Atlas of anatomy on x-ray images of the dog

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD, Susanne AEB Borofka - PhD - dipl. ECVDI

Published on Wednesday 06 April 2016

SECTION: Dog

Images and anatomical references

This module of vet-Anatomy is a basic atlas of normal imaging anatomy of the dog on radiographs. 51 sampled x-ray images of healthy dogs made by Susanne AEB Borofka (PhD - dipl. ECVDI, Utrecht, Netherland) have been categorized topographically into seven chapters (head, vertebral column, thoracic limb, pelvic limb, larynx/pharynx, thorax and abdomen/pelvis).

648 differentiated anatomical legends have been added by Antoine Micheau (MD, Montpellier, France), separated in different colors to improve the survey and the identification of searched structures on each radiograph.

Terms are labeled using the Latin terms defined in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria (fifth edition - 2012 by ICVGAN). They have been translated into english and french by Antoine Micheau - MD, Imaios.

vet-Anatomy: Dog (Radiographs) - Head - Latero-lateral

vet-Anatomy: Dog (Radiographs) - Head - Latero-lateral

 

Cervical vertebrae - Radiograph: Bernese Mountain - 7 years - Latero-lateral

Cervical vertebrae - Radiograph: Bernese Mountain - 7 years - Latero-lateral

 

X-ray - Thoracolumbar vertebral junction (Radiographs of the dog)

X-ray - Thoracolumbar vertebral junction (Radiographs of the dog)

 

Lumbosacral vertebral junction - Belgian Shepherd - 25 months - Latero-lateral

Lumbosacral vertebral junction - Belgian Shepherd - 25 months - Latero-lateral

 

Dog - Radiography: Thoracic limb / Shoulder joint / Humerus / Elbow joint

Dog - Radiography: Thoracic limb / Shoulder joint / Humerus / Elbow joint

 

Hand/Wrist/Metacarpus/Fingers of hand - Dorso-palmar (Radiograph - Labrador - 3 years)

Hand/Wrist/Metacarpus/Fingers of hand - Dorso-palmar (Radiograph - Labrador - 3 years)

 

Golden retriever - 13 months - X-ray: Pelvis, Bones of pelvic limb

Golden retriever - 13 months - X-ray: Pelvis, Bones of pelvic limb

 

Thorax - Radiograph (Dog: German shepherd - 3 years)

Thorax - Radiograph (Dog: German shepherd - 3 years)


Anatomical parts

  • Abdomen - Abdomen
  • Abdominal cavity - Cavum abdominis
  • Accessory carpal bone - Os carpi accessorium
  • Acetabular border - Margo acetabuli
  • Acetabular fossa - Fossa acetabuli
  • Acetabular notch - Incisura acetabuli
  • Acetabulum - Acetabulum
  • Acromion - Acromion
  • Ala of ilium; Wing of ilium - Ala ossis ilii
  • Ala; Wing of sacrum - Ala ossis sacri
  • Alar canal - Canalis alaris
  • Alar foramen - Foramen alare
  • Alar notch - Incisura alaris
  • Alar spine - Spina alaris
  • Alveolar arch - Arcus alveolaris
  • Alveolar border - Margo alveolaris
  • Anconeal process - Processus anconeus [anconaeus]
  • Angle of costal arch - Angulus arcuum costalium
  • Angle of mandible - Angulus mandibulae
  • Angular process - Processus angularis
  • Antebrachiocarpal joint - Articulatio antebrachiocarpea
  • Anticlinal vertebra - Vertebra anticlinalis
  • Apex of cusp - Apex cuspidis
  • Apex of lung - Apex pulmonis
  • Apex of patella - Apex patellae
  • Apex of sacrum - Apex ossis sacri
  • Apex of tongue; Tip of tongue - Apex linguae
  • Arch of cricoid cartilage - Arcus cartilaginis cricoideae
  • Arcuate line - Linea arcuata
  • Arm - Brachium
  • Articular circumference - Circumferentia articularis
  • Articular circumference - Circumferentia articularis
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articular facet - Facies articularis capitis fibulae
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articular facet - Fovea articularis
  • Articular facet of costal head - Facies articularis capitis costae
  • Articular fovea of radial head - Fovea capitis radii
  • Articular suface of malleole - Facies articulares malleoli
  • Articular surface - Facies articularis
  • Articular surface - Facies articularis
  • Articular surface - Facies articularis
  • Articular surface - Facies articularis
  • Articular surface for cuboid - Facies articularis cuboidea
  • Articular surface for lateral sesamoid - Facies articularis sesamoidea lateralis
  • Articular surface for medial sesamoid - Facies articularis sesamoidea medialis
  • Articular surface for the carpe - Facies articularis carpea
  • Arytenoid cartilage - Cartilago arytenoidea [arytaenoidea]
  • Atlantoaxial joint - Articulatio atlantoaxialis
  • Atlantooccipital joint - Articulatio atlantooccipitalis
  • Atlas - Atlas
  • Auricular surface - Facies auricularis
  • Auricular surface - Facies auricularis
  • Axilla - Axilla
  • Axis - Axis
  • Back - Dorsum
  • Base - Basis
  • Base - Basis
  • Base of lung - Basis pulmonis
  • Base of middle phalanx - Basis phalangis mediae
  • Base of middle phalanx - Basis phalangis mediae
  • Base of patella - Basis patellae
  • Base of proximal phalanx - Basis phalangis proximalis
  • Base of proximal phalanx - Basis phalangis proximalis
  • Base of sacrum - Basis ossis sacri
  • Basihyoid [Body] - Basihyoideum [Corpus]
  • Basisphenoid bone - Os basisphenoidale
  • Body - Corpus ossis ischii
  • Body - Corpus
  • Body [Shaft] of femur - Corpus ossis femoris
  • Body [Shaft] of fibula - Corpus fibulae
  • Body [Shaft] of humerus - Corpus humeri
  • Body [Shaft] of radius - Corpus radii
  • Body [Shaft] of tibia - Corpus tibiae
  • Body [Shaft] of ulna - Corpus ulnae
  • Body of ilium - Corpus ossis ilii
  • Body of mandible - Corpus mandibulae
  • Body of middle phalanx - Corpus phalangis mediae
  • Body of middle phalanx - Corpus phalangis mediae
  • Body of proximal phalanx - Corpus phalangis proximalis
  • Body of proximal phalanx - Corpus phalangis proximalis
  • Body of pubis - Corpus ossis pubis
  • Body of sternum - Corpus sterni
  • Body of talus - Corpus tali
  • Body of tongue - Corpus linguae
  • Body of tooth - Corpus dentis
  • Bony nasal septum - Septum nasi osseum
  • Bony palate - Palatum osseum
  • Buccal surface (Body of mandible) - Facies buccalis (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Calcaneal articular surface - Facies articulares calcaneae
  • Calcaneal tuberosity - Tuber calcanei
  • Calcaneoquartal joint - Articulatio calcaneoquartalis
  • Calcaneus - Calcaneus
  • Calf - Sura
  • Canal of transverse sinus - Canalis sinus transversi
  • Canine teeth - Dentes canini
  • Canine tooth - Dens caninus
  • Capitulum - Capitulum humeri
  • Cardial part - Pars cardiaca
  • Carpal articular surface - Facies articularis carpea
  • Carpal bone I - Os carpale I
  • Carpal bone II - Os carpale II
  • Carpal bone III - Os carpale III
  • Carpal bone IV - Os carpale IV
  • Carpal bones - Ossa carpi
  • Carpal pad - Torus carpeus
  • Carpometacarpal joints - Articulationes carpometacarpeae
  • Caudal angle - Angulus caudalis
  • Caudal articular fovea - Fovea articularis caudalis
  • Caudal articular process - Processus articularis caudalis
  • Caudal articular process - Processus articularis caudalis
  • Caudal border - Margo caudalis
  • Caudal costal fovea - Fovea costalis caudalis
  • Caudal costal fovea [Cervical vertebra] - Fovea costalis caudalis [vertebrae cervicalis VII]
  • Caudal dorsal iliac spine - Spina iliaca dorsalis caudalis
  • Caudal extremity [Vertebral fossa] - Extremitas caudalis [Fossa vertebrae]
  • Caudal intercondylar area - Area intercondylaris caudalis
  • Caudal lobe - Lobus caudalis
  • Caudal ramus of pubic bone - Ramus caudalis ossis pubis
  • Caudal thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis caudalis
  • Caudal vena cava - Vena cava caudalis
  • Caudal vertebrae [Coccygeal] - Vertebrae caudales [coccygeae]
  • Caudal vertebral notch - Incisura vertebralis caudalis
  • Cavity of pharynx - Cavum pharyngis
  • Central intercondylar area - Area intercondylaris centralis
  • Central tarsal bone - Os tarsi centrale
  • Centrodistale joint - Articulatio centrodistalis
  • Ceratohyoid [Lesser horn] - Ceratohyoideum [Cornu minus]
  • Cervical vertebrae - Vertebrae cervicales
  • Cheek - Bucca [Mala]
  • Chin - Mentum
  • Choanae - Choanae
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Claw - Unguicula
  • Claw - Unguicula
  • Cochlea tibiae - Cochlea tibiae
  • Conchal crest - Crista conchalis
  • Condylar process - Processus condylaris
  • Condyle of humerus - Condylus humeri
  • Contact zone - Facies contactus
  • Coracoid process - Processus coracoideus
  • Coracoid process - Processus coracoideus
  • Coronoid process - Processus coronoideus
  • Costal angle - Angulus costae
  • Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal body [Shaft] - Corpus costae
  • Costal cartilage - Cartilago costalis
  • Costal head - Caput costae
  • Costal knee - Genu costae
  • Costal neck - Collum costae
  • Costal notches - Incisurae costales
  • Costal pleura (Parietal pleura) - Pleura costalis (Pleura parietalis)
  • Costal process (Transverse process) - Processus costalis (Processus transversus)
  • Costal surface - Facies costalis
  • Costal surface [Medial] - Facies costalis [medialis]
  • Costochondral joints - Articulationes costochondrales
  • Costodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus costodiaphragmaticus
  • Costotransverse joint (Costovertebral joints) - Articulatio costotransversaria (Articulationes costovertebrales)
  • Costovertebral joints - Articulationes costovertebrales
  • Coxal bone - Os coxae
  • Coxal tuberosity - Tuber coxae
  • Cranial angle - Angulus cranialis
  • Cranial articular fovea - Fovea articularis cranialis
  • Cranial articular process - Processus articularis cranialis
  • Cranial articular process - Processus articularis cranialis
  • Cranial border - Margo cranialis
  • Cranial border - Margo cranialis
  • Cranial cavity - Cavum cranii
  • Cranial costal fovea - Fovea costalis cranialis
  • Cranial dorsal iliac spine - Spina iliaca dorsalis cranialis
  • Cranial extremity [Vertebral head] - Extremitas cranialis [Caput vertebrae]
  • Cranial intercondylar area - Area intercondylaris cranialis
  • Cranial lobe [left lung]: Caudal part - Lobus cranialis [pulmonis sinistri]: Pars caudalis
  • Cranial lobe [left lung]: Cranial part - Lobus cranialis [pulmonis sinistri]: Pars cranialis
  • Cranial lobe [right lung] - Lobus cranialis [pulmonis dextri]
  • Cranial mediastinum - Mediastinum craniale
  • Cranial ramus of pubic bone - Ramus cranialis ossis pubis
  • Cranial surface - Facies cranialis
  • Cranial thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis cranialis
  • Cranial vena cava - Vena cava cranialis
  • Cranial ventral iliac spine - Spina iliaca ventralis cranialis
  • Cranial vertebral notch - Incisura vertebralis cranialis
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Cricoid cartilage - Cartilago cricoidea
  • Crown - Corona dentis
  • Cusp; Cuspid - Cuspis [coronae] dentis
  • Deltoid tuberosity - Tuberositas deltoidea
  • Dens - Dens
  • Dental alveoli - Alveoli dentales
  • Descending colon - Colon descendens [Colon tenue ]
  • Diaphragm - Diaphragma
  • Diaphragmatic pleura (Parietal pleura) - Pleura diaphragmatica (Pleura parietalis)
  • Diaphragmatic surface - Facies diaphragmatica
  • Diastema - Diastema
  • Digital bones of hand - Ossa digitorum manus
  • Digital bones of pes - Ossa digitorum pedis
  • Digital pad - Torus digitalis
  • Digiti II-V - Digiti II-V
  • Digits of foot - Digiti pedis
  • Digitus I [Thumb] / Paradigitus - Digitus I [Pollex] / Paradigitus
  • Distal interphalangeal joints of foot - Articulationes interphalangeae distales pedis
  • Distal interphalangeal joints of hand - Articulationes interphalangeae distales manu
  • Distal phalanx - Phalanx distalis
  • Distal phalanx - Phalanx distalis
  • Distal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris distalis
  • Distal sesamoid bone - Os sesamoideum distale
  • Distal surface - Facies distalis
  • Distal tibiofibular joint - Articulatio tibiofibularis distalis
  • Dorsal arch - Arcus dorsalis
  • Dorsal border - Margo dorsalis
  • Dorsal border [obtusus] - Margo dorsalis [obtusus]
  • Dorsal condylar fossa - Fossa condylaris dorsalis
  • Dorsal mediastinum - Mediastinum dorsale
  • Dorsal nasal concha - Concha nasalis dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal meatus - Meatus nasi dorsalis
  • Dorsal sacral foramina - Foramina sacralia dorsalia
  • Dorsal surface - Facies dorsalis
  • Dorsal surface - Facies dorsalis
  • Dorsal surface - Facies dorsalis
  • Dorsal tubercle - Tuberculum dorsale
  • Dorsal tubercle - Tuberculum dorsale
  • Dorsum of foot - Dorsum pedis
  • Duodenum: Descending part - Duodenum: Pars descendens
  • Ear - Auris
  • Elbow - Cubitus
  • Elbow joint - Articulatio cubiti
  • Epiglottic cartilage - Cartilago epiglottica
  • Epiglottis - Epiglottis
  • Epihyoid - Epihyoideum
  • Ethmoidal fossae - Fossae ethmoidales
  • Ethmoidal labyrinth - Labyrinthus ethmoidalis
  • Extensor fossa - Fossa extensoria
  • Extensor process - Processus extensorius
  • Extensor process - Processus extensorius
  • External acoustic opening - Porus acusticus externus
  • External occipital protuberance - Protuberantia occipitalis externa
  • External sagittal crest - Crista sagittalis externa
  • External surface of cranial base - Basis cranii externa
  • Facies serrata - Facies serrata
  • False ribs [Sternal] - Costae spuriae [asternales]
  • Fauces - Fauces
  • Femorotibial joint (Knee joint) - Articulatio femorotibialis (Articulatio genus)
  • Femur - Os femoris [Femur]
  • Fibula - Fibula
  • Fibular articular facet - Facies articularis fibularis
  • Fibular notch - Incisura fibularis
  • Fingers of hand - Digiti manus
  • First incisor - Dens incisivus primus
  • First molar tooth - Dens molaris primus
  • First premolar - Dens premolaris primus
  • Flank - Latus
  • Floating ribs - Costae fluctuantes
  • Foot - Pes
  • Foramen lacerum - Foramen lacerum
  • Foramen magnum - Foramen magnum
  • Forearm - Antebrachium
  • Forehead - Frons
  • Fossa for lacrimal sac - Fossa sacci lacrimalis
  • Fourth premolar - Dens premolaris quartus
  • Front of chest - Pectus
  • Frontal bone - Os frontale
  • Frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis
  • Gaster [Ventricle] - Gaster [Ventriculus]
  • Glenoid cavity - Cavitas glenoidalis
  • Gluteal surface - Facies glutea [glutaea]
  • Greater curvature of ventricle - Curvatura ventriculi major
  • Greater palatine canal - Canalis palatinus major
  • Greater sciatic notch - Incisura ischiadica major
  • Greater trochanter - Trochanter major
  • Greater tubercle - Tuberculum majus
  • Groove of fibularis longus - Sulcus tendinis musculus fibularis [peron (a)ei] longi
  • Hand - Manus
  • Head - Caput
  • Head - Caput radii
  • Head - Caput
  • Head - Caput
  • Head of femur - Caput ossis femoris
  • Head of fibula - Caput fibulae
  • Head of humerus - Caput humeri
  • Head of mandible - Caput mandibulae
  • Head of middle phalanx - Caput phalangis mediae
  • Head of middle phalanx - Caput phalangis mediae
  • Head of proximal phalanx - Caput phalangis proximalis
  • Head of proximal phalanx - Caput phalangis proximalis
  • Head of talus - Caput tali
  • Heart - Cor
  • Heel - Calx
  • Hip - Coxa
  • Hip joint - Articulatio coxae
  • Humeroradial joint - Articulatio humeroradialis
  • Humeroulnar joint - Articulatio humeroulnaris
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Hyoid apparatus - Apparatus hyoideus
  • Ileum - Ileum
  • Iliac crest - Crista iliaca
  • Iliac surface - Facies iliaca
  • Iliac tuberosity - Tuberositas iliaca
  • Iliopubic eminence - Eminentia iliopubica
  • Ilium - Os ilium
  • Incisive bone - Os incisivum
  • Incisive part (Body of mandible) - Pars incisiva (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Incisors - Dentes incisivi
  • Infraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum infraglenoidale
  • Infraorbital canal - Canalis infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital foramen - Foramen infraorbitale
  • Infraspinous fossa - Fossa infraspinata
  • Inguina - Inguen
  • Interalveolar border (Diastema) - Margo interalveolaris (Diastema)
  • Interalveolar septa - Septa interalveolaria
  • Intercarpal joints - Articulationes intercarpeae
  • Intercondylar eminence - Eminentia intercondylaris
  • Intercondylar fossa - Fossa intercondylaris
  • Intercostal space - Spatium intercostale
  • Intermandibular suture (Intermandibular joint) - Sutura intermandibularis (Articulatio intermandibularis)
  • Intermandibular synchondrosis (Intermandibular joint) - Synchondrosis intermandibularis (Articulatio intermandibularis)
  • Intermediate sacral crest - Crista sacralis intermedia
  • Intermedioradial carpal bone - Os carpi intermedioradiale
  • Intermetacarpal joints - Articulationes intermetacarpeae
  • Intermetatarsal joints - Articulationes intermetatarseae
  • Intermetatarsal spaces - Spatia interossea metatarsi
  • Interosseous metacarpal spaces - Spatia interossea metacarpi
  • Interradicular septa - Septa interradicularia
  • Intersternebral synchondroses - Synchondroses intersternebrales
  • Intertarsal joints - Articulationes intertarseae
  • Intertrochanteric crest - Crista intertrochanterica
  • Intertubercular sulcus; Bicipital groove - Sulcus intertubercularis
  • Intervertebral disc - Discus intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral foramen - Foramen intervertebrale
  • Intervertebral symphysis - Symphysis intervertebralis
  • Intrapharygneal opening - Ostium intrapharyngeum
  • Ischial spine - Spina ischiadica
  • Ischial tuberosity - Tuber ischiadicum
  • Ischiatic arch - Arcus ischiadicus
  • Ischiatic symphysis (Pelvic symphysis) - Symphysis ischiadica (Symphysis pelvina)
  • Ischiatic table - Tabula ossis ischii
  • Ischium - Os ischii
  • Jejunum - Jejunum
  • Joint of accessory carpal bone - Articulatio ossis carpi accessorii
  • Joint of head of rib (Costovertebral joints) - Articulatio capitis costae (Articulationes costovertebrales)
  • Joints of articular process - Articulationes processuum articularium
  • Jugular foramen - Foramen jugulare
  • Kidney - Ren
  • Knee - Genu
  • Labial surface (Body of mandible) - Facies labialis (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Lamina of cricoid cartilage - Lamina cartilaginis cricoideae
  • Lamina of vertebral arch - Lamina arcus vertebrae
  • Laryngeal ventricle - Ventriculus laryngis
  • Larynx - Larynx
  • Lateral condyle - Condylus lateralis
  • Lateral condyle - Condylus lateralis
  • Lateral coronoid process - Processus coronoideus lateralis
  • Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus lateralis
  • Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus lateralis
  • Lateral intercondylar tubercle - Tuberculum intercondylare laterale
  • Lateral malleolus - Malleolus lateralis
  • Lateral malleolus - Malleolus lateralis
  • Lateral margin - Margo lateralis
  • Lateral mass - Massa lateralis
  • Lateral part (Sacrum) - Pars lateralis (Os sacrum)
  • Lateral sacral crest - Crista sacralis lateralis
  • Lateral supracondylar crest - Crista supracondylaris lateralis
  • Lateral supracondylar tuberosity - Tuberositas supracondylaris lateralis
  • Lateral surface - Facies lateralis
  • Lateral surface - Facies lateralis
  • Lateral vertebral foramen - Foramen vertebrale laterale
  • Left kidney - Ren sinister
  • Left lung - Pulmo sinister
  • Leg - Crus
  • Lesser curvature of ventricle - Curvatura ventriculi minor
  • Lesser sciatic notch - Incisura ischiadica minor
  • Lesser trochanter - Trochanter minor
  • Lesser tubercle - Tuberculum minus
  • Lingual surface - Facies lingualis
  • Lingual surface (Body of mandible) - Facies lingualis (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Liver - Hepar
  • Lower dental arch - Arcus dentalis inferior
  • Lower lip - Labium inferius
  • Lumbar vertebrae - Vertebrae lumbales
  • Lumbodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus lumbodiaphragmaticus
  • Lumbosacral joint - Articulatio lumbosacralis
  • Lunate surface - Facies lunata
  • Lung [droit et gauche] - Pulmo [dexter et sinister]
  • Malleola articular surface - Facies articularis malleolaris
  • Mammillary process - Processus mamillaris
  • Mandible - Mandibula
  • Mandibular canal - Canalis mandibulae
  • Mandibular foramen - Foramen mandibulae
  • Mandibular notch - Incisura mandibulae
  • Manubriosternal synchondrosis - Synchondrosis manubriosternalis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Mastoid process - Processus mastoideus
  • Maxilla - Maxilla
  • Maxillar recess - Recessus maxillaris
  • Maxillary foramen - Foramen maxillare
  • Medial condyle - Condylus medialis
  • Medial condyle - Condylus medialis
  • Medial condyle/Lateral condyle - Condylus medialis/Condylus lateralis
  • Medial coronoid process - Processus coronoideus medialis
  • Medial epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis
  • Medial epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis
  • Medial epicondyle/Lateral epicondyle - Epicondylus medialis/Epicondylus lateralis
  • Medial intercondylar tubercle - Tuberculum intercondylare mediale
  • Medial malleolus - Malleolus medialis
  • Medial malleolus - Malleolus medialis
  • Medial margin - Margo medialis
  • Medial surface - Facies medialis
  • Medial surface - Mediastinal part - Facies medialis - Pars mediastinalis
  • Medial surface - Vertebral part - Facies medialis - Pars vertebralis
  • Median sacral crest - Crista sacralis mediana
  • Mediastinal pleura (Parietal pleura) - Pleura mediastinalis (Pleura parietalis)
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum
  • Mediocarpal joint - Articulatio mediocarpea
  • Mental foramina - Foramina mentalia
  • Mesial surface - Facies mesialis
  • Metacarpal - Os metacarpale
  • Metacarpal pad - Torus metacarpeus
  • Metacarpals [I -V] - Ossa metacarpalia I-V
  • Metacarpophalangeal joints - Articulationes metacarpophalangeae
  • Metacarpus - Metacarpus
  • Metatarsals I-V - Ossa metatarsalia I-V
  • Metatarsophalangeal joints - Articulationes metatarsophalangeae
  • Metatarsus - Metatarsus
  • Microship implant - Microship implant
  • Middle lobe [right lung] - Lobus medius [pulmonis dextri]
  • Middle mediastinum - Mediastinum medium
  • Middle phalanx - Phalanx media
  • Middle phalanx - Phalanx media
  • Molar part (Body of mandible) - Pars molaris (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Molar teeth - Dentes molares
  • Mouth - Os
  • Nasal bone - Os nasale
  • Nasal cavity - Cavum nasi
  • Nasal cavity - Cavum nasi
  • Nasal pharynx - Pars nasalis pharyngis
  • Navicular articular surface - Facies articularis navicularis
  • Neck - Cervix
  • Neck of femur - Collum ossis femoris
  • Neck of fibula - Collum fibulae
  • Neck of humerus - Collum humeri
  • Neck of mandible - Collum mandibulae
  • Neck of radius - Collum radii
  • Neck of scapula - Collum scapulae
  • Neck of talus - Collum tali
  • Neck of the teeth - Cervix dentis
  • Nose - Nasus
  • Nostrils - Nares
  • Nuchal crest - Crista nuchae
  • Nuchal tubercle - Tuberculum nuchale
  • Obturator foramen - Foramen obturatum
  • Occipital bone - Os occipitale
  • Occipital condyle - Condylus occipitalis
  • Occiput - Occiput
  • Occlusal surface - Facies occlusalis
  • Oesophagus: Cervical part - Esophagus: Pars cervicalis
  • Olecranon - Olecranon
  • Olecranon fossa - Fossa olecrani
  • Olecranon tuber - Tuber olecrani
  • Optic canal - Canalis opticus
  • Oral part of the Pharynx  - Pars oralis pharyngis
  • Orbit - Orbita
  • Orbital fissure - Fissura orbitalis
  • Palatine bone - Os palatinum
  • Palmar surface - Facies palmaris
  • Paracondylar process - Processus paracondylaris
  • Parietal bone - Os parietale
  • Patella - Patella
  • Patellofemoral joint (Knee joint) - Articulatio femoropatellaris (Articulatio genus)
  • Pecten pubis; Pectineal line - Pecten ossis pubis
  • Pedicle of vertebral arch - Pediculus arcus vertebrae
  • Pelvic cavity - Cavum pelvis
  • Pelvic limb - Membrum pelvinum
  • Pelvic surface - Facies pelvina
  • Pelvis - Pelvis
  • Pelvis - Pelvis
  • Pericardic pleura (Parietal pleura) - Pleura pericardiaca (Pleura parietalis)
  • Perineum - Perineum
  • Pharynx - Pharynx
  • Plantar surface - Facies plantaris
  • Popliteal notch - Incisura poplitea
  • Popliteal surface - Facies poplitea
  • Posterior part of knee - Poples
  • Premolar teeth - Dentes premolares [prae-]
  • Presphenoid bone - Os presphenoidale
  • Promontory - Promontorium
  • Proximal articular surface - Facies articularis proximalis
  • Proximal interphalangeal joints of foot - Articulationes interphalangeae proximales pedis
  • Proximal interphalangeal joints of hand - Articulationes interphalangeae proximales manu
  • Proximal phalanx - Phalanx proximalis
  • Proximal phalanx - Phalanx proximalis
  • Proximal radioulnar joint - Articulatio radioulnaris proximalis
  • Proximal sesamoid bone - Ossa sesamoidea proximalia
  • Proximal tibiofibular joint - Articulatio tibiofibularis proximalis
  • Pterygoid bone - Os pterygoideum
  • Pterygoid process - Processus pterygoideus
  • Pubic symphysis (Pelvic symphysis) - Symphysis pubica (Symphysis pelvina)
  • Pubis - Os pubis
  • Pulmonar hilum - Hilus pulmonis
  • Pulmonary pleura - Pleura pulmonalis
  • Pulp cavity - Cavum dentis [pulpare]
  • Pulp cavity of crown - Cavum coronale dentis
  • Pyloric antrum - Antrum pyloricum
  • Radial fossa - Fossa radialis
  • Radial notch - Incisura radialis
  • Radial tuberosity - Tuberositas radii
  • Radiocarpal joint - Articulatio radiocarpea
  • Radius - Radius
  • Ramus of iischion - Ramus ossis ischii
  • Ramus of mandible - Ramus mandibulae
  • Rectum - Rectum
  • Retroarticular process - Processus retroarticularis
  • Rib - Os costale
  • Ribs - Costae
  • Right kidney - Ren dexter
  • Right lung - Pulmo dexter
  • Root - Radix dentis
  • Root apex - Apex radicis dentis
  • Root canal; Pulp canal - Canalis radicis dentis
  • Root of tongue - Radix linguae
  • Rostral alar foramen - Foramen alare rostrale
  • Sacral canal - Canalis sacralis
  • Sacral tuberosity - Tuber sacrale
  • Sacral tuberosity - Tuberositas sacralis
  • Sacroiliac joint - Articulatio sacroiliaca
  • Sacropelvic surface - Facies sacropelvina
  • Sacrum [sacral vertebrae] - Os sacrum [Vertebrae sacrales]
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Second incisor - Dens incisivus secundus
  • Second molar tooth - Dens molaris secundus
  • Second premolar - Dens premolaris secundus
  • Sesamoid bone of abductoris digiti I [pollicis] longi - Os sesamoideum musculus abductoris digiti I [pollicis] longi
  • Sesamoid bone of gastrocnemius - Ossa sesamoidea musculus gastrocnemii
  • Sesamoid bone of gastrocnemius (Lateral) - Ossa sesamoidea musculus gastrocnemii (Lateralis)
  • Sesamoid bone of gastrocnemius (Medial) - Ossa sesamoidea musculus gastrocnemii (Medialis)
  • Sesamoid bone of popliteus - Os sesamoideum musculus poplitei
  • Shaft; Body - Corpus
  • Shoulder joint - Articulatio humeri
  • Soft palate - Palatum molle [Velum palatinum]
  • Sole of foot - Planta pedis
  • Spine of scapula - Spina scapulae
  • Spinous process - Processus spinosus
  • Spinous process (Axis - C2) - Processus spinosus (Axis - C II)
  • Spleen - Lien
  • Sternebrae - Sternebrae
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Stylohyoid - Stylohyoideum
  • Styloid process - Processus styloideus
  • Styloid process - Processus styloideus
  • Subscapular fossa - Fossa subscapularis
  • Sulcus tali - Sulcus tali
  • Supraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum supraglenoidale
  • Suprascapular notch - Incisura scapulae
  • Supraspinous fossa - Fossa supraspinata
  • Supratrochlear foramen - Foramen supratrochleare
  • Sustentaculum tali; Talar shelf - Sustentaculum tali
  • Symphysial surface - Facies symphysialis
  • Symphysial surface - Facies symphysialis
  • Tail - Cauda
  • Talar articular surfaces - Facies articulares talares
  • Talocalcaneal joint - Articulatio talocalcanea
  • Talocalcaneocentral joint - Articulatio talocalcaneocentralis
  • Talus - Talus
  • Tarsal articular surface - Facies articularis tarsea
  • Tarsal bone I - Os tarsale I
  • Tarsal bone II - Os tarsale II
  • Tarsal bone III - Os tarsale III
  • Tarsal bone IV - Os tarsale IV
  • Tarsal bones - Ossa tarsi
  • Tarsal sinus - Sinus tarsi
  • Tarsocrural joint - Articulatio tarsocruralis
  • Tarsometatarsal joints - Articulationes tarsometatarseae
  • Tarsus - Tarsus
  • Teeth - Dentes
  • Temporal bone - Petrous part - Os temporale - Pars petrosa
  • Temporal process (Zygomatic bone) - Processus temporalis (Os zygomaticum)
  • Temporomandibular joint - Articulatio temporomandibularis
  • Temporozygomatic suture - Sutura temporozygomatica
  • Tentorium cerebelli osseum - Tentorium cerebelli osseum
  • Thigh - Femur
  • Third incisor - Dens incisivus tertius
  • Third molar tooth - Dens molaris tertius
  • Third premolar - Dens premolaris tertius
  • Thoracic aorta - Aorta thoracica
  • Thoracic cavity - Cavum thoracis
  • Thoracic cavity - Cavum thoracis
  • Thoracic limb - Membrum thoracicum
  • Thoracic vertebrae - Vertebrae thoracicae
  • Thorax - Thorax
  • Thyrohyoid [Great horn] - Thyrohyoideum [Thyreo-, Cornu majus]
  • Thyroid cartilage - Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea]
  • Tibia - Tibia
  • Tibial tuberosity - Tuberositas tibiae
  • Trachea - Cervical part - Trachea - Pars cervicalis
  • Trachea - Thoracic part - Trachea - Pars thoracica
  • Tracheal cartilages - Cartilagines tracheales
  • Transverse foramen - Foramen transversarium
  • Transverse process - Processus transversus
  • Transverse process - Processus transversus
  • Transverse process [Atlantal wing] - Processus transversus [Ala atlantis]
  • Trochanteric fossa - Fossa trochanterica
  • Trochlea of femur - Trochlea ossis femoris
  • Trochlea of humerus - Trochlea humeri
  • Trochlea of radius - Trochlea radii
  • Trochlea of talus - Trochlea tali
  • Trochlear notch - Incisura trochlearis
  • True ribs [Sternal] - Costae verae [sternales]
  • Tuberculum flexorium - Tuberculum flexorium
  • Tuberculum flexorium - Tuberculum flexorium
  • Tympanic bulla - Bulla tympanica
  • Ulna - Ulna
  • Ulnar carpal bone - Os carpi ulnare
  • Ulnar notch - Incisura ulnaris
  • Ulnocarpal joint - Articulatio ulnocarpea
  • Ungual process - Processus unguicularis
  • Ungual process - Processus unguicularis
  • Unguicular crest - Crista unguicularis
  • Unguicular crest - Crista unguicularis
  • Upper dental arch - Arcus dentalis superior
  • Upper lip - Labium superius
  • Ventral angle - Angulus ventralis
  • Ventral arch - Arcus ventralis
  • Ventral border - Margo ventralis
  • Ventral mediastinum - Mediastinum ventrale
  • Ventral nasal concha - Concha nasalis ventralis
  • Ventral nasal meatus - Meatus nasi ventralis
  • Ventral plate [Cervical vertebra VI] - Lamina ventralis [vertebrae cervicalis VI]
  • Ventral sacral foramina - Foramina sacralia ventralia
  • Ventricular body - Corpus ventriculi
  • Vertebral body - Corpus vertebrae
  • Vertebral canal - Canalis vertebralis
  • Vertebral column - Columna vertebralis
  • Vertebral foramen - Foramen vertebrale
  • Vertex - Vertex
  • Vestibular surface - Facies vestibularis [facialis]
  • Vomer - Vomer
  • Wrist - Carpus
  • Xiphoid process - Processus xiphoideus
  • Xiphosternal synchondrose - Synchondrosis xiphosternalis
  • Zygomatic arch - Arcus zygomaticus
  • Zygomatic process (Temporal bone) - Processus zygomaticus (Os temporale)
  • laryngeal part of the pharynx - Pars laryngea pharyngis

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