Distal phalanx [Unguicular bone, Ungual bone] - Phalanx distalis [Os unguiculare, Os ungulare]

Anatomical hierarchy

General terms > Osteology > Appendicular skeleton > Bones of pelvic limb > Skeleton of the pes > Digital bones of pes > Distal phalanx [Unguicular bone, Ungual bone]

Anatomical children


Translations

Description

The distal (third) phalanx differs between species to conform to the hoof or to the claw that encloses it. They have in common a an articular facet, a parietal surface and solar surface.

In carnivores, the distal phalanx shows a hook-like appearance and is laterally compressed and drawn out to a sharp point, which is covered by the horny claw.


Text by Antoine Micheau, MD - Copyright IMAIOS

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