This e-Anatomy module presents an illustrated anatomy of the lungs, trachea, bronchi, pleural cavity and pulmonary vessels.
This thoracic and pulmonary anatomy tool is especially designed for students of anatomy (medical and paramedical studies).
Anatomical illustrations of the lungs
All the anatomical illustrations are original and produced by Dr. Antoine Micheau. They were drawn in Illustrator using 3D modelling derived from medical imaging (principally thoracic scan).
The anatomical drawings are organised in a fairly classical manner so as to be easily usable as a standard anatomical atlas. The user navigates between different groups of images using the "Illustrations" tab:
- General Anatomy: diagrams showing the general organisation of the thorax with the pleural cavity and mediastinum
- Histology: histological diagrams of the trachea, oesophagus, a segmental bronchus, a bronchiole and the alveolar wall.
- The bronchial tree details the trachea in anterior and posterior views as well as the bronchial tree and its various subdivisions (segmental bronchus, intrasegmental bronchi, terminal bronchiole, respiratory bronchiole, lobule and acinus).
- Lobule: anatomical diagram showing the architecture of a pulmonary lobe (alveolar sac, alveolus, bronchiole, smooth muscle...)
- Lungs - illustrations: anatomical drawings of the gross anatomy of the lungs in various views (anterior, posterior, lateral and medial).
- Lungs – 3D: 3D images of the lungs from the thoracic scan data in different impacts
- Lungs-lobes: diagrams detailing the various lung lobes (lower lobe, middle-right lobe, left lingula) separated by the pulmonary fissures.
- Lungs – bronchopulmonary segments: specifies the anatomy of the various lung segments, using the international nomenclature.
- Lobar and segmental bronchi: represents the nomenclature of lobar and segmental bronchi roots.
- Pleural cavity: diagrams illustrating the anatomy of the parietal pleural cavity with different recess (costomediastinal and costodiaphragmatic recesses, pulmonary ligaments...)
- Pulmonary arteries: diagrams and 3D reconstructions of the pulmonary arterial tree
- Pulmonary veins: presents the anatomy of the 4 pulmonary veins and their venous afferences
- Intrapulmonary blood vessels – 3D: 3D images from a thoracic angioscanner allowing a visualisation of the relationship between the bronchi, pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins in the lungs.
- Bronchial arteries: diagram of the emergence of the bronchial arteries in the descending thoracic aorta.
- Bronchial veins: venous circulation of the bronchia into the azygos and hemiazygos veins.
- IASLC - Ganglionic areas: diagram of ganglionic areas numbered 1 to 14, used in clinical practice in thoracic oncology for lung cancer disease spread assessment.
Captions of the anatomical structures of the respiratory system
125 pulmonary anatomical structures have been labelled. The legends are grouped into subcategories, displayable or maskable as required via the "anatomical structures" tab:
- Bronchial tree
- Bronchopulmonary segments
- Pulmonary arteries
- Pulmonary veins
- Thoracic lymph nodes
- Bones; Skeletal system
- Other structures
Language and terminology for the study of the anatomy of the thorax
We have used the Terminologia Anatomica to caption for all the anatomical structures, with translations into English, French, Japanese, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Czech and Spanish.