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General terms > Osteology > Appendicular skeleton > Bones of thoracic limb > Skeleton of hand

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The skeleton of the manus forms the osseous part of the autopodium of the thoracic limbs.

The autopodium consists, from proximal to distal, of three segments:

  • Basipodium: carpal bones (ossa carpi)
  • Metapodium: metacarpal bones (ossa metacarpalis)
  • Acropodium: phalanges (ossa digitorum manus).

In domestic animals, only the carnivores show the original pattern of five rays, which is typical for humans: in the pig the rays are reduceed to four (2-5), in the ox two rays (3-4) and in the horse only the third ray remains.

Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas, Sixth Edition - Horst Erich König, Hans-Georg Liebich - Schattauer - ISBN-13: 978-3794528332


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