Opis

Below the bulla ethmoidalis, and partly hidden by the inferior end of the uncinate process, is the maxillary hiatus (ostium maxillare, maxillary sinus ostium, opening from the maxillary sinus); in a frontal section this opening is seen to be placed near the roof of the sinus.

In the articulated skull this aperture is much reduced in size by the following bones: the uncinate process of the ethmoid above, the ethmoidal process of the inferior nasal concha below, the vertical part of the palatine behind, and a small part of the lacrimal above and in front; the sinus communicates with the middle meatus of the nose, generally by two small apertures left between the above-mentioned bones. In the fresh state, usually only one small opening exists, near the upper part of the cavity; the other is closed by mucous membrane.


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