上顎洞裂孔 - Hiatus maxillaris

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説明

Below the bulla ethmoidalis, and partly hidden by the inferior end of the uncinate process, is the maxillary hiatus (ostium maxillare, maxillary sinus ostium, opening from the maxillary sinus); in a frontal section this opening is seen to be placed near the roof of the sinus.

In the articulated skull this aperture is much reduced in size by the following bones: the uncinate process of the ethmoid above, the ethmoidal process of the inferior nasal concha below, the vertical part of the palatine behind, and a small part of the lacrimal above and in front; the sinus communicates with the middle meatus of the nose, generally by two small apertures left between the above-mentioned bones. In the fresh state, usually only one small opening exists, near the upper part of the cavity; the other is closed by mucous membrane.


This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).

解剖学的階層

一般解剖学 > 骨、骨格系 > 軸骨格 > 頭蓋;ズガイ > 上顎骨 > 上顎体 > 鼻腔面 > 涙嚢溝 > 上顎洞裂孔

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