Cervical rhomboid muscle - Musculus rhomboideus cervicis

Anatomical hierarchy

General terms > Myology > Muscles of back > Cervical rhomboid muscle

Translations

Description

The cervical rhomboid muscle (Musculus rhomboideus cervicis) is the cervical part of the rhomboid muscle, which originates form the spinous processes of the the cervical vertebrae.

Origin: dorsal median raphe of the neck near C2-C3 (Car, Su) or ligamentum nuchae (Ru, Eq)

Insertion: cranial angle and dorsal border of scapula including scapular cartilag, cranial to rhomboideus thoracis

Action: To elevate the limb, pull the limb and shoulder forward or backward, to draw the scapula against the trunk.

Nerve: Rami dorsales of the cervicales et thoracicales nerve.

Note : the rhomboid muscle (not listed in the Vth NAV) lies deep to the trapezius muscle and inserts on the medial aspect of the dorsal part of the scapula. It forms the withers region of the animal. In human, the rhomboid muscle is completely divided into two separate muscles, the rhomboid major (equivalent to the thoracic rhomboid muscle in animal) and the rhomboid minor (equivalent to the cervical rhomboid muscle in animal). In animals, the rhomboid muscle is continuous between his different parts:

  • The thoracic rhomboid muscle (Musculus rhomboideus thoracis) is the thoracic part or the rhomboid muscle, which originates form the spinous processes of the the cranial thoracic vertebrae.
  • The cervical rhomboid muscle (Musculus rhomboideus cervicis) is the cervical part of the rhomboid muscle, which originates form the spinous processes of the the cervical vertebrae.
  • The rhomboideus capitis is the capital part of the rhomboid muscle, only present in carnivores, arising form the tendinous raphe of the neck.

Text by Antoine Micheau, MD - Copyright IMAIOS

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