The cerebral cortex is the cerebrum's (brain) outer layer of neural tissue in humans. The cerebral cortex is gray matter, consisting mainly of cell bodies and capillaries. The cerebral cortex differs in thickness and structure in different parts of the hemisphere. It is thinner in the occipital region than in the anterior and posterior central gyri, and it is also much thinner at the bottom of the sulci than on the top of the gyri. Again, the minute structure of the anterior central differs from that of the posterior central gyrus, and areas possessing a specialized type of cortex can be mapped out in the occipital lobe.


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