Anatomy of the dog - Illustrated atlas

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD, Susanne AEB Borofka - PhD - dipl. ECVDI

Published on Tuesday 15 March 2016

SECTION: Dog

Images and anatomical references

This modules of vet-Anatomy provides a basic foundation in animal anatomy for students of veterinary medicine. This veterinary anatomical atlas includes selected labeling structures to help student to understand and discover animal anatomy (skeleton, bones, muscles, joints, viscera, respiratory system, cardiovascular system). Positional and directional terms, general terminology and anatomica orientation are also illustrated.

Terms are labeled using the Latin terms defined in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria (fifth edition - 2012 by ICVGAN). They have been translated in english and french by Antoine Micheau - MD, Imaios.

All illustrations have been created by Antoine Micheau - MD and are under copyright of IMAIOS. Some of these illustrations were adapted from : Handbuch der Anatomie der Tiere für Künstler (hosted by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections).

 

vet-Anatomy:Atlas of animal anatomy: the essentials of the dog (skeleton, joints, muscles, parts and region of the body)

vet-Anatomy:Atlas of animal anatomy: the essentials of the dog (skeleton, joints, muscles, parts and region of the body)

 

Labeled atlas of anatomy: illustrations of the dog: Bones - Skeletal system

Labeled atlas of anatomy: illustrations of the dog: Bones - Skeletal system

 

Dog - Muscles: Musculus sternocephalicus, External abdominal oblique,  Deep pectoral [Pectoralis ascendens]

Dog - Muscles

 

Dog - Thorax/Abdomen/Pelvis: Lung [droit et gauche], Liver, Small intestine

Dog - Thorax/Abdomen/Pelvis

 

Animal - Anatomy atlas: Cardiovascular system (Arteries, Veins,  Thoracic aorta, Caudal vena cava)

Animal - Anatomy atlas: Cardiovascular system

 

Veterinary anatomy - Animal: Terms of position and direction, Dorsal plane, Transverse plane, Sagittal plane [paramedian],  Median plane

Veterinary anatomy - Animal:


Anatomical parts

  • Abdomen - Abdomen
  • Abdominal aorta (Descending aorta) - Aorta abdominalis (Aorta descendens)
  • Abdominal mamma - Mamma abdominalis
  • Abdominal mammary region - Regio mammaria abdominalis
  • Abductor digiti I [pollicis] longus [extensor carpi obliquus] - Musculus abductor digiti I [pollicis] longus [musculus extensor carpi obliquus]
  • Accessory carpal bone [Pisiform] - Os carpi accessorium [Os pisiforme]
  • Acromion - Acromion
  • Adductor muscle - Musculus adductor
  • Ala of ilium; Wing of ilium - Ala ossis ilii
  • Ala of nose - Ala nasi
  • Anconeus - Musculus anconeus [anconaeus]
  • Antebrachial region - Regio antebrachii
  • Aortic arch - Arcus aortae
  • Apex of nose; Tip of nose - Apex nasi
  • Arm - Brachium
  • Atlantooccipital joint - Articulatio atlantooccipitalis
  • Atlas - Atlas
  • Auricle; Pinna - Auricula
  • Auricular region - Regio auricularis
  • Axilla - Axilla
  • Axillary artery - Arteria axillaris
  • Axillary region - Regio axillaris
  • Axis - Axis
  • Back - Dorsum
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii
  • Biceps femoris - Musculus biceps femoris
  • Bony palate - Palatum osseum
  • Brachial artery - Arteria brachialis
  • Brachial region - Regio brachii
  • Brachialis - Musculus brachialis
  • Brachiocephalic trunk - Truncus brachiocephalicus
  • Brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica
  • Brachioradialis - Musculus brachioradialis
  • Buccal region - Regio buccalis
  • Buccinator: Bucal part - Musculus buccinator: Pars buccalis
  • C7 - C VII
  • Calcaneal tuberosity - Tuber calcanei
  • Canine teeth - Dentes canini
  • Cardiac region - Regio cardiaca
  • Carpal bones - Ossa carpi
  • Carpal joints - Articulatio carpi
  • Carpal region - Regio carpi
  • Carpometacarpal joints - Articulationes carpometacarpeae
  • Cartilagines nasi externi - Cartilagines nasi externi
  • Caudal - Caudalis
  • Caudal abdominal region - Regio abdominis caudalis
  • Caudal thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis caudalis
  • Caudal vena cava - Vena cava caudalis
  • Caudal vertebrae [Coccygeal] - Vertebrae caudales [coccygeae]
  • Caudla mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica caudalis
  • Celiac artery - Arteria celiaca [coeliaca]
  • Cervical vertebrae - Vertebrae cervicales
  • Cervicoauricularis profundus - Musculus cervicoauricularis profundus
  • Cervicoscutularis - Musculus cervicoscutularis
  • Cheek - Bucca [Mala]
  • Chin - Mentum
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Clavicular intersection - Intersectio clavicularis
  • Claw - Unguicula
  • Claw - Unguicula
  • Cleidobrachialis (Brachiocephalicus muscle) - Musculus cleidobrachialis (Musculus brachiocephalicus)
  • Cleidocephalicus muscle (Brachiocephalicus muscle) - Musculus cleidocephalicus (Musculus brachiocephalicus)
  • Clunial region - Regio clunis
  • Coccygeal - Musculus coccygeus
  • Colon - Colon
  • Common calcaneal tendon - Tendo calcaneus communis
  • Common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Common iliac vein - Vena iliaca communis
  • Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal cartilage - Cartilago costalis
  • Costal region - Regio costalis
  • Costochondral joints - Articulationes costochondrales
  • Costovertebral joints - Articulationes costovertebrales
  • Coxal bone - Os coxae
  • Cranial - Cranialis
  • Cranial abdominal region - Regio abdominis cranialis
  • Cranial mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica cranialis
  • Cranial region of the knee - Regio genus cranialis
  • Cranial thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis cranialis
  • Cranial vena cava - Vena cava cranialis
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Crural extensor retinaculum - Retinaculum extensorum crurale
  • Cubital region - Regio cubiti
  • Deep artery of thigh - Arteria profunda femoris
  • Deep pectoral - Musculus pectoralis profundus
  • Deltoid - Musculus deltoideus
  • Digastric - Musculus digastricus
  • Digital bones of hand - Ossa digitorum manus
  • Digital bones of pes - Ossa digitorum pedis
  • Digiti II-V - Digiti II-V
  • Digits of foot - Digiti pedis
  • Digitus I [Thumb] - Digitus I [Pollex]
  • Distal - Distalis
  • Distal interphalangeal joints of hand - Articulationes interphalangeae distales manu
  • Distal phalanx - Phalanx distalis
  • Distal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris distalis
  • Distal tibiofibular joint - Articulatio tibiofibularis distalis
  • Dorsal - Dorsalis
  • Dorsal - Dorsalis
  • Dorsal margin of neck - Margo colli dorsalis
  • Dorsal median line - Linea mediana dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal region - Regio dorsalis nasi
  • Dorsal plane - Plana dorsalia
  • Dorsal region of neck - Regio colli dorsalis
  • Dorsum of foot - Dorsum pedis
  • Dorsum of nose - Dorsum nasi
  • Duodenum (Descending part) - Duodenum (Pars descendens)
  • Ear - Auris
  • Elbow - Cubitus
  • Elbow joint - Articulatio cubiti
  • Extensor carpi radialis - Musculus extensor carpi radialis
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris (Ulnaris lateralis) - Musculus extensor carpi ulnaris [musculus ulnaris lateralis]
  • Extensor digitorum communis - Musculus extensor digitorum [digitalis] communis
  • Extensor digitorum lateralis - Musculus extensor digitorum [digitalis] lateralis
  • Extensor digitorum longus - Musculus extensor digitorum [digitalis] longus
  • Extensor retinaculum - Retinaculum extensorum
  • External carotid artery - Arteria carotis externa
  • External iliac artery - Arteria iliaca externa
  • External iliac vein - Vena iliaca externa
  • External jugular vein - Vena jugularis externa
  • External oblique - Musculus obliquus externus abdominis
  • Eye - Oculus
  • Face - Facies
  • Fascia lata - Fascia lata
  • Femoral artery - Arteria femoralis
  • Femoral region - Regio femoris
  • Femoral vein - Vena femoralis
  • Femorotibial joint - Articulatio femorotibialis
  • Femur; Thigh bone - Os femoris [Femur]
  • Fibula - Fibula
  • Fibular retinaculum - Retinaculum musculi fibularium [peron (a)eorum]
  • Fibularis longus - Musculus fibularis [peron (a)eus] longus
  • Fingers of hand - Digiti manus
  • Flank - Latus
  • Flexor carpi radialis - Musculus flexor carpi radialis
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris - Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Flexor digitorum lateralis - Musculus flexor digitorum [digitalis] lateralis
  • Flexor digitorum medialis - Musculus flexor digitorum [digitalis] medialis
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum [digitalis] superficialis
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis - Musculus flexor digitorum [digitalis] superficialis
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis (Tendon) - Musculus flexor digitorum [digitalis] superficialis (Tendo)
  • Flexores digitorum profundi - Musculi flexores digitorum [digitalis] profundi
  • Foot - Pes
  • Foot region - Regio pedis
  • Forearm - Antebrachium
  • Forehead - Frons
  • Forehead - Frons
  • Front of chest - Pectus
  • Frontal bone - Os frontale
  • Frontal region - Regio frontalis
  • Gastrocnemius - Musculus gastrocnemius
  • Gluteal region - Regio glutea [glutaea]
  • Gluteus medius - Musculus gluteus [glutaeus] medius
  • Gluteus superficialis - Musculus gluteus [glutaeus] superficialis
  • Gracilis - Musculus gracilis
  • Greater sciatic notch - Incisura ischiadica major
  • Greater trochanter - Trochanter major
  • Greater tubercle - Tuberculum majus
  • Hand - Manus
  • Hand region - Regio manus
  • Head - Caput
  • Heart - Cor
  • Heel region - Regio calcanea
  • Hepatic veins - Venae hepaticae
  • Hip - Coxa
  • Hip joint - Articulatio coxae
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Hyoid apparatus [Hyoid bone] - Apparatus hyoideus [Os hyoideum]
  • Hypochondral region - Regio hypochondriaca
  • Ileum - Ileum
  • Iliac crest - Crista iliaca
  • Ilium - Os ilium
  • Incisive bone - Os incisivum
  • Incisors - Dentes incisivi
  • Inferior eyelid - Palpebra inferior
  • Inferior labial region - Regio labialis inferior
  • Inferior palpebral region - Regio palpebralis inferior
  • Infraorbital foramen - Foramen infraorbitale
  • Infraorbital region - Regio infraorbitalis
  • Inguina - Inguen
  • Inguinal arch [Inguinal ligament] - Arcus inguinalis [ligamentum inguinale]
  • Inguinal mamma - Mamma inguinalis
  • Inguinal mammary region - Regio mammaria inguinalis
  • Inguinal region - Regio inguinalis
  • Intercarpal joints - Articulationes intercarpeae
  • Intermandibular joint - Articulatio intermandibularis
  • Intermandibular region - Regio intermandibularis
  • Intermetacarpal joints - Articulationes intermetacarpeae
  • Intermetatarsal joints - Articulationes intermetatarseae
  • Internal carotid artery - Arteria carotis interna
  • Internal iliac artery - Arteria iliaca interna
  • Internal iliac vein - Vena iliaca interna
  • Interphalangeal joints of foot - Articulationes interphalangeae pedis
  • Interscapular region - Regio interscapularis
  • Intertarsal joints - Articulationes intertarseae
  • Intervertebral disc - Discus intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral symphysis - Symphysis intervertebralis
  • Ischial spine - Spina ischiadica
  • Ischial tuberosity - Tuber ischiadicum
  • Ischium - Os ischii
  • Jejunum - Jejunum
  • Joints of articular process - Articulationes processuum articularium
  • Joints of foot - Articulationes pedis
  • Joints of hand - Articulationes manus
  • Knee joint - Articulatio genus
  • L1 - L I
  • L7 - L VII
  • Large intestine - Intestinum crassum
  • Laryngeal region - Regio laryngea
  • Larynx - Larynx
  • Lateral - Lateralis
  • Lateral abdominal region - Regio abdominis lateralis
  • Lateral condyle - Condylus lateralis
  • Lateral malleolus - Malleolus lateralis
  • Lateral nasal region - Regio lateralis nasi
  • Lateral region of neck - Regio colli lateralis
  • Lateral region of the knee - Regio genus lateralis
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • Left - Sinister
  • Left kidney - Ren sinister
  • Left lung - Pulmo sinister
  • Left subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia sinistra
  • Leg - Crus
  • Leg region - Regio cruris
  • Lesser sciatic notch - Incisura ischiadica minor
  • Lesser trochanter - Trochanter minor
  • Lesser tubercle - Tuberculum minus
  • Levator anguli oculi medialis - Musculus levator anguli oculi medialis
  • Levator labii superioris - Musculus levator labii superioris
  • Liver - Hepar
  • Lower lip - Labium inferius
  • Lumbar region - Regio lumbalis
  • Lumbar vertebrae - Vertebrae lumbales
  • Mandible - Mandibula
  • Mandibular gland - Glandula mandibularis
  • Mandibular region - Regio mandibularis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Masseter - Musculus masseter
  • Masseteric region - Regio masseterica
  • Maxilla - Maxilla
  • Maxillar region - Regio maxillaris
  • Medial - Medialis
  • Medial condyle - Condylus medialis
  • Medial malleolus - Malleolus medialis
  • Medial region of the knee - Regio genus medialis
  • Median abdominal region - Regio abdominis media
  • Median plane - Planum medianum
  • Mental region - Regio mentalis
  • Metacarpal pad - Torus metacarpeus
  • Metacarpal region - Regio metacarpi
  • Metacarpals [I -V] - Ossa metacarpalia I-V
  • Metacarpophalangeal joints - Articulationes metacarpophalangeae
  • Metacarpus - Metacarpus
  • Metatarsal region - Regio metatarsi
  • Metatarsals I-V - Ossa metatarsalia I-V
  • Metatarsophalangeal joints - Articulationes metatarsophalangeae
  • Metatarsus - Metatarsus
  • Middle phalanx - Phalanx media
  • Molar teeth - Dentes molares
  • Mouth - Os
  • Musculus omotransversarius - Musculus omotransversarius
  • Musculus sternocephalicus - Musculus sternocephalicus
  • Mylohyoid - Musculus mylohyoideus
  • Nasal bone - Os nasale
  • Nasal cavity - Cavum nasi
  • Nasal plane - Planum nasale
  • Nasal region - Regio nasalis
  • Nasolabial levator - Musculus levator nasolabialis
  • Neck - Collum
  • Nose - Nasus
  • Nostril - Naris
  • Obturator foramen - Foramen obturatum
  • Obturator internus - Musculus obturatorius internus
  • Occipital bone - Os occipitale
  • Occipital region - Regio occipitalis
  • Occipitalis muscle - Musculus occipitalis
  • Occiput - Occiput
  • Occiput - Occiput
  • Oesophagus - Esophagus
  • Olecranial region - Regio olecrani
  • Olecranon - Olecranon
  • Oral region - Regio oralis
  • Orbicularis oculi - Musculus orbicularis oculi
  • Orbit - Orbita
  • Orbital region - Regio orbitalis
  • Os penis - Os penis
  • Palmar - Palmaris
  • Paralumbal fossa - Fossa paralumbalis
  • Parietal bone - Os parietale
  • Parietal region - Regio parietalis
  • Parotid gland - Glandula parotis
  • Parotid region - Regio parotidea
  • Patella - Patella
  • Patellar region - Regio patellaris
  • Patellofemoral joint - Articulatio femoropatellaris
  • Pectineus - Musculus pectineus
  • Pectoral regions - Regiones pectoris
  • Pectoralis descendens (Superficial pectorals) - Musculus pectoralis descendens (Musculi pectorales superficiales)
  • Pelvic limb - Membrum pelvinum
  • Pelvic region - Regiones pelvis
  • Pelvis - Pelvis
  • Perineal region - Regio perinealis
  • Perineum - Perineum
  • Pharyngeal region - Regio pharyngea
  • Plantar - Plantaris
  • Popliteal lymph nodes - Lymphonodi poplitei
  • Popliteal region - Regio poplitea
  • Posterior part of knee - Poples
  • Premolar teeth - Dentes premolares [prae-]
  • Prepuce - Preputium [Praeputium]
  • Preputial region - Regio preputialis [prae-]
  • Prescapular region - Regio prescapularis [prae-]
  • Presternal region - Regio presternalis [prae-]
  • Profunda femoris vein; Deep vein of thigh - Vena profunda femoris
  • Pronator teres - Musculus pronator teres
  • Proximal - Proximalis
  • Proximal interphalangeal joints of hand - Articulationes interphalangeae proximales manu
  • Proximal phalanx - Phalanx proximalis
  • Proximal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris proximalis
  • Proximal tibiofibular joint - Articulatio tibiofibularis proximalis
  • Pubic region - Regio pubica
  • Pubis - Os pubis
  • Radiocarpal joint - Articulatio radiocarpea
  • Radius - Radius
  • Rectum - Rectum
  • Region of common calcaneal tendon - Regio tendinis calcanei communis
  • Region of humeral joint - Regio articulationis humeri
  • Region of ischiatic tuberosity - Regio tuberis ischiadici
  • Region of lateral fold - Regio plicae lateris
  • Region of nostrils - Regio naris
  • Region of tail - Regio caudalis
  • Region of temporomandibular joint - Regio articulationis temporomandibularis
  • Region of the coxal joint - Regio articulationis coxae
  • Region of the root of the tail - Regio radicis caudae
  • Regions of abdomen - Regiones abdominis
  • Regions of back - Regiones dorsi
  • Regions of face - Regiones faciei
  • Regions of head - Regiones capitis
  • Regions of neck - Regiones colli
  • Regions of pelvic limb - Regiones membri pelvini
  • Regions of skull - Regiones cranii
  • Regions of thoracic limb - Regiones membri thoracici
  • Renal vein - Vena renalis
  • Retroauricular region - Regio retroauricularis
  • Retromandibular fossa - Fossa retromandibularis
  • Ribs - Costae
  • Right - Dexter
  • Right kidney - Ren dexter
  • Right lung - Pulmo dexter
  • Right subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia dextra
  • Root of the tail - Radix caudae
  • Rostral - Rostralis
  • Sacral region - Regio sacralis
  • Sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] dorsalis lateralis - Musculus sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] dorsalis lateralis
  • Sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] dorsalis medialis - Musculus sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] dorsalis medialis
  • Sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] ventralis lateralis - Musculus sacrocaudalis [-coccygeus] ventralis lateralis
  • Sacroiliac joint - Articulatio sacroiliaca
  • Sacrum [sacral vertebrae] - Os sacrum [Vertebrae sacrales]
  • Sagittal plane [paramedian] - Plana sagittalia [paramediana]
  • Sartorius - Musculus sartorius
  • Sartorius: Caudal part - Musculus sartorius: Pars caudalis
  • Sartorius: Cranial part - Musculus sartorius: Pars cranialis
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Scapular region - Regio scapularis
  • Scrotum - Scrotum
  • Semimembranosus - Musculus semimembranosus
  • Semitendinosus - Musculus semitendinosus
  • Sesamoid bone of gastrocnemius - Ossa sesamoidea musculus gastrocnemii
  • Sheet of recti abdominis (External table) - Vagina musculus recti abdominis (Lamina externa)
  • Shoulder joint - Articulatio humeri
  • Small intestine - Intestinum tenue
  • Sole of foot - Planta pedis
  • Spine of scapula - Spina scapulae
  • Spleen - Lien
  • Sternal region - Regio sternalis
  • Sternal synchondroses - Synchondroses sternales
  • Sternebrae - Sternebrae
  • Sternocephalic region - Regio sternocephalica
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternohyoid - Musculus sternohyoideus
  • Sternothyroideus - Musculus sternothyroideus [-thyreoideus]
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Stifle - Genu
  • Stomach - Gaster
  • Subclavian vein - Vena subclavia
  • Subhyoidal region - Regio subhyoidea
  • Superior eyelid - Palpebra superior
  • Superior labial region - Regio labialis superior
  • Superior palpebral region - Regio palpebralis superior
  • Supraorbital fossa - Fossa supraorbitalis
  • T1 - T I
  • T13 - T XIII
  • Tail - Cauda
  • Tarsal bones - Ossa tarsi
  • Tarsal extensor retinaculum - Retinaculum extensorum tarsale
  • Tarsal joints - Articulatio tarsi
  • Tarsal region - Regio tarsi
  • Tarsocrural joint - Articulatio tarsocruralis
  • Tarsometatarsal joints - Articulationes tarsometatarseae
  • Tarsus - Tarsus
  • Temple - Tempora
  • Temporal bone - Os temporale
  • Temporal fossa - Fossa temporalis
  • Temporal region - Regio temporalis
  • Temporalis; Temporal muscle - Musculus temporalis
  • Temporomandibular joint - Articulatio temporomandibularis
  • Tensor of fascia lata - Musculus tensor fasciae latae
  • Thigh - Femur
  • Thoracic aorta (Descending aorta) - Aorta thoracica (Aorta descendens)
  • Thoracic cavity - Cavum thoracis
  • Thoracic limb - Membrum thoracicum
  • Thoracic mamma - Mamma thoracica
  • Thoracic mammary region - Regio mammaria thoracica
  • Thoracic vertebrae - Vertebrae thoracicae
  • Thoracic vertebral region [Dorsocostal region] - Regio vertebralis thoracis [Regio dorsocostalis]
  • Thoracolumbar fascia - Fascia thoracolumbalis
  • Thorax - Thorax
  • Thyrohyoideus - Musculus thyrohyoideus [thyreo-]
  • Tibia - Tibia
  • Tibialis caudalis - Musculus tibialis caudalis
  • Tibialis cranialis - Musculus tibialis cranialis
  • Trachea - Trachea
  • Tracheal region - Regio trachealis
  • Transverse plane - Plana transversalia
  • Transverse superficial pectoral (Superficial pectorals) - Musculus pectoralis transversus (Musculi pectorales superficiales)
  • Trapezius: Cervical part - Musculus trapezius: Pars cervicalis
  • Trapezius: Thoracic part - Musculus trapezius: Pars thoracica
  • Triceps brachii: Lateral head - Musculus triceps brachii: Caput laterale
  • Triceps brachii: Long head - Musculus triceps brachii: Caput longum
  • Triceps brachii: Medial head - Musculus triceps brachii: Caput mediale
  • Tricipital region - Regio tricipitalis
  • Trochanteric region - Regio trochanterica
  • Tuber coxae region - Regio tuberis coxae
  • Ulna - Ulna
  • Ulnocarpal joint - Articulatio ulnocarpea
  • Umbilic - Umbilicus
  • Umbilical region - Regio umbilicalis
  • Upper lip - Labium superius
  • Urinary bladder - Vesica urinaria
  • Ventral - Ventralis
  • Ventral medial line - Linea mediana ventralis
  • Ventral region of neck - Regio colli ventralis
  • Vertebral column - Columna vertebralis
  • Vertebral column - Columna vertebralis
  • Vertex - Vertex
  • Wrist - Carpus
  • Xiphoid cartilage - Cartilago xiphoidea
  • Xiphoid process - Processus xiphoideus
  • Xiphoid region - Regio xiphoidea
  • Zygomatic - Musculus zygomaticus
  • Zygomatic arch - Arcus zygomaticus
  • Zygomatic bone - Os zygomaticum
  • Zygomatic region - Regio zygomatica

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