Base - Basis patellae


The patella is a large sesamoid bone located in the tendon of the insertion of the quadriceps muscle of the pelvic limb.

The patella is roughly triangular, presenting:

  • A base proximally, roughened for muscular attachment
  • An apex distally
  • A lateral and a medial border (this one extended medially in horse, ox and cows by the fibrocartilage process)
  • An articular surface caudally (divided in horses by a sagittal ridge that occupied the groove between the two rides of the trochlea)
  • A cranial surface palpable under the skin

Anatomy of the Horse - Sixth Edition - Klaus Dieter Budras - Schlütersche


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