipulative radiology, physicians, surgeons, radiologists) in orthopaedics, rheumatology, functional rehabilitation, radiology...
Illustrations of the anatomy of the upper limb
These images were created using data obtained from medical imaging (CT, MRI, X-rays). Some are 3D views of the bones, vectorised with Adobe Illustrator, while others are diagrams and some are digital paintings produced with Adobe Photoshop.
All these anatomical illustrations are original and produced by Dr. Antoine Micheau.
Anatomical structures of the upper limb
630 anatomical structures of the upper limb (pectoral girdle, shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand and fingers) have been referenced.
- The first image shows the different regions upper extremity: deltoid region, cubital fossa, thenar eminence and hypothenar...
- The next chapter deals with the osteology of the upper limb, with all the anatomical structures and muscle insertions and ligaments of the bones: scapula, clavicle, humerus, ulna, radius, carpal bones, metacarpals and phalanges of the fingers.
- The Arthrology section includes the study of joints and ligaments forming the upper limb including arcromio-clavicular, sterno-clavicular, radio-ulnar proximal and distal joints, the gleno-humeral, humero-ulnar, carpo-metacarpal, metacarpo-phalangeal and interphalangeal articulations of the hand.
- Multiple illustrations deal with the myology of the upper limb, with the various muscular compartments (fascial compartments), fascia and intermuscular septum, and the muscles and tendons.
- The chapter on the upper limb arteries begins with an overview of the arteries (subclavian, axillary, brachial, radial and ulnar arteries and deep and superficial palmar arches), and then different anatomical images show the arteries of the deltoid region of elbow, hand (palmar and dorsal) and the finger.
- Only the superficial veins of the hand, forearm and arm have been represented, the anatomy of the deep veins being similar to that of the arteries.
- An anatomical diagram deals with the lymph nodes of the upper limb, with the pectoral, axillary (lymphatic ganglia), paramammary, parasternal, humeral and ulnar nodes.
- The study of the innervation of the upper limb begins with a diagram of the brachial plexus, then the paths of each nerve in the arm and the forearm are detailed (musculocutaneous nerve, median nerve, ulnar nerve, axillary nerve and radial nerve). Finally the different dermatomes of the nerves of the upper limb are detailed through of dorsal and anterior views of the upper limb.
- The final chapter presents anatomical plates of anatomical sections of the upper limb: the axilla and the deltoid region in axial and coronal and axial sections of the arm, the elbow, forearm, wrist, carpal and metacarpal regions.
Language and terminology for the study of the anatomy of the upper limb
We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption all the anatomical structures; then the items in Latin have been translated into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.