Cara glútea - Facies glutea [glutaea]


The ilium presents a concave dorsolateral surface called the gluteal surface. It is crossed by gluteal lines (three in carnivores and one for other domestic animals) for the origin of the gluteal muscles:

The main gluteal lines are:

  • Ventral gluteal line: between gluteus medius and profundus in carnivores, between gluteus medius and accessorius in cows and horses
  • Caudal gluteal line: ventral border of the gluteus profundus
  • Dorsal gluteal line
  • Accessory gluteal line: between the gluteus medius and accessorius


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