vet-Anatomy the interactive atlas of veterinary anatomy
vet-Anatomy is an interactive atlas of veterinary anatomy based on medical imaging. vet-Anaotmy has been created on the same framework than the popular award-wining e-Anatomy, but dedicated to animals, under the direction of Dr. Susanne AEB Boroffka, dipl. ECVDI, PhD.
The tarsal bones (basipodium) compose the first row of the skeleton of the pes. The tarsal bones are arranged from proximal to distal into 3 rows:
Proximal (crural) row: composed by tibial tarsal bone (talus) and fibular tarsal bone (calcaneus). It articulates with the tibia to form the tarsocrural joint
Middle (intermetatarsal) row: composed only by the central tarsal bone (navicular bone). It articulates with the distal tarsal bones to form the centrodistal joint.
Distal (metatarsal) row: composed by the first tarsal bone (Tarsal bone I; Medial cuneiform), second tarsal bone (Tarsal bone II; Intermediate cuneiform), third tarsal bone (Tarsal bone III; Lateral cuneiform) and foruth tarsal bone (Tarsal bone IV; Cuboid). The third row of carpal bones articulates with the metatarsals to form the tarsometatarsal joints.
The number of tarsal bones differs between species:
Carnivores: 7 tarsal bones
Ruminants: 5 tarsal bones (fusion of the central and IV, and II-III)
Horses: 6 tarsal bones (fusion of tarsal bones I and II)