The sphenoidal process is a thin, compressed plate, much smaller than the orbital, and directed upward and medialward.
It presents three surfaces and two borders:
This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).
- The superior surface articulates with the root of the pterygoid process and the under surface of the sphenoidal concha, its medial border reaching as far as the ala of the vomer; it presents a groove which contributes to the formation of the pharyngeal canal.
- The medial surface is concave, and forms part of the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.
- The lateral surface is divided into an articular and a non-articular portion: the former is rough, for articulation with the medial pterygoid plate; the latter is smooth, and forms part of the pterygopalatine fossa.
- The anterior border forms the posterior boundary of the sphenopalatine notch.
- The posterior border, serrated at the expense of the outer table, articulates with the medial pterygoid plate.