下顎頭 - Caput mandibulae; Condylus mandibulae
The condyle (head of mandible) presents an articular surface for articulation with the articular disk of the temporomandibular joint; it is convex from before backward and from side to side, and extends farther on the posterior than on the anterior surface. Its long axis is directed medialward and slightly backward, and if prolonged to the middle line will meet that of the opposite condyle near the anterior margin of the foramen magnum. At the lateral extremity of the condyle is a small tubercle for the attachment of the temporomandibular ligament.
This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).
一般解剖学 > 骨、骨格系 > 軸骨格 > 頭蓋骨；ズガイコツ > 下顎骨 > 下顎枝 > 関節突起 > 下顎頭