Яремный отросток - Processus jugularis
Extending lateralward from the posterior half of the occipital condyle is a quadrilateral plate of bone, the jugular process, excavated in front by the jugular notch, which, in the articulated skull, forms the posterior part of the jugular foramen.
On the upper surface of the jugular process is a deep groove which curves medialward and forward and is continuous with the jugular notch.
The under surface of the jugular process is rough, and gives attachment to the Rectus capitis lateralis muscle and the lateral atlantooccipital ligament.
Laterally the jugular process presents a rough quadrilateral or triangular area which is joined to the jugular surface of the temporal bone by a plate of cartilage; after the age of twenty-five this plate tends to ossify.
This definition incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy (20th U.S. edition of Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, published in 1918 – from http://www.bartleby.com/107/).
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