The trochlea of talus is a convex articular surface for the proximal part of articulation with tibia and fibula (only with tibia in horses). The trochlea presents a sagittal groove (central groove) that articulates with the sagittal ridge of cochlea of tibia. On each side of the sagittal groove are the lateral and medial trochlear ridges (sagittal ridges):
Text by Antoine Micheau, MD - Copyright IMAIOS
- In carnivores, the trochlear ridges are less prominent and extend further distal than in other domestic animals adn account for the increasd mobility in the tarsus compared to other species.
- In horses, the trochlear ridges are orientated obliquely in a mediolateral direction thus causing a forward and outward movement of the digit during flexion of the tarsus.
- In ruminant, the trochlear ridges are directed sagittaly.
Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas, Sixth Edition - Horst Erich König, Hans-Georg Liebich - Schattauer - ISBN-13: 978-3794528332
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