Mylohyoid muscle - Musculus mylohyoideus

Anatomical hierarchy

General terms > Myology > Muscles of the neck > Hyoid muscle > Mylohyoid muscle



The mylohyoid muscle is a hyoid muscle included in the superficial muscles of the mandibular space, but due to its function, it may be seen as a lingual muscle. It forms a sling between the inner surface of the body of the mandible. Its fibers originate form the mylohoid line on the medial surface of the mandibular body and unite with those of the opposite side in the mindline of the mandibular space forming a median fibrous raphe.

Origin: mylohyoid line of mandible

Insertion: median raphe and basihyoid bone

Action: raise floor of the oral cavity

Nerve: mandibular nerve (branch of trigeminal nerve)

Text by Antoine Micheau, MD - Copyright IMAIOS
Illustrated Veterinary Anatomical Nomenclature - 3rd edittion - Gheorghe M. Constantinescu, Oskar Schaller - Enke
Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas, Sixth Edition - Horst Erich König, Hans-Georg Liebich - Schattauer - ISBN-13: 978-3794528332
Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4th Edition - Evans & de Lahunta- Elsevier


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