Labeled cross-sectional anatomy of the canine thorax on CT

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD, Susanne AEB Borofka - PhD - dipl. ECVDI

Published on Friday 26 August 2016

SECTION: Dog

Images and anatomical references

In this module of the animal atlas vet-Anatomy is displayed the cross-sectional labeled anatomy canine thorax on a Computed Tomography (CT) and on 3D images of the thorax of the dog.

CT images are available in 3 different planes (transverse, sagittal and dorsal) with two kinds of contrast (bones/lungs and soft tisssures/mediastinum/vessels). Additional 3D anatomical images at the end are available, showing bones, muscles, vessels, trachea, bronchi and lungs of the thoracic cavity of the dog.

753 anatomical parts have been labeled, separated in different sections:

Body parts

  • Regions
  • Bones: Vertebral column, Ribs, Sternum, Bones of thoracic limb, Numbering of vertebrae and ribs
  • Joints
  • Muscles
  • Fascia
  • Trachea
  • Lungs
  • Pulmonary lobes
  • Pleura
  • Mediastinum
  • Heart
  • Pulmonary arteries
  • Pulmonary veins
  • Arteries
  • Veins
  • Lymph nodes
  • Nerves
  • Alimentar canal
  • Liver
  • Lobes of liver
  • Biliary tract
  • Pancreas
  • Spleen
  • Urinary organs
  • Peritoneum

This computed tomography with injection of iodinated contras agent has been performed on a healthy 7 years old Labrador Retriever by Dr. Susanne AEB Boroffka, dipl. ECVDI, PhD (Utrecht, Netherland).

3D rendered images have been created from the CT by the Dr. Samuel Merigeaud (Tridilogy - Montpellier, France).

Images displaying, anatomical labeling have been done by Dr. Antoine Micheau, Radiologist (Montpellier, France) and Dr. Denis Hoa, Radiologist (Montpellier, France).

Terms are labeled using the Latin terms defined in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria (fifth edition - 2012 by ICVGAN). They have been translated into english and french by Antoine Micheau - MD, Imaios.

 

vet-Anatomy: Cross-sectional anatomy of the canine thorax on CT imaging (lungs, trachea, heart, mediastinum, diaphragma, liver, rib cage, thoracic spine)

vet-Anatomy: Cross-sectional anatomy of the canine thorax on CT imaging (lungs, trachea, heart, mediastinum, diaphragma, liver, rib cage, thoracic spine)

 

Anatomy of the thorax of the dog on CT:: Mediastinal vessels, Aortic arch, Mediastinum, Heart, Pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary veins

Anatomy of the thorax of the dog on CT:: Mediastinal vessels, Aortic arch, Mediastinum, Heart, Pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary veins

 

Thorax of the dog: cross-sectional anatomy on Computed Tomography (CT): Lungs, Trachea, Bronchi

Thorax of the dog: cross-sectional anatomy on Computed Tomography (CT): Lungs, Trachea, Bronchi

 

Vertebral column - CT (Labrador): Thoracic vertebrae, Vertebral body, Pedicle of vertebral arch, Spinous process

Vertebral column - CT (Labrador): Thoracic vertebrae, Vertebral body, Pedicle of vertebral arch, Spinous process

 

Dog - Muscles of back / Muscles of thorax: Latissimus dorsi, Rhomboid thoracis, Serratus dorsalis cranialis, Erector spinae

Dog - Muscles of back / Muscles of thorax: Latissimus dorsi, Rhomboid thoracis, Serratus dorsalis cranialis, Erector spinae

 

Heart - CT (Animal): Ventricle of heart, Atrium of heart, Myocardium, Right atrioventricular valve [Tricuspid valve], Left atrioventricular valve [Bicsupid valve; Mitral valve]

Heart - CT (Animal): Ventricle of heart, Atrium of heart, Myocardium, Right atrioventricular valve [Tricuspid valve], Left atrioventricular valve [Bicsupid valve; Mitral valve]

 

Anatomy - Liver (Dog): Diaphragmatic surface, Visceral surface, Fissure for round ligament, Right lobe of liver, Quadrate lobe, Papillary process (Caudate lobe), Left lobe of liver, Gallbladder

Anatomy - Liver (Dog): Diaphragmatic surface, Visceral surface, Fissure for round ligament, Right lobe of liver, Quadrate lobe, Papillary process (Caudate lobe), Left lobe of liver, Gallbladder

 

Dog - Abdominal cavity: Spleen, Pancreas, Peritoneum, Stomach, Duodenum

Dog - Abdominal cavity: Spleen, Pancreas, Peritoneum, Stomach, Duodenum

 

Thorax - Anatomy atlas - 3D: Thoracic cavity, Manubrium of sternum, Sternebrae, Ribs, Mediastinum

Thorax - Anatomy atlas - 3D: Thoracic cavity, Manubrium of sternum, Sternebrae, Ribs, Mediastinum

 

3D - Bronchial tree (Dog): Trachea, Tracheal bifurcation, Main bronchus [right and left], Lobar bronchi

3D - Bronchial tree (Dog): Trachea, Tracheal bifurcation, Main bronchus [right and left], Lobar bronchi

 

Dog - Lungs - Anatomy: Lung [droit et gauche],  Base of lung, Apex of lung, Pulmonar hilum, Cranial lobe [right lung], Cranial lobe [left lung],  Middle lobe [right lung], Caudal lobe,  Accessory lobe [right lung], Cranial interlobar fissure [right lung], Caudal interlobar fissure

Dog - Lungs - Anatomy: Lung [droit et gauche], Base of lung, Apex of lung, Pulmonar hilum, Cranial lobe [right lung], Cranial lobe [left lung], Middle lobe [right lung], Caudal lobe, Accessory lobe [right lung], Cranial interlobar fissure [right lung], Caudal interlobar fissure

 

Dog - Mediastinal vessels: Ascending aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, Left subclavian artery,  Thoracic aorta (Descending aorta),  Cranial vena cava, Right azygos vein, Pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary veins

Dog - Mediastinal vessels: Ascending aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, Left subclavian artery, Thoracic aorta (Descending aorta), Cranial vena cava, Right azygos vein, Pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary veins

 

Dog - Thoracic skeleton: Ribs, Sternum, Xiphoid process, Intercostal space, Sternocostal joints, Sternal synchondroses, Costochondral joints

Dog - Thoracic skeleton: Ribs, Sternum, Xiphoid process, Intercostal space, Sternocostal joints, Sternal synchondroses, Costochondral joints

 

Muscles of back - Muscles of thoracic limb (Dog): Trapezius, Semispinalis thoracis, Multifidi, Longissimus thoracis, Deltoid

Muscles of back - Muscles of thoracic limb (Dog): Trapezius, Semispinalis thoracis, Multifidi, Longissimus thoracis, Deltoid

 

Dog -Surface anatomy: Body parts/ Regions (Pectoral regions, Presternal region,  Thoracic mammary region, Costal arch, Xiphoid region (Cranial abdominal region))

Dog -Surface anatomy: Body parts/ Regions (Pectoral regions, Presternal region, Thoracic mammary region, Costal arch, Xiphoid region (Cranial abdominal region))


Anatomical parts

  • Abdomen - Abdomen
  • Abdominal aorta (Descending aorta) - Aorta abdominalis (Aorta descendens)
  • Abdominal cavity - Cavum abdominis
  • Accessory axillar lymph nodes (Axillar lymph center) - Lymphonodi axillares accessorii (Lymphocentrum axillare)
  • Accessory lobe [right lung] - Lobus accessorius [pulmonis dextri]
  • Accessory process - Processus accessorius
  • Acromial branch (Superficial cervical artery) - Ramus acromialis (Arteria cervicalis superficialis)
  • Acromial branch Suprascapular vein - Ramus acromialis Vena suprascapularis
  • Acromial region (Scapular region) - Regio acromialis (Regio scapularis)
  • Acromion - Acromion
  • Angle of costal arch - Angulus arcuum costalium
  • Angular notch - Incisura angularis
  • Anticlinal vertebra - Vertebra anticlinalis
  • Aortic arch - Arcus aortae
  • Aortic bulb - Bulbus aortae
  • Aortic hiatus - Hiatus aorticus
  • Aortic impression - Impressio aortica
  • Aortic lumbar lymph nodes (Lumbar lymph center) - Lymphonodi lumbales aortici (Lymphocentrum lumbale)
  • Aortic orifice - Ostium aortae
  • Aortic sinus - Sinus aortae
  • Aortic thoracic lymph nodes - Lymphonodi thoracici aortici
  • Aortic valve - Valva aortae
  • Apex of heart - Apex cordis
  • Apex of lung - Apex pulmonis
  • Arm - Brachium
  • Articular facet of costal head - Facies articularis capitis costae
  • Articular facet of costal tubercle - Facies articularis tuberculi costae
  • Ascending aorta - Aorta ascendens
  • Ascending branch (Branch for cranial lobe) - Ramus ascendens (Ramus lobi cranialis)
  • Ascending branch (Superficial cervical artery) - Ramus ascendens (Arteria cervicalis superficialis)
  • Ascending branch (Superficial cervical vein) - Ramus ascendens (Vena cervicalis superficialis)
  • Ascending colon - Colon ascendens
  • Ascending mesocolon - Mesocolon ascendens
  • Atria surface - Facies atrialis
  • Atrioventricular septum - Septum atrioventriculare
  • Auricular surface - Facies auricularis
  • Axilla - Axilla
  • Axillary artery - Arteria axillaris
  • Axillary cleft - Plica axillaris
  • Axillary fossa (Axillary region - Fossa axillaris (Regio axillaris
  • Axillary nerve - Nervus axillaris
  • Axillary vein - Vena axillaris
  • Axillobrachial vein - Vena axillobrachialis
  • Back - Dorsum
  • Bare area - Area nuda
  • Basal border (Margo acutus) - Margo basalis (Margo acutus)
  • Base of heart - Basis cordis
  • Base of lung - Basis pulmonis
  • Biceps brachii - Musculus biceps brachii
  • Bile duct - Ductus choledochus
  • Body [Shaft] of humerus - Corpus humeri
  • Body of gallbladder - Corpus vesicae felleae
  • Body of pancreas - Corpus pancreatis
  • Body of sternum - Corpus sterni
  • Brachial artery - Arteria brachialis
  • Brachial fascia - Fascia brachii
  • Brachial plexus - Plexus brachialis
  • Brachial region - Regio brachii
  • Brachialis - Musculus brachialis
  • Brachiocephalic trunk - Truncus brachiocephalicus
  • Branch for accessory lobe - Ramus lobi accessorii
  • Branch for caudal lobe - Ramus lobi caudalis
  • Branch for caudal lobe - Ramus lobi caudalis
  • Branch for cranial lobe - Ramus lobi cranialis
  • Branch of accessory lobe - Ramus lobi accessorii
  • Branch to cranial lobe - Ramus lobi cranialis
  • Branche for middle lobe - Ramus lobi medii
  • Bronchooesophageal artery - Arteria bronchoesophagea [-oesophagea]
  • Bronchooesophageal veins - Vena bronchoesophagea [-oesophagea]
  • C3 - C III
  • C4 - C IV
  • C5 - C V
  • C6 - C VI
  • C7 - C VII
  • Cardiac impression - Impressio cardiaca
  • Cardiac notch of right lung - Incisura cardiaca pulmonis dextri
  • Cardial notch - Incisura cardiaca
  • Cardial orifice - Ostium cardiacum
  • Cardial part (Stomach) - Pars cardiaca (Gaster)
  • Carina of trachea - Carina tracheae
  • Cartilage of scapula - Cartilago scapulae
  • Caudal angle - Angulus caudalis
  • Caudal articular process - Processus articularis caudalis
  • Caudal border - Margo caudalis
  • Caudal border - Margo caudalis
  • Caudal circumflex humeral artery - Arteria circumflexa humeri caudalis
  • Caudal costal fovea - Fovea costalis caudalis
  • Caudal costal fovea [Cervical vertebra] - Fovea costalis caudalis [vertebrae cervicalis VII]
  • Caudal deep cervical lymph nodes (Deep cervical lymph center) - Lymphonodi cervicales profundi caudales (Lymphocentrum cervicale profundum)
  • Caudal extremity [Vertebral fossa] - Extremitas caudalis [Fossa vertebrae]
  • Caudal interlobar fissure (Left lung) - Fissura interlobaris caudalis (Pulmo sinister)
  • Caudal interlobar fissure (Right lung) - Fissura interlobaris caudalis (Pulmo dexter)
  • Caudal lobe [left lung] - Lobus caudalis [pulmonis sinistri]
  • Caudal lobe [right lung] - Lobus caudalis [pulmonis dextri]
  • Caudal mediastinum - Mediastinum caudale
  • Caudal pancreaticoduodenal artery - Arteria pancreaticoduodenalis caudalis
  • Caudal pancreaticoduodenal vein - Vena pancreaticoduodenalis caudalis
  • Caudal part (Cranial lobe [left lung]) - Pars caudalis (Lobus cranialis [pulmonis sinistri])
  • Caudal part (Cranial lobe [right lung]) - Pars caudalis (Lobus cranialis [pulmonis dextri])
  • Caudal pectoral nerves - Nervi pectorales caudales
  • Caudal phrenic artery - Arteria phrenica caudalis
  • Caudal phrenic vein - Vena phrenica caudalis
  • Caudal thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis caudalis
  • Caudal thyroid arterie - Arteria thyroidea [thyreoidea] caudalis
  • Caudal thyroid vein - Vena thyroidea [thyreoidea] caudalis
  • Caudal vena cava - Vena cava caudalis
  • Caudate lobe - Lobus caudatus
  • Caudate process (Caudate lobe) - Processus caudatus (Lobus caudatus)
  • Caval opening - Foramen venae cavae
  • Celiac artery - Arteria celiaca [coeliaca]
  • Central tendon (Diaphragm) - Centrum tendineum (Diaphragma)
  • Cephalic vein - Vena cephalica
  • Cervical fascia: Carotid sheath - Fascia cervicalis: Vagina carotica
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina pretrachealis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina pretrachealis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina prevertebralis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina prevertebralis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Superficial layer - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina superficialis
  • Cervical nerves - Nervi cervicales
  • Cervical vertebrae - Vertebrae cervicales
  • Chyle cistern - Cisterna chyli
  • Circumflex branch - Ramus circumflexus
  • Circumflex scapular artery - Arteria circumflexa scapulae
  • Clavicle - Clavicula
  • Clavicular intersection - Intersectio clavicularis
  • Cleidobrachialis - Musculus cleidobrachialis
  • Cleidocephalicus muscle - Cervical part - Musculus cleidocephalicus - Pars cervicalis
  • Cleidocephalicus muscle - Mastoid part - Musculus cleidocephalicus - Pars mastoidea
  • Colic lymph nodes (Cranial mesenteric lymph center) - Lymphonodi colici (Lymphocentrum mesentericum craniale)
  • Conus arteriosus - Conus arteriosus
  • Coracobrachialis - Musculus coracobrachialis
  • Coracoid process - Processus coracoideus
  • Coronary ligament of liver - Ligamentum coronarium hepatis
  • Coronary sinus - Sinus coronarius
  • Coronary sulcus - Sulcus coronarius
  • Costal angle - Angulus costae
  • Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal arch - Arcus costalis
  • Costal body [Shaft] - Corpus costae
  • Costal cartilage - Cartilago costalis
  • Costal groove - Sulcus costae
  • Costal head - Caput costae
  • Costal neck - Collum costae
  • Costal part - Diaphragm - Pars costalis - Diaphragma
  • Costal pleura - Pleura costalis
  • Costal process (Transverse process) - Processus costalis (Processus transversus)
  • Costal region - Regio costalis
  • Costal surface - Facies costalis
  • Costal surface [Medial] - Facies costalis [medialis]
  • Costal tubercle - Tuberculum costae
  • Costoabdominal nerve - Nervus costoabdominalis
  • Costocervical trunk - Truncus costocervicalis
  • Costocervical vein - Vena costocervicalis
  • Costochondral joints - Articulationes costochondrales
  • Costodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus costodiaphragmaticus
  • Costomediastinal recess - Recessus costomediastinalis
  • Costotransverse joint - Articulatio costotransversaria
  • Cranial abdominal artery - Arteria abdominalis cranialis
  • Cranial abdominal vein - Vena abdominalis cranialis
  • Cranial angle - Angulus cranialis
  • Cranial articular process - Processus articularis cranialis
  • Cranial border - Margo cranialis
  • Cranial border - Margo cranialis
  • Cranial circumflex humeral artery - Arteria circumflexa humeri cranialis
  • Cranial costal fovea - Fovea costalis cranialis
  • Cranial duodenal flexure - Flexura duodeni cranialis
  • Cranial epigastric artery - Arteria epigastrica cranialis
  • Cranial epigastric vein - Vena epigastrica cranialis
  • Cranial extremity - Extremitas cranialis
  • Cranial extremity [Vertebral head] - Extremitas cranialis [Caput vertebrae]
  • Cranial interlobar fissure [right lung] - Fissura interlobaris cranialis [pulmonis dextri]
  • Cranial lobe [left lung] - Lobus cranialis [pulmonis sinistri]
  • Cranial lobe [right lung] - Lobus cranialis [pulmonis dextri]
  • Cranial mediastinal lymph nodes (Mediastinal lymph center) - Lymphonodi mediastinales craniales (Lymphocentrum mediastinale)
  • Cranial mediastinum - Mediastinum craniale
  • Cranial mesenteric artery - Arteria mesenterica cranialis
  • Cranial mesenteric vein - Vena mesenterica cranialis
  • Cranial pancreaticoduodenal artery - Arteria pancreaticoduodenalis cranialis
  • Cranial pancreaticoduodenal vein - Vena pancreaticoduodenalis cranialis
  • Cranial part (Cranial lobe [left lung]) - Pars cranialis (Lobus cranialis [pulmonis sinistri])
  • Cranial part (Cranial lobe [right lung]) - Pars cranialis (Lobus cranialis [pulmonis dextri])
  • Cranial pectoral nerves - Nervi pectorales craniales
  • Cranial phrenic artery - Arteria phrenica cranialis
  • Cranial phrenic veins - Venae phrenicae craniales
  • Cranial sternal lymph nodes (Ventral thoracic lymph center) - Lymphonodi sternales craniales (Lymphocentrum thoracicum ventrale)
  • Cranial thoracic aperture - Apertura thoracis cranialis
  • Cranial vena cava - Vena cava cranialis
  • Cranial vertebral notch - Incisura vertebralis cranialis
  • Crest of greater tubercle - Crista tuberculi majoris
  • Cystic artery - Arteria cystica
  • Cystic duct - Ductus cysticus
  • Cystic veins - Venae cysticae
  • Dee brachial vein - Vena profunda brachii
  • Deep artery of arm - Arteria profunda brachii
  • Deep cervical artery - Arteria cervicalis profunda
  • Deep cervical vein - Vena cervicalis profunda
  • Deep pectoral [Pectoralis ascendens] - Musculus pectoralis profundus [musculus pectoralis ascendens]
  • Deltoid - Acromial part - Musculus deltoideus - Pars acromialis
  • Deltoid - Scapular part - Musculus deltoideus - Pars scapularis
  • Deltoid branch (Superficial cervical artery) - Ramus deltoideus (Arteria cervicalis superficialis)
  • Deltoid tuberosity - Tuberositas deltoidea
  • Descending branch (Branch for cranial lobe) - Ramus descendens (Ramus lobi cranialis)
  • Descending colon - Colon descendens [Colon tenue ]
  • Descending mesocolon - Mesocolon descendens
  • Diaphragm - Diaphragma
  • Diaphragmatic cupul - Cupula diaphragmatis
  • Diaphragmatic surface - Facies diaphragmatica
  • Diaphragmatic surface - Facies diaphragmatica
  • Dorsal border - Margo dorsalis
  • Dorsal border - Margo dorsalis
  • Dorsal border [obtusus] - Margo dorsalis [obtusus]
  • Dorsal branches (Thoracic nerves) - Rami dorsales (Nervi thoracici)
  • Dorsal costoabdominal artery - Arteria costoabdominalis dorsalis
  • Dorsal intercostal arteries - Arteriae intercostales dorsales
  • Dorsal intercostal artery I - Arteria intercostalis dorsalis I
  • Dorsal intercostal vein I - Vena intercostalis dorsalis I
  • Dorsal intercostal vein II - Vena intercostalis dorsalis II
  • Dorsal intercostal veins - Venae intercostales dorsales
  • Dorsal intercostal veins III and IV - Venae intercostales dorsales III et IV
  • Dorsal longitudinal ligament - Ligamentum longitudinale dorsale
  • Dorsal margin of neck - Margo colli dorsalis
  • Dorsal mediastinum - Mediastinum dorsale
  • Dorsal region of neck - Regio colli dorsalis
  • Dorsal scapular artery - Arteria scapularis dorsalis
  • Dorsal scapular vein - Vena scapularis dorsalis
  • Dorsal surface - Facies dorsalis
  • Dorsal tubercle - Tuberculum dorsale
  • Dosal extremity - Extremitas dorsalis
  • Duodenal impression - Impressio duodenalis
  • Duodenojejunal flexure - Flexura duodenojejunalis
  • Duodenum: Ascending part - Duodenum: Pars ascendens
  • Duodenum: Cranial part - Duodenum: Pars cranialis
  • Duodenum: Descending part - Duodenum: Pars descendens
  • Endothoracic fascia - Fascia endothoracica
  • Endotracheal tube - Endotracheal tube
  • External abdominal oblique - Musculus obliquus externus abdominis
  • External intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales externi
  • External thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica externa
  • External thoracic vein - Vena thoracica externa
  • Facies serrata - Facies serrata
  • Falciform ligament of liver - Ligamentum falciforme hepatis
  • False ribs [asternal] - Costae spuriae [asternales]
  • Fascia endothoracica - Fascia endothoracica
  • Fat capsule - Capsula adiposa
  • Fibrous capsule - Capsula fibrosa
  • Fissure for round ligament - Fissura ligamentum teretis
  • Floating ribs - Costae fluctuantes
  • Fold of vena cava - Plica venae cavae
  • Fossa for gallbladder - Fossa vesicae felleae
  • Fossa ovalis; Oval fossa - Fossa ovalis
  • Fundus of gallbladder - Fundus vesicae felleae
  • Fundus of stomach - Fundus ventriculi
  • Gallbladder - Vesica fellea
  • Gastric body - Corpus ventriculi
  • Gastric impression - Impressio gastrica
  • Gastric impression - Facies gastrica
  • Gastric lymph nodes (Celiac lymph center) - Lymphonodi gastrici (Lymphocentrum celiacum [coeliacum])
  • Gastroduodenal artery - Arteria gastroduodenalis
  • Gastroduodenal vein - Vena gastroduodenalis
  • Glenoid cavity - Cavitas glenoidalis
  • Great cardiac vein - Vena cordis magna
  • Greater curvature of stomach - Curvatura ventriculi major
  • Greater omentum [Epiplon] - Omentum majus [Epiploön]
  • Greater tubercle - Tuberculum majus
  • Groove for vena cava - Sulcus venae cavae
  • Groove of caudal vena cava - Sulcus venae cavae caudalis
  • Head of humerus - Caput humeri
  • Heart - Cor
  • Hepatic artery - Arteria hepatica
  • Hepatic ducts - Ductuli heptatici
  • Hepatic lymph nodes (Celiac lymph center) - Lymphonodi hepatici [portales] (Lymphocentrum celiacum [coeliacum])
  • Humerus - Humerus
  • Hypochondral region (Cranial abdominal region) - Regio hypochondriaca (Regio abdominis cranialis)
  • Ileocolic artery - Arteria ileocolica
  • Ileocolic vein - Vena ileocolica
  • Iliocostalis cervicis - Musculus iliocostalis cervicis
  • Iliocostalis lumborum - Musculus iliocostalis lumborum
  • Iliocostalis thoracis - Musculus iliocostalis thoracis
  • Infraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum infraglenoidale
  • Infraspinatus - Musculus infraspinatus
  • Infraspinous fossa - Fossa infraspinata
  • Infraspinous region (Scapular region) - Regio infraspinata (Regio scapularis)
  • Interatrial septum - Septum interatriale
  • Intercostal nodes - Lymphonodi intercostales
  • Intercostal space - Spatium intercostale
  • Intercostobrachial nerve - Nervus intercostobrachialis
  • Interlobar notches - Incisurae interlobares
  • Intermediate branch - Ramus intermedius [vena marginis ventricularis sinistri]
  • Internal abdominal oblique - Musculus obliquus internus abdominis
  • Internal intercostal muscle - Musculi intercostales interni
  • Internal jugular vein - Vena jugularis interna
  • Internal thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica interna
  • Internal thoracic vein - Vena thoracica interna
  • Interscapular region - Regio interscapularis
  • Interspinales - Musculi interspinales
  • Interspinous ligament - Ligamentorum interspinalia
  • Intersternebral synchondroses - Synchondroses intersternebrales
  • Intertransversar ligament - Ligamentorum intertransversaria
  • Intertransversarii dorsales cervicis - Musculi intertransversarii dorsales cervicis
  • Intertransversarii lumborum - Musculi intertransversarii lumborum
  • Intertransversarii medii cervicis - Musculi intertransversarii medii cervicis
  • Intertransversarii ventrales cervicis - Musculi intertransversarii ventrales cervicis
  • Intertubercular groove - Sulcus intertubercularis
  • Interventricular septum - Septum interventriculare
  • Intervertebral disc - Discus intervertebralis
  • Intervertebral foramen - Foramen intervertebrale
  • Intervertebral symphysis - Symphysis intervertebralis
  • Intestinal surface - Facies intestinalis
  • Jejunal lymph nodes (Cranial mesenteric lymph center) - Lymphonodi jejunales (Lymphocentrum mesentericum craniale)
  • Jejunal veins - Venae jejunales
  • Jejunum - Jejunum
  • Joint of head of rib (Costovertebral joints) - Articulatio capitis costae (Articulationes costovertebrales)
  • Joints of articular process - Articulationes processuum articularium
  • L1 - L I
  • L2 - L II
  • Lamina of vertebral arch - Lamina arcus vertebrae
  • Lateral abdominal region (Middle abdominal region) - Regio abdominis lateralis (Regio abdominis media)
  • Lateral axillar fascia - Fascia axillaris lateralis
  • Lateral left branches (Hepatic artery) - Rami sinistri laterales (Arteria hepatica)
  • Lateral margin - Margo lateralis
  • Lateral region of neck - Regio colli lateralis
  • Lateral right branch (Hepatic artery) - Ramus dexter lateralis (Arteria hepatica)
  • Lateral surface - Facies lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic artery - Arteria thoracica lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic nerve - Nervus thoracicus lateralis
  • Lateral thoracic vein - Vena thoracica lateralis
  • Latissimus dorsi - Musculus latissimus dorsi
  • Left Brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica sinistra
  • Left adrenal [suprarenal] gland - Glandula adrenalis [suprarenalis] sinistri
  • Left atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare sinistrum
  • Left atrioventricular valve [Bicsupid valve; Mitral valve] - Valva atrioventricularis sinistra [Valva bicuspidalis, mitralis]
  • Left atrium - Atrium sinistrum
  • Left auricle - Auricula sinistra
  • Left border - Margo sinister
  • Left branch (Portal vein) - Ramus sinister (Vena portae)
  • Left colic flexure - Flexura coli sinistra
  • Left common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis sinistri
  • Left coronary artery - Arteria coronaria sinistra
  • Left costocervical vein - Vena costocervicalis sinistra
  • Left crus - Lumbar part - Diaphragm - Crus sinistrum - Pars lumbalis - Diaphragma
  • Left gastric artery - Arteria gastrica sinistra
  • Left gastric vein - Vena gastrica sinistra
  • Left gastroepiploic artery - Arteria gastroepiploica sinistra
  • Left gastroepiploic vein - Vena gastroepiploica sinistra
  • Left hepatic vein - Vena hepatica sinistra
  • Left kidney - Ren sinister
  • Left lateral lobe of liver - Lobus hepatis sinister lateralis
  • Left lung - Pulmo sinister
  • Left main bronchus - Bronchus principalis sinister
  • Left medial lobe of liver - Lobus hepatis sinister medialis
  • Left mediastinodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus mediastinodiaphragmaticus sinister
  • Left pancreatic lobe - Lobus pancreatis sinister
  • Left phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus sinister
  • Left pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis sinistra
  • Left recurrent laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus recurrens sinister
  • Left subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia sinistra
  • Left subclavian vein - Vena subclavia sinistri
  • Left sympathetic trunk - Truncus sympathicus sinister
  • Left tracheobronchial [bifurcation] lymph nodes (Bronchial lymph center) - Lymphonodi tracheobronchales [bifurcationis] sinistri (Lymphocentrum bronchale)
  • Left triangular ligament - Ligamentum triangulare sinistrum
  • Left vagus nerve [X] - Nervus vagus sinister [X]
  • Left ventricle - Ventriculus sinister
  • Left ventricular border - Margo ventricularis sinister
  • Left vertebral artery - Arteria vertebralis sinistra
  • Lesser curvature of stomach - Curvatura ventriculi minor
  • Lesser omentum - Omentum minus
  • Lesser tubercle - Tuberculum minus
  • Levatores costarum - Musculi levatores costarum
  • Ligamentum arteriosum - Ligamentum arteriosum
  • Ligamentum flavum - Ligamentorum flava
  • Linea alba - Linea alba
  • Liver - Hepar
  • Lobar bronchus to accessory lobe - Bronchus lobaris lobi accessori
  • Lobar bronchus to left caudal lobe - Bronchus lobaris lobi caudalis sinistri
  • Lobar bronchus to left cranial lobe - Bronchus lobaris lobi cranialis sinistri
  • Lobar bronchus to middle lobe - Bronchus lobaris medius
  • Lobar bronchus to right caudal lobe - Bronchus lobaris lobi caudalis dextri
  • Lobar bronchus to right cranial lobe - Bronchus lobaris lobi cranialis dextri
  • Loin - Lumbus
  • Long muscle of the neck - Musculus longus colli
  • Long thoracic nerve - Nervus thoracicus longus
  • Longissimus capitis - Musculus longissimus capitis
  • Longissimus cervicis - Musculus longissimus cervicis
  • Longissimus lumborum - Musculus longissimus lumborum
  • Longissimus thoracis - Musculus longissimus thoracis
  • Longus capitis - Musculus longus capitis
  • Lumbar arteries - Arteriae lumbales
  • Lumbar nerves - Nervi lumbales
  • Lumbar region - Regio lumbalis
  • Lumbar vertebrae - Vertebrae lumbales
  • Lumbocstal arch - Arcus lumbocostalis
  • Lumbodiaphragmatic recess - Recessus lumbodiaphragmaticus
  • Major duodenal papilla - Papilla duodeni major
  • Mammillary process - Processus mamillaris
  • Manubriosternal synchondrosis - Synchondrosis manubriosternalis
  • Manubrium of sternum - Manubrium sterni
  • Medial axillar fascia - Fascia axillaris medialis
  • Medial left branches (Hepatic artery) - Rami sinistri mediales (Arteria hepatica)
  • Medial margin - Margo medialis
  • Medial right branch (Hepatic artery) - Ramus dexter medialis (Arteria hepatica)
  • Medial surface: Mediastinal part - Facies medialis: Pars mediastinalis
  • Medial surface: Vertebral part - Facies medialis: Pars vertebralis
  • Mediastinal pleura - Pleura mediastinalis
  • Mediastinal recess - Recessus mediastini
  • Mediastinum - Mediastinum
  • Mesentery - Mesenterium
  • Mesoduodenum - Mesoduodenum
  • Microship implant - Microship implant
  • Middle colic artery - Arteria colica media
  • Middle colic vein - Vena colica media
  • Middle lobe [right lung] - Lobus medius [pulmonis dextri]
  • Middle mediastinum - Mediastinum medium
  • Middle tracheobronchial [bifurcation] lymph nodes (Bronchial lymph center) - Lymphonodi tracheobronchales [bifurcationis] medii (Lymphocentrum bronchale)
  • Minor duodenal papilla - Papilla duodeni minor
  • Multifidi - Musculi multifidi
  • Musculophrenic artery - Arteria musculophrenica
  • Musculophrenic vein - Vena musculophrenica
  • Musculus omotransversarius - Musculus omotransversarius
  • Musculus sternocephalicus - Musculus sternocephalicus
  • Myocardium - Myocardium
  • Neck - Collum
  • Neck of gallbladder - Collum vesicae felleae
  • Neck of humerus - Collum humeri
  • Neck of scapula - Collum scapulae
  • Niple - Papilla mammae
  • Notch of cardiac apex - Incisura apicis cordis
  • Nuchal fascia - Fascia nuchae
  • Nuchal ligament - Ligamentum nuchae
  • Oblique vein of left atrium - Vena obliqua atrii sinistri
  • Oesophageal hiatus - Hiatus esophageus [oesophageus]
  • Oesophageal impression - Impressio esophagea [oesophagea]
  • Oesophageal impression - Impressio esophagea [oesophagea]
  • Oesophagus: Abdominal part - Esophagus: Pars abdominalis
  • Oesophagus: Cervical part - Esophagus: Pars cervicalis
  • Oesophagus: Thoracic part - Esophagus: Pars thoracica
  • Omobrachial vein - Vena omobrachialis
  • Opening of caudal vena cava - Ostium venae cavae caudalis
  • Opening of coronary sinus - Ostium sinus coronarii
  • Opening of cranial vena cava - Ostium venae cavae cranialis
  • Opening of pulmonary trunk - Ostium trunci pulmonalis
  • Openings of pulmonary veins - Ostia venarum pulmonalium
  • Pancreas - Pancreas
  • Pancreatic branches (Splenic artery) - Rami pancreatici (Arteria lienalis)
  • Pancreatic veins - Venae pancreaticae
  • Pancreaticoduodenal lymph nodes (Celiac lymph center) - Lymphonodi pancreaticoduodenales (Lymphocentrum celiacum [coeliacum])
  • Papillary muscles - Musculi papillares
  • Papillary process (Caudate lobe) - Processus papillaris (Lobus caudatus)
  • Paraconal interventricular branch - Ramus interventricularis paraconalis
  • Paraconal interventricular groove - Sulcus interventricularis paraconalis
  • Parietal surface (Stomach) - Facies parietalis (Gaster)
  • Parietal surface [diaphragmatic] - Facies parietalis [diaphragmatica]
  • Pectoral fascia - Fascia pectoralis
  • Pectoralis descendens Superficial pectorals - Musculus pectoralis descendens Musculi pectorales superficiales
  • Pedicle of vertebral arch - Pediculus arcus vertebrae
  • Pericardic pleura - Pleura pericardiaca
  • Pericardium - Pericardium
  • Peritoneum - Peritoneum [peritonaeum]
  • Pleural cupula - Cupula pleurae
  • Porta hepatis - Porta hepatis
  • Portal vein - Vena portae
  • Prescapular branch (Superficial cervical artery) - Ramus prescapularis [prae-] (Arteria cervicalis superficialis)
  • Prescapular branch (Superficial cervical vein) - Ramus prescapularis [prae-] (Vena cervicalis superficialis)
  • Presternal region - Regio presternalis [prae-]
  • Proper axillar lymph nodes (Axillar lymph center) - Lymphonodi axillares proprii (Lymphocentrum axillare)
  • Psoas major - Musculus psoas major
  • Psoas minor - Musculus psoas minor
  • Pulmonar hilum - Hilus pulmonis
  • Pulmonary groove - Sulcus pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary ligament - Ligamentum pulmonale
  • Pulmonary lymph nodes (Bronchial lymph center) - Lymphonodi pulmonales (Lymphocentrum bronchale)
  • Pulmonary trunk - Truncus pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary valve - Valva trunci pulmonalis
  • Pulmonary vein of left caudal lobe - Vena pulmonalis lobi caudalis sinistri
  • Pulmonary vein of left cranial lobe - Vena pulmonalis lobi cranialis sinistri
  • Pulmonary vein of middle lobe - Vena pulmonalis lobi medii
  • Pulmonary vein of right caudal lobe - Vena pulmonalis lobi caudalis dextri
  • Pulmonary vein of right cranial lobe - Vena pulmonalis lobi cranialis dextri
  • Pyloric antrum - Antrum pyloricum
  • Pyloric canal - Canalis pyloricus
  • Pyloric orifice - Ostium pyloricum
  • Pyloric part (Stomach) - Pars pylorica (Gaster)
  • Pylorus - Pylorus
  • Quadrate lobe - Lobus quadratus
  • Quadratus lumborum - Musculus quadratus lumborum
  • Radial collateral artery - Arteria collateralis radialis
  • Radial collateral vein - Vena collateralis radialis
  • Rectus abdominis - Musculus rectus abdominis
  • Rectus thoracis - Musculus rectus thoracis
  • Region of humeral joint - Regio articulationis humeri
  • Renal calices - Calices renales
  • Renal cortex - Cortex renis
  • Renal hilum - Hilus renalis
  • Renal impression - Impressio renalis
  • Renal medulla - Medulla renis
  • Renal pelvis - Pelvis renalis
  • Renal sinus - Sinus renalis
  • Retractor costae - Musculus retractor costae
  • Rhomboid thoracis - Musculus rhomboideus thoracis
  • Rhomboideus capitis - Musculus rhomboideus capitis
  • Rhomboideus cervicis - Musculus rhomboideus cervicis
  • Rib - 1 - Costa - I
  • Rib - 10 - Costa - X
  • Rib - 11 - Costa - XI
  • Rib - 12 - Costa - XII
  • Rib - 13 - Costa - XIII
  • Rib - 2 - Costa - II
  • Rib - 3 - Costa - III
  • Rib - 4 - Costa - IV
  • Rib - 5 - Costa - V
  • Rib - 6 - Costa - VI
  • Rib - 7 - Costa - VII
  • Rib - 8 - Costa - VIII
  • Rib - 9 - Costa - IX
  • Ribs - Costae
  • Right adrenal [suprarenal] gland - Glandula adrenalis [suprarenalis] dextri
  • Right atrioventricular orifice - Ostium atrioventriculare dextrum
  • Right atrioventricular valve [Tricuspid valve] - Valva atrioventricularis dextra [Valva tricuspidalis]
  • Right atrium - Atrium dextrum
  • Right auricle - Auricula dextra
  • Right azygos vein - Vena azygos dextra
  • Right border - Margo dexter
  • Right brachiocephalic vein - Vena brachiocephalica dextra
  • Right branch (Portal vein) - Ramus dexter (Vena portae)
  • Right cardiac veins - Venae cordis dextrae
  • Right colic artery - Arteria colica dextra
  • Right colic flexure - Flexura coli dextra
  • Right colic vein - Vena colica dextra
  • Right coronary artery - Arteria coronaria dextra
  • Right crus - Lumbar part - Diaphragm - Crus dextrum - Pars lumbalis - Diaphragma
  • Right external jugular vein - Vena jugularis externa dextri
  • Right gastric vein - Vena gastrica dextra
  • Right gastroepiploic vein - Vena gastroepiploica dextra
  • Right hepatic vein - Vena hepatica dextra
  • Right kidney - Ren dexter
  • Right lateral lobe of liver - Lobus hepatis dexter lateralis
  • Right lung - Pulmo dexter
  • Right main bronchus - Bronchus principalis dexter
  • Right medial lobe of liver - Lobus hepatis dexter medialis
  • Right pancreatic lobe - Lobus pancreatis dexter
  • Right phrenic nerve - Nervus phrenicus dexter
  • Right pulmonary artery - Arteria pulmonalis dextra
  • Right recurrent laryngeal nerve - Nervus laryngeus recurrens dexter
  • Right renal artery - Arteria renalis dextri
  • Right renal vein - Vena renalis dextri
  • Right septomarginal trabecula - Trabecula septomarginalis dextra
  • Right subclavian artery - Arteria subclavia dextra
  • Right subclavian vein - Vena subclavia dextri
  • Right sympathetic trunk - Truncus sympathicus dexter
  • Right thoracic duct - Ductus lymphaticus dexter
  • Right tracheobronchial [bifurcation] lymph nodes (Bronchial lymph center) - Lymphonodi tracheobronchales [bifurcationis] dextri (Lymphocentrum bronchale)
  • Right triangular ligament - Ligamentum triangulare dextrum
  • Right vagus nerve [X] - Nervus vagus dexter [X]
  • Right ventricle - Ventriculus dexter
  • Right ventricular border - Margo ventricularis dexter
  • Right vertebral artery - Arteria vertebralis dextra
  • Rigth common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis dextri
  • Rigth gastroepiploic artery - Arteria gastroepiploica dextra
  • Root of lung - Radix pulmonis
  • Scalenus dorsalis - Musculus scalenus dorsalis
  • Scalenus medius; Middle scalene - Musculus scalenus medius
  • Scapula - Scapula
  • Semispinalis capitis: Muscle complexus - Musculus semispinalis capitis: Musculus complexus
  • Semispinalis capitis: Musculus biventer cervicis - Musculus semispinalis capitis: Musculus biventer cervicis
  • Semispinalis cervicis - Musculus semispinalis cervicis
  • Semispinalis thoracis - Musculus semispinalis thoracis
  • Serratus dorsalis caudali - Musculus serratus dorsalis caudalis
  • Serratus dorsalis cranialis - Musculus serratus dorsalis cranialis
  • Serratus ventralis cervicis - Musculus serratus ventralis cervicis
  • Serratus ventralis thoracis - Musculus serratus ventralis thoracis
  • Sheet of recti abdominis: External table - Vagina musculus recti abdominis: Lamina externa
  • Sheet of recti abdominis: Internal table - Vagina musculus recti abdominis: Lamina interna
  • Short gastric arteries - Arteriae gastricae breves
  • Short gastric veins - Venae gastricae breves
  • Shoulder joint - Articulatio humeri
  • Spatium interarcuale - Spatium interarcuale
  • Spinal cord - Medulla spinalis
  • Spinal nerve C4 - Nervus spinalis C4
  • Spinal nerve C5 - Nervus spinalis C5
  • Spinal nerve C6 - Nervus spinalis C6
  • Spinal nerve C7 - Nervus spinalis C7
  • Spinal nerve C8 - Nervus spinalis C8
  • Spinal nerve L1 - Nervus spinalis L1
  • Spinal nerve T1 - Nervus spinalis T1
  • Spinal nerve T10 - Nervus spinalis T10
  • Spinal nerve T11 - Nervus spinalis T11
  • Spinal nerve T12 - Nervus spinalis T12
  • Spinal nerve T13 - Nervus spinalis T13
  • Spinal nerve T2 - Nervus spinalis T2
  • Spinal nerve T3 - Nervus spinalis T3
  • Spinal nerve T4 - Nervus spinalis T4
  • Spinal nerve T5 - Nervus spinalis T5
  • Spinal nerve T6 - Nervus spinalis T6
  • Spinal nerve T7 - Nervus spinalis T7
  • Spinal nerve T8 - Nervus spinalis T8
  • Spinal nerve T9 - Nervus spinalis T9
  • Spinalis cervicis - Musculus spinalis cervicis
  • Spinalis thoracis - Musculus spinalis thoracis
  • Spine of scapula - Spina scapulae
  • Spinous process - Processus spinosus
  • Spleen - Lien
  • Splenic artery - Arteria lienalis
  • Splenic hilum - Hilus lienis
  • Splenic lymph nodes (Celiac lymph center) - Lymphonodi lienales (Lymphocentrum celiacum [coeliacum])
  • Splenic vein - Vena lienalis
  • Splenius capitis - Musculus splenius capitis
  • Sternal part - Diaphragm - Pars sternalis - Diaphragma
  • Sternal region - Regio sternalis
  • Sternebrae - Sternebrae
  • Sternocephalic region - Regio sternocephalica
  • Sternocostal joints - Articulationes sternocostales
  • Sternohyoid - Musculus sternohyoideus
  • Sternothyroideus - Musculus sternothyroideus [-thyreoideus]
  • Sternum - Sternum
  • Stomach - Ventriculus [gaster]
  • Subatrial papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris subatrialis
  • Subauricular papillary muscle - Musculus papillaris subauricularis
  • Subcostales - Musculi subcostales
  • Subscapular artery - Arteria subscapularis
  • Subscapular fossa - Fossa subscapularis
  • Subscapular nerves - Nervi subscapulares
  • Subscapular vein - Vena subscapularis
  • Subscapularis - Musculus subscapularis
  • Subsinosal interventricular groove - Sulcus interventricularis subsinuosus
  • Superficial cervical artery - Arteria cervicalis superficialis
  • Superficial cervical lymph nodes (Superficial cervical lymph center) - Lymphonodi cervicales superficiales (Lymphocentrum cervicale superficiale)
  • Superficial cervical vein - Vena cervicalis superficialis
  • Superficial cranial epigastric artery - Arteria epigastrica cranialis superficialis
  • Superficial cranial epigastric vein [abdominal subcutaneous vein] - Vena epigastrica cranialis superficialis [vena subcutanea abdominis]
  • Supraglenoid tubercle - Tuberculum supraglenoidale
  • Suprascapular artery - Arteria suprascapularis
  • Suprascapular nerve - Nervus suprascapularis
  • Suprascapular vein - Vena suprascapularis
  • Supraspinatus - Musculus supraspinatus
  • Supraspinous fossa - Fossa supraspinata
  • Supraspinous ligament - Ligamentum supraspinale
  • Supraspinous region (Scapular region) - Regio supraspinata (Regio scapularis)
  • T1 - T I
  • T10 - T X
  • T11 - T XI
  • T12 - T XII
  • T13 - T XIII
  • T2 - T II
  • T3 - T III
  • T4 - T IV
  • T5 - T V
  • T6 - T VI
  • T7 - T VII
  • T8 - T VIII
  • T9 - T IX
  • Tendinous intersections - Intersectiones tendineae
  • Teres major - Musculus teres major
  • Teres minor - Musculus teres minor
  • Thoracic aorta (Descending aorta) - Aorta thoracica (Aorta descendens)
  • Thoracic cavity - Cavum thoracis
  • Thoracic duct - Ductus thoracicus
  • Thoracic intertransversarii - Musculi intertransversarii thoracis
  • Thoracic mammary gland - Caudal - Mamma thoracica - Caudalis
  • Thoracic mammary gland - Cranial - Mamma thoracica - Cranialis
  • Thoracic mammary region - Regio mammaria thoracica
  • Thoracic nerves - Nervi thoracici
  • Thoracic vertebrae - Vertebrae thoracicae
  • Thoracic vertebral artery - Arteria vertebralis thoracica
  • Thoracic vertebral region [Dorsocostal region] - Regio vertebralis thoracis [Regio dorsocostalis]
  • Thoracic vertebral vena - Vena vertebralis thoracica
  • Thoracodorsal artery - Arteria thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracodorsal nerve - Nervus thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracodorsal vein - Vena thoracodorsalis
  • Thoracolumbar fascia - Fascia thoracolumbalis
  • Thorax - Thorax
  • Thymus - Thymus
  • Trachea: Cervical part - Trachea: Pars cervicalis
  • Trachea: Thoracic part - Trachea: Pars thoracica
  • Tracheal bifurcation - Bifurcatio tracheae
  • Tracheal region (Ventral region of neck) - Regio trachealis (Regio colli ventralis)
  • Tracheal trunk [Jugular trunk] (Thoracic duct) - Truncus trachealis [Truncus jugularis] (Ductus thoracicus)
  • Transversalis fascia - Fascia transversalis
  • Transverse colon - Colon transversum
  • Transverse costal facet - Fovea costalis processus transversi
  • Transverse foramen - Foramen transversarium
  • Transverse mesocolon - Mesocolon transversum
  • Transverse part (Left branch - Portal vein) - Pars transversa (Ramus sinister - Vena portae)
  • Transverse process - Processus transversus
  • Transverse process (Cervical vertebrae) - Processus transversus (Vertebrae cervicales)
  • Transverse superficial pectoralSuperficial pectorals - Musculus pectoralis transversusMusculi pectorales superficiales
  • Transversus abdominis - Musculus transversus abdominis
  • Transversus thoracis - Musculus transversus thoracis
  • Trapezius: Cervical part - Musculus trapezius: Pars cervicalis
  • Trapezius: Thoracic part - Musculus trapezius: Pars thoracica
  • Triceps brachii - Accessory head - Musculus triceps brachii - Caput accessorium
  • Triceps brachii - Lateral head - Musculus triceps brachii - Caput laterale
  • Triceps brachii - Long head - Musculus triceps brachii - Caput longum
  • Triceps brachii - Medial head - Musculus triceps brachii - Caput mediale
  • Tricipital region - Regio tricipitalis
  • True ribs [sternal] - Costae verae [sternales]
  • Tuberosity of teres major - Tuberositas teres major
  • Tuberosity of teres minor - Tuberositas teres minor
  • Umbilical part (Left branch - Portal vein) - Pars umbilicalis (Ramus sinister - Vena portae)
  • Umbilical region (Middle abdominal region) - Regio umbilicalis (Regio abdominis media)
  • Ureter - Ureter
  • Veine moyenne du cœur - Vena cordis media
  • Ventral angle - Angulus ventralis
  • Ventral border - Margo ventralis
  • Ventral border (Margo acutus) - Margo ventralis (Margo acutus)
  • Ventral branches [intercostal nerves] (Thoracic nerves) - Rami ventrales [nervi intercostales] (Nervi thoracici)
  • Ventral crest - Crista ventralis
  • Ventral extremity - Extremitas ventralis
  • Ventral longitudinal ligament - Ligamentum longitudinale ventrale
  • Ventral mediastinum - Mediastinum ventrale
  • Ventral plate [Cervical vertebra VI] - Lamina ventralis [vertebrae cervicalis VI]
  • Ventral scalene - Musculus scalenus ventralis
  • Ventral surface - Facies ventralis
  • Ventral tubercle - Tuberculum ventrale
  • Vertebral arch - Arcus vertebrae
  • Vertebral body - Corpus vertebrae
  • Vertebral canal/Vertebral foramen - Canalis vertebralis/Foramen vertebrale
  • Vertebral vein - Vena vertebralis
  • Visceral surface - Facies visceralis
  • Visceral surface - Facies visceralis
  • Visceral surface (Stomach) - Facies visceralis (Gaster)
  • Visceral trunk (Thoracic duct) - Truncus visceralis (Ductus thoracicus)
  • Xiphoid cartilage - Cartilago xiphoidea
  • Xiphoid process - Processus xiphoideus
  • Xiphoid region (Cranial abdominal region) - Regio xiphoidea (Regio abdominis cranialis)
  • Xiphosternal synchondrose - Synchondrosis xiphosternalis
  • left external jugular vein - Vena jugularis externa sinistri

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