Labeled anatomy of the head and skull of the dog on CT imaging (bones of cranium, brain, face, paranasal sinus, muscles of head)

Antoine Micheau - MD, Denis Hoa - MD, Susanne AEB Borofka - PhD - dipl. ECVDI

Published on Thursday 07 January 2016

SECTION: Dog

Images and anatomical references

This module of vet-Anatomy presents an atlas of the anatomy of the head of the dog on a CT. Images are available in 3 different planes (transverse, sagittal and dorsal), with two kind of contrast (bone and soft tissues). Additional 3D images at the end of the module are available with 3d bones reconstructions of the skull and skin rendering to present the general anatomy of the dog.

740 anatomical terms have been labeled, organized in different sections :

  • General Anatomy of the skull
  • Regions of the head
  • Bones (Cranium, Occipital bone, Parietal bone, Frontal bone, Presphenoid bone, Basisphenoid bone, Temporal bone, Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone, Vomer, Incisive bone, Nasal bone, Maxilla, Zygomatic bone, Palatine bone, Lacrimal bone, Pterygoid bone, Mandible, Hyoid apparatusj, Vertebral column)
  • Suture of the head
  • Joints
  • Muscles
  • Fascia
  • Teeth
  • Numbering
  • Oral cavity
  • Pharynx
  • Oesophagus
  • Nose
  • Paranasal sinuses
  • Larynx
  • Central nervous system
  • Eye
  • Ear
  • Arteries
  • Veins
  • Lymph nodes

 

Computed tomography has been performed on a healthy 5 years old Labrador Retriever by Dr. Susanne AEB Boroffka, dipl. ECVDI, PhD (Utrecht, Netherland). Images displaying, 3D reformat and anatomical labeling have been done by Dr. Antoine Micheau, Radiologist (Montpellier, France) and Dr. Denis Hoa, Radiologist (Montpellier, France).

 

Terms are labeled using the Latin terms defined in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria (fifth edition - 2012 by ICVGAN). They have been translated into english and french by Antoine Micheau - MD, Imaios.

 

Labeled anatomy of the head and skull of the dog on CT imaging (bones of cranium, brain, face, paranasal sinus, muscles of head)

Labeled anatomy of the head and skull of the dog on CT imaging (bones of cranium, brain, face, paranasal sinus, muscles of head)

 

vet-Anatomy - Dog: Cranium - CT

vet-Anatomy - Dog: Cranium - CT

 

Cross-sectional anatomy - Head - CT

Cross-sectional anatomy - Head - CT

 

Dog- Muscles: Anatomy atlas: Head, Face, Neck

Dog- Muscles: Anatomy atlas: Head, Face, Neck

 

Cross-sectional anatomy - Sagittal: Nasal cavity, Tongue

Cross-sectional anatomy - Sagittal: Nasal cavity, Tongue

 

Cranium - 3D - Dog - Anatomy atlas

Cranium - 3D - Dog - Anatomy atlas

 

Veterinary anatomy - Dog: Bones - 3D - Dorsal view

Veterinary anatomy - Dog: Bones - 3D - Dorsal view

 

Rostral view - 3D: Incisive bone, Nasal bone, Maxilla,Frontal bone

Rostral view - 3D: Incisive bone, Nasal bone, Maxilla,Frontal bone

 

Labrador - Regions of face: General Anatomy

Labrador - Regions of face: General Anatomy


Anatomical parts

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  • Ala of nose - Alae nasi
  • Ala of nose - Ala nasi
  • Ala of vomer - Ala vomeris
  • Alar canal - Canalis alaris
  • Alar fold - Sulcus alaris
  • Alar fold - Plica alaris
  • Alar foramen - Foramen alare
  • Alar notch - Incisura alaris
  • Alveolar arch - Arcus alveolaris
  • Alveolar border - Margo alveolaris
  • Alveolar process (Maxilla) - Processus alveolaris (Maxilla)
  • Alveolar yokes - Juga alveolaria
  • Angle of mandible - Angulus mandibulae
  • Angle of mouth - Angulus oris
  • Angular process - Processus angularis
  • Angular vein of eye - Vena angularis oculi
  • Anterior chamber of bulb - Camera anterior bulbi
  • Antitragus - Antitragus
  • Apex - Apex
  • Apex of cusp - Apex cuspidis
  • Apex of nose; Tip of nose - Apex nasi
  • Apex of nose; Tip of nose - Apex nasi
  • Apex of petrous part - Apex partis petrosae
  • Apex of tongue; Tip of tongue - Apex linguae
  • Aryepiglottic fold - Plica aryepiglottica
  • Arytenoid cartilage - Cartilago arytenoidea [arytaenoidea]
  • Atlantal fossa - Fossa atlantis
  • Atlantoaxial joint - Articulatio atlantoaxialis
  • Atlantooccipital joint - Articulatio atlantooccipitalis
  • Atlas (C I) - Atlas (C I)
  • Auditory ossicles - Ossicula auditus
  • Auditory tube - Tuba auditiva
  • Auricle; Pinna - Auricula
  • Auricle; Pinna - Auricula
  • Auricular region - Regio auricularis
  • Axis (C II) - Axis (C II)
  • Basal lamina (Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone) - Lamina basalis (Os ethmoidale)
  • Basihyoid [Body] - Basihyoideum [Corpus]
  • Basilar part (Occipital bone) - Pars basilaris (Os occipitale)
  • Basisphenoid bone - Os basisphenoidale
  • Body (Basisphenoid bone) - Corpus (Os basisphenoidale)
  • Body (Presphenoid bone) - Corpus (Os presphenoidale)
  • Body of incisive bone - Corpus ossis incisivi
  • Body of mandible - Corpus mandibulae
  • Body of maxilla - Corpus maxillae
  • Body of tongue - Corpus linguae
  • Bone of ventral nasal concha - Os conchae nasalis ventralis
  • Bony labyrinth - Labyrinthus osseus
  • Bony nasal septum - Septum nasi osseum
  • Bony palate - Palatum osseum
  • Brain - Cerebrum
  • Brainstem - Truncus encephali
  • Bregma - Bregma
  • Buccal lymph node - Lymphonodus buccalis
  • Buccal region - Regio buccalis
  • Buccal surface - Facies buccalis
  • Buccopharyngeal fascia - Fascia buccopharyngea
  • Calvaria - Calvaria
  • Canal of transverse sinus - Canalis sinus transversi
  • Canal of trigeminal nerve - Canalis nervus trigemini
  • Canine teeth - Dentes canini
  • Canine tooth (Inferior) - Dens caninus (Inferior)
  • Canine tooth (Superior) - Dens caninus (Superior)
  • Carotid canal - Canalis caroticus
  • Carotid sheath (Cervical fascia) - Vagina carotica (Fascia cervicalis)
  • Caudal alar foramen - Foramen alare caudale
  • Caudal articular fovea - Fovea articularis caudalis
  • Caudal auricular vein - Vena auricularis caudalis
  • Caudal clinoid process - Processus clinoideus caudalis
  • Caudal cranial fossa - Fossa cranii caudalis
  • Caudal horn (Thyroid cartilage) - Cornu caudale (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Caudal nasal spine - Spina nasalis caudalis
  • Caudale palatine foramen - Foramen palatinum caudale
  • Cavernous sinus - Sinus cavernosus
  • Cavity of pharynx - Cavum pharyngis
  • Cavum conchae - Cavum conchae
  • Ceratohyoid [Lesser horn] - Ceratohyoideum [Cornu minus]
  • Cerebellar fossa - Fossa cerebellaris
  • Cerebellum - Cerebellum
  • Cerebral falx - Falx cerebri
  • Cerebral hemisphere - Hemispherium [Hemisphaerium]
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina pretrachealis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina pretrachealis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Lamina prevertebralis - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina prevertebralis [prae-]
  • Cervical fascia: Superficial layer - Fascia cervicalis: Lamina superficialis
  • Cheek - Bucca [Mala]
  • Cheek - Bucca
  • Chiasmatic groove - Sulcus chiasmatis
  • Chin - Mentum
  • Choanae - Choanae
  • Choanae - Choanae
  • Cleido-cephalicus muscle: Mastoid part - Musculus cleidocephalicus: Pars mastoidea
  • Clivus - Clivus
  • Cochlea - Cochlea
  • Common carotid artery - Arteria carotis communis
  • Common nasal meatus - Meatus nasi communis
  • Common nasal meatus - Meatus nasi communis
  • Concha of auricle - Concha auriculae
  • Conchal crest - Crista conchalis
  • Condylar canal - Canalis condylaris
  • Condylar process - Processus condylaris
  • Confluence of sinuses - Confluens sinuum
  • Contact zone - Facies contactus
  • Cornea - Cornea
  • Corniculate tubercle - Tuberculum corniculatum
  • Coronal suture - Sutura coronalis
  • Coronoid process - Processus coronoideus
  • Cranial articular fovea - Fovea articularis cranialis
  • Cranial articular process (C II) - Processus articularis cranialis (C II)
  • Cranial cavity - Cavum cranii
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Cranium - Cranium
  • Crest of petrous part - Crista partis petrosae
  • Cribriform plate - Lamina cribrosa
  • Cricoid cartilage - Cartilago cricoidea
  • Cricothyroid joint - Articulatio cricothyroidea [-thyreoidea]
  • Crown - Corona dentis
  • Cuneiform tubercle - Tuberculum cuneiforme
  • Cusp; Cuspid - Cuspis [coronae] dentis
  • Deep facial vein - Vena profunda faciei
  • Deep parotid lymph nodes - Lymphonodi parotidei profundi
  • Dens - Dens
  • Dental alveoli - Alveoli dentales
  • Dental alveoli - Alveoli dentales
  • Dental alveoli - Alveoli dentales
  • Diencephalon - Diencephalon
  • Digastric - Musculus digastricus
  • Digitate impressions - Impressiones digitatae
  • Diploe - Diploë
  • Diploic canals - Canales diploici
  • Distal surface - Facies distalis
  • Dog - Canis
  • Dorsal arch - Arcus dorsalis
  • Dorsal articular surface (Dens) - Facies articularis dorsalis (Dens)
  • Dorsal condylar fossa - Fossa condylaris dorsalis
  • Dorsal external ophtalmic vein - Vena ophthalmica externa dorsalis
  • Dorsal margin of neck - Margo colli dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal concha - Concha nasalis dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal concha - Concha nasalis dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal meatus - Meatus nasi dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal meatus - Meatus nasi dorsalis
  • Dorsal nasal region - Regio dorsalis nasi
  • Dorsal oblique - Musculus obliquus dorsalis
  • Dorsal petrosal sinus - Sinus petrosus dorsalis
  • Dorsal rectus - Musculus rectus dorsalis
  • Dorsal region of neck - Regio colli dorsalis
  • Dorsal tubercle - Tuberculum dorsale
  • Dorsal vein of nose - Vena dorsalis nasi
  • Dorsal wall (Orbit) - Paries dorsalis (Orbita)
  • Dorsum of nose - Dorsum nasi
  • Dorsum of nose - Dorsum nasi
  • Dorsum of tongue - Dorsum linguae
  • Dorsum sellae - Dorsum sellae
  • Ear - Auris
  • Ectoturbinate 1-6 - Ectoturbinalia 1-6
  • Endotracheal tube - Endotracheal tube
  • Endoturbinate I - Endoturbinalia I
  • Endoturbinate II - Endoturbinalia II
  • Endoturbinate III - Endoturbinalia III
  • Endoturbinate IV - Endoturbinalia IV
  • Epiglottic vallecula - Vallecula epiglottica
  • Epiglottis - Epiglottis
  • Epihyoid - Epihyoideum
  • Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone - Os ethmoidale
  • Ethmoidal conchae - Conchae ethmoidales
  • Ethmoidal crest - Crista ethmoidalis
  • Ethmoidal crest - Crista ethmoidalis
  • Ethmoidal fossae - Fossae ethmoidales
  • Ethmoidal labyrinth - Labyrinthus ethmoidalis
  • Ethomoidal foramina - Foramina ethmoidalia
  • External acoustic meatus - Meatus acusticus externus
  • External acoustic meatus - Meatus acusticus externus
  • External acoustic opening - Porus acusticus externus
  • External acoustic opening - Porus acusticus externus
  • External carotid artery - Arteria carotis externa
  • External ear - Auris externa
  • External nose - Nasus externus
  • External occipital crest - Crista occipitalis externa
  • External occipital protuberance - Protuberantia occipitalis externa
  • External sagittal crest - Crista sagittalis externa
  • External sagittal crest - Crista sagittalis externa
  • External surface of cranial base - Basis cranii externa
  • External table - Lamina externa
  • Eye - Oculus
  • Eyeball - Bulbus oculi
  • Eyeball - Bulbus oculi
  • Face - Facies
  • Face - Facies
  • Facial muscles - Musculi faciei
  • Facial vein - Vena facialis
  • Facies ventralis linguae - Facies ventralis linguae
  • Fauces - Fauces
  • Fauces - Fauces
  • First incisor (Inferior) - Dens incisivus primus (Inferior)
  • First incisor (Superior) - Dens incisivus primus (Superior)
  • First molar tooth (Inferior) - Dens molaris primus (Inferior)
  • First molar tooth (Superior) - Dens molaris primus (Superior)
  • First premolar (Inferior) - Dens premolaris primus (Inferior)
  • First premolar (Superior) - Dens premolaris primus (Superior)
  • Folds of scapha - Plicae scaphae
  • Foramen for the dorsal sagittal sinus - Foramen sinus sagittalis dorsalis
  • Foramen lacerum - Foramen lacerum
  • Foramen magnum - Foramen magnum
  • Foramen ovale - Foramen ovale
  • Foramen rotundum - Foramen rotundum
  • Forehead - Frons
  • Forehead - Frons
  • Fossa for lacrimal gland; Lacrimal fossa - Fossa glandulae lacrimalis
  • Fossa for lacrimal sac - Fossa sacci lacrimalis
  • Fourth premolar (Inferior) - Dens premolaris quartus (Inferior)
  • Fourth premolar (Superior) - Dens premolaris quartus (Superior)
  • Fourth ventricle - Ventriculus quartus
  • Fovea for dens - Fovea dentis
  • Free border (Palatine bone) - Margo liber (Os palatinum)
  • Frontal bone - Os frontale
  • Frontal fossa - Fossa frontalis
  • Frontal process (Lacrimal bone) - Processus frontalis (Os lacrimale)
  • Frontal process (Maxilla) - Processus frontalis (Maxilla)
  • Frontal process (Zygomatic bone) - Processus frontalis (Os zygomaticum)
  • Frontal region - Regio frontalis
  • Frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis
  • Frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis
  • Frontomaxillary suture - Sutura frontomaxillaris
  • Frontonasal suture - Sutura frontonasalis
  • Geniohyoid - Musculus geniohyoideus
  • Gingiva - Gingiva
  • Glottis - Glottis
  • Greater palatine canal - Canalis palatinus major
  • Greater palatine foramen - Foramen palatinum majus
  • Greater palatine groove - Sulcus palatinus major
  • Groove for dorsal sagittal sinus - Sulcus sinus sagittalis dorsalis
  • Groove for transverse sinus - Sulcus sinus transversi
  • Hard palate - Palatum durum
  • Head - Caput
  • Head of mandible - Caput mandibulae
  • Helix - Helix
  • Horizontal plate (Palatine bone) - Lamina horizontalis (Os palatinum)
  • Horn - Cornu
  • Hyoid apparatus [Hyoid bone] - Apparatus hyoideus [Os hyoideum]
  • Hyoid arch - Arcus hyoideus
  • Hypoglossal canal - Canalis nervus hypoglossi
  • Hypophysial fossa - Fossa hypophysialis
  • Incisive bone - Os incisivum
  • Incisive duct - Ductus incisivus
  • Incisive papilla - Papilla incisiva
  • Incisive part (Body of mandible) - Pars incisiva (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Incisivomaxillary canal - Canalis maxilloincisivus
  • Incisors - Dentes incisivi
  • Inferior eyelid - Palpebra inferior
  • Inferior eyelid - Palpebra inferior
  • Inferior labial region - Regio labialis inferior
  • Inferior labial vein - Vena labialis inferior
  • Inferior palpebral region - Regio palpebralis inferior
  • Infraglottic cavity - Cavum infraglotticum
  • Infraorbital artery - Arteria infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital canal - Canalis infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital foramen - Foramen infraorbitale
  • Infraorbital margin - Margo infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital margin - Margo infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital region - Regio infraorbitalis
  • Infraorbital vein - Vena infraorbitalis
  • Infratemporal fossa - Fossa infratemporalis
  • Inion - Inion
  • Interalveolar border - Margo interalveolaris
  • Interalveolar margin - Margo interalveolaris
  • Interalveolar septa - Septa interalveolaria
  • Interalveolar septa - Septa interalveolaria
  • Interalveolar septa - Septa interalveolaria
  • Interarytenoid notch - Incisura interarytenoidea [-arytaenoidea]
  • Interfrontal suture - Sutura interfrontalis
  • Interincisive canal - Canalis interincisivus
  • Interincisive suture - Sutura interincisiva
  • Intermandibular joint - Articulatio intermandibularis
  • Intermandibular region - Regio intermandibularis
  • Intermandibular suture - Sutura intermandibularis
  • Internal acoustic meatus - Meatus acusticus internus
  • Internal acoustic meatus - Meatus acusticus internus
  • Internal acoustic opening - Porus acusticus internus
  • Internal acoustic opening - Porus acusticus internus
  • Internal carotid artery - Arteria carotis interna
  • Internal ear - Auris interna
  • Internal occipital crest - Crista occipitalis interna
  • Internal occipital protuberance - Protuberantia occipitalis interna
  • Internal surface of cranial base - Basis cranii interna
  • Internal table - Lamina interna
  • Internasal suture - Sutura internasalis
  • Interradicular septa - Septa interradicularia
  • Interradicular septa - Septa interradicularia
  • Intersphenoidal synchondrosis - Synchondrosis intersphenoidalis
  • Intertragic incisure; Intertragic notch - Incisura intertragica
  • Intraosseous canal - Intraosseous canal
  • Intrapharygneal opening - Ostium intrapharyngeum
  • Isthmus of fauces; Oropharyngeal isthmus - Isthmus faucium
  • Jugular foramen - Foramen jugulare
  • Jugum sphenoidale; Sphenoidal yoke - Jugum sphenoidale
  • Labial surface - Facies labialis
  • Lacrimal canal - Canalis lacrimalis
  • Lacrimal canal - Canalis lacrimalis
  • Lacrimal gland - Glandula lacrimalis
  • Lacrimal sac - Saccus lacrimalis
  • Lacrimomaxillary suture - Sutura lacrimomaxillaris
  • Lambdoid suture - Sutura lambdoidea
  • Lamina tectoria (Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone) - Lamina tectoria (Os ethmoidale)
  • Laryngeal cavity - Cavum laryngis
  • Laryngeal inlet - Aditus laryngis
  • Laryngeal muscles - Musculi laryngis
  • Laryngeal region - Regio laryngea
  • Laryngeal ventricle - Ventriculus laryngis
  • Larynx - Larynx
  • Larynx - Larynx
  • Lateral accessory nasal cartilage - Cartilago nasalis accessoria lateralis
  • Lateral angle of eye - Angulus oculi lateralis
  • Lateral antitragic process - Processus antitragicus lateralis
  • Lateral crus of helix - Crus helicis laterale
  • Lateral frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis lateralis
  • Lateral mass - Massa lateralis
  • Lateral nasal dorsally cartilage - Cartilago nasi lateralis dorsalis
  • Lateral nasal gland - Glandula nasalis lateralis
  • Lateral nasal region - Regio lateralis nasi
  • Lateral nasal ventrally cartilage - Cartilago nasi lateralis ventralis
  • Lateral part (Occipital bone) - Pars lateralis (Os occipitale)
  • Lateral pharyngeal space - Spatium lateropharyngeum
  • Lateral pterygoid - Musculus pterygoideus lateralis
  • Lateral rectus - Musculus rectus lateralis
  • Lateral region of neck - Regio colli lateralis
  • Lateral retropharyngeal lymh nodes - Lymphonodi retropharyngei laterales
  • Lateral vein of nose - Vena lateralis nasi
  • Lateral ventricle - Ventriculus lateralis
  • Lateral vertebral foramen - Foramen vertebrale laterale
  • Lens - Lens
  • Lesser palatine canals - Canales palatini minores
  • Levator palpebrae superioris - Musculus levator palpebrae superioris
  • Lingual artery - Arteria lingualis
  • Lingual septum - Septum linguae
  • Lingual surface - Facies lingualis
  • Lingual surface - Facies lingualis
  • Lingual vein - Vena lingualis
  • Linguofacial vein - Vena linguofacialis
  • Long muscle of the neck - Musculus longus colli
  • Longus capitis - Musculus longus capitis
  • Lower dental arch - Arcus dentalis inferior
  • Lower lip - Labium inferius
  • Lower lip - Labium inferius
  • Mandible - Mandibula
  • Mandibular canal - Canalis mandibulae
  • Mandibular foramen - Foramen mandibulae
  • Mandibular fossa - Fossa mandibularis
  • Mandibular gland - Glandula mandibularis
  • Mandibular lymph nodes - Lymphonodi mandibulares
  • Mandibular notch - Incisura mandibulae
  • Mandibular region - Regio mandibularis
  • Margin of tongue - Margo linguae
  • Masseter - Musculus masseter
  • Masseteric fascia - Fascia masseterica
  • Masseteric fossa - Fossa masseterica
  • Masseteric region - Regio masseterica
  • Masticatory muscles - Musculi masticatorii
  • Mastoid foramen - Foramen mastoideum
  • Mastoid process - Processus mastoideus
  • Maxilla - Maxilla
  • Maxillar recess - Recessus maxillaris
  • Maxillar recess - Recessus maxillaris
  • Maxillar region - Regio maxillaris
  • Maxillary artery - Arteria maxillaris
  • Maxillary foramen - Foramen maxillare
  • Maxillary tuberosity - Tuber maxillae
  • Maxillary vein - Vena maxillaris
  • Maxilloincisive suture - Sutura maxilloincisiva
  • Medial angle of eye - Angulus oculi medialis
  • Medial crus of helix - Crus helicis mediale
  • Medial frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis medialis
  • Medial pterygoid - Musculus pterygoideus medialis
  • Medial rectus - Musculus rectus medialis
  • Medial retropharyngeal lymh nodes - Lymphonodi retropharyngei mediales
  • Medial wall (Orbit) - Paries medialis (Orbita)
  • Median palatine suture - Sutura palatina mediana
  • Median sulcus of tongue - Sulcus medianus linguae
  • Membranaceum cerebellar tentorium - Tentorium cerebelli membranaceum
  • Mental foramina - Foramina mentalia
  • Mental region - Regio mentalis
  • Mesencephalon; Midbrain - Mesencephalon
  • Mesial surface - Facies mesialis
  • Middle cranial fossa - Fossa cranii media
  • Middle ear - Auris media
  • Middle nasal concha - Concha nasalis media
  • Middle nasal meatus - Meatus nasi medius
  • Middle nasal meatus - Meatus nasi medius
  • Mobile part of nasal septum - Pars mobilis septi nasi
  • Molar part (Body of mandible) - Pars molaris (Corpus mandibulae)
  • Molar teeth - Dentes molares
  • Monostomatic sublingual gland - Glandula sublingualis monostomatica
  • Mouth - Os
  • Muscle complexus (Musculus biventer cervicis) - Musculus complexus (Musculus biventer cervicis)
  • Muscles of head - Musculi capitis
  • Muscles of palate and fauce - Musculi palati et faucium
  • Muscles of the neck - Musculi colli
  • Muscles of tongue - Musculi linguae
  • Muscular tubercle - Tuberculum musculare
  • Musculi hyoidei - Musculi hyoidei
  • Musculotubal canal - Canalis musculotubarius
  • Musculus omotransversarius - Musculus omotransversarius
  • Musculus sternocephalicus: Mastoid part - Musculus sternocephalicus: Pars mastoidea
  • Musculus sternocephalicus: Occipital part - Musculus sternocephalicus: Pars occipitalis
  • Mylohyoid - Musculus mylohyoideus
  • Mylohyoid line - Linea mylohyoidea
  • Nasal bone - Os nasale
  • Nasal cavity - Cavum nasi
  • Nasal crest - Crista nasalis
  • Nasal crest (Palatine bone) - Crista nasalis (Os palatinum)
  • Nasal part (Frontal bone) - Pars nasalis (Os frontale)
  • Nasal pharynx - Pars nasalis pharyngis
  • Nasal plane - Planum nasale
  • Nasal process - Processus nasalis
  • Nasal region - Regio nasalis
  • Nasal septum - Septum nasi
  • Nasal vestibule - Vestibulum nasi
  • Nasion - Nasion
  • Nasoincisive notch - Incisura nasoincisiva
  • Nasolacrimal canal - Canalis nasolacrimalis
  • Nasomaxillar opening - Apertura nasomaxillaris
  • Nasomaxillary suture - Sutura nasomaxillaris
  • Nasopharyngeal meatus - Meatus nasopharyngeus
  • Neck - Collum
  • Neck of mandible - Collum mandibulae
  • Neck of the teeth - Cervix dentis
  • Nose - Nasus
  • Nostril - Naris
  • Nostrils - Nares
  • Nuchal crest - Crista nuchae
  • Nuchal tubercle - Tuberculum nuchale
  • Nuque - Nucha
  • Obliquus capitis caudalis - Musculus obliquus capitis caudalis
  • Obliquus capitis cranialis - Musculus obliquus capitis cranialis
  • Occipital bone - Os occipitale
  • Occipital condyle - Condylus occipitalis
  • Occipital region - Regio occipitalis
  • Occiput - Occiput
  • Occiput - Occiput
  • Oesophageal vestibule - Vestibulum esophagi [Pars (o)esophagea]
  • Oesophagus - Cervical part - Esophagus [oesophagus] - Pars cervicalis
  • Olfactory bulb - Bulbus olfactorius
  • Opening of frontal sinus - Aperturae sinuum frontalium
  • Opening of frontal sinus - Aperturae sinuum frontalium
  • Opening of sphenoidal sinus - Apertura sinus sphenoidalis
  • Ophtalmic plexus - Plexus ophthalmicus
  • Optic canal - Canalis opticus
  • Optic nerve - Nervus opticus
  • Oral Part of the Pharynx  - Pars oralis pharyngis
  • Oral cavity - Cavum oris
  • Oral cavity proper - Cavum oris proprium
  • Oral fissure - Rima oris
  • Oral fissure - Rima oris
  • Oral region - Regio oralis
  • Oral vestibule - Vestibulum oris
  • Orbit - Orbita
  • Orbital fat body - Corpus adiposum orbitae
  • Orbital fissure - Fissura orbitalis
  • Orbital ligament - Ligamentum orbitale
  • Orbital margin - Margo orbitalis
  • Orbital muscles - Musculi bulbi
  • Orbital opening - Aditus orbitae
  • Orbital part (Frontal bone) - Pars orbitalis (Os frontale)
  • Orbital plate (Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone) - Lamina orbitalis (Os ethmoidale)
  • Orbital process (Palatine bone) - Processus orbitalis (Os palatinum)
  • Orbital region - Regio orbitalis
  • Orbitosphenoidal crest - Crista orbitosphenoidalis
  • Osseous nasal aperture - Apertura nasi ossea
  • Palate - Palatum
  • Palatine bone - Os palatinum
  • Palatine fissure - Fissura palatina
  • Palatine plexus - Plexus palatinus
  • Palatine process - Processus palatinus
  • Palatine process (Maxilla) - Processus palatinus (Maxilla)
  • Palatine raphe - Raphe [Rhaphe] palati
  • Palatine tonsil - Tonsilla palatina
  • Palatine torus - Torus palatinus
  • Palatoglossal arch - Arcus palatoglossus
  • Palatomaxillary suture - Sutura palatomaxillaris
  • Palpebral fissure - Rima palpebrarum
  • Paracondylar process - Processus paracondylaris
  • Parietal bone - Os parietale
  • Parietal region - Regio parietalis
  • Parotid fascia - Fascia parotidea
  • Parotid gland - Glandula parotis
  • Parotid region - Regio parotidea
  • Perpendicular plate (Ethmoid; Ethmoidal bone) - Lamina perpendicularis (Os ethmoidale)
  • Perpendicular plate (Palatine bone) - Lamina perpendicularis (Os palatinum)
  • Petrooccipital canal - Canalis petrooccipitalis
  • Petrooccipital fissure - Fissura petrooccipitalis
  • Petrotympanic fissure - Fissura petrotympanica
  • Petrous part (Temporal bone) - Pars petrosa (Os temporale)
  • Pharyngeal opening of auditory tube - Ostium pharyngeum tubae auditivae
  • Pharyngeal region - Regio pharyngea
  • Pharyngeal tubercle - Tuberculum pharyngeum
  • Pharynx - Pharynx
  • Pharynx - Pharynx
  • Philtrum - Philtrum
  • Piriform fossa - Fossa piriformis
  • Piriform fossa; Piriform recess - Recessus piriformis
  • Planum nasale - Planum nasale
  • Platysma - Platysma
  • Plica basalis - Plica basalis
  • Plica obliqua - Plica obliqua
  • Plica recta - Plica recta
  • Plicae parallelae - Plicae parallelae
  • Pogonion - Pogonion
  • Polystomatic sublingual gland - Glandula sublingualis polystomatica
  • Pontin impression - Impressio pontina
  • Premolar teeth - Dentes premolares [prae-]
  • Presphenoid bone - Os presphenoidale
  • Pretragic notch - Incisura pretragica [prae-]
  • Promontory - Promontorium
  • Prosthion - Prosthion
  • Pterygoid bone - Os pterygoideum
  • Pterygoid fossa - Fossa pterygoidea
  • Pterygoid fossa - Fossa pterygoidea
  • Pterygoid hamulus - Hamulus pterygoideus
  • Pterygoid plexus - Plexus pterygoideus
  • Pterygoid process - Processus pterygoideus
  • Pterygopalatine fossa - Fossa pterygopalatina
  • Ramus of mandible - Ramus mandibulae
  • Rectus capitis dorsalis major - Musculus rectus capitis dorsalis major
  • Rectus capitis dorsalis minor - Musculus rectus capitis dorsalis minor
  • Rectus capitis lateralis - Musculus rectus capitis lateralis
  • Rectus capitis ventralis - Musculus rectus capitis ventralis
  • Region of nostrils - Regio naris
  • Region of temporomandibular joint - Regio articulationis temporomandibularis
  • Regions of face - Regiones faciei
  • Regions of neck - Regiones colli
  • Regions of skull - Regiones cranii
  • Retractor bulbi - Musculus retractor bulbi
  • Retroarticular foramen - Foramen retroarticulare
  • Retroarticular process - Processus retroarticularis
  • Retroauricular region - Regio retroauricularis
  • Retromandibular fossa - Fossa retromandibularis
  • Retropharyngeal space - Spatium retropharyngeum
  • Right/left lamina (Thyroid cartilage) - Lamina [dextra et sinistra] (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Rima glottidis - Rima glottidis
  • Root - Radix dentis
  • Root apex - Apex radicis dentis
  • Root of nose - Radix nasi
  • Root of tongue - Radix linguae
  • Rostral alar foramen - Foramen alare rostrale
  • Rostral auricular vein - Vena auricularis rostralis
  • Rostral clinoid process - Processus clinoideus rostralis
  • Rostral cranial fossa - Fossa cranii rostralis
  • Rostral frontal sinus - Sinus frontalis rostralis
  • Rostral horn (Thyroid cartilage) - Cornu rostrale (Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea])
  • Rostrum - Rostrum
  • Rugae palatinae - Rugae palatinae
  • Sagittal dorsal sinus - Sinus sagittalis dorsalis
  • Sagittal suture - Sutura sagittalis
  • Scapha - Scapha
  • Second incisor (Inferior) - Dens incisivus secundus (Inferior)
  • Second incisor (Superior) - Dens incisivus secundus (Superior)
  • Second molar tooth (Inferior) - Dens molaris secundus (Inferior)
  • Second molar tooth (Superior) - Dens molaris secundus (Superior)
  • Second premolar (Inferior) - Dens premolaris secundus (Inferior)
  • Second premolar (Superior) - Dens premolaris secundus (Superior)
  • Sella turcica - Sella turcica
  • Semispinalis capitis (Musculus biventer cervicis) - Musculus semispinalis capitis (Musculus biventer cervicis)
  • Septa of frontal sinus - Septa sinuum frontalium
  • Septa of frontal sinuses - Septa sinuum frontalium
  • Septal nasal cartilage - Cartilago septi nasi
  • Septal process (Nasal bone) - Processus septalis (Os nasale)
  • Septum of sphenoidal sinuses - Septum sinuum sphenoidalium
  • Soft palate - Palatum molle [Velum palatinum]
  • Sphenoethmoidal plate - Lamina sphenoethmoidalis
  • Sphenoidal process (Palatine bone) - Processus sphenoidalis (Os palatinum)
  • Sphenoidal rostrum - Rostrum sphenoidale
  • Sphenoidal sinus - Sinus sphenoidalis
  • Sphenoidal sinus - Sinus sphenoidalis
  • Sphenoidal spine - Spina ossis sphenoidalis
  • Sphenooccipital synchondrosis - Synchondrosis sphenooccipitalis
  • Sphenopalatine foramen - Foramen sphenopalatinum
  • Sphenopalatine foramen - Foramen sphenopalatinum
  • Spinal cord - Medulla spinalis
  • Spine of helix - Spina helicis
  • Spinous process (C II) - Processus spinosus (C II)
  • Splenius capitis - Musculus splenius capitis
  • Squamous part (Temporal bone) - Pars squamosa (Os temporale)
  • Squamous part of frontal bone - Squama frontalis
  • Squamous part of occipital bone - Squama occipitalis
  • Squamous suture - Sutura squamosa
  • Sternohyoid - Musculus sternothyroideus [-thyreoideus]
  • Stylohyoid - Stylohyoideum
  • Stylohyoid - Musculus stylohyoideus
  • Stylomastoid foramen - Foramen stylomastoideum
  • Subhyoidal region - Regio subhyoidea
  • Sublingual vein - Vena sublingualis
  • Submental vein - Vena submentalis
  • Sulcus of auditory tube - Sulcus tubae auditivae
  • Superficial parotid lymph nodes - Lymphonodi parotidei superficiales
  • Superficial sphincter colli - Musculus sphincter colli superficialis
  • Superficial temporal vein - Vena temporalis superficialis
  • Superior eyelid - Palpebra superior
  • Superior eyelid; Upper eyelid - Palpebra superior
  • Superior labial region - Regio labialis superior
  • Superior labial vein - Vena labialis superior
  • Superior palpebral region - Regio palpebralis superior
  • Supramastoid crest - Crista supramastoidea
  • Supraorbital fossa - Fossa supraorbitalis
  • Supraorbital margin - Margo supraorbitalis
  • Teeth - Dentes
  • Temple - Tempora
  • Temporal bone - Os temporale
  • Temporal fascia: Deep layer - Fascia temporalis: Lamina profunda
  • Temporal fascia: Superficial layer - Fascia temporalis: Lamina superficialis
  • Temporal fossa - Fossa temporalis
  • Temporal line (Orbitotemporal crest) - Linea temporalis (Crista orbitotemporalis)
  • Temporal meatus - Meatus temporalis
  • Temporal process (Zygomatic bone) - Processus temporalis (Os zygomaticum)
  • Temporal region - Regio temporalis
  • Temporal sinus - Sinus temporalis
  • Temporal surface - Facies temporalis
  • Temporalis; Temporal muscle - Musculus temporalis
  • Temporomandibular joint - Articulatio temporomandibularis
  • Temporozygomatic suture - Sutura temporozygomatica
  • Temprohyoidal joint - Articulatio temporohyoidea
  • Tentorial process - Processus tentoricus
  • Tentorium cerebelli osseum - Tentorium cerebelli osseum
  • Third incisor (Inferior) - Dens incisivus tertius (Inferior)
  • Third incisor (Superior) - Dens incisivus tertius (Superior)
  • Third molar tooth (Inferior) - Dens molaris tertius (Inferior)
  • Third premolar (Inferior) - Dens premolaris tertius (Inferior)
  • Third premolar (Superior) - Dens premolaris tertius (Superior)
  • Third ventricle - Ventriculus tertius
  • Thyrohyoid [Great horn] - Thyrohyoideum [Thyreo-, Cornu majus]
  • Thyrohyoid joint - Articulatio thyrohyoidea [thyreo-]
  • Thyrohyoid membrane - Membrana thyrohyoidea [thyreo-]
  • Thyrohyoideus - Musculus thyrohyoideus [thyreo-]
  • Thyroid cartilage - Cartilago thyroidea [thyreoidea]
  • Tongue - Lingua
  • Tragus - Tragus
  • Transverse ligament of atlas - Ligamentum transversum atlantis
  • Transverse palatine suture - Sutura palatina transversa
  • Transverse process (C II) - Processus transversus (C II)
  • Transverse process [Atlantal wing] - Processus transversus [Ala atlantis]
  • Transverse sinus - Sinus transversus
  • Tympanic bulla - Bulla tympanica
  • Tympanic cavity - Cavum tympani
  • Tympanic cavity - Cavum tympani
  • Tympanic membrane - Membrana tympani
  • Tympanic part (Temporal bone) - Pars tympanica (Os temporale)
  • Tympanic ring - Anulus tympanicus
  • Tympanooccipital fissure - Fissura tympanooccipitalis
  • Uncinate process - Processus uncinatus
  • Upper dental arch - Arcus dentalis superior
  • Upper lip - Labium superius
  • Upper lip - Labium superius
  • Ventral arch - Arcus ventralis
  • Ventral articular surface (Dens) - Facies articularis ventralis (Dens)
  • Ventral border - Margo ventralis
  • Ventral condylar fossa - Fossa condylaris ventralis
  • Ventral crest (C II) - Crista ventralis (C II)
  • Ventral external ophtalmic vein - Vena ophthalmica externa ventralis
  • Ventral internal venous plexus - Plexus vertebralis internus ventralis
  • Ventral nasal concha - Concha nasalis ventralis
  • Ventral nasal meatus - Meatus nasi ventralis
  • Ventral nasal meatus - Meatus nasi ventralis
  • Ventral oblique - Musculus obliquus ventralis
  • Ventral petrosal sinus - Sinus petrosus ventralis
  • Ventral rectus - Musculus rectus ventralis
  • Ventral region of neck - Regio colli ventralis
  • Ventral spinal artery - Arteria spinalis ventralis
  • Ventral tubercle - Tuberculum ventrale
  • Vermiform impression - Impressio vermialis
  • Vertebral arch (C II) - Arcus vertebrae (C II)
  • Vertebral body (C II) - Corpus vertebrae (C II)
  • Vertebral canal - Canalis vertebralis
  • Vertebral column - Columna vertebralis
  • Vertebral column - Columna vertebralis
  • Vertebral foramen - Foramen vertebrale
  • Vertex - Vertex
  • Vertex - Vertex
  • Vestibular fold - Plica vestibularis
  • Vestibular surface - Facies vestibularis [facialis]
  • Vestibule - Vestibulum
  • Vitreous body - Corpus vitreum
  • Vocal fold - Plica vocalis
  • Vomer - Vomer
  • Vomerine crest - Crista vomeris
  • Vomerine groove [Septal] - Sulcus vomeris [septalis]
  • Vomeroincisive suture - Sutura vomeroincisiva
  • Vomeromaxillar suture - Sutura vomeromaxillaris
  • Vomeronasal organ - Organum vomeronasale
  • Vomeropalatine suture - Sutura vomeropalatina
  • Wing (Basisphenoid bone) - Ala (Os basisphenoidale)
  • Wing (Presphenoid bone) - Ala (Os presphenoidale)
  • Zygomatic arch - Arcus zygomaticus
  • Zygomatic bone - Os zygomaticum
  • Zygomatic gland - Glandula zygomatica
  • Zygomatic process - Processus zygomaticus
  • Zygomatic process (Maxilla) - Processus zygomaticus (Maxilla)
  • Zygomatic process (Temporal bone) - Processus zygomaticus (Os temporale)
  • Zygomatic region - Regio zygomatica
  • Zygomaticomaxillary suture - Sutura zygomaticomaxillaris
  • laryngeal part of the pharynx - Pars laryngea pharyngis

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