The rhomboideus capitis is the capital part of the rhomboid muscle, as a straplike muscle detached from the rhomboideus cervicis, only present in carnivores, arising form the tendinous raphe of the neck and the occipital bone.
Origin: tendinous raphe of the neck and the occipital bone.
Insertion: Medial and partly on the lateral edge of the base of the scapula.
Action: To elevate the limb, pull the limb and shoulder forward or backward, to draw the scapula against the trunk.
Nerve: Rami dorsales of the cervicales et thoracicales nerve.
Note : the rhomboid muscle (not listed in the Vth NAV) lies deep to the trapezius muscle and inserts on the medial aspect of the dorsal part of the scapula. It forms the withers region of the animal. In human, the rhomboid muscle is completely divided into two separate muscles, the rhomboid major (equivalent to the thoracic rhomboid muscle in animal) and the rhomboid minor (equivalent to the cervical rhomboid muscle in animal). In animals, the rhomboid muscle is continuous between his different parts: