The muscles of back (dorsal muscles) include:

  • Trapezius
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Rhomboid major
  • Rhomboid minor
  • Levator scapulae
  • Serratus posterior inferior
  • Serratus posterior superior
  • Muscles of back proper
    • Erector spinae
    • Spinotransversales
    • Transversospinales
    • Multifidus
    • Rotatores
    • Interspinales
    • Intertransversarii

True back muscles are innervated by the dorsal rami of spinal nerves, whereas the muscles of the shoulder girdle are not.

Text by Antoine Micheau, MD - Copyright IMAIOS


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